Matthew Chapter 5  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 5
The Sermon on the Mount

1And seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him
  2and he opened his mouth and taught them, saying,

Beatitudes (Blessings)

3“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

4“Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.

5“Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.a

6“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they will be filled.

7“Blessed are the merciful, for they will obtain mercy.

8“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.

9“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.

10“Blessed are those who have been persecuted because of their righteousness, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

11“Blessed are you when people insult you, and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil things against you falsely because of me.
  12Rejoice, and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven. For in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and Light

13“You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt has become unsalty, how can it be made salty again? It is not useful for anything any more except to be thrown out into the street and trampled under people’s feet.

14“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill is not able to be hidden.
  15Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a basket,b but on the stand, and it shines to all who are in the house.
  16In the same way, let your light shine before people so that they can see your good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

The Law and Righteousness

17“Do not assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy them, but to fulfill them.
  18For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or markc will ever pass away from the law until all things are accomplished.
  19Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.
  20For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the experts in the law and Pharisees, you will absolutely not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

Murder, Anger, and Reconciliation

21You have heard that it was said to those of old time, Do not murder,d and whoever murders will be subject to the judgment.
  22But I say to you that everyone who is enraged with his brother will be subject to the judgment, and whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’e will be subject to the Sanhedrin, and whoever says, ‘You no-good!’ will be subject to the fire of Gehenna.
  23Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
  24leave your gift there in front of the altar and go your way. Be reconciled to your brother first, and then come and offer your gift.

25Agree with your opponent quickly, while you are with him on the road to court, lest your opponent deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the guard, and you be thrown into prison.
  26Truly I say to you, you will absolutely not get out of there until you have paid the last quadrans.f

Adultery and Divorce

27“You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery,g
  28but I say to you, that everyone who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.
  29And if your right eye causes you to fall, pluck it out and throw it from you, for it is better for you that one of your members perish than your whole body be thrown into Gehenna.
  30And if your right hand causes you to fall, cut it off and throw it away from you, for it is better for you that one of your members perish than your whole body go into Gehenna.

31“It was also said, Whoever puts away his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.h
  32But I say to you, that anyone who puts away his wife, except because of sexual immorality, makes her look as if she had committed adultery, and whoever marries her after she is put away looks as if he is an adulterer.


33“Again, you have heard that it was said to the People long ago, Do not make false vows, but fulfill your oaths to the Lord.i
  34But I say to you, do not swear at all, neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
  35nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king.
  36And do not swear by your head, for you are not able to make one hair white or black.
  37But let your speech be, ‘Yes, yes,’ or ‘No, no,’ and whatever is more than this is of the Wicked One.

Turn the Other Cheek

38“You have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.j
  39But I say to you, do not resist the evil person, but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.
  40And if anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also.
  41And whoever will compel you to go one mile, go with him two.
  42Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love Your Enemies

43“You have heard that it was said, Love your neighbork and hate your enemy,
  44but I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you
  45so that you can be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
  46For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do that?
  47And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even the Gentiles do that?
  48Therefore, you are to be mature, as your heavenly Father is mature.

From Ps. 37:11
Greek is modios, a dry measure of about a peck, or 9 liters.
Lit. “one iota or one serif.”An iota is the smallest letter of the Greek alphabet, and a serif is the smallest stroke of a letter.
From Exod. 20:13
An Aramaic insult. The meaning is something like “idiot” or “blockhead” but with harsher connotations.
The smallest Roman coin, worth 1/64 of a denarius, and thus 1/64 of a day’s wage for a laborer. The lepton, the “widow’s mite,” was worth less but was a Judean coin.
From Exod. 20:14
From Deut. 24:1
From Lev. 19:12; Num. 30:2
From Exod. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
From Lev. 19:18

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