Matthew Chapter 5  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 5
The Sermon on the Mount

1And when he saw the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and after he sat down, his disciples came to him.
  2And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying,

Beatitudes (Blessings)

3“Blessed are the poor in spirit, because the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.

4“Blessed are those who mourn, because they will be comforted.

5“Blessed are the humble, for they will inherit the earth.a

6“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, because they will be filled.

7“Blessed are the merciful, because they will be shown mercy.

8“Blessed are the pure in heart, because they will see God.

9“Blessed are the peacemakers, because they will be called childrenb of God.

10“Blessed are those who have been persecuted because of their righteousness, because the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.

11“Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil things against you because of me.
  12Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, because your reward in heaven is great. For in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and Light

13“You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt has become unsalty, how can it be made salty again? It is not useful for anything any more except to be thrown out into the street and trampled under people’s feet.

14“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.
  15And people do not light a lamp and put it under a basket; instead they put it on the lampstand, and it shines light to all who are in the house.
  16In the same way, let your light shine before people so that they can see your good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

The Law and Righteousness

17“Do not assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy them, but to fulfill them.
  18For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even the smallest letter or markc will ever pass away from the law until all things are accomplished.
  19Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least important of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.
  20For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the experts in the law and the Pharisees, you will absolutely not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

Murder, Anger, and Reconciliation

21You have heard that it was said to our ancestors, ‘Do not murder,’d and, ‘Whoever murders will be subject to judgment.’e
  22But I say to you that everyone who is enraged with his brother will be subject to judgment, and whoever says to his brother, ‘You idiot!’f will be subject to the Sanhedrin, and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be subject to the fire of Gehenna.
  23Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and there you remember that your brother has something against you,
  24leave your gift there in front of the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.

25Come to an agreement with your accuser quickly, while you are with him on the road to court, otherwise your accuser may deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the guard, and you will be thrown into prison.
  26Truly I say to you, you will absolutely not get out of there until you have paid the last quadrans.g

Adultery and Divorce

27“You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery,h
  28but I say to you, that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
  29And if your right eye causes you to fall away,i gouge it out and throw it away from you, because it is better for you to lose one of your body parts than for your whole body to be thrown into Gehenna.
  30And if your right hand causes you to fall away, cut it off and throw it away from you, because it is better for you to lose one of your body parts than for your whole body to go into Gehenna.

31“It was also said, Whoever divorces his wife, he must give her a certificate of divorce.j
  32But I say to you, that anyone who divorces his wife, except because of sexual immorality, makes her look as if she had committed adultery, and whoever marries her after she is divorced looks as if he is an adulterer.


33“Again, you have heard that it was said to our ancestors, Do not break your oaths, but fulfill your oaths to the Lord.k
  34But I say to you, do not swear at all, neither by heaven, because it is God’s throne;
  35nor by the earth, because it is the footstool for his feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great king.
  36And do not swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black.
  37But let your word ‘Yes’ mean ‘yes,’ and your ‘No’ mean ‘no.’ Anything more than this comes from the influence of the Wicked One.

Turn the Other Cheek

38“You have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.l
  39But I say to you, do not resist an evil person, but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other cheek to him also.
  40And let the one who wants to sue you and take away your tunicm have your outer garment also.
  41And whoever forces you to carry his things for one mile, go with him two.
  42Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love Your Enemies

43“You have heard that it was said, Love your neighborn and hate your enemy.
  44But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
  45so that you can be childreno of your Father who is in heaven. For he causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
  46For if you love those who love you, what reward will you have? Even the tax collectors do that, don’t they?
  47And if you greet only your brothers and sisters, what more are you doing than the ordinary? Even the Gentiles do that, don’t they?
  48Therefore, you are to be mature, as your heavenly Father is mature.

From Ps. 37:11
Lit. “sons,” here referring to both sons and daughters
Lit. “one iota or one serif.” An iota is the smallest letter of the Greek alphabet, and a serif is the smallest stroke of a letter.
From Exod. 20:13
Not a direct quote, but summarizes the thought from Exod. 21:12; Num. 35:12-19; Lev. 24:17; Deut. 17:8-13
Lit. “raca,” an Aramaic insult conveying contempt and a demeaning attitude toward others.
A Roman coin worth 1/64 of a denarius, and thus 1/64 of a day’s wage for a laborer.
From Exod. 20:14
Or, “to fall into sin
From Deut. 24:1
From Lev. 19:12; Num. 30:2
From Exod. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
Greek is chitōn, a long garment worn next to the skin usually under outer clothing.
From Lev. 19:18
Lit. “sons,” here referring to both sons and daughters.

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