The Proverbs of Solomon  PDF  MSWord
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Proverbs Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 1
 

 1 The proverbs of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel:

 2 To know wisdom and teaching,a

 to understand words that give understanding,

 3 to receive teaching

 in righteousness, justice, and integrity;

 4 to give prudence to the naïve,

 knowledge and discretion to the youth.

 5 A wise person will listen and increase in learning,

 and a discerning person will get wise guidance,

 6 to understand a proverb and an obscure expression,

 words of the wise and their riddles.

 
7 
The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of knowledge,

 but fools show contempt for wisdom and sound teaching.

 
8 
Listen, my son, to your father’s teaching,

 and do not ignore the instruction of your mother,

 9 because they are a wreath of grace for your head,

 and a necklace for your neck.

 10 My son, if sinners entice you,

 do not consent.

 11 If they say, “Come with us, let us lie in wait for blood,

 let us ambush an innocent person for no reason.

 12 We will swallow them alive, just as Sheol does,

 and whole, just as those who go down into the pit.

 13 We will find all sorts of valuable things;

 we will fill our houses with plunder.

 14 Throw your lot in with us;

 we will all share the loot.”

 15 My son, do not walk on the road with them;

 keep your feet from their pathway,

 16 for their feet run to do evil,

 and they make haste to shed blood.

 17 For in vain the net is spread

 in the sight of a bird,

 18 but these lie in wait for their own blood;

 they set an ambush for their own souls!

 19 This is the way of everyone who pursues unjust gain;

 it takes away the soul of its owners.

 
20 
Lady Wisdom shouts aloud in the street,

 in public places she raises her voice.

 21 At the head of noisy streets she calls out,

 where the city gates open she speaks her words,

 22 How long, O naïve ones, will you love naivety?

 How long will mockers delight in mocking,

 and fools hate knowledge?

 23 Are you all turning away from my reproof?

 Look! I will pour out my spirit upon you all,

 I will make known my words to you all.

 24 But since you refused me when I called,

 I stretched out my hand but no one paid attention,

 25 and you neglected all my counsel,

 and you did not want my reproof—

 26 I also will laugh at your distress;

 I will mock when what you dread comes,

 27 when your terror comes like a violent storm,

 and your calamity like a whirlwind,

 and trouble and distress come upon you all.

 28 Then they will call upon me, but I will not answer;

 they will diligently seek me, but will not find me.

 29 Because they hated knowledge,

 and they did not choose the fear of Yahweh;

 30 they were not interested in my counsel,

 and they spurned all my reproof,

 31 so they will eat from the fruit of their own way,

 and they will be satisfied out of their own plans.

 32 For the turning away of the naïve will kill them,

 and the false security of fools will destroy them.

 33 But the one who listens to me will live in safety,

 and will be at ease from the dread of evil.”


a[2]
Or, “discipline”

Proverbs Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 2
 

 1 My son, if you receive my words,

 and store up my commandments with you,

 2 making your ear attentive to Wisdom,

 directing your heart to discernment,

 3 for if you call out to understanding,

 if you raise your voice to discernment,

 4 if you seek her like silver,

 and search for her like hidden treasure,

 5 then you will understand the fear of Yahweh,

 and you will find the knowledge of God.

 6 For Yahweh gives Wisdom,

 from his mouth comes forth knowledge and discernment.

 7 He has stored up sound advice for the upright—

 a shield for those who walk blamelessly—

 8 guarding the paths of justice,

 and watching over the way of his loyal ones.

 9 Then you will understand righteousness and justice

 and integrity—every good path.

 10 For Wisdom will come into your heart,

 and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul;

 11 discretion will watch over you,

 and discernment will guard you,

 12 to deliver you from the way of evil,

 from the one speaking perverse things,

 13 from the ones who forsake the upright paths

 to walk on the roads of darkness;

 14 from the ones who are glad in doing evil,

 who rejoice in evil perversions;

 15 from those whose paths are twisted,

 and from the devious in their ways;

 16 and to deliver you from the strange woman,

 from the foreign woman who is flattering with her words,

 17 who leaves the mate of her youth,

 and has forgotten the covenant of her God,

 18 for her house sinks down to death,

 and her paths lead to the dead.

 19 All who go into her do not return;

 they will not reach the paths of life.

 20 Therefore you are to walk on the good road,

 and you are to keep to the righteous paths.

 21 For the upright will live in the land,

 and the blameless will remain in it.

 22 But the wicked will be cut off from the land,

 and the unfaithful will be uprooted from it.


Proverbs Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 3
 

 1 My son, do not forget my instruction,

 and let your heart guard my commandments,

 2 for they will add to you length of days,

 years of life, and peace.

 3 Do not let covenant loyalty and faithfulness leave you;

 bind them around your neck;

 [write them upon the tablet of your heart,]

 4 then you will find favor and good repute

 in the eyes of God and people.

 
5 
Trust in Yahweh with all your heart,

 and do not lean upon your own understanding;

 6 be mindful of Him in all your ways,

 and He will make your paths straight.

 7 Do not be wise in your own eyes;

 fear Yahweh and turn away from evil.

 8 It will be healing for your navel,

 and a refreshing drink to your bones.

 9 Honor Yahweh from your wealth,

 and from the firstfruits of all your revenue,

 10 and your storehouses will be completely filled,

 and your wine vats will burst at the seams with new wine.

 11 The discipline of Yahweh, my son, do not reject it,

 and do not abhor his reproof.

 12 For the one whom Yahweh loves, he reproves,

 like a father to his cherished son.

 
13 
Blessed is the person who finds Wisdom,

 and the one who obtains discernment,

 14 for the gain from her is better than the gain from silver,

 and her revenue is better than gold.

 15 She is more precious than gems,

 and no delightful thing can compare with her.

 16 In her right hand is length of days,

 in her left hand are riches and glory.

 17 Her roads are pleasant roads,

 and all her pathways are peace.

 18 She is a tree of life to those taking hold of her,

 and blessed are those who are holding her fast.

 
19 
Yahweh founded the earth by Wisdom;

 he established the heavens by discernment,

 20 the depths of the ocean were split open by his knowledge,

 and the clouds drip dew.

 
21 
My son, do not let these depart from before your eyes:

 guard sound advice and discretion,

 22 so they will be life to your soul,

 and grace for your neck.

 23 Then you will walk on your way in safety,

 and your foot will not stumble.

 24 When you lie down, you will not be afraid;

 when you fall asleep, your sleep will be sweet.

 25 Do not be afraid of sudden terror,

 and of the devastation of the wicked when it comes,

 26 for Yahweh will be your confidence,

 and he will keep your foot from being caught.

 
27 
Do not withhold a good thing from those to whom it is due,

 when it is in your hands to do it.

 28 Do not tell your neighbors, “Go, and come back,

 and tomorrow I will give it,” when it is with you.

 29 Do not devise evil against your neighbor,

 when he is living securely by you.

 30 Do not quarrel with someone for no reason

 if he has not committed evil.

 31 Do not envy a man of violence,

 and do not choose any of his roads.

 32 For devious people are an abomination to Yahweh,

 but his counsel is with the upright.

 33 Yahweh’s curse is upon the house of the wicked one,

 but he blesses the dwelling of the righteous one.

 34 He mocks at the mockers,

 but he gives grace to the humble.

 35 The wise will inherit glory,

 but the foolish display shame.


Proverbs Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 4
 

 1 Listen, O sons, to the teaching of a father,

 and pay attention in order to learn understanding,

 2 for I give good teaching to you all;

 do not abandon my instruction.

 3 When I was a son with my father,

 a tender and only son in the sight of my mother,

 4 he taught me and said to me, “Let your heart hold on to my words,

 keep my commandments and live.

 5 Get Wisdom! Get understanding!

 Do not forget and do not turn away from the words of my mouth.

 6 Do not abandon her and she will watch over you,

 love her and she will guard you.

 7 Wisdom is the principal thing, so get Wisdom;a

 and with all your purchases, purchase understanding.

 8 Exalt her and she will lift you up;

 she will honor you because you embrace her.

 9 She will place on your head a wreath of grace;

 she will present to you a beautiful crown.”

 
10 
Listen, my son, and receive my words,

 and the years of your life will be many.

 11 On the road of Wisdom I teach you;

 I lead you on the upright pathways.

 12 When you walk, your steps will not be hampered,

 and if you run, you will not stumble.

 13 Hold on to my teaching, do not let her go.

 Guard her because she is your life.

 14 Do not enter the path of the wicked,

 and do not proceed on the road of the evil ones.

 15 Disregard it; do not pass upon it.

 Turn away from it and pass on by.

 16 For they cannot sleep unless they do evil,

 and their sleep is stolen unless they cause another to stumble.

 17 For they eat the bread of wickedness,

 and they drink the wine of violence.

 18 But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn,

 shining ever brighter until the full light of day.

 19 The road of the wicked is like the gloomy darkness;

 they do not know what they are stumbling over.

 
20 
My son, pay attention to my words,

 incline your ear to my sayings.

 21 Do not let them depart from before your eyes;

 keep them in the midst of your heart.

 22 For they are life to the ones discovering them,

 and health to a person’s whole body.

 23 More than anything else you protect, guard your heart,

 because from it flow the issues of life.

 24 Put away from you a crooked mouth,

 and put deceitful lips far away from you.

 25 Focus your eyes in front of you,

 and let your eyelids look straight ahead of you.

 26 Carefully weigh the path of your feet,

 and let all your roads be established.

 27 Do not turn to the right or to the left;

 keep your foot away from evil.


a[7]
The Heb. can also be: “The beginning of wisdom is: get Wisdom;

Proverbs Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 5
 

 1 My son, pay attention to my wisdom;

 incline your ear to my discernment,

 2 in order that you keep discretion,

 and your lips guard knowledge.

 3 For the lips of the strange woman drip honey,

 and her mouth is smoother than oil.

 4 But in the end she is bitter as wormwood,

 she is sharp as a two-edged sword.

 5 Her feet go down to death;

 her steps proceed toward Sheol.

 6 She will not consider the path of life;

 her roads are unstable yet she is not aware of it.

 
7 
But now, my sons, listen to me,

 and do not depart from the words of my mouth.

 8 Keep your road far away from her,

 and do not go near to the door of her house,

 9 lest you give your vigor to others,

 and your years to a cruel person;

 10 lest strangers eat their fill from your strength,

 and your hard-earned goods end up in the house of a foreigner,

 11 and in the end you groan

 when your flesh—even your body—are used up.

 12 Then you will say, “O how I have hated discipline,

 and my heart has spurned reproof.

 13 I did not listen to the voice of my teachers,

 nor did I incline my ear to those instructing me.

 14 I quickly became like every evil person,

 in the midst of the assembly and congregation.”

 
15 
Drink water from your own cistern,

 and fresh water from the midst of your own well.

 16 Should your springs overflow outside,

 streams of water in the open places?

 17 Let them be for you alone,

 and not for strangers with you.

 18 Let your fountain be continually blessed,

 and rejoice because of the wife of your youth.

 19 She is a loving doe and a graceful mountain goat;

 let her breasts satisfy you at every opportune time—

 going astray in her love.

 20 So why go astray, my son, with a strange woman,

 and why do you embrace the bosom of a foreign woman?

 21 For a person’s roads are before the eyes of Yahweh,

 and he weighs all his pathways.

 22 The one acting wickedly—his own iniquities will capture him,

 and he will be seized by the cords of his own sin.

 23 He will die because of lack of discipline,

 and in the abundance of his foolishness he goes astray.


Proverbs Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 6
 

 1 My son, if you have put up security for your neighbor,

 if you have shaken hands with a stranger,

 2 then you have been ensnared by the words of your mouth,

 you have been captured by the words of your mouth.

 3 Do this now, my son, and be set free,

 for you have put yourself into the hand of your neighbor.

 Go forth. Humble yourself and pressure your neighbor.

 4 Do not give any sleep to your eyes,

 or slumber to your eyelids.

 5 Be rescued like a gazelle from a hunter,

 and like a bird from the hand of a fowler.

 
6 
Go to the ant, O lazy one,

 watch its ways and become wise.

 7 Because it has no leader,

 overseer, or ruler,

 8 yet it prepares its bread in summer;

 it gathers its food in the harvest.

 9 How long, O lazy one, will you lie there?

 When will you rise up from your sleep?

 10 “Just a little more sleep, a little more slumber,

 a little more folding of the arms to lie here,”

 11 and your poverty will come like a robber,

 and your needs like an armed man.

 
12 
A person of Belial, a man of wickedness,

 is the one walking with a crooked mouth,

 13 winking with his eyes, signaling with his foot,

 instructing with his fingers.

 14 With perversions in his heart he devises evil,

 at every moment he sows strife.

 15 Therefore, his calamity will come suddenly,

 in an instant he will be broken and there will be no remedy.

 
16 
There are six things that Yahweh hates,

 indeed, seven things are abominations to his soul:

 17 prideful eyes, a lying tongue,

 and hands shedding innocent blood;

 18 a heart that devises wicked thoughts,

 feet that are swift to run to do evil,

 19 a false witness who breathes out lies,

 and one who sows strife among brothers.

 
20 
My son, keep your father’s commandments,

 and do not ignore the instruction of your mother.

 21 Bind them upon your heart always,

 tie them around your neck.

 22 As you walk here and there, she will lead you;

 when you lie down, she will watch over you,

 and when you wake up, she will speak with you.

 23 For the commandment is a lamp and the instruction is a light,

 and reproofs that correct are a road leading to life,

 24 to keep you from the evil woman,

 from the flattering tongue of the foreign woman.

 25 Do not desire her beauty in your heart,

 and do not allow her to capture you with her eyes.

 26 For on account of a prostitute a man is reduced to a piece of bread,

 and an adulteress hunts for a precious soul.

 27 Can a man snatch up fire against his chest

 and his clothes not be burnt?

 28 Or can a man walk upon hot coals

 and his feet not get burned?

 29 So is the one who goes into his neighbor’s wife;

 all who touch her will not go unpunished.

 30 People do not despise a thief when he steals

 to feed himself when he is hungry.

 31 But when he is caught, he will repay seven times;

 he will repay with all the wealth of his house.

 32 The man committing adultery with a woman lacks sense;

 he who does this is destroying his own soul.

 33 He will find affliction and dishonor,

 and his disgrace will not be blotted out.

 34 For jealousy enrages a husband,

 and he will not spare him in the day of his vengeance.

 35 He will not be persuaded by any ransom,

 nor will he be satisfied when you make many bribes.


Proverbs Chapter 7  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 7
 

 1 My son, keep my words,

 and store up my commandments with you.

 2 Keep my commandments and live,

 and my instruction as the pupil of your eye.

 3 Bind them upon your fingers;

 write them upon the tablet of your heart.

 4 Say to Wisdom, “You are my sister,”

 and call understanding, “my relative,”

 5 in order to keep you from the strange woman,

 from the foreign woman who flatters with her words.

 
6 
For at the window of my house,

 I looked down through my lattice,

 7 and I saw among the naïve,

 and I discerned among the youths a young man lacking sense.

 8 He was passing along the street near her corner,

 and he was taking steps on the road to her house,

 9 at dusk, in the evening of the day,

 in the middle of the night and the gloomy darkness,

 10 And look! A woman comes to meet him,

 dressed as a prostitute and with a cunning heart.

 11 She is boisterous and rebellious;

 her feet do not stay in her house.

 12 She is now on the street, now in the city square;

 she lies in wait at every corner.

 13 So she seizes him and kisses him,

 and shamelessly she says to him,

 14 “I made peace offerings;

 today I fulfilled my vows.

 15 So I came out to meet you,

 to diligently seek your face, and I have found you.

 16 I have spread covers on my couch;

 embroidered fabrics from Egypt.

 17 I have perfumed my bed

 with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.

 18 Come, let us drink our fill of lovemaking until the morning;

 let us delight ourselves with much love.

 19 For my husband is not home;

 he has gone on a long journey.

 20 He took a bag of silver in his hand;

 he will come home at the full moon.”

 21 By her great persuasion she seduces him,

 by the seductiveness of her lips she leads him astray.

 22 Suddenly he walks after her,

 like an ox goes to the slaughter,

 like a stag stepping into a snare,

 23 until an arrow pierces his liver.

 He is like a bird rushing into a trap;

 and he does not know that his life will end.

 
24 
And now, O sons, listen to me,

 and pay attention to the words of my mouth.

 25 Do not allow your heart to turn aside to her ways;

 do not wander off onto her paths,

 26 for she has caused many men who have been pierced to fall,

 and numerous are all her slain.

 27 Her house has many roads to Sheol;

 they are descending to the chambers of death.


Proverbs Chapter 8  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 8
 

 1 Does not Wisdom call out,

 and discernment raise her voice?

 2 At the top of the heights overlooking the road,

 at the crossroads she takes her stand.

 3 Beside the gates, at the opening to the city,

 at the entrance of the gateways she shouts aloud:

 4 “To you, O men, I call out,

 and my voice is to all humankind.

 5 Understand prudence, O naïve ones,

 and understand good sense, O foolish ones.

 6 Listen, for I speak of things that are correct,

 and the opening of my lips brings forth upright words.

 7 For my mouth will utter truth,

 and wickedness is an abomination to my lips.

 8 All the words of my mouth are spoken in righteousness;

 nothing in them is twisted or perverted.

 9 All of them are straightforward to the one who understands,

 and they are right to those finding knowledge.”

 10 Take my teaching, and not silver,

 and knowledge rather than choice gold.

 11 Because Wisdom is better than gems,

 and all delightful things cannot be compared with her.

 12 “I, Wisdom, dwell with prudence,

 and I find knowledge and discretion.

 13 The fear of Yahweh is to hate evil—

 pride and arrogance and the evil road

 and a perverse mouth, I hate.

 14 Counsel belongs to me, along with sound advice.

 I have understanding; strength belongs to me.

 15 By me kings reign,

 and by me rulers decree righteousness.

 16 By me rulers govern;

 even nobles—all who judge with righteousness.

 17 I love those who love me,

 and those who desire me will find me.

 18 Riches and glory are with me,

 enduring prosperity and righteousness.

 19 My fruit is better than gold, even better than refined gold,

 and my gain is better than silver.

 20 I walk in the way of righteousness,

 in the midst of the paths of justice,

 21 to cause those who love me to inherit property,

 and I will fill their storehouses.

 
22 
Yahweh created me at the beginning of his journey,

 prior to his works from back then.

 23 From antiquity I was woven together,

 from the start,

 from the earlier times of the earth.

 24 I was born when there were no deep oceans,

 when there were no springs abounding with waters.

 25 Before the mountains were settled,

 before the hills were formed I was born;

 26 when he had not yet made the earth and the fields,

 or the initial dust of the world;

 27 when he prepared the heavens, I was there;

 when he inscribed the horizon above the face of the deep;

 28 when he fixed the clouds above,

 when he strengthened the springs of the deep;

 29 when he set for the sea its limit

 so the waters would not disobey his mouth;

 when he marked out the foundations of the earth;

 30 then I was beside him growing up,

 and I was his great delight daily,

 playing in his presence at every moment;

 31 playing in the world—his earth,

 and full of delight with humankind.

 
32 
So now, O sons, listen to me;

 blessed are those who keep on my roads.

 33 Listen to my teaching and become wise,

 and do not neglect it.

 34 Blessed is the one who listens to me,

 keeping watch at my doors day after day,

 watching at the entrance to my gates,

 35 because the one finding me finds life,

 and he will obtain favor from Yahweh.

 36 But the one sinning against me is doing violence to his own soul;

 all those who hate me love death.”


Proverbs Chapter 9  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 9
 

 1 Lady Wisdom has built her house;

 she has carved out her seven pillars.

 2 She has slaughtered her meat;

 she has mixed her wine;

 indeed, she has prepared her table.

 3 She has sent out her female servants;

 she calls out from the tops of the heights of the town,

 4 “Whoever is naïve, let him turn in here.”

 To the one lacking sense, she says,

 5 “Come! Eat my bread

 and drink my wine that I have mixed.

 6 Leave your naïve ways and live.

 And go straight ahead on the road of understanding.”

 7 The one who rebukes a mocker receives for himself shame,

 and the one who reproves a wicked person brings injury upon himself.

 8 Do not reprove a mocker or he will hate you;

 reprove a wise man and he will love you.

 9 Give instruction to a wise man and he will go on being wise;

 teach a righteous man and he will increase in learning.

 
10 
The fear of Yahweh is the starting point of wisdom,

 and the knowledge of the Holy One is the starting point of understanding.

 11 For by mea your days will be multiplied,

 and years of life will be added to you.

 12 If you are wise, you are wise for your own benefit;

 and if you mock, you will bear the consequence by yourself.

 13 Lady Folly is boisterous,

 lacking in understanding, and does not know anything.

 14 And she sits at the entrance of her house,

 on a throne at the heights of the city,

 15 calling out to those passing by on the road,

 to the ones making their paths straight,

 16 “Whoever is naïve, let him turn in here.”

 And she says to the one lacking sense,

 17 “Stolen waters are sweet,

 and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.”

 18 But he does not know that the dead are there;

 the ones who have accepted her invitation are in the depths of Sheol.


a[11]
“Me” is Wisdom, who is speaking.

Proverbs Chapter 10  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 10
 

1The proverbs of Solomon:

 A wise son makes his father glad,

 but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.

 
2 
Treasures gained by wickedness profit nothing,

 but righteousness will deliver from death.

 
3 
Yahweh does not cause the righteous soul to go hungry,

 but he will push away what the wicked desire.

 
4 
The poor person makes his palm idle,

 but a diligent hand makes one rich.

 
5 
The man who gathers in the summer is an insightful son;

 the man who is fast asleep at the harvest is a shameful son.

 
6 
Blessings are upon the head of a righteous person,

 but the mouth of the wicked conceals wrongdoing.

 
7 
The memory of a righteous person is a blessing,

 but the name of the wicked will rot.

 
8 
The wise of heart accept commandments,

 but the one who is foolish with his lips will come to ruin.

 
9 
The one who walks blamelessly walks securely,

 but the one who perverts his ways will be made known.

 
10 
The one winking his eye causes pain,

 and the one who is foolish with his lips will come to ruin.

 
11 
The mouth of a righteous person is a fountain of life,

 but the mouth of the wicked conceals wrongdoing.

 
12 
Hatred stirs up strife,

 but love covers over all transgressions.

 
13 
Wisdom is found upon the lips of the discerning,

 but a rod will strike the back of the one lacking sense.

 
14 
The wise store up knowledge,

 but the mouth of the unreasonable fool brings destruction near.

 
15 
The rich person’s wealth is his fortified city;

 the destruction of the poor is their poverty.

 
16 
The wage of the righteous person is life;

 the revenue of the wicked is sin.

 
17 
The one who heeds sound teaching is on the path to life,

 but the one who ignores reproof goes astray.

 
18 
The one hiding his hatred has deceitful lips,

 and the one spreading slander, he is a fool.

 
19 
By an abundance of words transgression will not cease,

 but the one who restrains his lips is insightful.

 
20 
The tongue of a righteous person is as choice silver;

 the heart of the wicked is worth little.

 
21 
The lips of a righteous person will shepherd many people,

 but fools will die for a lack of sense.

 
22 
The blessing from Yahweh is what makes one rich,

 and he does not combine pain with the blessing.

 
23 
Acting indecently is pleasure to a fool,

 so also is wisdom for a person with discernment.

 
24 
The wicked person’s horror will come upon him,

 but the desire of the righteous will be given to them.

 
25 
When the storm passes through, then the wicked person is no more,

 but the righteous person has a foundation that endures.

 
26 
As vinegar is to the teeth and as smoke is to the eyes,

 so too is the lazy one to those who send him.

 
27 
The fear of Yahweh adds to one’s days,

 but the years of the wicked will be cut short.

 
28 
The hope of the righteous is joy,

 but the expectation of the wicked will perish.

 
29 
The road of Yahweh is a safe place for the blameless person,

 but it is destruction for those who act wickedly.

 
30 
The righteous person will not ever be moved,

 but the wicked will not live in the land.

 
31 
The mouth of a righteous person will bring forth the fruit of wisdom,

 but the tongue speaking perversions will be cut off.

 
32 
The lips of a righteous person know what is acceptable,

 but the mouth of the wicked knows perversions.


Proverbs Chapter 11  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 11
 

 1 Deceitful balances are an abomination to Yahweh,

 but a fair weight finds his favor.

 
2 
Over-confidence comes, then dishonor comes,

 but Wisdom is with the modest.

 
3 
The integrity of the upright will lead them,

 but the perversity of the unfaithful will destroy them.

 
4 
Riches will not profit on the day of fury,

 but righteousness will deliver from death.

 
5 
The righteousness of the blameless person will make his road straight,

 but the wicked person will fall by his wickedness.

 
6 
The righteousness of the upright will deliver them,

 but the unfaithful will be taken captive by their desire.

 
7 
When a wicked person dies, his hope perishes,

 and his hope of wealth perishes.

 
8 
A righteous person is delivered from trouble,

 but a wicked person takes his place.

 
9 
The godless person ruins his neighbor with his mouth,

 but the righteous will be delivered by knowledge.

 
10 
A town rejoices at the prosperity of the righteous,

 and there is joyful shouting at the death of the wicked.

 
11 
By the blessing of the upright a town will be exalted,

 but it will be thrown down by the mouth of the wicked.

 
12 
The one who shows contempt for his neighbor lacks sense,

 but a person with understanding will be silent.

 
13 
A slanderer walks around revealing secrets,

 but the person who is of a faithful spirit conceals a matter.

 
14 
Without wise guidance, people will fall,

 but with a multitude of advisors, there is deliverance.

 
15 
The one who makes deals with a stranger will suffer badly, a

 but the one who hates making deals is carefree.

 
16 
A gracious woman will attain glory,

 but ruthless men will attain riches.

 
17 
The kind person gives to himself,b

 but the cruel person does himself harm.

 
18 
The wicked person makes a wage from his deception,

 but the one who sows righteousness will receive a wage from his faithfulness;

 
19 
indeed, righteousness leads to life,

 but the one who eagerly pursues evil is heading to his death.

 
20 
A twisted heart is an abomination to Yahweh,

 but the road of the blameless leads to his favor.

 
21 
Be assured: an evil person will not go unpunished,

 but the offspring of the righteous will escape.

 
22 
Just as a gold ring is in the snout of a pig,

 so too is a beautiful woman without good judgment.

 
23 
The desire of the righteous is surely good,

 but the hope of the wicked is fury.

 
24 
There is one who generously scatters wealth, and it is continually added to him,

 and one who is withholding what is right, which surely will end in poverty.

 
25 
The person who blesses others will be made prosperous,

 and the one who waters, indeed, he himself will be watered.

 
26 
The people will curse the one who withholds grain,

 but a blessing will be upon the head of the one who sells grain.

 
27 
The one who is on the lookout for what is good seeks favor,

 but the one who is intent on evil, it will come to him.

 
28 
The one who trusts in his wealth, he will fall,

 but the righteous will bud like a leaf.

 
29 
The one who troubles his household will inherit wind,

 and the fool will be a servant to one who is wise of heart.

 
30 
The fruit of a righteous person is a tree of life,

 and the wise person wins souls.

 
31 
Behold! The righteous person will be repaid on the earth;

 indeed, how much more the wicked person who sins!


a[15]
Literally, “gives of his soul”
b[17]
Literally: “gives to his soul.”

Proverbs Chapter 12  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 12
 

 1 The one who loves discipline loves knowledge,

 but the one who hates reproof is stupid.

 
2 
A good person will obtain favor from Yahweh,

 but a person with wicked schemes, he will condemn.

 
3 
A person will not be established by wickedness,

 but the root of the righteous will not be moved.

 
4 
An excellent wife is the crown of her husband,

 but one who puts him to shame is like decay in his bones.

 
5 
The thoughts of the righteous are just,

 but the guidance of the wicked is deceitful.

 
6 
The words of the wicked lie in wait for blood,

 but the mouth of the upright will deliver them.

 
7 
The wicked will be overthrown and will be no more,

 but the house of the righteous will stand.

 
8 
A person will be praised for his insightful mouth,

 but the one who has a twisted heart will be viewed with contempt.

 
9 
Better is one who is dishonored and has a servant for himself,

 than one who glorifies himself and lacks bread.

 
10 
The righteous person respects the life of his animal,

 but the compassions of the wicked are cruel.

 
11 
The one who works his land will be satisfied with bread,

 but the one who pursues worthless things lacks sense.

 
12 
The wicked person treasures the mountain stronghold of evil people,

 but the root of the righteous is secure.

 
13 
By the transgression of his lips an evil person will fall into a snare,

 but the righteous person will escape from trouble.

 
14 
From the fruit of his mouth a person is satisfied with good,

 and the accomplishments of a person’s hands will return to him.

 
15 
The road of a fool is right in his own eyes,

 but a wise person listens to counsel.

 
16 
The anger of a fool is known at once,

 but a prudent person conceals dishonor.

 
17 
The one who speaks what is faithful declares an honest testimony,

 but a false witness utters deceit.

 
18 
There is one who speaks recklessly, like the stabbings of a sword,

 but the tongue of the wise is healing.

 
19 
Truthful lips will be established continually,

 but a lying tongue will linger only for a moment.

 
20 
Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil,

 but those who counsel peace have joy.

 
21 
No disaster will come upon the righteous person,

 but the wicked are filled with misfortune.

 
22 
Lying lips are an abomination to Yahweh,

 but those who do what is faithful obtain his favor.

 
23 
A prudent person conceals knowledge,

 but the heart of fools proclaims foolishness.

 
24 
The hand of the diligent will rule,

 but the slack hand will become a forced laborer.

 
25 
Anxiety in a person’s heart weighs it down,

 but a good word makes it glad.

 
26 
A righteous person shows the way for his neighbor,

 but the road of the wicked causes them to wander astray.

 
27 
Laziness does not cook a person’s food,

 but his precious wealth is diligence.

 
28 
In the path of righteousness is life,

 and the journey of that road will not end in death.


Proverbs Chapter 13  top  PDF  MSWord

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 1 A wise son listens to his father’s discipline,

 but a mocker does not listen to rebuke.

 
2 
From the fruit of his mouth a person enjoysa what is good,

 but the desireb of unfaithful people is violence.

 
3 
The one who guards his mouth watches over his life;

 destruction will come to the one who opens his lips wide.

 
4 
A lazy person’s soul is greedy yet he obtains nothing,

 but a diligent person’s soul will be made prosperous.

 
5 
A righteous person hates a deceptive word,

 but a wicked person will become a stench and display his shame.

 
6 
Righteousness guards the blameless person on his road,

 but wickedness perverts a sinner.

 
7 
There is one who pretends to be rich, but has nothing;

 every one pretending to be poor has great wealth.

 
8 
The ransom for a person’s soul is his wealth,

 but the poor does not hear a threatening rebuke.

 
9 
The light of the righteous shines brightly,

 but the lamp of the wicked will go out.

 
10 
Over-confidence only causes strife,

 but Wisdom is with those who accept advice.

 
11 
Wealth obtained by fraud will become little,

 but the one who gathers by handc will make much.

 
12 
Hope delayed makes the heart sick,

 but a desire that arrives is a tree of life.

 
13 
The one who despises a word is still bound by a pledge to it,

 but the one who fears the commandment will be rewarded.

 
14 
The instruction of a wise person is a fountain of life,

 that one may turn aside from the snares of death.

 
15 
Good judgment brings favor,

 but the road of the unfaithful never changes.

 
16 
Every prudent person acts with knowledge,

 but a fool displays foolishness.

 
17 
A wicked messenger will fall into evil,

 but a faithful messenger brings healing.

 
18 
The one who ignores discipline will get poverty and dishonor,

 but the one who heeds reproof will be honored.

 
19 
A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul,

 but it is an abomination to fools to turn away from evil.

 
20 
The one who walks with the wise will become wise,

 but the one who associates with fools will suffer harm.

 
21 
Evil eagerly pursues sinners,

 but goodness will reward the righteous.

 
22 
A good person will provide an inheritance for his children’s children,

 but the wealth of the sinner is being stored up for the righteous person.

 
23 
An abundance of food is in the unplowed soil of the poor,d

 but it is carried away because of a lack of justice.

 
24 
The one who withholds his rod hates his son,

 but the one who loves him desires discipline for him.

 
25 
The righteous person eats to the satisfaction of his appetite,

 but the belly of wicked lacks food.


a[2]
Literally, “eats.”
b[2]
Literally “soul.” This is one of the places where “soul” refers to the activities of the mind including desire.
c[11]
The literal Hebrew, “by hand” is an idiom for “little by little” or “over time.”
d[23]
Or, for the poor.

Proverbs Chapter 14  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 14
 

 1 Lady Wisdoma builds her house,

 but Lady Folly tears it down with her hands.

 
2 
The one who walks in his integrity fears Yahweh,

 but the one who is devious in his ways despises him.

 
3 
In the mouth of a fool is a prideful rod,

 but the lips of the wise will watch over them.

 
4 
With no oxen, the feeding trough is clean,

 but abundant revenue comes by the strength of an ox.

 
5 
A faithful witness will not lie,

 but a deceptive witness speaks lies.

 
6 
A mocker searches for wisdom but finds none,

 but knowledge comes easily to the one who has understanding.

 
7 
Walk away from the presence of a foolish person,

 or you will not understand lips that speak knowledge.

 
8 
The wisdom of a prudent person is to understand his road,

 but the foolishness of fools is deceit.

 
9 
Fools mock at guilt,b

 but among the upright is good understanding.c

 
10 
The heart knows its own bitterness,

 and a stranger does not take part in its joy.

 
11 
The house of the wicked will be destroyed,

 but the tent of the upright will sprout forth.

 
12 
There is a road that seems upright to a person,

 but its end is roads leading to death.

 
13 
Even in laughter the heart might be in pain,

 and the end of joy may be grief.

 
14 
The one who is disloyal in his heart will be satisfiedd from his own road,

 but the good man will be satisfied from his deeds.

 
15 
A naïve person will believe any word,

 but the prudent person discerns his steps.

 
16 
A wise person fears and turns aside from evil,

 but a fool acts arrogantly and is overconfident.

 
17 
An easily angered person acts foolishly,

 and a schemer will be hated.

 
18 
The naïve inherit foolishness,

 but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.

 
19 
An evil person will bow down in the presence of good people,

 and the wicked will bow at the gates of a righteous person.

 
20 
A poor person is hated even by his neighbor,

 but there are many who love the rich.

 
21 
The one who shows contempt toward his neighbor is sinning,

 but blessed are those who show favor to the poor.

 
22 
Do not those who plan evil go astray?

 But loyalty and faithfulness are with those who plan good.

 
23 
In all hard work there is profit,

 but mere words from the lips surely lead to poverty.

 
24 
The crown of the wise is their wealth,

 but the foolishness of fools is still foolishness.

 
25 
A faithful witness rescues lives,

 but the one who speaks lies is treacherous.

 
26 
In the fear of Yahweh there is strong confidence,

 and he will be a shelter for his children.

 
27 
The fear of Yahweh is a fountain of life,

 that one may turn aside from the snares of death.

 
28 
The king’s glory is in the abundance of people,

 but a ruler’s ruin is in the lack of people.

 
29 
The one who is slow to get angry possesses great understanding,

 but the one who is easily angerede displays foolishness.

 
30 
A peaceful heart is the life of the flesh,

 but envy is decay to the bones.

 
31 
The person who oppresses the poor taunts the one who created him,

 but the person who shows favor to the needy glorifies him.

 
32 
A wicked person will be cast down by his own evil,

 but the righteous person takes refuge in his own blamelessness.

 
33 
Wisdom rests in the heart of the one who has understanding,

 but will she be made known among fools?

 
34 
Righteousness exalts a nation,

 but sin is the people’s shame.

 
35 
The king’s favor is toward an insightful servant,

 but his anger will be upon the one who acts shamefully.


a[1]
Lady Wisdom is plural--the plural of emphasis. She is portrayed as being very wise.
b[9]
Heb. also can mean “a guilt offering.”
c[9]
Heb. also can mean there is “acceptance.”
d[14]
Double entendre: “satisfied” and “paid back.”
e[29]
Or, “hasty of spirit.”

Proverbs Chapter 15  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 15
 

 1 A gentle response turns away rage,

 but a hurtful word increases anger.

 
2 
The tongue of the wise produces good knowledge,

 but the mouth of fools pours out foolishness.

 
3 
The eyes of Yahweh are in every place,

 watching the evil and the good.

 
4 
A healing tongue is a tree of life,

 but perversion in it breaks one’s spirit.

 
5 
A fool spurns discipline from his father,

 but the one who heeds reproof acts prudently.

 
6 
The house of the righteous person has great riches,

 but trouble is stirred up by the revenue of the wicked person.

 
7 
The lips of the wise scatter knowledge like seeds,

 but it is not so with the heart of fools.

 
8 
A sacrifice made by the wicked is an abomination to Yahweh,

 but the prayer of the upright brings his favor.

 
9 
The road of the wicked person is an abomination to Yahweh,

 but he loves the one who eagerly pursues righteousness.

 
10 
Harsh discipline will be for the one who abandons the path;

 the one who hates reproof will die.

 
11 
Sheol and Abaddon are in the sight of Yahweh,

 how much more are human hearts!

 
12 
A mocker will not love anyone who reproves him;

 he will not go to the wise.

 
13 
A joyful heart makes a face cheerful,

 but when the heart is in pain, the spirit is broken.

 
14 
The heart of the one who has understanding seeks knowledge,

 but the mouth of fools shepherds folly.

 
15 
All the days of the afflicted person are bad,

 but a merry heart has a lasting feast.

 
16 
Better is a little with the fear of Yahweh

 than great treasure and turmoil with it.

 
17 
Better is a meal of vegetables when love is present,

 than a fattened ox and hatred with it.

 
18 
An angry person incites strife,

 but one who is slow to get angry peacefully settles a dispute.

 
19 
The road of the lazy person is like a hedge of thorns,

 but the way of the upright is smooth.

 
20 
A wise son makes a father glad,

 but a foolish person shows contempt for his mother.

 
21 
Folly is a joy to the one who lacks good sense, a

 but a person with understanding walks with integrity.

 
22 
By a lack of counsel, plans are shattered,

 but with a multitude of advisors a plan will stand.

 
23 
A person gets joy from the answer of his mouth,

 and how good is a word in its proper time!

 
24 
The path of life leads upward for the one who has insight

 in order to turn him away from Sheol below.

 
25 
Yahweh will tear down the house of the proud,

 but he will cause the territory of the widow to stand.

 
26 
Evil thoughts are an abomination to Yahweh,

 but pleasant words are pure.

 
27 
The one who pursues unjust gain troubles his household,

 but the one who hates gifts that influence will live.

 
28 
The heart of a righteous person considers how to answer,

 but the mouth of the wicked pours out evil things.

 
29 
Yahweh is far from the wicked,

 but he hears the prayer of the righteous.

 
30 
Bright eyes make the heart glad,

 and a good report fattens the bones.

 
31 
An ear that listens to reproof leading to life

 will dwell among the wise.

 
32 
The one who ignores discipline rejects his own soul,

 but the one who listens to reproof acquires good sense.b

 
33 
The fear of Yahweh leads to wise teaching,

 and humility goes before glory.


a[21]
Lit. “heart” but here referring to the activity of the mind, thus, good sense.
b[32]
Lit. “heart,” here meaning “good sense.”

Proverbs Chapter 16  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 16
 

 1 The plans of the heart belong to people,

 but the answer of the tongue comes from Yahweh.

 
2 
All the roads of a person are pure in his own eyes,

 but Yahweh examines the motives.a

 
3 
Commit your works to Yahweh,

 and your plans will be established.

 
4 
Yahweh made everything with an answer to it,

 and even the wicked person on a day of evil.

 
5 
Every arrogant heart is an abomination to Yahweh;

 be assured, he will not go unpunished.

 
6 
Iniquity is atoned for by loyalty and faithfulness,

 and by the fear of Yahweh one turns away from evil.

 
7 
When Yahweh takes pleasure in a person’s road,

 even his enemies will make peace with him.

 
8 
Better is a little with righteousness,

 than great income with a lack of justice.

 
9 
A person’s heart devises his own road,

 but Yahweh prepares his steps.

 
10 
A verdict is on the lips of the king;

 his mouth should not violate justice.

 
11 
A just balance and scales are according to Yahweh;

 all the weights in the bag are his concern.

 
12 
It is an abomination forb kings to commit wickedness

 because the throne is established in righteousness.

 
13 
Righteous lips are the delight of kings,

 and the one who speaks with integrity will be loved.

 
14 
A king’s rage is like messengers of death,

 but a wise person will pacify the anger.

 
15 
In the light of a king’s face there is life,

 and his favor is like clouds that bring spring rain.

 
16 
How much better to get wisdom than gold!

 And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver.

 
17 
The highway of the upright is to turn away from evil;

 the one who guards his roadc is keeping watch over his lifed.

 
18 
Pride goes before disaster,

 and a puffed-up spirit before stumbling.

 
19 
Better to be lowly in spirit with the poor

 than to share the plunder with the proud.

 
20 
The one who comprehends a wise saying will find good,

 and blessed is the one who is trusting in Yahweh.

 
21 
A person with a wise heart will be called “one who understands,”

 and sweetness of lips will increase persuasive teaching.

 
22 
Good judgment is a fountain of life for its owner,

 but the teaching of fools is foolishness.

 
23 
The heart of a wise person gives insight to his mouth,

 and it increases the persuasive teaching upon his lips.

 
24 
Pleasant words are a honeycomb,

 sweet to the soul and healing to the bones.

 
25 
There is a road that seems upright to a person,

 but its end is roads leading to death.

 
26 
A laborer’s appetite labors for him,

 for his mouth urges him on.

 
27 
A man of Belial digs up evil,

 and the words upon his lips are like a burning fire.

 
28 
A perverse person sows strife,

 and a gossipe separates close friends.

 
29 
A violent person entices his neighbor,

 and he leads him on a road that is not good.

 
30 
The one who winks his eyes devises perversions;

 the one who purses his lips brings evil to pass.

 
31 
Gray hair is a crown of splendor;

 it is found on the road of righteousness.

 
32 
The one who is slow to get angry is better than a mighty person,

 and one who rules his spirit is better than one who captures a city.

 
33 
The lot is cast into the lap,f

 but each of its judgments is from Yahweh.


a[2]
Literally, “spirits,” but here referring to the activities of the mind, including thoughts, emotions, attitudes and motives.
b[12]
Or, “to.” Both are true.
c[17]
“His road” refers to his way of life.
d[17]
“Life” is “soul” in Hebrew.
e[28]
Heb. can also mean “slanderer.”
f[33]
“lap.” Actually, the fold in the garment over the lap.

Proverbs Chapter 17  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 17
 

 1 Better is a dry piece of crust and peace with it,

 than a household full of feasting with strife.

 
2 
An insightful slave will rule over a shameful son,

 and he will share the inheritance among brothers.

 
3 
A crucible is for silver and a furnace is for gold,

 but Yahweh puts hearts to the test.

 
4 
An evildoer pays attention to wicked lips;

 a liar listens to a destructive tongue.

 
5 
The one who mocks the poor taunts the one who created him;

 the one who is joyful at a calamity will not go unpunished.

 
6 
The crown of old men is their children’s children,

 and the honor of children is their fathers.

 
7 
Eloquent speech is not fitting for a godless person,

 how much less fitting are deceptive lips for a nobleman?

 
8 
A bribe is a ‘magic stone’ in the eyes of its owner;

 every direction he turns, he prospers.

 
9 
The one who covers over a transgression seeks love,

 but the one who repeats the issue separates close friends.

 
10 
A rebuke goes deeper into a person who has understanding

 than a hundred blows on a fool.

 
11 
Surely a rebellious person seeks evil,

 so a cruel messengera will be sent against him.

 
12 
Better for a person to encounter a bear deprived of her cubs

 than to encounter a fool in his foolishness.

 
13 
The one who repays good with evil,

 evil will not depart from his house.

 
14 
The starting point of strife is like letting water flow freely,

 so abandon the dispute before it breaks out.

 
15 
The one who declares the wicked to be righteous, and the one who condemns the righteous;

 indeed, both of them alike are an abomination to Yahweh.

 
16 
Why is there payment in the hand of a fool to buy wisdom

 when he has no sense?

 
17 
A friend loves at all times,

 and a brother is born for times of distress.

 
18 
A person lacking sense shakes hands on an agreement,

 making a solemn pledge in the presence of his neighbor.

 
19 
The one who loves transgression loves strife,

 the one who exalts his doorway seeks disaster.

 
20 
A perverted heart will not find good,

 and the one who twists his tongueb will fall into evil.

 
21 
He who fathers a fool does so to his own grief,

 and the father of a godless person will have no joy.

 
22 
A cheerful heart is a good cure,

 but a broken spirit dries up the bones.

 
23 
A wicked person takes a secret bribec

 to twist the paths of justice.

 
24 
Wisdom is with the one who understands,

 but the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.

 
25 
A foolish son causes angerd for his father

 and bitterness to the woman who bore him.

 
26 
Also, it is not good to issue a finee to a righteous person,

 nor to beat nobles for their uprightness.

 
27 
The one who holds back his words knows knowledge,f

 and the one who has a cool spirit is a person of understanding.

 
28 
Moreover, a fool who remains silent is thought to be wise;

 when he shuts his lips, he is considered to be discerning.


a[11]
Or, “cruel angel.” The Hebrew word can refer to human messengers, angels, or demons.
b[20]
Twists what he says; lies.
c[23]
Literally, “a bribe from the bosom,” i.e., the fold in the garment.
d[25]
Also, “grief,” “vexation.”
e[26]
A synecdoche for “punishment” in general.
f[27]
Idiomatic: “has attained knowledge.”

Proverbs Chapter 18  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 18
 

 1 The one who isolates himself seeks his own desire;

 he quarrels with every piece of sound advice.

 
2 
A fool does not delight in understanding,

 but only in expressing his own mind.

 
3 
When a wicked person enters, contempt also enters,

 and with dishonor comes scorn.

 
4 
The words of a person’s mouth are deep waters,

 a flowing stream, a fountain of wisdom.

 
5 
It is not good to show favoritism toward a wicked person—

 depriving a righteous person from justice.

 
6 
The lips of a fool bring strife,

 and his mouth calls for beatings.

 
7 
The mouth of a fool will bring destruction to him,

 and his lips are a snare to his soul.

 
8 
The words of a gossipa are like delicacies,

 and they go down into one’s innermost being.

 
9 
Moreover, the one who shows himself to be lax in his work

 is a brother to the one who destroys.

 
10 
Yahweh’s name is a strong tower;

 the righteous person runs to it and is secure.

 
11 
A rich person’s wealth is his strong city,

 indeed, like a high wall in his imagination.

 
12 
Before disaster the heart of a person is puffed-up,

 but humility goes before glory.

 
13 
The person who gives an answer before he listens—

 foolishness and disgrace belong to him.

 
14 
A person’s spirit can endure his sickness,

 but a broken spirit, who can bear that?

 
15 
The heart of one who understands gets knowledge,

 and the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.

 
16 
A person’s gift creates opportunity for him

 and leads him before great people.

 
17 
The first person to speak in his dispute appears righteous

 until a neighbor comes and questions him.

 
18 
Casting lots causes quarrels to cease

 and decides between mighty opponents.

 
19 
An offended brother is harder to win than a strong city,

 and contentions are like the barred gate of a castle.

 
20 
A person’s stomach will be satisfied from the fruit of his mouth;

 he will be satisfied from the revenue of his lips.

 
21 
Death and life are in the power of the tongue,

 and those who love that power will eat of its fruit.

 
22 
He who finds a wife finds a good thing,

 and he obtains favor from Yahweh.

 
23 
The poor person who speaks pleads for favor,

 but the rich person answers forcefully.

 
24 
A person has many friends to socialize with,

 but there is one who loves who stays closer than a brother.


a[8]
The Hebrew word can also mean “slanderer.”

Proverbs Chapter 19  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 19
 

 1 Better is a poor person walking in blamelessness

 than one who has twisted lips and is rich.

 
2 
Moreover, it is not good to have a desire without knowledge,

 and one who makes haste with his feet commits sin.

 
3 
A person’s foolishness perverts his road,

 but his heart rages against Yahweh.

 
4 
Wealth will add many friends,

 but a poor person will be separated from his friend.

 
5 
A false witness will not go unpunished,

 and the one who tells lies will not escape.

 
6 
Many will entreat the favora of a generous personb,

 and everyone is a friend to a person who gives gifts.

 
7 
All the brothers of a poor person hate him;

 indeed, how much more does his friend who distances himself from him.

 He eagerly pursues him with words, but they are of no avail.

 
8 
The one who gets good sense loves his own soul;

 the one who safeguards discernment will find good.

 
9 
A false witness will not go unpunished,

 and the one who tells lies will perish.

 
10 
Luxury is not fitting for a fool;

 indeed, how much less fitting for a slave to rule over princes.

 
11 
A person’s good judgment makes him slow to anger,

 and it is his honor to overlook an offense.

 
12 
The king’s rage is like the growl of a lion,

 but his favor is like the dew upon the grass.

 
13 
A foolish son brings destruction to his father,

 and the contentions of a wife are like a constantly leaking roof.

 
14 
A house and wealth are the inheritance from fathers,

 but an insightful wife is from Yahweh.

 
15 
Laziness causes one to fall into deep sleep,

 and the idle personc will go hungry.

 
16 
The one who keeps the commandment watches over his life,d

 but the one who has contempt for his road will be killed.

 
17 
The one who shows favor to a poor person lends to Yahweh,

 and he will repay him according to his good work.

 
18 
Correct your son, for there is hope,

 and do not long in your soul for him to die.

 
19 
A person with great anger will bear the penalty,

 surely, if you deliver him, then you will do it again and again.

 
20 
Listen to counsel and accept discipline

 in order that you may be wise in your latter days.

 
21 
Many plans are in a person’s heart,

 but Yahweh’s counsel itself will stand.

 
22 
A person’s wicked desire is his shame,

 and it is better to be poor than one who tells lies.

 
23 
The fear of Yahweh leads to life,

 and the one who has it will sleep satisfied through the night and not be visited by evil.

 
24 
The lazy person buries his hand in the dish;

 indeed, he will not bring it back to his mouth.

 
25 
Strike a mocker and a naïve person will act prudently,

 and if you reprove the one who has understanding, he will discern knowledge.

 
26 
He who assaults his father and drives his mother away

 is a shameful and disgraceful son.

 
27 
My son, cease listening to teaching,

 and you will go astray from words of knowledge.

 
28 
A witness of Belial mocks justice,

 and the mouth of criminals devours wickedness.

 
29 
Judgments have been prepared for mockers,

 and beatings have been prepared for the backs of fools.


a[6]
Lit. “face.”
b[6]
Or, “a noble.”
c[15]
Heb. is nephesh, “soul,” here put for an individual person.
d[16]
Heb. is nephesh, “soul,” here put for a person’s life.

Proverbs Chapter 20  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 20
 

 1 Wine is a mocker, beer is a loudmouth,

 and everyone who goes astray by them is not wise.

 
2 
The terror of a king is like the growl of a lion;

 the one who infuriates him does wrong to his own soul.

 
3 
It is an honor for a person to cease from strife,

 but every fool will quarrel.

 
4 
A lazy person does not plow in the proper season,

 so he begs at the harvest and has nothing.

 
5 
The counsel in a person’s heart is like deep waters,

 but a person with discernment draws that water out.

 
6 
Many people claim to be loyal,

 but a faithful man, who can find?

 
7 
A righteous person who walks about blamelessly—

 blessed are his children after him.

 
8 
A king sitting upon the throne of justice

 scatters every evil with his eyes.

 
9 
Who can declare, “I have made my heart pure,

 I am cleansed from my own sin”?

 
10 
Unequal weights and unequal measures of grain;

 indeed, both of them alike are an abomination to Yahweh.

 
11 
Even a young boy distinguishes himself by his deeds,

 if his conduct is pure and upright.

 
12 
The ear that hears and the eye that sees,

 indeed, Yahweh made them both.

 
13 
Do not love sleep, lest you become impoverished;

 open your eyes and be satisfied with bread.

 
14 
“Bad! Bad!” says the buyer,

 but when he goes his way, he boasts.

 
15 
There is gold and a multitude of gems,

 but lips bearing knowledge are a precious ornamentation.

 
16 
Take his garment when he has put up security for a stranger,

 and if it is for foreigners, hold him as security.

 
17 
Bread gained by deceit is sweet to a person,

 but afterwards his mouth will be filled with gravel.

 
18 
Plans are established by counsel,

 so make war by wise guidance.

 
19 
A slanderer walks around revealing secrets,

 so do not get involved with a person who opens his lips.

 
20 
The one who curses his father or his mother,

 his lamp will go out in a time of darkness.

 
21 
An inheritance gained quickly at the beginning

 will not be blessed in the end.

 
22 
Do not say, “I will repay an evil person!”

 Wait for Yahweh and he will deliver you.

 
23 
Unequal weights are an abomination to Yahweh,

 and deceitful scales are not good.

 
24 
The steps of a man come from Yahweh;

 how then can a man discern his road?

 
25 
It is a snare for a person to carelessly declare, “It is holy!”

 and then to inquire about it after making his vows.

 
26 
A wise king scatters the wicked,

 then he rolls the threshing wheel over them again and again.

 
27 
The breath of a person is the lamp of Yahweh,

 searching out all the chambers of the body.

 
28 
Covenant faithfulness and truth guard the king,

 yes, with covenant faithfulness, God supports the king’s throne.

 
29 
Strength is the splendor of young men,

 and gray hair is the honor of old men.

 
30 
Blows that wound cleanse away evil,

 and wounds cleanse the chambers of the body.


Proverbs Chapter 21  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 21
 

 1 The heart of a king is like water canals in Yahweh’s hand;

 he turns it wherever he delights.

 
2 
Every road of a person is upright in his own eyes,

 but Yahweh examines the hearts.

 
3 
To do righteousness and justice

 is preferred by Yahweh over a sacrifice.

 
4 
Haughty eyes and an arrogant heart—

 the lamp of the wicked—is sin.

 
5 
The plans of a diligent person surely will lead to abundance,

 but everyone who acts hastily surely will come to poverty.

 
6 
Acquiring treasures by a lying tongue

 is a fleeting vapor of those who seek death.

 
7 
The violence of the wicked will drag them away

 because they refused to act with justice.

 
8 
The road of a guilty person is crooked,

 but as for the pure person, his works are upright.

 
9 
It is better to live on the corner of a rooftop

 than in a house with a contentious wife.

 
10 
The soul of the wicked person desires evil;

 his neighbor finds no favor in his eyes.

 
11 
When a mocker gets punished, the naïve person becomes wise,

 and when a wise person is instructed, he accepts knowledge.

 
12 
A righteous person keeps an eye on the house of the wicked person,

 bringing the wicked to their ruin.

 
13 
The one who closes his ear to the cry of the poor,

 he will also cry out and not be answered.

 
14 
A gift given in secret subdues anger,

 and a secret bribe averts strong wrath.

 
15 
To do justice is joyful for the righteous person,

 but it is a terror to those doing wickedness.

 
16 
The person who wanders from the road of understanding

 will rest in the assembly of the dead.

 
17 
The one who loves pleasure will become a poor person;

 the one who loves wine and oil will not become rich.

 
18 
A wicked person is a ransom for a righteous person,

 and the one acting unfaithfully is in the place of the upright.

 
19 
It is better to live in a desolate land

 than with a contentious and angry woman.

 
20 
Desirable treasure and oil are in the dwelling place of the wise person,

 but the foolish person consumes it.

 
21 
The one who pursues righteousness and loyalty

 will find life, righteousness, and glory.a

 
22 
A wise person scales the city of the mighty,

 and he brings down the strength of the city’s confidence.

 
23 
The one who keeps watch over his mouth and his tongue

 watches over his lifeb from trouble.

 
24 
“Presumptuous,” “Proud,” “Mocker,” are his names;

 they belong to the one who acts with arrogant presumptuousness.

 
25 
The lazy person’s desire will kill him

 because his hands refuse to work.

 26 All day long he craves what he desires,

 but the righteous person gives and does not withhold his generosity.

 
27 
A sacrifice offered by the wicked is an abomination;

 how much more when he brings it with deceitful intent.

 
28 
A false witness will perish,

 but a person who listens will go on speaking.

 
29 
A wicked person hardens his face,

 but an upright person, he prepares his roads.

 
30 
There is no wisdom and no discernment

 and no counsel that can stand against Yahweh.

 
31 
A horse is prepared for a day of battle,

 but the deliverance belongs to Yahweh.


a[21]
Heb. also means “honor.”
b[23]
Heb. is nephesh, “soul.”

Proverbs Chapter 22  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 22
 

 1 A good name is to be chosen over great wealth;

 favor is better than silver and gold.

 
2 
The rich and the poor person meet one another in this:

 Yahweh is the one who creates them all.

 
3 
A prudent person sees evil and hides,

 but the naïve continue on and are punished.

 
4 
The reward of humility—the fear of Yahweh—

 is wealth, glory, and life.

 
5 
Thorns and traps are on the road of the twisted person;

 the one who watches over his life will stay far from them.

 
6 
Train a child in the way he should go;

 even when he grows old he will not turn aside from it.

 
7 
The rich person rules over the poor,

 and the one who borrows is a slave to the one who lends.

 
8 
The one who sows injustice will reap wickedness,

 and the rod of his anger will fail.

 
9 
The generous person himself will be blessed

 because he gave of his bread to the poor.

 
10 
Drive out the mocker and strife will go out,

 even quarrelling and insults will cease.

 
11 
The person who loves a pure heart,

 whose lips are gracious—a king is his friend.

 
12 
The eyes of Yahweh guard knowledge,

 but he overturns the words of the one acting unfaithfully.

 
13 
The lazy person says, “There is a lion in the street!

 I will be killed out in the open.”

 
14 
The mouth of strange women is a deep pit;

 the person with whom Yahweh is angry will fall in there.

 
15 
Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child;

 a rod of discipline will drive it far from him.

 
16 
The one who oppresses the poor does so for his own gain;

 the one who gives to the rich surely will come to poverty.

 
17 
Incline your ear and listen to the words of the wise,

 and apply your heart to my knowledge,

 18 for it is delightful when you keep them within you,

 then they will be established together upon your lips.

 19 So that your trust may be in Yahweh,

 I have made them known to you today—yes, you.

 20 Have I not written to you thirty sayings

 containing counsel and knowledge,

 21 to make known to you true words of faithfulness,

 and to return words of faithfulness to those who sent you?


 
22 
Do not rob a poor person because he is poor,

 and do not crush the needy at the gate.

 23 For Yahweh will defend their case,

 and he will rob the life of those who robbed them.

 
24 
Do not make friends with one who has great anger,

 and do not go along with an angry person,

 25 lest you learn his path

 and get your soul caught in a snare.

 
26 
Do not be among those who shake hands in a pledge,

 among those who put up security for loans.

 27 If you have nothing with which to pay,

 why should he take your bed out from under you?

 
28 
Do not move the ancient boundary marker

 that your fathers made.

 
29 
Do you see a man skilled in his occupation?

 He will take his stand before kings;

 he will not take his stand before obscure people.


Proverbs Chapter 23  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 23
 

 1 When you sit to eat with a ruler,

 carefully discern whoa is before you,

 2 and put a knife in your throat

 if you have a greedy appetite.

 3 Do not crave his tasty foods,

 for it is deceptive bread.

 
4 
Do not wear yourself out by attempting to get rich;

 cease from your own understanding.

 5 If your eyes fly to it, then it is gone,

 for it surely makes wings for itself like an eagle,

 and it flies into the sky.

 
6 
Do not eat the bread of a stingy person,b

 and do not crave his tasty foods.

 7 For as he calculates in his soul, so he is.

 “Eat and drink,” he says to you,

 but his heart is not with you.

 8 The piece of bread you ate, you will vomit,

 and you have ruined your pleasant words.

 
9 
Do not speak into the ears of a fool,

 for he will have contempt for the prudence of your words.

 
10 
Do not move an ancient boundary marker,

 and do not enter into the fields of orphans,

 11 for he who redeems them is mighty;

 he will defend their case against you.

 
12 
Apply your heart to sound teaching,

 and apply your ears to words of knowledge.

 
13 
Do not withhold discipline from a child;

 he will not die when you strike him with the rod.

 14 You will strike him with the rod,

 and his soul will be delivered from Sheol.

 
15 
My son, if your heart is wise,

 my own heart will indeed rejoice.

 16 My kidneys will rejoice

 when your lips speak with great integrity.

 
17 
Do not let your heart be envious of the sinners;

 rather, fear Yahweh all day long,

 18 for certainly there is a future,

 and your hope will not be cut off.

 
19 
You had better listen, my son, and be wise,

 and lead your heart on the right road.

 20 Do not be among those addicted to wine,

 or with gluttonous meat-eaters.

 21 For the addict and the glutton will become impoverished,

 and drowsiness wears rags.

 
22 
Listen to your father who begot you,

 and do not show contempt forc your mother when she is old.

 23 Get truth and do not sell it;

 get wisdom and teaching and understanding.

 24 The father of a righteous person will rejoice exceedingly,

 and the man who fathers a wise son will delight in him;

 25 may your father and your mother be glad,

 and may she rejoice—she who gave birth to you.

 
26 
My son, give your heart to me,

 and let your eyes be pleased with my roads,

 27 for a prostitute is a deep pit,

 and a foreign woman is a narrow well.

 28 Indeed, she lies in wait like a robber,

 and she encourages people to act unfaithfully.

 
29 
Who has woe? Who has sorrow?

 Who has contentions? Who has a complaint?

 Who has wounds without cause? Who has bleary eyes?

 30 It is those who linger over wine;

 those who come in to taste mixed wine.

 31 Do not look at the wine when it sparkles with red,

 when it gleams in the cup,

 when it goes down smoothly.

 32 In the end, it bites like a serpent,

 and it poisons like a viper.

 33 Your eyes will see strange things,

 and your heart will speak perverse things.

 34 And you will become like one who lies down in the middle of the sea,

 or like one who lies down on the top of a ship’s mast.

 35 “They struck me, but I did not feel pain.

 They hit me, but I did not know it.

 When will I awaken? I will seek it yet again.”


a[1]
Or, “what.”
b[6]
Heb. “man with an evil eye.”
c[22]
“Have contempt for; count as insignificant, despise.”

Proverbs Chapter 24  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Prov 24
 

 1 Do not envy evil people,

 and do not crave to be with them.

 2 For their heart groans for violence,

 and their lips speak trouble.

 

 
3 
By Wisdom a house is built,

 and by understanding it is established,

 4 and by knowledge its rooms are filled

 with all precious and pleasant wealth.

 

 
5 
A wise man is strong,

 and a person with knowledge grows in strength.

 6 For with wise guidance you should wage your war,

 and with a multitude of advisors there is deliverance.

 

 
7 
Wisdom is too high for a fool;

 he does not even open his mouth at the gate.

 

 
8 
He who devises to do evil,

 they will call him, “Schemer.”

 9 A foolish plan is sin,

 and a mocker is an abomination to humankind.

 

 
10 
If you show yourself to be lax on a day of trouble,

 your strength is limited.

 11 Deliver those who are being dragged off to death,

 and do not hold back from helping those who are stumbling to the slaughter.

 12 If you say, “Behold, we did not know this,”

 does not he himself who examines the hearts discern it?

 Does not he himself who guards your soul know it?

 Will he not repay a person according to his work?

 

 
13 
Eat some honey, my son, for it is good,

 and honey from the comb is sweet on the roof of your mouth,

 14 so, know that wisdom is sweet to your soul;

 if you find it, then there will be a future,

 and your hope will not be cut off.

 

 
15 
Do not lie in wait, O wicked person, at the dwelling place of a righteous person,

 do not assault his place of rest.

 16 For a righteous person will fall seven times, and he stands back up,

 but the wicked stumble in times of distress.

 

 
17 
Do not rejoice when your enemy falls,

 and let not your heart celebrate when he stumbles,

 18 lest Yahweh sees it, and it is evil in his eyes,

 and he turns away his anger from him.

 

 
19 
Do not be agitated with those who do evil;

 do not be envious of the wicked.

 20 For there will be no future for the evil person;

 the lamp of the wicked will go out.

 

 
21 
Fear Yahweh, my son, and fear the king;

 do not get involved with those who think otherwise,

 22 for suddenly their disaster will arise,

 and who can know the ruin that will come from the two of them?

 

 
23 
These proverbs also are for the wise:
 

 To show partiality in judgment is not good.

 24 The one who says to the wicked person, “You are righteous,”

 people will curse him; a nation will be indignant with him.

 25 But for those who offer rebuke, it will go well,

 and upon them will come a good blessing.

 
26 
He kisses the lips—he who replies with a straight answer.

 
27 
Prepare your work outside,

 and carefully prepare it for yourself in the field;

 afterwards, then, build your house.

 
28 
Do not be a witness against your neighbor without cause,

 or would you try to persuade with your lips?

 29 Do not say, “Just as he does to me, so I will do to him,

 I will repay the man according to his evil work.”

 
30 
I passed by the field of a lazy person,

 and by the vineyard of a person lacking sense,

 31 and behold, it was all overgrown with thistles;

 its surface was covered with weeds,

 and its stone wall had fallen down.

 32 When I noticed, I paid attention;

 I observed, and I learned this lesson.

 33 “Just a little more sleep, a little more slumber,

 a little more folding of the arms to lie here,”

 34 and your poverty will come like a robber,

 and your needs like an armed man.


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Go to Commentary on Prov 25
 

 1 These also are the proverbs of Solomon that the men of Hezekiah, king of Judah, transcribed:

 
2 
It is the glory of God to conceal a matter,

 but it is the glory of kings to search out a matter.

 3 As to the height of the heavens and to the depth of the earth,

 so the heart of kings is unsearchable.

 
4 
Remove the dross from silver,

 and a vessel comes out for the refiner;

 5 remove the wicked person from the presence of the king,

 and his throne will be established in righteousness.

 
6 
Do not honor yourself in the presence of the king,

 and do not stand among great people;

 7 for it is better that it be said to you, “Come up here,”

 than to be placed lower in the presence of a noble.
 

 What your eyes have seen,

 8 do not go out to argue your dispute too hastily;

 otherwise, what will you do in the end

 when your neighbor humiliates you?

 9 Argue your dispute with your neighbor,

 but do not reveal another person’s secret,

 10 lest the one who hears it puts you to shame,

 and your bad reputation will not go away.

 
11 
Like apples of gold in settings of silver

 is a word spoken at the proper moment.

 12 Like an earring of gold or an ornament of fine gold

 is a wise person reproving a listening ear.

 
13 
Like the cold of snow at the time of harvest

 is a faithful messenger to those who send him,

 for he refreshes the soul of his masters.

 
14 
Like clouds and wind, but no rain

 is a person who boasts of a gift never given.

 15 With patience, a ruler can be persuaded,

 and a gentle tongue can break someone’s strength.

 16 Did you find some honey? Eat just enough for you,

 lest you have too much of it, and then vomit it up.

 17 Let your foot visit your neighbor’s house sparingly,

 lest he have too much of you, and hate you.

 
18 
Like a club, and sword, and sharp arrow

 is a person bearing false witness against his neighbor.

 19 Like a bad tooth and a foot that slips

 is confidence in a person who acts unfaithfully in a time of distress.

 
20 
Like one who removes clothing on a cold day,

 or vinegar upon a wound,

 is one who sings a song to a heavy heart.

 
21 
If the one who hates you is hungry, give him food to eat,

 and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink,

 22 for you will heap burning coals upon his head,

 and Yahweh will reward you.

 
23 
The north wind brings rain,

 and a tongue telling secrets brings an angry face.

 

 24 It is better to sit on the corner of a rooftop

 than in a house with a contentious wife.

 

 25 As cold water is to a weary soul,

 so is a good report from a distant land.

 

 26 Like a spring that has been trampled in and like a ruined fountain

 is a righteous person who wavers in the presence of a wicked person.

 

 27 It is not good to eat much honey,

 nor for people to seek glory after glory.

 

 28 Like a city broken into, one without a wall,

 is a person who has no self-control over his spirit.

 

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Go to Commentary on Prov 26
 

 1 Like snow in the summer and rain during the harvest,

 so too honor is not fitting for a fool.

 2 Like an aimless bird and like a flying swallow,

 so too an undeserved curse fails to arrive.

 3 A whip is for the horse, a bridle is for the donkey,

 and a rod is for the backs of fools.

 4 Do not answer a fool according to his foolishness,

 lest you, too, become just like him.

 5 Answer a fool according to his foolishness,

 lest he become wise in his own eyes.

 6 One who cuts off his own feet, drinking violence,

 is a person who sends messages by the hand of a fool.

 7 Like the legs of a lame person that are withered up,

 so is a proverb in the mouth of fools.

 8 Like one who entangles a stone in a sling,

 so is a person who gives honor to a fool.

 9 Like a thorn that goes into the hand of a drunkard,

 so is a proverb in the mouth of fools.

 10 Like an archer who wounds anyone,

 so is the one who hires a fool or hires those who are just passing by.

 11 Like a dog that returns to its vomit,

 so is a fool who repeats his foolishness.

 12 Do you see a person who is wise in his own eyes?

 There is more hope for a fool than for him.

 
13 
A lazy person says, “There is a lion on the road!

 A lion in the open area!”

 14 As a door turns on its hinges,

 so does a lazy person upon his bed.

 15 A lazy person buries his hand in the dish;

 he is too tired to bring it back to his mouth.

 16 A lazy person is wiser in his own eyes

 than seven people who answer with good judgment.

 
17 
Like a person who seizes a dog by its ears

 is one who while passing by gets angry over a dispute that is not his own.

 18 Like a maniac shooting flaming arrows,

 arrows, and death,

 19 so is a person who deceives his neighbor,

 then says, “Was I not simply joking?”

 
20 
When the wood is gone, a fire will go out,

 and when there is no gossip, contention will grow quiet.

 21 Like charcoal for hot coals and wood for fire,

 so a contentious person for kindling strife.

 22 The words of a gossip are like delicacies,

 and they go down into one’s innermost being.

 
23 
Like silver dross overlaid upon a potsherd

 are burning lips and a wicked heart.

 24 A person who hates disguises himself with his lips,

 and he places deceit in his inner being;

 25 when his speech is gracious, do not believe him,

 for in his heart are seven abominations.

 26 Hatred covers itself with deception,

 but his evil will be uncovered in the congregation.

 27 The person who digs a pit will fall into it,

 and the person rolling a stone, it will come back upon him.

 28 A lying tongue hates those it oppresses,

 and a smooth mouth creates a calamity.


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Go to Commentary on Prov 27
 

 1 Do not boast about tomorrow,

 for you do not know what the day will bring forth.

 
2 
Let another praise you and not your own mouth—

 a stranger—and not your own lips.

 
3 
A stone is heavy and the sand is weighty,

 but vexation by a fool is heavier than both of them.

 
4 
Rage is cruel and anger is a flood,

 but who is able to stand in the presence of a jealous person?

 
5 
Better is open reproof

 than love that is being hidden.

 
6 
Faithful are the wounds of one who loves you,a

 but deceptive are the kisses of one who hates you.b

 
7 
A satisfied soul tramples on a honeycomb,

 but to a hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.

 
8 
Like a bird that wanders from her nest,

 so is a person who wanders from his place.

 
9 
Oil and incense make the heart glad,

 and the sweetness of a friend is better than one’s own counsel.c

 
10 
Do not forsake your friend or your father’s friend,

 and do not enter into your brother’s house on the day of your distress;

 better is a neighbor nearby than a brother far away.

 
11 
Become wise, my son, and make my heart glad,

 so that I may give an answer to the one who reproaches me.

 
12 
The prudent person sees evil and hides,

 but the naïve continue on and are punished.

 
13 
Take his garment when he has put up security for a stranger,

 and if for a foreign woman, hold him as security.

 
14 
The one who blesses his friend with a loud voice in the early morning,

 it will be regarded as a curse to him.

 
15 
A persistent dripping on a day of steady rain

 and a contentious wife are alike;

 16 whoever can hide her can even hide the wind,

 and can even grasp oil in his right hand.

 
17 
Iron sharpens iron,

 and a person sharpens his friend.

 
18 
The one who keeps watch over a fig tree will eat of its fruit,

 and the one who cares for his lord will be honored.

 
19 
As the surface of the water reflects a face,

 so does the heart of a person reflect the person.

 
20 
Sheol and Abaddon will never be satisfied,

 nor will the eyes of a person ever be satisfied.

 
21 
A crucible is for silver and a furnace is for gold,

 and a person is tested by the praise he receives.

 
22 
Although you pound the fool with a pestle

 among the grain in the mortar,

 his foolishness will not depart from him.

 
23 
Know well the condition of your flock;

 pay attention to your herds,

 
24 
for treasure will not last,

 nor does a crown last for multiple generations.

 
25 
Grass disappears and grass will appear,

 and the mountain’s herbs are gathered together;

 
26 
lambs are for your clothing,

 and male goats cover the price of a field;

 
27 
and there is enough milk from the female goats for your food,

 for the food of your house,

 and the care of your female servants.


a[6]
Or, “a friend.”
b[6]
Or, “an enemy.”
c[9]
That is, “self-counsel.”

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 1 A wicked person flees when no one is pursuing,

 but the righteous are confident like a lion.

 
2 
On account of the transgression of the land, many are its rulers,

 but a person with understanding and knowledge will endure.

 
3 
A poor man who oppresses the weak

 is like a beating rain that does not leave food.

 
4 
Those who abandon the Law praise the wicked,

 but those who keep the Law contend against them.

 
5 
Evil people do not understand justice,

 but those who are seeking Yahweh will come to understand it all.

 
6 
Better is a poor person walking in blamelessness

 than a person walking on crooked roads, even though he is rich.

 
7 
He who keeps the Law is a discerning son,

 but he who associates with those who lack restraint brings shame upon his father.

 
8 
The person who increases his wealth by interest and by profiteering

 collects it for the one who shows favor to the poor.

 
9 
The person who turns his ear away from listening to the Law,

 even his prayer is an abomination.

 
10 
The person who leads the upright astray onto an evil road

 will fall into his own pit,

 but the blameless will inherit a good thing.

 
11 
A rich person is wise in his own eyes,

 but the poor person with understanding sees right through him.

 
12 
When the righteous rejoice, there is great honor,

 but when the wicked rise up, people hide.

 
13 
The person who hides his transgressions will not prosper,

 but the person who confesses and forsakes them will be shown mercy.

 
14 
Blessed is the person who continually trembles before God,

 but the one who hardens his heart will fall into evil.

 
15 
A roaring lion and a charging bear

 are like a wicked person ruling over a helpless people.

 
16 
A ruler who lacks understanding commits many extortions,

 but the one who hates unjust gain will prolong his days.

 
17 
A person who is oppressed by shedding a person’s blood will flee until death;

 do not let anyone support him.

 
18 
The one who walks blamelessly will be delivered,

 but the one who walks on crooked roads will fall suddenly.

 
19 
The one who works his land will be satisfied with food,

 but the one who eagerly pursues worthless things will be “satisfied” with poverty.

 
20 
A faithful person will have many blessings,

 but the one who makes haste to get rich will not go unpunished.

 
21 
To show favoritism is not good,

 nevertheless, a man will do wrong for a piece of bread.

 
22 
A stingy persona makes haste toward wealth,

 but he does not know that poverty will come to him.

 
23 
One who reproves a person will find favor afterwards,

 more than the person who flatters with the tongue.

 
24 
The person who robs his father or his mother and says, “It is not a transgression,”

 he is a friend of a person who causes destruction.

 
25 
An arrogant soul stirs up strife,

 but the person who trusts in Yahweh will be made prosperous.

 
26 
The person who trusts in his own heart—he is a fool,

 but the one who walks in wisdom—he will be delivered.

 
27 
The person who gives to the poor will not be in need,

 but the one who shuts his eyes will receive many curses.

 
28 
When the wicked rise up, people hide themselves,

 but when they perish, the righteous increase.


a[22]
Heb. “man with an evil eye.”

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 1 A person who stiffens his neck after multiple rebukes

 will suddenly be broken and there will be no remedy.

 
2 
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice,

 but when a wicked person rules, the people groan.

 
3 
A person who loves wisdom makes his father glad,

 but the man who associates with prostitutes destroys his wealth.

 
4 
A king brings stability to the land by justice,

 but a person who demands “contributions” will overthrow the land.

 
5 
A man who flatters his neighbor

 spreads a net for his feet.

 
6 
An evil person is ensnared by transgression,

 but a righteous person sings aloud and rejoices.

 
7 
A righteous person knows the legal claim of the poor;

 a wicked person does not understand this knowledge.

 
8 
Scornful people inflame a city,

 but the wise turn away anger.

 
9 
A wise person disputes with a foolish person;

 and he rages or laughs, but there is no calm.

 
10 
People who cause bloodshed hate a blameless person,

 but the upright show concern for his life.

 
11 
A fool lets out all of his emotions,

 but a wise person keeps them calm within.

 
12 
A ruler who pays attention to deceptive words—

 all his officials become wicked.

 
13 
The poor person and the oppressive person have this in common:

 Yahweh gives light to the eyes of them both.

 
14 
A king who judges the poor with faithfulness—

 his throne will be established forever.

 
15 
A rod and reproof give wisdom,

 but a child who is left to itself puts his mother to shame.

 
16 
When the wicked increase, transgression increases,

 but the righteous will see their ruin.

 
17 
Correct your son, and he will give you rest,

 and he will give delight to your soul.

 
18 
When there is no vision, people are unrestrained,

 but blessed is the one who keeps the Law.a

 
19 
A servant cannot be corrected simply with words,

 for he understands, but he does not respond.

 
20 
Do you see a person who is hasty with his words?

 There is more hope for a fool than for him.

 
21 
The one who spoils his servant from childhood—

 in the end he will become rebellious.

 
22 
An angry person stirs up strife,

 and a vengeful person commits much transgression.

 
23 
A person’s pride will bring him low,

 but a humble spirit will obtain glory.b

 
24 
The person who partners with a thief hates his own soul;

 he hears an oathc to testify, but discloses nothing.

 
25 
The fear of people will bring a snare,

 but the one who trusts in Yahweh will be protected.d

 
26 
Many seek the attention of the one who rules,

 but a person receives justice from Yahweh.

 
27 
A dishonest person is an abomination to the righteous,

 and the one whose road is upright is an abomination to a wicked person.


a[18]
Or, the father’s “instruction”
b[23]
Heb. also means “honor.”
c[24]
Heb. can also mean “curse.”
d[25]
Heb. “set on high” can also mean “exalted.”

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Go to Commentary on Prov 30
 

 1 The words of Agur, son of Yakeh, the Massaite.

 The inspired utterance of the man for Ithiel,

 for Ithiel and Ucal.

 

 
2 
Surely I am more stupid than anyone,

 and I do not have the understanding of a man.

 3 And I did not learn wisdom,

 nor do I know the knowledge of the Holy One.

 4 Who has ascended into heaven and come down?

 Who has gathered the wind into the palms of both hands?

 Who has bound up the waters into his garment?

 Who has set up all the ends of the earth?

 What is his name, and what is the name of his son?

 Surely you know!

 5 Every utterance of God is tested;

 he is a shield for those who take refuge in him.

 6 Do not add to his words lest he reproves you,

 and you will be found to be a liar.

 
7 
Two things I ask from you,

 do not withhold these from me before I die:

 8 remove deceitfulness and false speech far from me;

 give me neither poverty nor wealth;

 provide to me my portion of bread.

 9 Lest I become satisfied and deny you and say,

 “Who is Yahweh?”

 Or lest I become impoverished and steal

 and desecrate the name of my God.

 
10 
Do not slander a servant to his lord,

 lest he curse you and you will be held guilty.

 
11 
There is a generation that curses its father

 and that does not bless its mother.

 12 A generation that is pure in its own eyes

 but has not been washed from its excrement.

 13 A generation—how haughty are its eyes,

 and how high its eyelids are lifted up!

 14 A generation whose teeth are swords

 and fangs are knives,

 to devour the poor from the land

 and the needy from humankind.

 
15 
Two daughters belong to the leech;

 “Give!” “Give!”

 There are three things that will never be satisfied,

 four that will never say, “Enough!”

 16 Sheol and the barren womb;

 land that is never satisfied with water;

 and fire never says, “Enough!”

 
17 
An eye that mocks at his father

 and despisesa obedience to his mother—

 ravens of the valley will peck it out,

 and the offspring of a vulture will eat it.

 
18 
These three things are difficult for me,

 and four that I do not understand:

 19 the way of an eagle in the heavens,

 the way of a serpent upon a rock,

 the way of a ship in the heart of the sea,

 and the way of a man with a young woman.

 
20 
This is the road of the woman who commits adultery:

 she eats and wipes her mouth,

 and says, “I have not committed any wickedness.”

 
21 
The land quakes under three things,

 and under four it cannot bear up:

 22 under a slave when he becomes king,

 and a godless person when he is satisfied with food,

 23 under a hated woman when she gets married,

 and a slave-girl when she displaces her mistress.

 
24 
These four things are small on the earth,

 but they are exceedingly wise:

 25 the ants are a clan who are not mighty,

 but they prepare their food in the summer;

 26 the rock-badgers are a clan who are not mighty,

 yet they make their dwellings in the cliffs;

 27 the locusts have no king,

 yet they all go out organized in ranks;

 28 you can grab a lizard with the hands,

 yet it lives in the king’s palaces.

 
29 
These three are confident as they step,

 and four are confident as they walk:

 30 the lion is mighty among the beasts

 and it does not retreat in the face of anything;

 31 the strutting rooster, also the male goat,

 and a king when his band of soldiers is with him.

 
32 
If you acted foolishly by exalting yourself,

 or if you have considered it, put your hand over your mouth.

 33 For the churning of milk brings forth butter,

 and the churning of the nose brings forth blood,

 so the churning of anger brings forth strife.


a[17]
Or, “has contempt for.”

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Go to Commentary on Prov 31
 

 1 The words of Lemuel, king of Massa,

 that his mother taught him:

 
2 
What, O my son? And what, O son of my womb?

 And what, O son of my vows?

 3 Do not give your strength to women,

 or your ways to those who destroy kings.

 4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel,

 not for kings to drink wine,

 nor for those who rule to drink beer.

 5 Lest they drink and forget that which has been decreed,

 and alter the legal claim of all the afflicted people.

 6 Give a beer to the person who is disheartened,

 and wine to the bitter soul.

 7 Let him drink and forget his poverty,

 and he will no longer remember his troubles.

 8 Open your mouth for the mute,

 for the legal claim of all defenseless people.

 9 Open your mouth, judge with righteousness,

 and defend the cause the afflicted and needy person.

 
10 
An excellent wife, who can find?

 For her value is far more than gems.

 11 The heart of her husband trusts in her,

 and he will have no lack of gain.

 12 She does him good and not evil

 all the days of her life.

 13 She seeks out wool and linen

 and with delight she works with her hands.

 14 She is like the ships of a merchant;

 she brings in her food from afar.

 15 She gets up while it is still night,

 and sets out food for her household

 and tasks for her female servants.

 16 She considers a field and purchases it;

 from the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.

 17 She wraps her waist with strength

 and makes her arms strong.

 18 She perceives that her gain is good;

 her lamp does not go out during the night.

 19 She stretches out her hand to the distaff,

 and her hands grasp the whorl of the spindle.

 20 She extends her hands to the afflicted,

 and stretches out her hands to the needy.

 21 She does not fear the snow for her household

 because her whole household is clothed in scarlet.

 22 She makes covers for herself,

 and her clothing is linen and purple.

 23 Her husband is known at the gates,

 when he sits with the elders of the land.

 24 She makes and sells linen garments,

 and provides belts to the traders.

 25 Might and splendor are her clothing,

 and she laughs at the days to come.

 26 She opens her mouth with wisdom,

 and instruction about covenant faithfulness is upon her tongue.

 27 She keeps watch over the activities of her household,

 and she does not eat the bread of idleness.

 28 Her children rise up and call her blessed,

 and her husband praises her,

 29 “Many daughters have demonstrated themselves to be strong,

 but you have risen up above them all.”

 30 Charm is deceptive and beauty is but a vapor,

 but a woman who fears Yahweh—she will be praised.

 31 Give her the fruit of her hands,

 and let her works praise her in the gates.


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