Matthew Chapter 12  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 12
Lord of the Sabbath

1At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and his disciples were hungry and began to pick heads of grain and to eat them.
  2But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said to him, “Look! Your disciples are doing what it is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.”
  3But he said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he and those with him were hungry,
  4how he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?
  5Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath day the priests in the Temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?
  6But I say to you, that one greater than the Temple is here.
  7But if you had known what this means, I want mercy, and not sacrifice,a you would not have condemned the guiltless.
  8For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”

Healing a Hand on the Sabbath

9And he departed from there and went into their synagogue,
  10and look! A man with a shriveled hand! And in order to accuse him, they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”
  11And he said to them, “Who is there among you that if he has even one sheep that falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out?
  12How much more valuable is a person than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.”
  13Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and it was restored whole, as the other.
  14But the Pharisees went out and plotted against him as to how they could destroy him.

God’s Chosen Servant

15But when Jesus realized it, he withdrew from there, and many followed him, and he healed them all.
  16And he warned them not to make him known,
  17with the result that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  18Look! My servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my spirit upon him and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
  19He will not quarrel, nor cry aloud, nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
  20A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoking flax he will not quench, until he leads justice to victory.
  21And the Gentiles will hope in his name.b

A House Divided

22Then was brought to him a man afflicted by a demon who was blind and mute. And he healed him, so that the mute man spoke and saw.
  23And all the crowd was amazed, and said, “This cannot be the Son of David, can it?”
  24But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “This man does not cast out demons except by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons.”
  25And knowing their thoughts he said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand.
  26And if the Adversaryc casts out the Adversary, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand?
  27And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges.
  28But if I cast out demons by the spirit of God, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you.

29“Or how is one able to enter the house of the strong man and carry off his property unless he first ties up the strong man? And then he can plunder his house.
  30Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me, scatters.

The Unforgivable Sin

31“Therefore I say to you, people will be forgiven for every sin and defaming word, but the defaming of the Spirit will not be forgiven.
  32And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age, nor in that which is about to come.

Words Justify or Condemn

33“Either declare the tree good, and thus its fruit good, or declare the tree corrupt, and thus its fruit corrupt, for the tree is known by its fruit.
  34You offspring of vipers! How are you, being evil, able to speak good things? For the mouth speaks what overflows from the heart.
  35The good person out of his good treasure brings out good things, and the evil person out of his evil treasure brings out evil things.
  36And I say to you, that every careless word that people speak, they will give account of it on the Day of Judgment.
  37For by your words you will be declared righteous, and by your words you will be condemned.”

The Sign of Jonah

38Then some of the experts in the law and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.”
  39But he answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet,
  40for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish,d so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
  41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the Judgment with this generation and will condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, someone greater than Jonah is here.
  42The queen of the south will rise up at the Judgment with this generation and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, someone greater than Solomon is here.

Return of an Unclean Spirit

43“Now when the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places, seeking a resting place, and does not find it.
  44Then it says, ‘I will return into my house from which I came out,’ and when it comes, it finds it empty, swept, and put in order.
  45Then it goes and takes with itself seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter in and live there, and the last state of that person becomes worse than the first. So also will it be with this evil generation.”

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers

46While he was still speaking to the crowds, look, his mother and his brothers stood outside, wanting to speak to him.
  47[[And someone said to him, “Look! Your mother and your brothers stand outside, wanting to speak to you.”]]
  48He answered and said to the one telling him, “Who is my mother? And who are my brothers?”
  49And he stretched out his hand toward his disciples and said, “Look! My mother and my brothers!
  50For whoever does the will of my Father who is in heaven, that one is my brother, and sister, and mother.”

From Hosea 6:6
From Isa. 42:1-4
“Adversary” is the translation of the Greek satanas.
From Jonah 1:17

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