“The unauthorized person.” The Hebrew word is zar (#02114) and although it usually is used in the context of someone being a non-Israelite, a foreigner, in this context the “stranger” is the person who has not been authorized by Yahweh to be around the Tent of Meeting. The English translations handle it in different ways: “anyone else” (CJB, NIV, RSV); “unauthorized person” (HCSB, NAB, NET, NJB); “outsider” (ESV, NRSV); “common man” (JPS); “layman” (NASB). People who were not Levites were not allowed to approach God without a sacrifice or offering, but the offering allowed the person to enter close to the presence of God (cp. Lev. 1:1ff).