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Pride goes before disaster,
and a puffed-up spirit before stumbling. Bible

“spirit.” This is a good example of the word “spirit” referring to a person’s attitude.

“stumbling.” The Hebrew literally reads, “stumbling,” but this is an example of the figure of speech tapeinosis, or “belittling,” where something is purposely made lesser in impact to catch our attention. The person does not just “stumble,” there is a calamity, a disaster, but the word “stumbling” grabs our attention and forces us to say, “Is that all?” Then we realize the true impact of the verse: a puffed-up spirit, an arrogant attitude, goes before disaster.


Commentary for: Proverbs 16:18