Matthew Chapter 21  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mat 21
The Triumphal Entry

1And when they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples,
  2saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and her colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me.
  3And if anyone says anything to you, say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.”
  4Now this took place with the result that what was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  5Tell the Daughter Zion, “Look!, your King comes to you, meek, and riding on a donkey, even on a colt the foal of a donkey.”a

6And the disciples went and did just as Jesus directed them,
  7and brought the donkey and her colt and put their garments on them, and he sat on them.
  8And most of the multitude spread their garments in the path, and others were cutting branches from the trees and were spreading them in the path.
  9And the multitudes who went in front of him, and those who followed, were crying out, saying, “Hosannab to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of Yahweh!c Hosanna in the highest!”
  10And when he had entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred, saying, “Who is this?”
  11And the multitudes were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, the one from Nazareth of Galilee.”

Jesus Cleanses Temple

12And Jesus went into the temple of Yahwehd and cast out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling the doves,
  13and he says to them, “It is written, My house will be called a house of prayer, but you are making it a den of robbers.”e
  14And the blind and lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them.
  15But when the chief priests and the experts in the law saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they were very displeased.
  16And they said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?” And Jesus says to them, “Yes. Have you never read, Out of the mouth of little children and nursing children you have perfected praise?”
  17And he left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and lodged there.

Lesson From the Cursed Fig Tree

18Now in the morning, when he returned to the city, he was hungry.
  19And having seen a lone fig tree by the path, he went up to it and found nothing on it but only leaves. And he says to it, “Let there be no fruit from you any longer forever.” And immediately the fig tree withered.
  20And seeing this, the disciples were amazed, saying, “How did the fig tree wither immediately?”
  21And Jesus answered and said to them, “Truly I say to you, if you have trust, and do not doubt, you will not only do what has been done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be snatched up and thrown into the sea!’ it will be done.
  22And all things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”

Jesus’ Authority Challenged

23And when he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the Peoplef came to him as he was teaching, and said, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?”
  24And Jesus answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one question, which, if you tell me the answer, then I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
  25The baptism of John, where was it from? From heaven or from people?” And they discussed it among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’
  26But if we say, ‘From people,’ we are afraid of the multitude, for they all hold John as a prophet.”
  27And they answered Jesus and said, “We do not know.” He also said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.

Parable of the Two Sons

28“But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘My child, go work today in the vineyard.’
  29And he answered and said, ‘I do not want to.’ But afterward he changed his mind and went.
  30And having approached the other son, he said the same thing. And he answered and said, ‘I will go, lord,’ but did not go.
  31Which of the two did the will of the father?” They say, “The first.” Jesus says to them, “Truly I say to you, that the tax collectors and the prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you.
  32For John came to you in the path of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. But you, when you saw that, did not afterward change your mind and believe him.

Parable of the Greedy Farmers

33“Hear another parable: There was a man, the head of a house, who planted a vineyard, and put a wall around it, and dug a winepress in it, and built a tower, and rented it out to some farmers. And then he went away on a journey.
  34And when the season of fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers to receive his fruit.
  35And the farmers took his slaves and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
  36Again, he sent other slaves, more than the first ones, and they did the same to them.
  37And last of all he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
  38But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and take his inheritance.’
  39And they caught him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
  40Therefore, when the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?”
  41They say to him, “Those wretched men—He will destroy them in a wretched way, and will rent out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season.”
  42Jesus says to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures, ‘The stone that the builders rejected, it has become the chief cornerstone. This was from Yahweh, and it is marvelous in our eyes?’g

43“Therefore I say to you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and will be given to a nation producing the fruit of it.
  44And the one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever it falls it will grind to powder.”

45And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he was speaking about them.
  46And they were seeking to arrest him, but they were afraid of the multitudes because they considered him to be a prophet.

From Zech. 9:9.
“Hosanna” originally meant “Save” or “Save now,” but by NT times it was used liturgically as an expression of praise.
From Ps. 118:26.
The Hebrew text of Matt. reads Yahweh.
From Isa. 56:7 (“house of prayer”) and Jer. 7:11 (“den of robbers”).
The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers just to Israel.
From Ps. 118:22-23.

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