Casting lots causes quarrels to cease
and decides between mighty opponents. Bible see other translations

“lots.” The Hebrew is singular, and a more literal but much less easily understood translation would be, “The lot removes quarrels (or ‘contentions’).” The custom behind this verse is that often when a choice needed to be made, “lots,” which were often stone or bone, were cast. Or, they were put into a bag or the folds of someone’s garment, and then a “lot” was drawn which decided the “winner,” and the dispute was over or the decision made. It was believed that God would assure that the lot was won by the right person. The apostles chose a replacement for Judas by lot (Acts 1:23-26).

Commentary for: Proverbs 18:18