Numbers Chapter 3  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Num 3
 
Aaron’s Sons and the Levites

1Now this is the history of the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day that Yahweh spoke with Moses in Mount Sinai.
  2These are the names of the sons of Aaron: Nadab the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
  3These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests who were anointed whom he consecrated to minister in the priest’s office.
  4Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh when they offered strange fire before Yahweh in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children. Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest’s office in the presence of Aaron their father.
 

Duties of the Levites

5Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  6“Bring the tribe of Levi near and set them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister to him.
  7They are to keep his requirements and the requirements of the whole congregation before the Tent of Meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.
  8They are to keep all the furnishings of the Tent of Meeting and the obligations of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle.
  9You are to give the Levites to Aaron and to his sons. They are wholly given to him on the behalf of the children of Israel.
  10You are to appoint Aaron and his sons and they are to carry out their priestly duties. The stranger who comes near must be put to death.”
 

11Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  12“Behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn who open the womb among the children of Israel; and the Levites are to be mine,
  13for all the firstborn are mine. On the day that I struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I made holy to me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and animal. They are to be mine. I am Yahweh.”
 

14Yahweh spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying,
  15“Count the children of Levi by their fathers’ houses, by their families. You are to count every male from a month old and upward.”
  16Moses numbered them according to the word of Yahweh, as he was commanded.
 

17These were the sons of Levi by their names: Gershon and Kohath and Merari.
  18These are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families: Libni and Shimei.
  19The sons of Kohath by their families: Amram and Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.
  20The sons of Merari by their families: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their fathers’ houses.
 

21Of Gershon was the family of the Libnites, and the family of the Shimeites: these are the families of the Gershonites.
  22Those who were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males from a month old and upward, even those who were numbered of them were 7,500.
  23The families of the Gershonites are to encamp behind the tabernacle westward.
  24The chief of the fathers’ house of the Gershonites will be Eliasaph the son of Lael.
  25The duty of the sons of Gershon in the Tent of Meeting will be the tabernacle and the tent, its covering and the screen for the entrance of the Tent of Meeting
  26and the hangings of the court, and the screen for the entrance of the court that is by the tabernacle, and around the altar, and its cords for all of its service.
 

27Of Kohath was the family of the Amramites, and the family of the Izharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites: these are the families of the Kohathites.
  28According to the number of all the males from a month old and upward, there were 8,600, keeping the requirements of the sanctuary.
  29The families of the sons of Kohath are to encamp on the south side of the tabernacle.
  30The chief of the fathers’ house of the families of the Kohathites will be Elizaphan the son of Uzziel.
  31Their duty will be the ark, the table, the lamp stand, the altars, the vessels of the sanctuary with which they minister, and the screen and all its service.
  32Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest will be chief of the chiefs of the Levites, with the oversight of those who keep the requirements of the sanctuary.
 

33Of Merari was the family of the Mahlites and the family of the Mushites. These are the families of Merari.
  34Those who were numbered of them according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, were 6,200.
  35The chief of the fathers’ house of the families of Merari was Zuriel the son of Abihail. They are to encamp on the north side of the tabernacle.
  36The appointed duty of the sons of Merari will be the tabernacle’s boards, its bars, its pillars, its sockets, all its instruments, all its service,
  37the pillars of the court around it, their sockets, their pins and their cords.
 

38Those who encamp before the tabernacle eastward, in front of the Tent of Meeting toward the sunrise, are to be Moses and Aaron and his sons, keeping the requirements of the sanctuary for the duty of the children of Israel. The stranger who comes near is to be put to death.

39All who were numbered of the Levites whom Moses and Aaron numbered at the commandment of Yahweh, by their families, all the males from a month old and upward, were 22,000.
 

Redemption of the Firstborn

40Yahweh said to Moses, “Number all the firstborn males of the children of Israel from a month old and upward, and take the number of their names.
  41You are to take the Levites for me (I am Yahweh) instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel; and the livestock of the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the livestock of the children of Israel.”
  42Moses numbered, as Yahweh commanded him, all the firstborn among the children of Israel.
  43All the firstborn males according to the number of names, from a month old and upward, of those who were numbered of them, were 22,273.
 

44Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  45“Take the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel, and the livestock of the Levites instead of their livestock; and the Levites are to be mine. I am Yahweh.
  46For the redemption of 273 of the firstborn of the children of Israel who exceed the number of the Levites,
  47you are to take five shekels apiece for each one; according to the shekel of the sanctuary you are to take them (the shekel is twenty gerahs),
  48and you are to give the money with which their remainder is redeemed to Aaron and to his sons.”
 

49Moses took the redemption money from those who exceeded the number of those who were redeemed by the Levites;
  50from the firstborn of the children of Israel he took the money, 1,365 shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary:
  51and Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and to his sons, according to the word of Yahweh, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 


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