Matthew Chapter 18  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 18
The Greatest in the Kingdom

1In that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”
  2And he called to him a little child and set him in the midst of them,
  3and said, “Truly I say to you, unless you change and become as little children, you will absolutely not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
  4Therefore, whoever will humble himself as this little child, that one is the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven.
  5And whoever receives a little child like this one in my name receives me,
  6but whoever causes one of these little ones who believes in me to fall away, it would be better for him to have a huge millstonea hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the lake.b

Stumbling Blocks and Judgment

7“How terrible it will be for the world because of the stumbling blocks! For it is inevitable that stumbling blocks come, but how terrible for that person through whom the stumbling block comes!
  8And if your hand or your foot causes you to fall away, cut it off and throw it away from you. It is better for you to enter into life in the age to come maimed or lame than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into the fire of the age to come.
  9And if your eye causes you to fall away, gouge it out and throw it away from you. It is better for you to enter into life in the age to come with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into the fire of Gehenna.
  10See that you do not look down on one of these little ones, for I say to you, that in heaven their angels always see the face of my Father who is in heaven.
  11[[For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.]]

Parable of the Lost Sheep

12“What do you think? If any man has 100 sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the 99 on the mountains and seek the one that went astray?
  13And if he happens to find it, truly I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the 99 that have not gone astray.
  14In the same way, it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones perish.

If Your Brother Sins Against You

15“And if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault—just between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother.
  16But if he does not hear you, take with you one or two more, so that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word can be established.c
  17And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the congregation, and if he also refuses to hear the congregation, let him be to you as the Gentile and the tax collector.
  18Truly I say to you, whatever you forbid on earth must be already forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit on earth must be already permitted in heaven.

19“Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven.
  20For where two or three are gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.”

21Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?”
  22Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.

Parable of the Unforgiving Slave

23“That is why the Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his slaves.
  24And when he began to settle them, one slave was brought to him who owed him 10,000 talents.d
  25But because he did not have the means to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
  26Therefore, the slave fell at his feet and bowed down before him, saying, ‘Lord, have patience with me and I will pay you everything.’
  27And the lord of that slave, being moved with compassion, released him and forgave him the debt.
  28But that slave went out and found one of his fellow slaves, who owed him 100 denarii,e and he laid hold on him, and seizing him, began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’
  29So his fellow slave fell down and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’
  30But he was unwilling, and went and threw him into prison until he paid what was due.
  31So when his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were deeply grieved, and came and told to their lord all that had happened.
  32Then having called him in, his lord said to him, ‘You wicked slave, I forgave you all that debt because you begged me.
  33Should you not also have had mercy on your fellow slave, just as I had mercy on you?’
  34And his lord was enraged and handed him over to the torturers until he paid back all that was owed.
  35So my heavenly Father will also do to you, if each of you does not forgive his brother from your heart.”

Lit. “millstone of a donkey,” referring to a millstone turned by a donkey that weighed several hundred pounds.
This is referring to the “Sea of Galilee.”
From Deut. 19:15
A talent was worth 6,000 denari or 6,000 day’s wages. Thus 10,000 talents would take 200,000 years for a laborer to earn.
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.

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