And he appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter), Bible see other translations

“Peter.” Jesus continues the tradition of God and other ancient rulers by changing the names of those whom he rules. He changed Simon’s name to “Peter.” Historically, changing someone’s name might be done to prove your power over someone, but Jesus would not have done it if Peter, James, and John were not sold out to him. Notice that he does not change Judas’ name. (Cp. Gen. 17:5 and 17:15; 32:28; 2 Sam. 12:24 and 12:25; Jer. 20:3; Gen. 41:45; 2 Chron. 36:4; 2 Kings 24:17; Dan. 1:7.)

Commentary for: Mark 3:16