The Good News According to Matthew  PDF  MSWord
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Matthew Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 1
The Genealogy of Jesus

1A scroll of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

2Abraham fathered Isaac, and Isaac fathered Jacob, and Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers,
  3and Judah fathered Perez and Zerah of Tamar, and Perez fathered Hezron, and Hezron fathered Ram,
  4and Ram fathered Amminadab, and Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon,
  5and Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth, and Obed fathered Jesse,
  6and Jesse fathered David the king. And David fathered Solomon (by the wife of Uriah),
  7and Solomon fathered Rehoboam, and Rehoboam fathered Abijah, and Abijah fathered Asa,
  8and Asa fathered Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, and Joram fathered Uzziah,
  9and Uzziah fathered Jotham, and Jotham fathered Ahaz, and Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
  10and Hezekiah fathered Manasseh, and Manasseh fathered Amon, and Amon fathered Josiah,
  11and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the carrying away to Babylon.
  12And after the carrying away to Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel, and Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
  13and Zerubbabel fathered Abiud, and Abiud fathered Eliakim, and Eliakim fathered Azor,
  14and Azor fathered Sadoc, and Sadoc fathered Achim, and Achim fathered Eliud,
  15and Eliud fathered Eleazar, and Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob,
  16and Jacob fathered Joseph the father of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are 14 generations, and from David to the carrying away to Babylon are 14 generations, and from the carrying away to Babylon to the Christ are 14 generations.

The Birth of Jesus

18Now the birth of Jesus Christ happened this way: his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, but before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.
  19Now Joseph her husband, being righteous and yet not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.
  20But while he was thinking about these things, look! An angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to favorably accept Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit.
  21And she will give birth to a son, and you are to call his name Jesus,a for it is he who will save his people from their sins.”

22Now all this took place with the result that what was spoken by Yahwehb through the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  23Look! The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call his name Immanuel,c (which translated, means, “God with us”).
  24Then Joseph, awaking from sleep, did as the angel of Yahweh commanded him and took to himself his wife,
  25but he did not know her sexually until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.

Jesus is the Greek form of the name “Joshua,” which means “Yahweh saves.” It was a common name at the time of Christ.
God’s personal name. It occurs in the Shem-Tov Hebrew manuscript of Matthew.
From Isa. 7:14

Matthew Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 2
The Visit of the Magi

1Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, Look! Magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying,
  2“Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in its rising and have come to pay homage to him.”

3Now, when Herod the king heard this, he was deeply disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him.
  4And gathering together all the high priests and experts in the law from among the People,a he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born.
  5And they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, because this is what has been written by the prophet:
  6And you Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are absolutely not least among the leaders of Judah, for out of you will come one who leads, who will shepherd my people, Israel.b

7Then Herod, having secretly called the magi, found out from them exactly the chronology of the appearing of the star.
  8And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, “Go and search diligently for the child, and as soon as you have found him, bring me word so that I can come and pay homage to him as well.”
  9So, after listening to the king, they went on their way. And Look! The star that they had seen in its rising was going before them until it came and stood over where the child was.
  10And seeing the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy.
  11And coming into the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother, and falling down, they paid homage to him. And having opened their treasures, they offered to him gifts: gold and frankincense and myrrh.

12And having been divinely instructed in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their country by another road.

The Flight to Egypt

13Now after they had departed, behold, an angel of Yahweh appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Get up, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child to destroy him.”
  14Then he got up and took the young child and his mother during the night and departed for Egypt,
  15and stayed there until the death of Herod, with the result that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet was fulfilled, saying, Out of Egypt I called my son.c

16Then Herod, when he saw that he had been made a fool of by the magi, became greatly enraged, and having sent orders, he killed all the male children that were in Bethlehem and all its surrounding region, from two years old and under, according to the timing that he had found out from the magi.
  17Then what was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
  18A sound was heard in Ramah, sobbing and great mourning. Rachel crying for her children and she would not be comforted because they are no more.d

From Egypt to Nazareth

19Now after Herod had come to the end of his life, behold, an angel of Yahweh appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying,
  20“Get up, take the child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel, for the ones searching for the child’s life have died.”
  21So he got up and took the child and his mother and went into the land of Israel.
  22But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. And having been divinely instructed in a dream, he departed into the district of Galilee.
  23And having gone there, he lived in a city called Nazareth, so what was spoken through the prophets was fulfilled, that “he will be called a Nazarene.”

The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel. Israel was “the People” of God.
From Micah 5:2
From Hosea 11:1
From Jer. 31:15

Matthew Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 3
John the Baptist Prepares the Way

1And in those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the desert of Judea, saying,
  2“Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven has drawn near.”
  3For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying: “A voice of one calling out in the desert, ‘Make ready the road of Yahweh! Make his paths straight!’”a

4Now this John had clothing made of camel’s hair, and a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey.
  5Then Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the regions around the Jordan, were going out to him,
  6and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, openly confessing their sins.

7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath that is about to come?
  8Come now, bring forth fruit worthy of repentance,
  9and do not think you can say within yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham even from these stones.
  10Indeed, the axe is already laid down at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that does not bring forth good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.
  11I baptize you in water as a symbol of your repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with holy spirit or with fire.
  12His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing-floor, and he will gather his wheat into the granary, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.”

The Baptism of Jesus

13Then Jesus arrived from Galilee to the Jordan, coming to John to be baptized by him.
  14But John tried to prevent him, saying, “I have the need to be baptized by you, and you come to me?”
  15But Jesus, answering, said to him, “Allow it now, for in this way it is proper for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed him.
  16And when Jesus had been baptized, immediately as he stepped away from the water, look! The heavens were opened to him and he saw the spirit of God descending as a dove and coming upon him,
  17and behold, a voice came out of heaven, saying, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

From Isa. 40:3

Matthew Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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The Temptation in the Desert

1Then Jesus was led up by the spirit into the desert to be tempted by the Devil.a
  2And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards he was hungry.
  3And the Tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
  4But he answered and said, “It is written, Man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.b

5Then the Devil took him into the holy city and set him on the pinnacle of the temple
  6and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, He will give his angels a command concerning you, and, On their hands they will bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.”c
  7Jesus said to him, “Again it is written, Do not tempt Yahweh your God.d

8Again, the Devil took him to an exceedingly lofty mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them,
  9and he said to him, “All these things I will give you if you will fall down and worship me.”
  10Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Adversary! For it is written, Worship Yahweh your God, and serve him only.e
  11Then the Devil left him and Look! Angels came and were ministering to him.

Jesus Begins to Preach

12Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee,
  13and leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which is by the lake,f in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,
  14with the result that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  15The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, along the Road of the Sea,g beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles—
  16the people who sat in darkness saw a great light, and to those who sat in death’s territory and shadow, to them did light spring up.h

17From that time on Jesus began to preach and to say, “Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven has drawn near.”

The Calling of Disciples

18And walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers—Simon who is called Peter and Andrew his brother—casting a net into the lake,i for they were fishermen.
  19And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of people.”
  20And immediately they left their nets and followed him.
  21And going on from there he saw two other brothers—James the son of Zebedee and John his brother—in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them.
  22And immediately they left the boat and their father, and followed him.

Jesus’ Fame Spreads

23And Jesus went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good news of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people.
  24And the report of him went out into all Syria, and they brought to him all who were sick, taken with various diseases and torments, and afflicted by demons, and epileptic, and paralyzed, and he healed them.
  25And large crowds followed him from Galilee and Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan.

“Devil” is a transliteration of the Greek word, diabolos, which literally means “Slanderer.”
From Deut. 8:3
From Pss. 91:11-12
From Deut. 6:16
From Deut. 6:13
The “Sea of Galilee” is actually a lake.
The great road from Egypt to Damascus and beyond, the Via Maris.
From Isa. 9:1-2
The Sea of Galilee is a lake.

Matthew Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 5
The Sermon on the Mount

1And seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him
  2and he opened his mouth and taught them, saying,

Beatitudes (Blessings)

3“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

4“Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.

5“Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.a

6“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they will be filled.

7“Blessed are the merciful, for they will obtain mercy.

8“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.

9“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.

10“Blessed are those who have been persecuted because of their righteousness, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

11“Blessed are you when people insult you, and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil things against you falsely because of me.
  12Rejoice, and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven. For in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Salt and Light

13“You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt has become unsalty, how can it be made salty again? It is not useful for anything any more except to be thrown out into the street and trampled under people’s feet.

14“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill is not able to be hidden.
  15Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a basket,b but on the stand, and it shines to all who are in the house.
  16In the same way, let your light shine before people so that they can see your good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

The Law and Righteousness

17“Do not assume that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy them, but to fulfill them.
  18For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or markc will ever pass away from the law until all things are accomplished.
  19Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.
  20For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the experts in the law and Pharisees, you will absolutely not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

Murder, Anger, and Reconciliation

21You have heard that it was said to those of old time, Do not murder,d and whoever murders will be subject to the judgment.
  22But I say to you that everyone who is enraged with his brother will be subject to the judgment, and whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’e will be subject to the Sanhedrin, and whoever says, ‘You no-good!’ will be subject to the fire of Gehenna.
  23Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
  24leave your gift there in front of the altar and go your way. Be reconciled to your brother first, and then come and offer your gift.

25Agree with your opponent quickly, while you are with him on the road to court, lest your opponent deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the guard, and you be thrown into prison.
  26Truly I say to you, you will absolutely not get out of there until you have paid the last quadrans.f

Adultery and Divorce

27“You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery,g
  28but I say to you, that everyone who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.
  29And if your right eye causes you to fall, pluck it out and throw it from you, for it is better for you that one of your members perish than your whole body be thrown into Gehenna.
  30And if your right hand causes you to fall, cut it off and throw it away from you, for it is better for you that one of your members perish than your whole body go into Gehenna.

31“It was also said, Whoever puts away his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.h
  32But I say to you, that anyone who puts away his wife, except because of sexual immorality, makes her look as if she had committed adultery, and whoever marries her after she is put away looks as if he is an adulterer.


33“Again, you have heard that it was said to the People long ago, Do not make false vows, but fulfill your oaths to Yahweh.i
  34But I say to you, do not swear at all, neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
  35nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king.
  36And do not swear by your head, for you are not able to make one hair white or black.
  37But let your speech be, ‘Yes, yes,’ or ‘No, no,’ and whatever is more than this is of the Wicked One.

Turn the Other Cheek

38“You have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.j
  39But I say to you, do not resist the evil person, but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.
  40And if anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also.
  41And whoever will compel you to go one mile, go with him two.
  42Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love Your Enemies

43“You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbork and hate your enemy,’
  44but I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you
  45so that you can be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
  46For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do that?
  47And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even the Gentiles do that?
  48Therefore, you are to be mature, as your heavenly Father is mature.

From Ps. 37:11
Greek is modios, a dry measure of about a peck, or 9 liters.
Lit. “one iota or one serif.”An iota is the smallest letter of the Greek alphabet, and a serif is the smallest stroke of a letter.
From Exod. 20:13
An Aramaic insult. The meaning is something like “idiot” or “blockhead” but with harsher connotations.
The smallest Roman coin, worth 1/64 of a denarius, and thus 1/64 of a day’s wage for a laborer. The lepton, the “widow’s mite,” was worth less but was a Judean coin.
From Exod. 20:14
From Deut. 24:1
From Lev. 19:12; Num. 30:2
From Exod. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
From Lev. 19:18

Matthew Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 6
Giving to the Needy

1“Be careful not to do your ‘acts of righteousness’ in front of people in order to be seen by them; for then you have no reward laid up with your Father who is in heaven.
  2Therefore, when you give to the needy, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they will have glory from people. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.
  3But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
  4so that your charitable giving is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.

The Lord’s Prayer and Forgiveness

5“And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they delight in standing and praying in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets in order to be seen by people. Truly I say to you, they have received their reward.
  6But you, when you pray, enter into your inner room, and having shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
  7And when you are praying, do not keep repeating the same phrases, like the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words.
  8Therefore do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
  9So pray in this manner: ‘Our Father who is in heaven, may your name be treated as holy!

10May your kingdom come! May your will be done on earth as it is in heaven!

11Give us this day our daily bread,

12and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.

13And bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the Wicked One.’

14“For if you forgive people their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
  15But if you do not forgive people their transgressions, your Father will not forgive your transgressions.


16“Moreover, when you fast, do not be gloomy, like the hypocrites, for they make their faces unattractive so that their fasting is obvious to people. Truly I say to you, they have received their reward.
  17But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face
  18so that your fasting will not be obvious to people, but only to your Father who is in secret. And your Father, who sees in secret, will repay you.

Teaching About Wealth and Worry

19“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal,
  20but store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes, and where thieves do not break through nor steal,
  21for where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

22“The lamp of the body is the eye; therefore, if your eye is generous,a your whole body will be full of light.
  23But if your eye is stingy,b your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!

24“No one is able to serve two lords, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be devoted to the one and think little of the other. You are not able to serve God and Wealth.
  25Therefore I say to you, do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body than clothing?
  26Look at the birds of heaven, that they do not sow, nor do they reap, nor gather into barns, and your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they?
  27And which of you, by being anxious, is able to add one cubit to the measure of his life?
  28And why are you anxious concerning clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they do not toil, neither do they spin,
  29yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory did not clothe himself like one of these.
  30But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will he not much more surely clothe you, O you of little trust?
  31Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or, ‘What will we drink?’ or, ‘With what will we be clothed?’
  32For the Gentiles seek after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things.
  33But seek first the Kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.
  34Therefore, do not be anxious for tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Sufficient for the day is its own evil.

Lit. “single.” An idiom; “single” means “generous,” unmixed with worldly desires.
Lit. “evil. ”The “evil eye” is a stingy, greedy, covetous, envious eye, not an eye that brings curses or evil.

Matthew Chapter 7  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 7
Judging and Hypocrisy

1“Do not judge, so that you are not judged.
  2For by the standard you judge with, you will be judged, and by the standard you measure with, it will be measured to you.
  3And why do you see the splinter that is in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam that is in your own eye?
  4Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the splinter out of your eye,’ and Look! The beam is in your own eye?
  5You hypocrite, take the beam out of your own eye first, and then you will see clearly to take the splinter out of your brother’s eye.

No Pearls Before Pigs

6“Do not give that which is holy to dogs, nor throw your pearls in front of pigs, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.

Keep Asking and the Golden Rule

7“Keep asking, and it will be given to you; keep seeking, and you will find; keep knocking, and it will be opened to you!
  8For everyone who keeps asking receives, and the one who keeps seeking finds, and to the one who keeps knocking it will be opened.
  9Or which one of you, if his son asks him for a loaf, will give him a stone,
  10or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake?
  11If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him?
  12Therefore, whatever you want people to do to you, so also do the same to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.

The Narrow and Wide Gates

13“Enter through the narrow gate, for wide is the gate and spacious is the road that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it.
  14How narrow is the gate, and constricted the road, that leads to life, and few are those who find it.

Know Them by Their Fruit

15“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are destructive, greedy wolves.
  16You will recognize them by their fruit. Do people gather grapes from thorn bushes, or figs from thistles?
  17In the same way, every good tree brings forth good fruit, but the corrupt tree brings forth evil fruit.
  18A good tree is not able to bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
  19Every tree that does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
  20So then, you will recognize them by their fruit.

21“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven will enter in.
  22Many will say to me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’
  23And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you. Away from me, you who work lawlessness!’

The Wise and Foolish Builders

24“Everyone, then, who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock,
  25and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat violently against that house, and it did not fall because it had been founded on the rock.
  26And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand,
  27and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell—and great was its fall.”

28And it came to pass when Jesus had finished these words, the crowds were astonished at his teaching,
  29for he taught them as one having authority, and not as their experts in the law.

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Go to Commentary on Matt 8
Jesus Heals a Leper

1And when he had come down from the mountain, large crowds followed him.
  2And behold, a man with a serious skin diseasea came to him and bowed down before him, saying, “Lord, if you are willing, you are able to make me clean.”
  3And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing. Be clean!” And immediately his skin disease was cleansed.
  4And Jesus said to him, “See that you do not say anything to anyone, but go show yourself to the priest and offer the gift that Moses commanded as a testimony to them.”

The Trust of a Centurion

5Now when he had entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him, entreating him,
  6and saying, “Lord, my servant is lying at home paralyzed, grievously tormented.”
  7And he said to him, “I will come and heal him.”
  8And the centurion answered and said, “Lord, I am not worthy that you should come under my roof, but only say the word and my servant will be healed.
  9For I also am a man under authority, having soldiers under me, and I say to this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes, and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
  10And when Jesus heard it, he was amazed, and said to those who followed, “Truly I say to you, I have not found anyone in Israel with so much trust.
  11And I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will recline at the feast with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the Kingdom of Heaven,
  12but the sons of the kingdom will be cast out into the darkness outside. There will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.”
  13And Jesus said to the centurion, “Go your way; as you have believed, let it be done for you.” And the servant was healed in that hour.

Many Healed in Capernaum

14And when Jesus had come into Peter’s house, he saw his mother-in-law lying down, sick from a fever.
  15And he touched her hand and the fever left her, and she got up and began to serve him.

16Now when evening had come, they began to bring to him many who were afflicted by demons, and he cast out the spirits by his word and healed all who were sick
  17in order to fulfill the word spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: he himself took our infirmities, and carried our diseases.b

The Cost of Following Jesus

18Now when Jesus saw large crowds around him, he gave orders to depart to the other side.
  19And an expert in the law came and said to him, “Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go.”
  20And Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of heaven have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”
  21And another of the disciples said to him, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”
  22But Jesus said to him, “Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.”

Jesus Calms the Storm

23And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him.
  24And Look! A great storm rose up on the lake, such that the boat was covered with the waves, but he was asleep.
  25And they came to him and woke him, saying, “Save us, Lord! We are perishing!”
  26And he said to them, “Why are you fearful, O you of little trust?” Then he got up and subdued the winds and the sea, and it became completely calm.
  27And the men were amazed, saying, “What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the lake obey him?”

Demons Cast Out of Two Men

28And when he had come to the other side, into the region of the Gadarenes, two men who were afflicted by demons met him, who were coming out of the tombs. They were so exceedingly violent that no one could pass by that way.
  29And Look! They cried out, saying, “What do you want with us, O Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?”
  30Now at some distance from them there was a herd of many pigs feeding.
  31And the demons were begging him, saying, “If you cast us out, send us away into the herd of pigs.”
  32And he said to them, “Go.” And they came out and went into the pigs and—look at this—the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and perished in the waters.
  33And the men who were looking after them fled and went away into the city and reported everything, especially what happened to those who had been afflicted by demons.
  34And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus, and when they saw him, they urged him to depart from their territory.

Traditionally “leper,” but the Greek word can refer to many skin diseases.
From Isa. 53:4

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Go to Commentary on Matt 9
Jesus Heals a Paralyzed Man

1And after getting into the boat he crossed over the lake and came into his own city.
  2And behold, they brought to him a paralyzed man lying on a bed. And when he saw their trust, Jesus said to the paralyzed man, “Take courage, child, your sins are forgiven.”
  3And Look! Some of the experts in the law said within themselves, “This man speaks defaming words.”
  4And Jesus, knowing their thoughts said, “Why are you thinking evil in your hearts?
  5For which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’?
  6But so that you know the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—then he said to the paralyzed man—“Get up, pick up your pallet, and go to your house.”
  7And he got up and went to his house.
  8But when the crowds saw it, they were filled with awe, and glorified God, who had given such authority to humans.

Jesus Calls Matthew

9And as Jesus passed by from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax collector’s booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he got up and followed him.
  10And it came to pass, as he reclined to eat in the house, Look!, many tax collectors and sinners came and were reclining and eating with Jesus and his disciples.
  11And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, “Why is your teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?”
  12But when he heard this, he said, “Those who are well do not need a physician, but those who are sick do.
  13But go and learn what this means, I want mercy, and not sacrifice.a For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Jesus Questioned About Fasting

14Then the disciples of John came to him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?”
  15And Jesus said to them, “Are the wedding guestsb able to mourn as long as the groom is with them? But the days will come when the groom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.
  16And no one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak, for the patch pulls away from the cloak and the tear becomes worse.
  17Neither do people put new wine into old wineskins, otherwise the wineskins burst and the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. But they put new wine into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved.”

Woman Healed and Dead Raised

18While he spoke these things to them, behold, a leader came and bowed down before him, saying, “My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live.”
  19And Jesus got up and followed him, and so did his disciples.
  20And behold, a woman who had a discharge of blood for 12 years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his cloak,
  21for she was saying within herself, “If only I can touch his cloak, I will be healed.”
  22But Jesus, turning and seeing her said, “Daughter, be of good cheer. Your trust has healed you.” And the woman was healed from that hour.

23And when Jesus came into the ruler’s house and saw the flute-players and the crowd making a commotion,
  24he said, “Go away, for the girl has not died, but is asleep.” And they began to laugh at him.
  25But when the crowd had been driven out of the house, he entered in and took her by the hand, and the girl got up.
  26And the news of this went out into all that land.

Jesus Heals Two Blind Men

27And as Jesus passed by from there, two blind men followed him, crying out and saying, “Have mercy on us, Son of David.”
  28And after he had come into the house, the blind men came to him, and Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?” They said to him, “Yes, Lord.”
  29Then he touched their eyes, saying, “According to your trust be it done to you.”
  30And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, “See here, let no one know about this!”
  31But they went out and spread abroad his fame throughout that whole area.

Jesus Heals a Mute Man

32And as they went out, Look!, a mute man who was afflicted by a demon was brought to him.
  33And when the demon was cast out the mute man spoke, and the crowds were amazed, saying, “Never was anything like this seen in Israel.”
  34But the Pharisees said, “By the prince of the demons he casts out demons.”

The Laborers Are Few

35And Jesus was going through all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good news of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.
  36But when he saw the crowds, he was moved with compassion for them because they were distressed and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd.
  37Then he said to his disciples, “Truly, the harvest is abundant, but the laborers are few.
  38Therefore implore the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.”

From Hosea 6:6
Lit. “sons of the bride-chamber”

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Go to Commentary on Matt 10
The Twelve Apostles

1And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.
  2Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: the first, Simon, who is called Peter; and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
  3Philip; and Bartholomew; Thomas; and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus; and Thaddaeus;
  4Simon the Canaanite; and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Jesus Sends Out the Twelve

5These 12 Jesus sent out after instructing them, saying, “Do not go on any road of the Gentiles, and do not enter into any city of the Samaritans,
  6but go instead to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
  7And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The Kingdom of Heaven has drawn near.’
  8Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those with skin diseases, and cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give.
  9Do not acquire gold, nor silver, nor bronze in your belts,
  10nor a traveler’s bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staff, for the laborer is worthy of his food.
  11And into whatever city or village you enter, search out who in it is worthy, and stay there until you go away.
  12And as you enter into the house, greet it.
  13And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it, but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you.
  14And whoever will not receive you, nor hear your words, as you go out of that house or that city, shake the dust off of your feet.
  15Truly I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Day of Judgment than for that city.

Sheep in the Midst of Wolves

16“Look! I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves, therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.
  17But beware of people, for they will deliver you up to councils, and flog you in their synagogues,
  18and you will even be brought before governors and kings because of me, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.

19“But when they deliver you up, do not be anxious how or what you are to say, for it will be given to you in that hour what you are to say,
  20for it is not you who speak, but the spirit of your Father that speaks in you.
  21And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child, and children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
  22And you will be hated by everyone because of my name, but the one who endures to the end—that one will be saved.
  23But when they persecute you in this city, flee into the next, for truly I say to you, you will surely not finish going through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes.

24“A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his lord.
  25It is enough for the disciple that he be like his teacher, and the servant like his lord. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more the members of his household!
  26Therefore do not fear them, for there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known.
  27What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light, and what you hear in the ear, proclaim on the housetops.
  28And do not be afraid of those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul. But rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.
  29Are not two little sparrows sold for an assarion?a And not one of them will fall on the ground apart from your Father.
  30But even all the hairs of your head have been counted.
  31So do not be afraid, you are of more value than many little sparrows.
  32Therefore, everyone who will confess me before people, I will also confess him before my Father who is in heaven.
  33But whoever denies me before people, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.

Not Peace but a Sword

34“Do not assume that I came to send peace on the earth. I did not come to send peace, but a sword.
  35For I came to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law,
  36and a person’s enemies will be those of his own household!b
  37Whoever is attached to his father or mother more than me is not worthy of me, and whoever is attached to his son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
  38And whoever does not take his cross and follow me, is not worthy of me.
  39Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.


40“Whoever receives you receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me.
  41Whoever receives a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever receives a righteous person in the name of a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward.
  42And whoever gives one of these little ones even a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple, truly I say to you, he will not ever lose his reward.”

The Roman as (or the Greek assarion) was worth 1/16 of a drachma (or denarius), which were a day’s wage for a laborer. So if the laborer made $8 per hour, an assarion was worth about $4.
From Micah 7:6

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1And it came to pass when Jesus had finished commanding his twelve disciples, he departed from there to teach and preach in their cities.

Jesus and John the Baptist

2Now when John heard in the prison the works of the Christ, he sent by his disciples
  3and said to him, “Are you the Coming One, or should we expect someone different?”
  4And Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things that you hear and see:
  5the blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the people with skin diseases are cleansed, and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised, and the poor have good news proclaimed to them,
  6and blessed is the one who will not fall away because of me.”

7And as these went their way, Jesus began to say to the crowds concerning John, “What did you go out into the desert to look at? A reed shaken by the wind?
  8But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft clothing? Look! Those who wear soft clothing are in king’s houses.
  9But why did you go out? To see a prophet? Yes, I say to you, and much more than a prophet.
  10This is he of whom it is written, Look! I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare the road before you.a
  11Truly I say to you, among those who are born of women there has not arisen a greater than John the Baptist. Yet the one who is the least important person in the Kingdom of Heaven is greater than he.
  12And from the days of John the Baptist until now the Kingdom of Heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forceful people are seizing it as a prize.
  13For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.
  14And if you are willing to accept it, he himself is Elijah, who was to come.
  15Anyone who has ears had better listen!

16“But to what will I compare this generation? It is like children sitting in the marketplaces, who call to their fellows
  17and say, ‘We played the flute for you but you did not dance. We sang a dirge, but you did not mourn.’
  18For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon.’
  19The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘See! A gluttonous man and a wino, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ But wisdom is declared righteous by her works.”

Woe to Unrepentant Cities

20Then he began to denounce the cities in which most of his mighty works were done, because they did not repent.
  21“How terrible it will be for you, Chorazin! How terrible it will be for you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works that were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.
  22But I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the Day of Judgment than for you.
  23And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will go down to the grave, for if the mighty works had been done in Sodom that were done in you, it would have remained until this day.
  24But I say to you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom on the Day of Judgment, than for you.”

Jesus Prays to the Father

25At that time Jesus answered and said, “I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you hid these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to little children.
  26Yes, Father, because this was well-pleasing in your sight.

Take Jesus’ Yoke; Learn from Him

27“All things have been handed over to me by my Father. And no one really knows the Son except the Father, neither does anyone really know the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son determines to reveal him.
  28Come to me, all you who are laboring and have been loaded down with burdens, and I will give you rest.
  29Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, because I am meek and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.
  30For my yoke is kind, and my burden is light.”

From Mal. 3:1

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Go to Commentary on Matt 12
Lord of the Sabbath

1At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and his disciples were hungry and began to pick heads of grain and to eat them.
  2But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said to him, “Look! Your disciples are doing what it is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.”
  3But he said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he and those with him were hungry,
  4how he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?
  5Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?
  6But I say to you, that one greater than the temple is here.
  7But if you had known what this means, I want mercy, and not sacrifice,a you would not have condemned the guiltless.
  8For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”

Healing a Hand on the Sabbath

9And he departed from there and went into their synagogue,
  10and look! A man with a shriveled hand! And in order to accuse him, they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”
  11And he said to them, “Who is there among you that if he has even one sheep that falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out?
  12How much more valuable is a person than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.”
  13Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and it was restored whole, as the other.
  14But the Pharisees went out and plotted against him as to how they could destroy him.

God’s Chosen Servant

15But when Jesus realized it, he withdrew from there, and many followed him, and he healed them all.
  16And he warned them not to make him known,
  17with the result that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  18Look! My servant whom I have chosen, my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my spirit upon him and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
  19He will not quarrel, nor cry aloud, nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
  20A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoking flax he will not quench, until he leads justice to victory.
  21And the Gentiles will hope in his name.b

A House Divided

22Then was brought to him a man afflicted by a demon who was blind and mute. And he healed him, so that the mute man spoke and saw.
  23And all the crowd was amazed, and said, “This cannot be the Son of David, can it?”
  24But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “This man does not cast out demons except by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons.”
  25And knowing their thoughts he said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand.
  26And if the Adversaryc casts out the Adversary, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand?
  27And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges.
  28But if I cast out demons by the spirit of God, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you.

29“Or how is one able to enter the house of the strong man and carry off his property unless he first ties up the strong man? And then he can plunder his house.
  30Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me, scatters.

The Unforgivable Sin

31“Therefore I say to you, people will be forgiven for every sin and defaming word, but the defaming of the Spirit will not be forgiven.
  32And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this age, nor in that which is about to come.

Words Justify or Condemn

33“Either declare the tree good, and thus its fruit good, or declare the tree corrupt, and thus its fruit corrupt, for the tree is known by its fruit.
  34You offspring of vipers, how are you, being evil, able to speak good things? For the mouth speaks what overflows from the heart.
  35The good person out of his good treasure brings out good things, and the evil person out of his evil treasure brings out evil things.
  36And I say to you, that every careless word that people speak, they will give account of it on the Day of Judgment.
  37For by your words you will be declared righteous, and by your words you will be condemned.”

The Sign of Jonah

38Then some of the experts in the law and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.”
  39But he answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet,
  40for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish,d so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
  41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the Judgment with this generation and will condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, someone greater than Jonah is here.
  42The queen of the south will rise up at the Judgment with this generation and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, someone greater than Solomon is here.

Return of an Unclean Spirit

43“Now when the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places, seeking a resting place, and does not find it.
  44Then it says, ‘I will return into my house from which I came out,’ and when it comes, it finds it empty, swept, and put in order.
  45Then it goes and takes with itself seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter in and live there, and the last state of that person becomes worse than the first. So also will it be with this evil generation.”

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers

46While he was still speaking to the crowds, look, his mother and his brothers stood outside, wanting to speak to him.
  47[[And someone said to him, “Look! Your mother and your brothers stand outside, wanting to speak to you.”]]
  48He answered and said to the one telling him, “Who is my mother? And who are my brothers?”
  49And he stretched out his hand towards his disciples and said, “Look! My mother and my brothers!
  50For whoever does the will of my Father who is in heaven, that one is my brother, and sister, and mother.”

From Hosea 6:6
From Isa. 42:1-4
“Adversary” is the translation of the Greek satanas.
From Jonah 1:17

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Go to Commentary on Matt 13
Parable of the Sower

1On that day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the lake.
  2And such a large crowd gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat down, and the whole crowd stood on the shore.
  3And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying, “Pay attention! The sower went out to sow,
  4and as he sowed, some seeds fell beside the path, and the birds came and devoured them.
  5And some fell on the rocky ground where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up because the soil was not deep.
  6And when the sun rose, they were scorched, and because they had no root, they withered away.
  7And some seeds fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them.
  8But others fell on the good soil and yielded fruit, some a hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
  9Anyone who has ears had better listen!”

The Purpose of the Parables

10And the disciples came and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”
  11And he answered and said to them, “To you it is given to know the sacred secrets of the Kingdom of Heaven, but to them it is not given.
  12For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever does not have, from him will be taken away even that which he has.
  13This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.
  14And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, You will indeed hear but never understand, and you will indeed see but never perceive.
  15For this people’s heart has grown fat, and their ears are dull of hearing, and they have closed their eyes, otherwise they would perceive with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and return to God, and I would heal them.a
  16But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear.
  17For truly I say to you, that many prophets and righteous people desired to see the things that you see, and did not see them, and to hear the things that you hear, and did not hear them.

The Sower Parable Explained

18Now listen to the parable of the sower.
  19When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the Wicked One comes and snatches away that which has been sown in his heart. This is the one who was sown along the path.
  20And the seed that was sown on the rocky places, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy,
  21yet he does not have any root in himself, but is short-lived. When hardships or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.
  22And the seed that was sown among the thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this age and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.
  23And the seed that was sown on the good ground, this is the one who hears the word and understands it, who surely bears fruit; and some yield a hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.”

The Kingdom: The Parable of the Good and Bad Seed

24He set another parable before them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field,
  25but while the men were sleeping, his enemy came and also sowed darnelb among the wheat, and went away.
  26But when the blade sprang up and brought forth fruit, then the darnel appeared also.
  27And the servants of the head of the house came and said to him, ‘Lord, did you not sow good seed in your field? Then where did the darnel come from?’
  28And he said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ And the servants say to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them up?’
  29But he said, ‘No, lest while you are gathering up the darnel, you uproot the wheat with them.
  30Let both grow together until the harvest, and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather up the darnel, and bind them in bundles to burn them up, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’”

Kingdom is Like a Mustard Seed

31He set another parable before them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field,
  32which indeed is smaller than all other seeds, but when it is grown, it is larger than the garden plants, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of heaven come and nest in the branches of it.”

The Kingdom is Like Leaven

33He spoke another parable to them, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in 50 poundsc of meal until it was all leavened.”

Using Parables Fulfills Prophecy

34All these things Jesus spoke in parables to the crowds, and he did not speak to them without using a parable,
  35so that which was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.d

Parable of the Seed Explained

36Then he left the crowd and went into the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the darnel of the field.”
  37And he answered and said, “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man,
  38and the field is the world. And as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom, and the darnel is the sons of the Wicked One.
  39And the enemy who sowed them is the Devil,e and the harvest is the end of the world, and the reapers are angels.
  40Therefore, as the darnel is gathered up and burned up with fire, so it will be in the end of the age.
  41The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom every stumbling block and those who are guilty of lawlessness.
  42and will throw them into the furnace of fire. There will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.
  43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Anyone who has ears had better listen!

The Kingdom is Like Treasure

44“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a person found and hid. And in his joy he goes and sells all that he has, and buys that field.

The Kingdom is Like a Pearl

45“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a person, a merchant, seeking fine pearls.
  46And having found one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

The Kingdom is Like a Net

47“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and gathered fish of every kind,
  48which, when it was filled, they drew up on the shore, and they sat down and gathered the good into containers, but the bad they threw away.
  49So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the wicked from the midst of the righteous
  50and will throw them into the furnace of fire. There will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.
  51Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.”
  52And he said to them, “Therefore every expert in the law who has been discipled about the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who is a master of a house, who brings out of his treasure things new and old.”

Jesus Revisits Nazareth

53And it came to pass when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed from there.
  54And coming to his hometown, he taught them in their synagogue in such a way that they became astonished and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miracles?
  55Is this not the builder’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And his brothers, James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Judas?
  56And his sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this man get all these things?”
  57And they were offended because of him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is honored everywhere except in his hometown and in his own house.”
  58And he did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.

From Isa. 6:9-10
Darnel is a plant that looks like wheat until mature and can be poisonous.
The Greek reads 3 satons, and one saton was about 3 gallons or 13.5 liters.
From Ps. 78:2
“Devil” is a transliteration of the Greek word, diabolos, which literally means “Slanderer.”

Matthew Chapter 14  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 14
John the Baptist Beheaded

1At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the report about Jesus,
  2and he said to his servants, “This is John the Baptist. He is risen from the dead, and that is why these powers work in him.”
  3For Herod had arrested John and bound him, and put him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife.
  4For John said to him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.”
  5And although he wanted to put him to death, he was afraid of the people because they considered him to be a prophet.
  6But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst of the company, and pleased Herod.
  7So with an oath he promised to give her whatever she asked.
  8And she, being prompted by her mother, said, “Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist.”
  9And the king was grieved, yet because of his oaths and those who were reclining to eat with him, he commanded it to be given,
  10and he sent and beheaded John in the prison.
  11And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother.
  12And his disciples came and took up the corpse and buried him, and they went and told Jesus.

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

13Now when Jesus heard it, he withdrew from there in a boat by himself to a solitary place. And when the multitudes heard about that, they followed him on foot from the cities.
  14And after he got out of the boat he saw a large crowd and he had compassion on them and healed their sick.
  15Now when evening had come, the disciples came to him, saying, “This is a remote place and the hour is now late. Send the crowds away so they can go into the villages and buy food for themselves.”
  16But Jesus said to them, “They have no need to go away. You give them something to eat.”
  17And they said to him, “We do not have anything here except five loaves and two fish.”
  18And he said, “Bring them here to me.”
  19And he commanded the crowd to sit down on the grass, and he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them and broke them, and gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowd.
  20And they all ate and were filled, and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full.
  21And there were about 5,000 men who ate, besides women and children.

Jesus Walks on the Water

22And immediately he made the disciples enter into the boat and go ahead of him to the other side while he sent the crowd away.
  23And after he had sent the crowd away, he went up by himself into the mountain to pray, and when evening had come, he was there alone.
  24But the boat was already a long way from the land being battered by the waves because the wind was against them.
  25And in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the lake.a
  26And when the disciples saw him walking on the lake, they were terrified, saying, “It is a ghost,” and they cried out for fear.
  27But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying “Take courage! It is I. Do not be afraid!”
  28And Peter answered him and said, “Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water.”
  29And he said, “Come.” And Peter went down out from the boat and walked on the water and came toward Jesus.
  30But when he saw the strong wind he was afraid, and beginning to sink, he cried out, saying, “Lord, save me.”
  31And immediately Jesus stretched out his hand and took hold of him, and said to him, “O you of little trust, why did you doubt?”
  32And when they got up into the boat, the wind ceased.
  33And those who were in the boat paid him homage, saying, “Of a truth you are the Son of God.”

Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

34And when they had crossed over the lake, they came to land at Gennesaret.
  35And when the men of that place recognized him, they sent word into all the surrounding area and brought to him all who were sick,
  36and they begged him to let them touch the fringe of his cloak, and everyone who touched him was completely healed.

Between 3 and 6 a.m. In NT times, the day was divided into 12 hours (John 11:9) and the night into 4 watches: 1st: 6-9 p.m.; 2nd: 9 p.m.-midnight; 3rd: midnight-3 a.m.; 4th: 3-6 a.m. (Mark 13:35).

Matthew Chapter 15  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 15
Traditions and Commandments

1Then Pharisees and experts in the law from Jerusalem come to Jesus, saying,
  2“Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.”
  3And he answered and said to them, “Why do even you yourselves transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition?
  4For God said, Honor your father and your mother,a and, Whoever speaks evil of his father or mother, let him be put to death.b
  5But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or his mother, “Whatever benefit you might have gained from me is a gift given to God;”’
  6and he does not honor his father. And thus you have set aside the word of God because of your tradition.
  7You hypocrites, rightly did Isaiah prophesy about you, saying,
  8These people honor me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.
  9Moreover, in vain do they show devotion to me, teaching as their doctrines the commandments of men.”c

What Defiles a Person

10And he called the crowd to himself and said to them, “Hear and understand:
  11it is not what goes into the mouth that defiles the person, but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles the person.”
  12Then the disciples came and said to him, “Do you know that the Pharisees fell away offended when they heard this saying?”
  13But he answered and said, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up.
  14Leave them alone! They are blind guides. And if the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a pit.”
  15And Peter answered and said to him, “Explain the parable to us.”
  16And he said, “Do you also still not understand?
  17Do you not understand that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and is expelled into the sewer?
  18But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart, and they defile the person.
  19For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual immorality, thefts, false witness, insults.
  20These are the things that defile a person, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a person.”

The Trust of a Canaanite Woman

21And Jesus went away from there and withdrew into the district of Tyre and Sidon.
  22And Look! A Canaanite woman came out from that area and began crying out, saying, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David, my daughter is cruelly afflicted by a demon.”
  23But he did not answer her a word. And his disciples came and kept asking him, saying, “Send her away, for she keeps on crying out as she follows us.”
  24But he answered and said, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
  25But she came and began to bow down before him, saying, “Lord, help me.”
  26And he answered and said, “It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the pet dogs.”
  27But she said, “Yes, Lord, yet even the little dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their lords’ table.”
  28Then Jesus answered and said to her, “O woman, great is your trust. Let it be done for you as you want.” And her daughter was healed from that hour.

The Feeding of the Four Thousand

29And Jesus departed from there and came close to the Sea of Galilee, and he went up onto the mountain and sat there.
  30And great multitudes came to him, having with them the lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many others, and they laid them down at his feet and he healed them.
  31As a result, the crowd was amazed when they saw the mute speaking, the crippled healthy, and the lame walking, and the blind seeing, and they glorified the God of Israel.

32And Jesus called his disciples to himself and said, “I have compassion on the crowd because they have remained with me for three days and have nothing to eat, and I do not want to send them away hungry because they might faint on the way.”
  33And the disciples said to him, “Where could we get so many loaves in such a remote place that we could satisfy so great a crowd?”
  34And Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?” And they said, “Seven, and a few small fish.”
  35And he commanded the crowd to sit down on the ground,
  36and he took the seven loaves and the fish and, after he gave thanks, he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowd.
  37And they all ate and were filled, and they collected what was left over of the broken pieces, seven baskets full.
  38And those who ate were 4,000 men, besides women and children.
  39And after sending away the crowd. he got into the boat and came into the area of Magadan.

From Exod. 20:12; Deut. 5:16
From Exod. 21:17
From Isa. 29:13

Matthew Chapter 16  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 16
Religious Leaders Demand a Sign

1And the Pharisees and Sadducees came and, testing him, they asked him to show them a sign from heaven.
  2But he answered and said to them, “When it is evening, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the heavens are red.’
  3And in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the heavens are red and threatening.’ You know how to discern the face of the heavens, but you are not able to discern the signs of the times.
  4An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.” And he left them, and departed.

The Leaven of Wrong Doctrine

5And the disciples came to the other side of the lake, but they had forgotten to take bread.
  6And Jesus said to them, “Watch out, and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
  7And they began to discuss this among themselves, saying, “We did not take any bread.”
  8And Jesus, realizing this, said, “O you of little trust, why are you discussing among yourselves that you do not have any bread?
  9Do you still not understand? Do you not remember the five loaves for the 5,000, and how many baskets you collected,
  10nor the seven loaves for the 4,000, and how many baskets you collected?
  11How is it that you do not perceive that I did not speak to you about bread? But beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
  12Then they understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Peter’s Confession of Christ

13Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”
  14And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others say Elijah; and others say Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”
  15He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
  16And Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
  17And Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.
  18And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my congregation, and the gates of the grave will not prevail against it.
  19I will give to you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you forbid on earth must be already forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit on earth must be already permitted in heaven.”
  20Then he ordered the disciples that they should not tell anyone that he was the Christ.

Death and Resurrection Foretold

21From that time Jesus began to show to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and experts in the law, and be killed, and the third day be raised from the dead.
  22And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, “Be it far from you, Lord! This will never, ever, happen to you.”
  23But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Adversary! You are a stumbling block to me, because you are not thinking about the things of God, but the things of man.”

Take Up Your Cross

24Then Jesus said to his disciples, “If anyone wants to come after me, he must deny himself and must take up his cross, and then follow me.
  25For whoever wants to save his lifea will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.
  26For what will it profit a person if he gains the whole world and yet forfeits his life? Or what will a person give in exchange for his life?
  27For the Son of Man is about to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay each person according to what he has done.
  28Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will absolutely not taste of death until they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.”

In Matt. 16:25-28, “life” is the Greek word psuchē, “soul” but in this context is means “life.”

Matthew Chapter 17  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 17
The Transfiguration

1And after six days Jesus took with him Peter and James and his brother John, and led them by themselves up onto a high mountain.
  2And he was transformed before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothing became white as the light.
  3And Look! Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with him.
  4And Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you want, I will make three tents here: one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah.”
  5While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased. Listen to him!”
  6And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid.
  7And Jesus came and when he touched them, he said, “Get up, and do not be afraid.”
  8And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one, except Jesus only.

Elijah Comes First

9And as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, “Do not tell anyone about the vision until the Son of Man has risen out from among the dead.”

10And his disciples asked him, saying, “Then why do the experts in the law say that Elijah must come first?”
  11And he answered and said, “Indeed, Elijah comes and will restore all things,
  12but I say to you, that Elijah has already come, and they did not know him, but did to him whatever they wanted. So also the Son of Man will suffer by them.”
  13Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them about John the Baptist.

Healing A Boy Afflicted by a Demon

14And when they came to the crowd, a man came to him, kneeling down before him, saying,
  15“Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is epileptic and suffers grievously, for often he falls into the fire, and often into the water.
  16And I brought him to your disciples, and they were not able to cure him.”
  17And Jesus answered and said, “O unbelieving and twisted generation, how much longer will I be with you? How much longer must I put up with you? Bring him here to me.”
  18And Jesus subdued him, and the demon came out of him. And the boy was cured from that hour.

19Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, “Why were we not able to cast it out?”
  20And he said to them, “Because of your little trust. For truly I say to you, if you have trust like a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move, and nothing will be impossible to you.”
  21[[But this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.]]

Death and Resurrection Foretold

22And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be handed over into the hands of men,
  23and they will kill him, and the third day he will be raised from the dead.” And they were deeply grieved.

Tax Money in a Fish

24And when they came to Capernaum, those who received the two drachma Temple tax came to Peter and said, “Does not your teacher pay the two drachma tax?”
  25He said, “Yes.” And when he came into the house, Jesus spoke to him first, saying, “What do you think, Simon? The kings of the earth, from whom do they receive customs or poll-tax? From their sons, or from others?”
  26And when he said, “From others,” Jesus said to him, “Therefore the sons are free.
  27But lest we cause them to fall, go to the lake and cast in a hook, and take up the first fish that comes up, and when you have opened his mouth, you will find a silver stater coin. Take that and give it to them for you and me.”

Matthew Chapter 18  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 18
The Greatest in the Kingdom

1In that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”
  2And he called to him a little child and set him in the midst of them,
  3and said, “Truly I say to you, unless you change and become as little children, you will absolutely not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
  4Therefore, whoever will humble himself as this little child, that one is the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven.
  5And whoever receives a little child like this one in my name receives me,
  6but whoever causes one of these little ones who believes in me to fall away, it would be better for him to have a millstone turned by a donkeya hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the lake.

Stumbling Blocks and Judgment

7“How terrible it will be for the world because of the stumbling blocks! For it is inevitable that stumbling blocks come, but how terrible for that person through whom the stumbling block comes!
  8And if your hand or your foot causes you to fall away, cut it off and throw it away from you. It is better for you to enter into life in the age to come maimed or lame than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into the fire of the age to come.
  9And if your eye causes you to fall away, tear it out and throw it away from you. It is better for you to enter into life in the age to come with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into the fire of Gehenna.
  10See that you do not look down on one of these little ones, for I say to you, that in heaven their angels always see the face of my Father who is in heaven.
  11[[For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.]]

Parable of the Lost Sheep

12“What do you think? If any man has 100 sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the 99 on the mountains and seek the one that went astray?
  13And if he happens to find it, truly I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the 99 that have not gone astray.
  14In the same way, it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones perish.

If Your Brother Sins Against You

15“And if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault—just between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother.
  16But if he does not hear you, take with you one or two more, so that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word can be established.b
  17And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the congregation, and if he also refuses to hear the congregation, let him be to you as the Gentile and the tax collector.
  18Truly I say to you, whatever you forbid on earth must be already forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit on earth must be already permitted in heaven.

19“Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven.
  20For where two or three are gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.”

21Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?”
  22Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.

Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

23“That is why the Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his slaves.
  24And when he began to settle them, one slave was brought to him who owed him 10,000 talents.c
  25But because he did not have the means to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
  26Therefore, the slave, falling down, prostrated himself before him, saying, ‘Lord, have patience with me and I will pay you everything.’
  27And the lord of that slave, being moved with compassion, released him and forgave him the debt.
  28But that slave went out and found one of his fellow slaves, who owed him 100 denarii,d and he laid hold on him, and seizing him, began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’
  29So his fellow slave fell down and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’
  30But he was unwilling, and went and threw him into prison until he paid what was due.
  31So when his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were deeply grieved, and came and told to their lord all that had happened.
  32Then having called him in, his lord said to him, ‘You wicked slave, I forgave you all that debt because you begged me.
  33Should you not also have had mercy on your fellow slave, just as I had mercy on you?’
  34And his lord was enraged and handed him over to the torturers until he paid back all that was owed.
  35So my heavenly Father will also do to you, if each of you does not forgive his brother from your heart.”

A huge millstone turned by a donkey weighing hundreds of pounds, not the small millstone women used to grind grain.
From Deut. 19:15
A talent was worth 6,000 denari or 6,000 day’s wages. Thus 10,000 talents would take 200,000 years for a laborer to earn.
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.

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Go to Commentary on Matt 19
Teaching About Divorce

1And it came to pass when Jesus had finished these words, he departed from Galilee and came into the region of Judea beyond the Jordan,
  2and large crowds followed him, and he healed them there.

3And some Pharisees came to him, testing him, and saying, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?”
  4And he answered and said, “Have you not read that in the beginning the Creator made them male and female?
  5And he said, For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.a
  6So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together no human is to separate.”

7They say to him, “Why then did Moses command to give her a certificate of divorce and send her away?”b
  8He said to them, “Moses, in view of the hardness of your hearts, allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it has not been this way.
  9And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery.”
  10The disciples say to him, “If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is better not to marry.”
  11But he said to them, “Not everyone can receive this saying, but only those to whom it has been given.
  12For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by others, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven’s sake. Let the one who is able to receive this receive it.”

Jesus Blesses the Little Children

13Then little children were brought to him so that he could lay his hands on them and pray, and the disciples rebuked them.
  14But Jesus said, “Allow the little children and do not hinder them from coming to me, because the Kingdom of God belongs to people who are like these children.”
  15And, having laid his hands on them, he departed from there.

The Rich Young Ruler

16And look! A man came to him and said, “Teacher, what good thing must I do in order to have life in the age to come?”
  17And he said to him, “Why do you ask me about that which is good? There is One who is good. But if you want to enter into life in the age to come, keep the commandments.”
  18He said to him, “Which ones?” And Jesus said, do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not bear false witness,
  19honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.c
  20The young man said to him, “All these things I have kept, what do I still lack?”
  21Jesus said to him, “If you really want to reach the goal, go, sell your possessions and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. And come, follow me.”
  22But the young man, when he heard these words, went away grieved because he had many possessions.

Rewards in the Kingdom

23And Jesus said to his disciples, “Truly I say to you, how difficult it will be for a rich person to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
  24And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the Kingdom of God.”
  25And when the disciples heard it, they were greatly astonished, saying, “Who then can be saved?”
  26And looking at them, Jesus said to them, “This is impossible for people, but for God all things are possible.”
  27Then Peter answered and said to him, “Look! We have left everything and followed you, so what will we have?”
  28And Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, that you who have followed me, in the New Beginning,d when the Son of Man sits on the throne of his glory, you also will sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
  29And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or property for my name’s sake, will receive a hundredfold, and will inherit life in the age to come.
  30But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first.

From Gen. 2:24
Alluding to Deut. 24:1-4
From Exod. 20:12-16; Lev. 19:18
The start of Christ’s Millennial Kingdom on earth. Called the restoration of all things in Acts 3:21, and the creation of a new heaven and earth in Isa. 65:17.

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Go to Commentary on Matt 20
Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

1“For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man, a head of a house, who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.
  2And when he had agreed with the laborers for a denariusa a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
  3And he went out about the third hourb and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
  4and he said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ And they went their way.
  5He went out again about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did the same thing.
  6And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing, and he said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’
  7They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘Go also into the vineyard.’

8“And when evening came the lord of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning from the last to the first.’
  9And when those who were hired about the eleventh hour came, each one received a denarius.
  10And when those who were hired first came, they assumed that they would receive more, and yet each one of them also received a denarius.
  11And when they received it, they grumbled against the head of the house,
  12saying, ‘These last have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’
  13But he answered and said to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?
  14Take what is yours and go, and I will give to this last group, just as to you.
  15Am I not allowed to do what I want with my own? Or is your eye evil, because I am good?’
  16So the last will be first, and the first last.”

Death and Resurrection Foretold

17And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside privately and said to them on the way,
  18“Pay attention! We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and experts in the law, and they will condemn him to death.
  19And they will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and the third day he will be raised from the dead.”

A Mother’s Request

20Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up to him with her sons, bowing down and asking something from him.
  21And he said to her, “What do you want?” She said to him, “Say that these two sons of mine may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom.”
  22But Jesus answered and said, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?”c They said to him, “We are able.”
  23He said to them, “You will indeed drink my cup, but to sit at my right and at my left is not mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father.”
  24And when the ten heard it, they became angry with the two brothers.
  25But Jesus, having called them near, said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles abuse their position over them, and those in high positions abuse their authority over them.
  26It will not be this way among you, instead, whoever among you wants to be great must be your servant,
  27and whoever wants to be first among you must be your slave,
  28just as the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Two Blind Men Healed

29And as they were going out of Jericho, a large crowd followed him.
  30And Look! Two blind men were sitting by the road, and when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out, saying, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!”
  31But the crowd rebuked them so that they would be silent. But they cried out all the more, saying, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!”
  32And Jesus stopped walking, called them, and said, “What do you want me to do for you?”
  33They say to him, “Lord, let our eyes be opened.”
  34And Jesus, being moved with compassion, touched their eyes, and immediately they regained their sight and began to follow him.

A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
At the time of Christ the day was divided into 12 hours starting at roughly 6 AM. Thus the third hour was about 9 AM, the sixth hour was noon, the ninth hour was 3 PM, and the eleventh hour was about 5 PM.
“Drink the cup” was a common idiom meaning to experience, whether that experience was good or bad.

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Go to Commentary on Matt 21
The Triumphal Entry

1And when they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples,
  2saying to them, “Go into the village in front of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and her colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me.
  3And if anyone says anything to you, say, ‘The Lord has need of them and he will immediately send them back here.’”
  4Now this took place with the result that what was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying,
  5Tell the Daughter Zion, “Look!, your King comes to you, meek, and riding on a donkey, even on a colt the foal of a donkey.”a

6And the disciples went and did just as Jesus directed them,
  7and brought the donkey and her colt and put their cloaks on them, and he sat on them.
  8And most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees and were spreading them on the road.
  9And the crowd that went in front of him, and those who followed after, were crying out, saying, “Hosannab to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of Yahweh!c Hosanna in the highest!”
  10And when he had entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred, saying, “Who is this?”
  11And the crowds were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, the one from Nazareth of Galilee.”

Jesus Cleanses Temple

12And Jesus went into the temple of Yahwehd and cast out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves,
  13and he said to them, “It is written, My house will be called a house of prayer,e but you are making it a den of robbers.f
  14And the blind and lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them.
  15But when the chief priests and the experts in the law saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became angry.
  16And they said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read, Out of the mouth of little children and nursing children you have brought forth praise?g
  17And he left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and lodged there.

Lesson From the Cursed Fig Tree

18Now in the morning, when he returned to the city, he was hungry.
  19And having seen a lone fig tree by the path, he went up to it and found nothing on it but only leaves. And he said to it, “Let there be no fruit from you any longer forever.” And immediately the fig tree withered.
  20And seeing this, the disciples were amazed, saying, “How did the fig tree wither immediately?”
  21And Jesus answered and said to them, “Truly I say to you, if you have trust, and do not doubt, you will not only do what has been done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’ it will be done.
  22And all things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”

Jesus’ Authority Challenged

23And when he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the Peopleh came to him as he was teaching and said, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?”
  24And Jesus answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one question, which, if you tell me the answer, then I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
  25Where was the baptism of John from? From heaven or of human origin?” And they discussed it among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’
  26But if we say, ‘Of human origin,’ we are afraid of the people because they all considered John to be a prophet.”
  27And so they answered Jesus and said, “We do not know.” He also said to them, “Then I will not tell you by what authority I do these things.

Parable of the Two Sons

28“But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘My child, go work today in the vineyard.’
  29And he answered and said, ‘I do not want to.’ But afterward he changed his mind and went.
  30And having approached the other son, he said the same thing. And he answered and said, ‘I will go, lord,’ but did not go.
  31Which of the two did the will of the father?” They say, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, that the tax collectors and the prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you.
  32For John came to you in the path of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. But you, when you saw that, did not afterward change your mind and believe him.

Parable of the Greedy Farmers

33“Listen to another parable. There was a man, the head of a house, who planted a vineyard, and put a wall around it, and dug a winepress in it, and built a watchtower, and rented it out to some farmers, and went away on a journey.
  34And when the season for fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers to receive his fruit.
  35And the farmers took his servants and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
  36Again, he sent other servants, more than the first ones, and they did the same to them.
  37And last of all he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
  38But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and take his inheritance.’
  39And they took him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
  40Now, when the owneri of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?”
  41They say to him, “Those wretched men—He will destroy them in a wretched way, and will rent out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season.”
  42Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures, The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This came from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes?’j

43“Therefore I say to you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and will be given to a nation producing the fruit of it.
  44And the one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever it falls it will grind to powder.”

45And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he was speaking about them.
  46And they were seeking to arrest him but they were afraid of the crowds because they considered him to be a prophet.

From Isa. 62:11; Zech. 9:9
“Hosanna” originally meant “Save” or “Save now,” but by NT times it was used liturgically as an expression of praise.
From Ps. 118:26
The Hebrew text of Matt. reads Yahweh.
From Isa. 56:7
From Jer. 7:11
From Ps. 8:2
The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers just to Israel.
Lit. “lord”
From Ps. 118:22-23

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Go to Commentary on Matt 22
Parable of the Wedding Feast

1And Jesus answered and again spoke to them in parables, saying,
  2“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king who prepared a wedding feast for his son,
  3and he sent out his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding feast, but they did not want to come.
  4Again he sent out other slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited, “Look! I have prepared my dinner. My oxen and the fatted cattle have been butchered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.”’
  5But they, having paid no attention, went off; one to his own farm, another to his business,
  6and the rest, having seized his slaves, mistreated and killed them.
  7The king was enraged, and so he sent his armies and destroyed those murderers and burned their city.
  8Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding feast is ready, but the ones who had been invited were not worthy.
  9Therefore, go to the main streets, and as many as you find there, invite to the wedding feast.’
  10And those slaves went out on the roads and gathered together everyone that they found, both wicked and good, and the wedding feast was filled with those reclining to eat.
  11But when the king came in to see those reclining to eat, he saw a man there who had not been clothed in wedding clothing.
  12And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you enter here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless.
  13Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and cast him out into the darkness outside; there will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.
  14For many are called, but few are chosen.’”

The Trap About Paying Taxes

15Then the Pharisees, having gone out, plotted how to entrap him in his words.
  16And they sent to him their disciples, with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are honest and teach the way of God in accordance with the truth and you are not concerned about anyone’s status because you do not show favoritism.a
  17Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay a census-tax to Caesar, or not?”
  18But knowing their wickedness, Jesus said, “Why are you testing me, you hypocrites?
  19Show me the coin used for the census-tax.” And they brought a denariusb to him.
  20And he said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
  21They said to him, “Caesar’s.” Then he said to them, “Then give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
  22And having heard that, they were amazed, so they left him and went away.

The Trap About the Resurrection

23On that same day some Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to him and asked him,
  24saying, “Teacher, Moses said, If someone dies, having no children, his brother must marry his wife and raise up offspring for his dead brother.c
  25Now there were with us seven brothers. And the first married and died, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother.
  26Likewise the second also, and the third, up to the seventh.
  27And after them all, the woman died.
  28So in the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven, since they all had her?”
  29But Jesus answered and said to them, “You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.
  30For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.
  31But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven’t you read what was spoken to you by Yahweh, saying,
  32I Yahweh am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob?d God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”
  33And having heard that, the crowd was astonished at his teaching.

Trap About the Greatest Command

34Now when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together
  35and one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, testing him:
  36“Teacher, which commandment is the greatest one in the law?”
  37And he said to him, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.e
  38This is the greatest and most important commandment.
  39And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself.f
  40On these two commandments hang the whole Law, and the Prophets.”

Jesus’ Question About David's Son

41Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question,
  42saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him, “The son of David.”
  43He said to them, “Then how does David, speaking by the spirit, call him ‘Lord’? For he said,
  44The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’g
  45So if David calls him Lord, how is he his son?”
  46And no one was able to answer him a word, nor did anyone dare ask him any more questions from that day on.

Lit. “look at the face of people”
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
From Deut. 25:5
From Exod. 3:6. The Hebrew text of Matt. adds “Yahweh.”
From Deut. 6:5
From Lev. 19:18
From Ps. 110:1

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Go to Commentary on Matt 23
Pharisees’ Character Revealed

1Then Jesus spoke to the crowd and to his disciples,
  2saying, “The experts in the law and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat,
  3therefore, everything, whatever they tell you, do and observe. But do not do according to their works, for they say things, and do not do them.
  4For they tie up burdens that are heavy and hard to bear, and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they are unwilling to help move them with their finger.
  5And they do all their works in order to be seen by people, for they widen their phylacteries, and lengthen the tassels of their garments,
  6and they like to sit in the place of honor at the feasts and the places of honor in the synagogues,
  7and to receive greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by people.
  8But you, you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for one is your teacher, and all of you are brothers.
  9And do not call anyone on earth your ‘father,’ for one is your Father, the heavenly Father.
  10Neither be called ‘guides,’ for you have one guide—the Christ.
  11But the greatest among you will be your servant.
  12And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

Woes to the Pharisees

13“But how terrible it will be for you, experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the Kingdom of Heaven right in front of people, for you do not enter, nor do you allow the ones entering to enter.
  14[[How terrible it will be for you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayers. For that reason you will receive the greater damnation.]]

15“How terrible it will be for you, experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel over the sea and the land to make one proselyte, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of Gehenna as yourselves.

16“How terrible it will be for you, you blind guides who say, ‘Whoever swears by the sanctuary it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gold of the sanctuary, he is obligated by his oath.’
  17You no-goods and blind men! For which is greater, the gold, or the sanctuary that has made the gold holy?
  18You also say, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obligated by his oath.’
  19Blind men! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar that makes the gift holy?
  20Therefore the one who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.
  21And the one who swears by the sanctuary, swears by it, and by the one who dwells in it.
  22And the one who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by the one sitting on it.

23“How terrible it will be for you, you experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cummin, but have neglected the weightier matters of the law, which are justice and mercy and faithfulness. But it is necessary to do those things, and not neglect the other.
  24You blind guides, who are straining out the gnat but swallowing the camel!

25“How terrible it will be for you, you experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence.
  26You blind Pharisee, first cleanse the inside of the cup, so that the outside of it will be clean also.

27“How terrible it will be for you, you experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs that outwardly do indeed appear beautiful, but inwardly are full of dead people’s bones and of every kind of impurity.
  28In the same way, outwardly, you also appear righteous to people, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

29“How terrible it will be for you, you experts in the law and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous,
  30and you say, ‘If we had been in the days of our fathers we would not have been partners with them in the blood of the prophets.’
  31Consequently, you testify against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets.
  32And you—go fill up the measure of your fathers’ sins!
  33Snakes! You offspring of vipers! How can you escape the judgment of Gehenna?
  34Therefore, Look! I am sending to you prophets, and wise people, and experts in the law. Some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will whip in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city,
  35so that on you will come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of Abel the righteous to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.
  36Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.

Lament Over Jerusalem

37“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, she who keeps on killing the prophets and stoning the ones who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together in the same way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were not willing.
  38Look! Your house is left to you desolate.
  39For I say to you, you will absolutely not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.’”a

From Ps. 118:26

Matthew Chapter 24  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 24
Signs of the End of the Age

1And Jesus was going out of the temple and going away, and his disciples came to him to draw his attention to the buildings of the temple.
  2But he answered and said to them, “You see all these things, do you not? Truly I say to you, in no way will even one stone be left here on another that will not be thrown down.”

3And as he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and end of the age?”
  4And Jesus answered and said to them, “See to it that no one misleads you.
  5For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and will mislead many.
  6And you will hear wars nearby and reports of wars far away. See that you are not frightened, for these things must come to pass, but it is not yet the end.
  7For group will rise against group, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places.
  8But all these things are the beginning of birth pains.
  9Then they will hand you over to be tortured, and will even kill you, and you will be hated by all the nations because of my name.
  10And then many will fall away, and will hand over one another, and will hate one another.
  11And many false prophets will arise and will mislead many.
  12And because of the increase in lawlessness, the love of the many will grow cold.
  13But the one who endures to their end, that one will be saved.
  14And the good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed to the whole inhabited world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

15“Therefore, when you see the abomination of desolationa that was spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the Holy Place (let the one reading understand),
  16then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains,
  17the one who is on the roof must not go down into his house to take things out,
  18and the one who is in the field must not turn back to take his cloak.
  19But how terrible it will be for those who are pregnant and to those nursing in those days!
  20And pray that your flight is not in the winter, nor on a Sabbath,
  21for at that time there will be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and it will never ever happen again.
  22And if those days were not shortened, no flesh would have been saved, but for the sake of the chosen, those days will be shortened.

23“At that time if someone says to you, ‘Look!, here is the Messiah!,’ or, ‘Here he is!,’ do not believe it.
  24For false Messiahs will arise, and false prophets, and will show great signs and wonders so as to mislead, if possible, even the chosen ones.
  25Look! I have told you beforehand.
  26Therefore, if they say to you, ‘Look!, he is in the desert,’ do not go out there, or ‘Look!, he is in the inner rooms of the temple,’ do not believe it.
  27For as the lightning goes out from the east and shines even to the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
  28Wherever the carcass is, there the vultures will be gathered together.

The Coming of the Son of Man

29“But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from heaven,b and the powers of the heavens will be shaken,
  30and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heavenc with power and great glory.
  31And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet blast, and they will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from the one end of heaven to the other end of it.

The Parable of the Fig Tree

32“Now learn this parable from the fig tree: when its branch has become tender and sprouts its leaves, you know that the summer is near.
  33Even so you also, when you see all these things, know that he is near, right at the door.
  34Truly I say to you, this generation will absolutely not pass away until all these things come to pass.
  35Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will absolutely not pass away.

No One Knows the Day or Hour

36“But about that day and hour no one knows; not the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone.
  37For as in the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
  38For as they were in those days that were before the flood—eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage—until the day that Noah entered the ark,
  39and they did not know what was coming until the flood came and took them all away, so also will be the coming of the Son of Man.
  40Then two men will be in the field; one is taken, and one is left.
  41Two women are grinding with a hand mill; one is taken, and one is left.
  42Therefore, watch, for you do not know on what day your Lord comes.
  43But know this, that if the head of the house had known in what watch of the nightd the thief was coming, he would have watched, and would not have allowed the wall of his house to be dug through.
  44Therefore you be ready too, because the Son of Man will come at an hour that you do not expect.

45“Who then is the faithful and wise slave whom the lord has set over the slaves of his household to give them their food at the proper time?
  46Blessed is that slave whom his lord, when he comes, will find him so doing.
  47Truly I say to you, that he will set him over all his possessions.
  48But if that evil slave says in his heart, ‘My lord is not coming for a long time,’
  49and he begins to beat his fellow slaves and keeps on eating and drinking with the drunkards,
  50the lord of that slave will come on a day that he does not expect, and at an hour that he does not know,
  51and will cut him in two, and assign him a place with the hypocrites; there will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.

From Dan. 11:31
From Isa. 13:10
From Dan. 7:13
In NT times, the day was divided into 12 hours (John 11:9) and the night into 4 watches: 1st: 6-9 PM; 2nd: 9 PM -midnight; 3rd: midnight -3 AM; 4th: 3-6 AM (Mark 13:35).

Matthew Chapter 25  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 25
The Parable of the Ten Virgins

1“At that time the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten virgins, who, having taken their lamps, went out to meet the groom.
  2Now five of them were foolish, and five were sensible.
  3For the foolish ones, when they took their lamps, did not take oil with them,
  4but the sensible ones took oil in flasks with their lamps.
  5Now while the groom was a long time in coming, they all became drowsy and began to sleep.
  6But at midnight there was a shout, ‘Look! The groom! Go out to meet him!’
  7Then all those virgins awoke, and trimmed their lamps.
  8And the foolish ones said to the sensible ones, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’
  9But the sensible ones answered, saying, ‘No, lest there will not be enough for you and us too. Go instead to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.’
  10But while they were going away to buy some, the groom came, and the ones who were prepared went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut.
  11And later the other virgins came also, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open the door for us.’
  12But he answered and said, ‘Truly I say to you, I do not know you.’
  13Watch therefore, because you do not know the day nor the hour.

The Parable of the Talents

14“For the Kingdom of Heaven is like when a man going on a journey called his own slaves and entrusted his property to them.
  15And to one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to another one; to each according to his own ability. And then he went on his journey.
  16Immediately the one who received the five talents went and traded with them, and gained five more talents.
  17Likewise the one who received the two, gained two more.
  18But the one who received the one talent, having gone out, dug in the earth and hid his lord’s money.

19“Now after a long time the lord of those slaves comes and settles accounts with them.
  20And the one who received the five talents came and brought five more talents, saying, ‘Lord, you entrusted five talents to me. See, I have gained five more talents.’
  21His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
  22And the one who received the two talents also came and said, ‘Lord, you entrusted two talents to me. See, I have gained two more talents.’
  23His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’
  24And the one who had received the one talent also came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter,
  25and I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth. See, you have that which is yours.’
  26But his lord answered and said to him, ‘You wicked and lazy slave. You knew that I reap where I have not sowed, and I gather where I did not scatter,
  27then you needed to deposit my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have received back my own with interest.
  28Therefore take away the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents.
  29For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have abundance. But from the one that does not have, even what he has will be taken away.
  30And cast the worthless slave out into the darkness outside; there will be sobbing and gnashing of teeth.’

The Sheep and Goat Judgment

31“But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.
  32And all the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
  33And he will put the sheep on his right, but the goats on the left.
  34Then the King will say to the ones on his right, ‘Come, you who have been blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom that has been prepared for you from the foundation of the world,
  35for I was hungry and you gave me something to eat; I was thirsty and you gave me a drink; I was a stranger and you invited me in;
  36naked, and you clothed me; I was sick, and you visited me; I was in prison, and you came to me.’
  37Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and fed you? Or thirsty, and gave you a drink?
  38And when did we see you a stranger, and took you in? Or naked, and clothed you?
  39And when did we see you sick, or in prison, and came to you?’
  40And the King, answering, will say to them, ‘Truly I say to you, in as much as you did it to one of these my brothers, even the least, you did it to me.’
  41Then he will also say to the ones on the left hand, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the fire in the age to come, which has been prepared for the Devila and his angels.
  42For I was hungry, and you did not give me anything to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink;
  43I was a stranger, and you did not invite me in; naked, and you did not clothe me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit me.’
  44Then they will also answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not serve you?’
  45Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Truly I say to you, in so far as you did not do it to one of these least, you did not do it to me.’
  46And these will go away into the punishment of the age to come, but the righteous into the life in the age to come.”

“Devil” is a transliteration of the Greek word, diabolos, which literally means “Slanderer.”

Matthew Chapter 26  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 26
The Plot to Kill Jesus

1And it came to pass, when Jesus finished all these words, he said to his disciples,
  2“You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.”

3Then the chief priests and the elders of the Peoplea were gathered together in the courtyard of the high priest, the one called Caiaphas,
  4and they plotted together in order to arrest Jesus by stealth, and then kill him.
  5But they were saying, “Not during the feast, lest a riot occur among the People.”

Jesus Anointed at Bethany

6Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon “the leper,”b
  7a woman came to him, having an alabaster flask of very costly perfume, and she poured it on his head as he was reclining to eat.
  8But when they saw this, the disciples became angry, saying, “Why this waste?
  9For it would have been possible to sell this for a high price, and the money given to the poor.”
  10But Jesus, perceiving it, said to them, “Why do you trouble the woman? For she has worked a good work on me.
  11For you always have the poor with you, but you do not always have me.
  12For this woman, having poured this perfume on my body—she did it to prepare me for burial.
  13Truly I say to you, wherever this good news is preached in the whole world, what this woman did will also be spoken of for a memorial of her.”

Judas Plots to Betray Jesus

14Then one of the Twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, having gone to the chief priests,
  15said, “What are you willing to give me if I will hand him over to you?” And they weighed out to him thirty pieces of silver.
  16And from then on he was watching for an opportunity to hand him over to them.

The Last Supper

17Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
  18And he said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, my time is near. I am to keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.’”
  19And the disciples did as Jesus directed them, and they prepared the Passover.

20Now when evening had come, he was reclining to eat with the Twelve,
  21and as they were eating, he said, “Truly I say to you, that one of you will betray me.”
  22And they were deeply grieved, and each one began to say to him, “Surely I am not the one, Lord?”
  23And he answered and said, “The one who dipped his hand in the dish with me, this one will betray me.
  24The Son of Man is to go just as it is written about him, but how terrible it will be for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It had been good for that man if he had not been born.”
  25And Judas, the one betraying him, answered and said, “Surely I am not the one, Rabbi?” He said to him, “You yourself have said it.”

The “Lord’s Supper” Instituted

26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and having blessed it, he broke it, and giving it to the disciples, said, “Take, eat. This is my body.”
  27And having taken a cup, and having given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.
  28For this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
  29And I say to you, I will absolutely not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.”

30And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
  31Then Jesus said to them, “Tonight, all of you will be caused to fall away because of me, for it is written, I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.c
  32But after I am raised, I will go ahead of you to Galilee.”
  33But Peter answered and said to him, “Even if everyone falls away because of you, I will never fall away.”
  34Jesus said to him, “Truly I say to you that this night, before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times.”
  35Peter said to him, “Even if it is necessary for me to die with you, I will never ever deny you.” Likewise also said all the disciples.

Jesus in Gethsemane

36Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to his disciples, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.”
  37And having taken Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with him, he began to be grieved and distressed.
  38Then he said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, to the point of death. Stay here, and watch with me.”
  39And having gone forward a little, he fell on his face, praying and saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me. Nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.”
  40And he came to the disciples, and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What, were you not strong enough to stay awake with me one hour?
  41Stay awake and pray, in order that you do not enter into temptation. Indeed, the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
  42Again, a second time, having gone away, he prayed, saying, “My Father, if this is not able to pass away unless I drink it, your will be done.”
  43And having come again he found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.
  44And having left them again and having gone away, he prayed a third time, saying the same words again.

45Then he came to the disciples, and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Look! The hour has drawn near and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
  46Arise, let’s go. Look! The one betraying me has drawn near.”

Jesus Betrayed and Arrested

47And while he was still speaking, look, Judas, one of the Twelve, came, and with him was a large crowd with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priest and elders of the People.
  48Now the one betraying him gave them a sign, saying, “Whomever I will kiss, he is the one. Seize him.”
  49And immediately having come to Jesus, he said, “Greetings, Rabbi,” and kissed him.
  50And Jesus said to him, “Friend, do that for which you have come.” Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and seized him.
  51And Look! One of those who was with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and having struck the slave of the high priest, he cut off his ear.
  52Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its place, for all those who take the sword will perish by the sword.
  53Or do you think that I am not able to call on my Father, and even now he will send me more than 12 legions of angels?
  54But how then would the scriptures be fulfilled that it must happen this way?”
  55In that hour Jesus said to the crowd, “Have you come with swords and clubs to seize me as you would come against a robber? I sat daily in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me.
  56But all this has come to pass resulting in the scriptures of the prophets being fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled.

Jesus Before Caiaphas

57The ones who had seized Jesus led him away to the house of Caiaphas the high priest, where the experts in the law and the elders were gathered together.
  58But far away, Peter was following him to the courtyard of the high priest, and after going in, he sat with the servants to see the outcome.

59Now the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking false testimony against Jesus so that they could put him to death,
  60and yet they did not find it, although many false witnesses came. But finally, two false witnesses, having come forward,
  61said, “This one said, ‘I am able to destroy the sanctuary of God, and to build it in three days.’”
  62And the high priest stood up and said to him, “Are you not going to answer? What is it that these men testify against you?”
  63But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I charge you under oath by the living God, that you tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.”
  64Jesus said to him, “Yes, it is as you say. Moreover, I say to you all, in the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”d
  65Then the high priest tore his clothing, saying, “Defaming talk! What further need do we have of witnesses? See! Now you have heard the defamation.
  66What do you think?” They answered and said, “He is deserving of death.”
  67Then they spat in his face and beat him with their fists. And they slapped him,
  68saying, “Prophesy to us, Christ. Who is the one who struck you?”

Peter Denies Jesus

69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a servant-girl came to him, saying, “You also were with Jesus of Galilee.”
  70But he denied it before everyone, saying, “I do not know what you are saying.”
  71And when he had gone out into the gateway, another servant-girl saw him, and said to those who were there, “This one was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
  72And again he denied it with an oath, saying, “I do not know the man.”
  73And after a little while those who stood by came and said to Peter, “Of a truth you also are one of them, for your accent makes you known.”
  74Then he began to curse and to swear, saying, “I do not know the man.” And immediately a rooster crowed.
  75And Peter remembered the word that Jesus had said, “Before a rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” And he went outside, and cried bitterly.

The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.
Simon had had a skin disease of some kind, but it was now cured or people would not have been in his house. Nevertheless, the name stuck.
From Zech. 13:7
From Ps. 110:1; Dan. 7:13

Matthew Chapter 27  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Matt 27
Daybreak Trial Then to Pilate

1Now early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the Peoplea plotted together against Jesus to put him to death.
  2And having bound him, they led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor.

The Death of Judas Iscariot

3Then Judas, the one betraying him, having seen that he was condemned, regretted what he had done and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
  4saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? See to that yourself.”
  5And having thrown down the silver coins into the sanctuary, he departed, and having gone away, he hanged himself.
  6And the chief priests, having taken the silver coins, said, “It is not lawful to put these into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.”
  7After some discussion, they used them to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for strangers.
  8Therefore that field has been called “Field of Blood” to this day.
  9Then what was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, And they took the thirty silver coins, the price of the one whose price had been priced by the sons of Israel,
  10and they gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me.b

Jesus Before Pontius Pilate

11Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, saying, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “Yes, it is as you say.”
  12And when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he gave no answer.
  13Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear how many things they are testifying against you?”
  14But he did not answer him with even one word, so that the governor was greatly amazed.

The People Choose Barabbas

15Now the governor’s custom at the feast was to release to the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted.
  16And at that time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.
  17Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?”
  18For he knew that they had handed him over because of envy.
  19And while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for today I have suffered many things in a dream because of him.”

20Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd that they should ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
  21But the governor answered and said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?” And they said, “Barabbas.”
  22Pilate said to them, “Then what should I do to Jesus who is called Christ?” They all kept saying, “Let him be crucified.”
  23But he said, “Why? What evil has he done?” But they shouted all the more, saying, “Let him be crucified.”
  24So when Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water, and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; see to it yourselves.”
  25And all the Peoplec answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children.”
  26Then he released Barabbas to them, but Jesus he scourged and handed over to be crucified.

The Soldiers Torture Jesus

27Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the praetorium,d and gathered to him the whole Roman cohort.
  28And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.
  29And they twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand, and they knelt down before him, and mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
  30And they spat on him, and took the reed and were striking him on the head.
  31And after they had mocked him, they took the robe off him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

32And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, whom they forced to carry his cross.

33And having come to a place called Golgotha (which means, Place of a Skull),
  34they gave him wine mixed with gall to drink, and when he had tasted it, he would not drink.
  35And when they had crucified him, they divided his clothes among them, casting lots for them.
  36And sitting down, they began to keep watch over him there.
  37And they set up over his head the charge against him, which read, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
  38Then two robbers are crucified with him, one on the right hand and one on the left.

39And those passing by were hurling insults at him, shaking their heads,
  40and saying, “You who are going to destroy the sanctuary and build it in three days, save yourself. If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”
  41In the same way the chief priests also, with the experts in the law and elders, mocking him, said,
  42“He saved others, yet he is not able to save himself. He is the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him.
  43He had confidence in God, let him rescue him now, if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’”
  44And the robbers who were crucified with him also were insulting him.

The Death of Jesus

45Now from the sixth hour darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.e
  46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”).f
  47And some of those standing there, when they heard it, said, “This man calls Elijah.”
  48And immediately one of them ran and took a sponge and filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave him a drink.
  49But the rest said, “Leave him alone. Let’s see if Elijah comes to save him.”

50And Jesus, having cried out again with a loud voice, yielded up the spirit.
  51And Look! The veil of the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom, and the earth was shaken, and the rocks were split.
  52And the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the holy ones who had fallen asleep were raised,
  53and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many.
  54Now the centurion and those who were with him keeping watch over Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, were greatly afraid, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God.”

55And many women who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to him, were there looking on from a distance,
  56among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

Joseph Buries Jesus

57Now when it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph, who also himself had become a disciple of Jesus.
  58He, having approached Pilate, asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded it to be given to him.
  59And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth
  60and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut into the rock, and he rolled a large stone over the door of the tomb and departed.
  61And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb.

The Tomb Guarded

62Now on the next day, which is the day after the Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together before Pilate,
  63saying, “Lord,g we remember that when he was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will be raised.’
  64Therefore, command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples come and steal him away and say to the people, ‘He has been raised from the dead,’ and this last deception will be worse than the first.”
  65Pilate said to them, “You can have a guard of soldiers. Go, make it as secure as you know how to.”
  66So they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting the guard.

The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.
From Zech. 11:12-13, but also “spoken” by Jeremiah.
The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.
The praetorium is the residence or headquarters of the Roman governor.
The sixth hour is about noon; the ninth hour is about 3 PM.
From Ps. 22:1
“Lord” is being used as a respectful form of address, like “Sir.”

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Go to Commentary on Matt 28
Two Marys View the Tomb

1Now late on the Sabbath day, as it began to dusk and come toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.

Angel Opens Jesus’ Empty Tomb

2And Look! There was a great earthquake, for an angel of Yahweh descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and was sitting on it.
  3His appearance was like lightning, and his garment white as snow,
  4and for fear of him the guards shook, and became as dead men.

5And the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not fear, for I know that you are looking for Jesus, who has been crucified.
  6He is not here, for he has been raised, just as he said. Come, see the place where he was lying,
  7and go quickly and tell his disciples he was raised from the dead. And indeed, he is going before you into Galilee. You will see him there. Look, I have told you.”
  8And having departed quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, they ran to report about him to his disciples.
  9And Look! Jesus met them, saying, “Greetings.” And they came and took hold of his feet and paid homage to him.
  10Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid. Go tell my brothers to go away to Galilee, and they will see me there.”

The Report of the Guards

11Now while they were going, Look!, some of the guard came into the city, and told the chief priests all the things that happened.
  12And after they had assembled with the elders and discussed the matter, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers,
  13saying, “Say that his disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were sleeping.
  14And if the governor hears about this, we will persuade him and keep you out of trouble.”
  15So they took the money and did as they were instructed, and this report was spread around among the Jews, and continues until this day.

The Great Commission

16The eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had directed them.
  17And when they saw him they bowed down before him, but some doubted.
  18And Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
  19Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the holy spirit,
  20teaching them to obey all that I commanded you. And remember!, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”

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