The Good News According to Mark  PDF  MSWord
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Mark Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 1
John the Baptist Prepares the Way

1The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
  2As it is written in Isaiah the prophet, Look!, I am sending my messenger before your face, who will prepare the road for you.a
  3A voice of one calling out in the desert, “Make ready the road of the Lord! Make his paths straight!”b

4John came baptizing in the desert and preaching a baptism that symbolized repentance that resulted in the forgiveness of sins.
  5And the whole country of Judea, and all the people of Jerusalem, were going out to him and were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, publicly confessing their sins.

6And John was clothed with camel’s hair and had a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey.
  7And he preached, saying, “After me comes one who is mightier than I, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.
  8I baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with holy spirit.”

The Baptism of Jesus

9And it came to pass in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.
  10And immediately as he was stepping up out of the water, he saw the heavens being torn open and the spirit descending upon him like a dove,
  11and a voice came out of the heavens, “You are my Son, the beloved, in you I am well pleased.”

The Temptation in the Desert

12And immediately the spirit drives him out into the desert.
  13And he was in the desert forty days being tempted by the Adversary.c And he was with the wild animals, and the angels served him.

Jesus Begins to Preach

14Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee preaching the good news of God
  15and saying, “The time is fulfilled and the Kingdom of God has drawn near. Repent, and believe the good news.”

The Calling of Disciples

16And as he was passing alongside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew (the brother of Simon), casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen.
  17And Jesus said to them, “Come after me, and I will make you become fishers of people.”
  18And immediately they left the nets and followed him.
  19And going on a little further, he saw James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, and they were in their boat mending the nets.
  20And immediately he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants and went after him.

Jesus Casts Out an Unclean Spirit

21And they went into Capernaum. And immediately on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue and taught.
  22And they were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one having authority and not as the experts in the law.
  23And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit, and he cried out,
  24saying, “What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know you, who you are—the Holy One of God.”
  25And Jesus subdued him, saying, “Be bound!” and “Come out of him!”
  26And the unclean spirit, throwing him into convulsions and crying out with a loud voice, came out of him.
  27And they were all so amazed that they disputed among themselves, saying, “What is this? A new teaching—with authority! He even commands the unclean spirits and they obey him.”
  28And immediately the news about him went out everywhere into all the surrounding region of Galilee.

Jesus Heals Many in Capernaum

29And immediately, having come out of the synagogue, they went with James and John into the house of Simon and Andrew.
  30Now Simon’s mother-in-law lay sick with a fever, and immediately they spoke to him about her.
  31And he came and took her by the hand and raised her up, and the fever left her and she began to serve them.

32And when evening came, after the sun had set, they began to bring to him everyone who was sick and those who were afflicted by demons.
  33And the whole city was gathered together at the door.
  34And he healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons, and he did not allow the demons to speak because they knew him.

Jesus Prays and Preaches

35And in the morning, a great while before day, he got up and went out and departed into a solitary place and prayed there.
  36And Simon and those who were with him followed after him,
  37and they found him and say to him, “Everyone is looking for you.”
  38And he says to them, “Let’s go somewhere else, into the nearby towns, so that I can preach there also, for that is why I came.”
  39And he went into their synagogues throughout all Galilee, preaching and casting out demons.

Jesus Heals a Leper

40And a man with a serious skin diseased comes to him, begging him, and kneeling down to him, and saying to him, “If you want to, you are able to make me clean.”
  41And he, being moved with compassion, stretched out his hand and touched him, and says to him, “I want to. Be clean!”
  42And immediately the skin disease departed from him and he was made clean.
  43And he sternly warned him and immediately sent him away,
  44and says to him, “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go show yourself to the priest, and for your cleansing offer the things that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.”
  45But he went out and began to widely proclaim it and to spread abroad the matter, so that Jesus was not able to openly enter into a city anymore, but was outside in unpopulated areas, and they came to him from everywhere.

From Mal. 3:1.
From Isa. 40:3.
“Adversary” is the translation of the Greek satanas.
Traditionally “leper”, but the Greek word can refer to many skin diseases.

Mark Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 2
Jesus Heals a Paralyzed Man

1And when he entered again into Capernaum after some days, it was heard that he was at home.
  2And many were gathered together, so that there was no longer any room, not even around the door, and he was speaking the word to them.
  3And they came, bringing to him a paralyzed man, carried by four.
  4And when they were not able to bring the man to him because of the crowd, they uncovered the roof where he was, and when they had dug through it, they let down the bed on which the paralyzed man lay.
  5And Jesus, seeing their trust, says to the paralyzed man, “Child, your sins are forgiven.”

6But there were some of the experts in the law sitting there and reasoning in their hearts,
  7“Why does this man speak this way? He speaks defaming words. Who is able to forgive sins but God alone?”
  8And immediately Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they were reasoning that way within themselves, says to them, “Why are you reasoning about these things in your hearts?
  9Which is easier: to say to the paralyzed man, ‘Your sins are forgiven;’ or to say, ‘Get up, and take up your bed, and walk’?
  10But so you know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he then says to the paralyzed man
  11“I say to you, get up, take up your bed, and go to your house.”
  12And he got up and immediately took up the bed and went out in front of them all, so that they were all amazed and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this.”

Jesus Calls Levi (Matthew)

13And again he went out beside the lake,a and the whole multitude was coming to him, and he was teaching them.
  14And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax office, and he says to him, “Follow me.” And he got up and followed him.
  15And it came to pass that he was reclining to eat in his house, and many tax collectors and sinners reclined with Jesus and his disciples, for there were many, and they were following him.
  16And the experts in the law who were Pharisees, when they saw that he was eating with the sinners and tax collectors, said to his disciples, “Why is he eating with tax collectors and sinners?”
  17And when Jesus heard it, he says to them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick do. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Jesus Questioned About Fasting

18And John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, and they come and say to him, “Why do John’s disciples and the Pharisees’ disciples fast, but your disciples do not fast?”
  19And Jesus said to them, “It is not possible for the wedding guestsb to fast while the bridegroom is with them, is it? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they are not able to fast.
  20But the days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in that day.

21“No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; otherwise, the patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear is made.
  22And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the wine will burst the skins and the wine is ruined and so are the skins. Instead, new wine is put into fresh wineskins.”

Lord of the Sabbath

23And it came to pass that he was going through the grainfields on the Sabbath. And as they made their way his disciples began to pluck heads of grain.
  24And the Pharisees said to him, “Look, why are they doing that which is not lawful on the Sabbath?”
  25And he said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he was in need and was hungry, he, and those who were with him,
  26how he went into the house of God when Abiathar was the high priest, and ate the Bread of the Presence, which it is not lawful to eat, except by the priests, and he also gave it to those who were with him?”
  27And he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for people, not people for the Sabbath;
  28therefore, the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.”

The “Sea of Galilee” is actually a lake.
Lit. “sons of the bride-chamber”

Mark Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 3
Healing a Hand on the Sabbath

1And again he went into the synagogue, and a man was there with a shriveled hand.
  2And they were closely watching him to see if he would heal him on the Sabbath day, so that they could accuse him.
  3And he says to the man who had the shriveled hand, “Stand up in the middle of the people.”
  4And he says to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save a life or to kill?” But they remained silent.
  5And looking around at them with anger, being grieved at the hardness of their hearts, he says to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored.
  6And the Pharisees went out and immediately took counsel with the Herodians against him, how to destroy him.

Large Crowds Follows Jesus

7And Jesus, with his disciples, withdrew to the lake and a large crowd from Galilee followed him, and a large crowd from Judea,
  8and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and beyond the Jordan, and around Tyre and Sidon, hearing everything he was doing, came to him.
  9And he told his disciples to prepare a small boat for him because of the crowd, so they would not crush him
  10because he had healed many, so that all those who had afflictions were pressing toward him in order to touch him.
  11And the unclean spirits, whenever they saw him, fell down before him and cried out, saying, “You are the Son of God.”
  12And he sternly warned them not to make him known.

The Twelve Apostles

13And he goes up on the mountain and calls to himself those whom he wanted, and they came to him.
  14And he appointed twelve, so that they would be with him and so that he could send them out to preach
  15and to have authority to cast out demons.
  16And he gave Simon the name “Peter,”
  17and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, even to them he gave the name “Boanerges,” (that is, Sons of Thunder);
  18and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
  19and Judas Iscariot (who also betrayed him).

Jesus' Mother and Brothers Hear

And he comes into his home,
  20and the multitude comes together again, to such an extent that they were not able to eat bread.
  21And when those who were close to him heard it, they set out to take custody of him, for they said, “He is out of his mind.”

A Divided Kingdom Will Fall

22And the experts in the law who came down from Jerusalem were saying, “He has Beelzebul, and by the ruler of the demons he casts out the demons.”
  23And he called them to him and began speaking to them in parables, “How is the Adversarya able to cast out the Adversary?
  24And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom is not able to stand.
  25And if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand.
  26And if the Adversary has risen up against himself and is divided, he is not able to stand, but his end has come.
  27Furthermore, no one is able to enter into the house of the strong man and plunder his goods unless he first binds the strong man. And then he can plunder his house.

The Unforgivable Sin

28“Truly I say to you, all of people’s sins will be forgiven, and whatever defaming talk with which they defame,
  29but whoever defames the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven, but is guilty of an Age-abiding sin”—
  30because they were saying, “He has an unclean spirit.”

Jesus' Mother and Brothers Arrive

31And his mother and his brothers arrive and, standing outside, they sent to him, calling him.
  32And a multitude was sitting around him, and they say to him, “Look!, your mother and your brothers are outside looking for you.”
  33And he, answering them, says, “Who are my mother and my brothers?”
  34And looking around on those who were sitting around him, he says, “Behold, my mother and my brothers!
  35For whoever does the will of God, that one is my brother, and sister, and mother.”

“Adversary” is the translation of the Greek satanas.

Mark Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 4
The Parable of the Sower

1And again he began to teach beside the lake. And such a very great multitude gathered to him that he got into a boat in the lake and sat down, and the whole multitude was on the land facing the lake.
  2And he was teaching them many things in parables and was saying to them in his teaching,
  3“Listen! Pay attention! The sower went out to sow,
  4and it came to pass as he sowed, some seed fell beside the path, and the birds came and devoured it.
  5And some fell on the rocky ground where it did not have much soil, and immediately it sprang up because it had no depth of soil.
  6And when the sun rose it was scorched, and because it had no root it withered away.
  7And some fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
  8And other seeds fell onto the good soil and yielded fruit, growing up and increasing, and brought forth a crop, some thirty, and some sixty and some a hundredfold.”
  9And he was saying, “Anyone who has ears to hear had better listen!”

Parable of the Sower Explained

10And as soon as he was alone, the ones who were around him, with the Twelve, began asking him the meaning of the parables.
  11And he was saying to them, “The sacred secret of the Kingdom of God has been given to you. But to those who are outside, everything is in parables,
  12so that seeing they see but do not perceive, and hearing they hear but do not understand, lest they turn to God, and it be forgiven them.”a

13And he says to them, “Do you not grasp this parable? How then will you understand any of the parables?
  14The sower sows the word.
  15Now these are the ones beside the road where the word is sown: when they hear, immediately the Adversary comes and takes away the word that has been sown into them.

16“And these are the ones being sown on the rocky places, who, when they hear the word, immediately receive it with joy,
  17and yet they do not have any root in themselves, but are short-lived. Then, when hardship or persecution comes because of the word, immediately they fall away.

18“And others are the ones sown among the thorns. These are the ones who have heard the word,
  19and the worries of this age and the deceitfulness of wealth and the desire for other things, entering in, choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

20“And these are the ones who were sown on the good ground: those who go on hearing the word, and go on accepting it, and go on bearing fruit, thirtyfold, and sixtyfold, and a hundredfold.”

Every Secret Will Be Revealed

21And he said to them, “The lamp is not brought out in order to be put under a peck-basketb is it? Or under the bed? Is it not to be put on the lampstand?
  22For there is nothing hidden, except to be revealed, nor has anything been hidden away except to come to light.
  23Anyone who has ears to hear had better listen!”

24And he said to them, “Pay attention to what you hear. With what measure you measure it will be measured to you and more will be given to you.
  25For whoever has, to him more will be given, and whoever does not have, from him will be taken away even what he has.”

The Kingdom is Like Seed

26And he said, “The Kingdom of God is like a person who scatters seed on the ground.
  27And he sleeps and rises, night and day, and the seed sprouts and grows; he does not know how.
  28The earth bears fruit on its own—first the stalk, then a head of grain, then the full grain in the head.
  29But when the crop permits, immediately he puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come.”

Kingdom is Like a Mustard Seed

30And he said, “With what can we compare the Kingdom of God, or by what parable can we set it forth?
  31It is like a grain of mustard seed which, when it is sown on the earth, is smaller than all the seeds that are on the earth,
  32yet when it is sown it grows up and becomes greater than all the garden plants and puts out great branches so that the birds of heaven are able to nest in its shade.”

Parables and Explanations

33And with many such parables he spoke the word to them, as they were able to hear it,
  34and he did not speak to them without using a parable, but privately to his own disciples he expounded all things.

Jesus Calms the Storm

35And on that day, when evening had come, he says to them, “Let’s go over to the other side.”
  36And leaving the multitude, they took him along with them, just as he was, in the boat (and other boats were with him).
  37And a great windstorm arose, and the waves were breaking into the boat, so that the boat was now being filled.
  38And he himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion, and they wake him and say to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing?”
  39And he, when he was fully awakened, subdued the wind, and said to the sea, “Hush! Be bound!” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
  40And he said to them, “Why are you fearful? Do you still not have trust?”
  41And they were very afraid and said one to another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”

From Isa. 6:9, 10.
Greek is modios, a dry measure of about a peck, or 9 liters.

Mark Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 5
Legion Cast Out of a Man

1And they came to the other side of the lake, into the region of the Gerasenes.
  2And when he had come out of the boat, immediately a man from the tombs with an unclean spirit met him,
  3who had his dwelling in the tombs, and no one was able to bind him any more, not even with a chain,
  4because he had often been bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been torn apart by him, and the fetters broken in pieces, and no one had the strength to subdue him.
  5And always, night and day, in the tombs and in the mountains, he was crying out and cutting himself with stones.
  6And when he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and bowed before him,
  7and crying out with a loud voice, he says, “What do you want with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I demand that you swear under oath by God that you will not torment me.”
  8For he said to him, “Come out of the man you unclean spirit.”
  9And he asked him, “What is your name?” And he says to him, “My name is Legion, for we are many.”
  10And he kept on earnestly begging him that he would not send them away out of the region.
  11Now there was there on the mountainside a large herd of pigs feeding.
  12And they begged him, saying, “Send us into the pigs. Let us enter into them.”
  13And he allowed them. And the unclean spirits came out and went into the pigs, and the herd, about 2,000 in number, rushed down the steep slope into the lake, and they were drowned in the lake.

14And the herdsmen fled and reported it in the city and in the countryside. And they came to see what it was that had come to pass.
  15And they came to Jesus and saw the one who had been afflicted by a demon (he who had the “Legion”), sitting, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid.
  16And those who saw it described to them what had happened to him who had been afflicted by a demon, and also about the pigs.
  17And they began to beg him to depart from their region.
  18And as he was entering into the boat, he who had been afflicted by the demon kept begging him to be with him.
  19And he did not allow him to, but says to him, “Go to your house, to your friends, and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he had mercy on you.”
  20And he went his way and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone was amazed.

A Woman Healed and Dead Raised

21And when Jesus had crossed over again in the boat to the other side, a great multitude gathered around him, and he was by the lake.
  22And one of the rulers of the synagogue came, Jairus by name, and seeing him, fell at his feet,
  23and kept earnestly begging him, saying, “My little daughter is at the point of death. Come, put your hands on her so that she will be made well and live!”
  24And he went with him, and a great multitude followed him, and they pressed in on him.

25And a woman who had a discharge of blood for 12 years,
  26and had suffered many things by many physicians, and had spent all that she had and was not any better, but rather grew worse,
  27when she heard about Jesus, came in the crowd behind him and touched his garment,
  28for she was saying, “If I just touch his garments, I will be healed.”
  29And immediately the flow of her blood dried up, and she knew in her body that she was healed of her affliction.
  30And immediately Jesus, knowing in himself that power had gone out from him, turned around in the crowd, and said, “Who touched my garments?”
  31And his disciples said to him, “You see the multitude pressing in on you, and you say, ‘Who touched me?’”
  32And he looked around to see who had done it.
  33Now the woman, being afraid and trembling, knowing what had been done to her, came and fell down before him, and told him all the truth.
  34And he said to her, “Daughter, your trust has made you well. Go in peace, and be healed of your affliction.”

35While he was still speaking, they come from the ruler of the synagogue’s house saying, “Your daughter has died. Why trouble the teacher any further?”
  36But Jesus, ignoring the word spoken, says to the ruler of the synagogue, “Do not be afraid, only believe.”
  37And he allowed no one to follow with him except Peter, and James, and John (the brother of James).
  38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and he sees a commotion, and many crying and wailing loudly.
  39And when he had entered in, he says to them, “Why are you making a commotion and crying? The child did not die, but is sleeping.”
  40And they laughed at him, but he, having put them all outside, took the father of the child, and her mother, and those who were with him, and went in where the child was.
  41And taking the child by the hand, he says to her, “Talitha koum” (which being translated means, “Little girl, I say to you, get up.”).
  42And immediately the little girl got up and began to walk, for she was 12 years old. And immediately they were amazed and greatly bewildered.
  43And he strictly charged them that no one should know this, and he said that something should be given her to eat.

Mark Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 6
Jesus Revisits Nazareth

1And he went out from there, and he came into his hometown, and his disciples followed him.
  2And when the Sabbath had come, he began to teach in the synagogue. And many who were listening to him were astonished, saying, “Where did this man learn these things?” And, “What is this wisdom that has been given to him, and how are such mighty works being done by his hands?
  3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James, and Joses, and Judas, and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us?” And they were offended by him.
  4And Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and among his own relatives and in his own house.”
  5And he was not able to do any mighty work, except that he laid his hands on a few sick people and healed them.
  6And he was amazed because of their unbelief. And he went around the villages teaching.

Jesus Sends Out the Twelve

7And he called the Twelve to himself, and began to send them out two by two. And he gave them authority over the unclean spirits,
  8and he instructed them that they should take nothing for their journey except a staff only, no bread, no traveler’s bag, no money in their belt,
  9but to wear sandals, and, he said, “Do not put on two tunics.”
  10And he said to them, “Wherever you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from that area.
  11And whatever place does not receive you or listen to you, when you leave there, shake off the dust that is under your feet for a testimony against them.”
  12And they went out and preached that people should repent.
  13And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick, and healed them.

Herod and John the Baptist

14And king Herod heard about Jesus (for his name had become known), and he said, “John the Baptist has been raised out from among the dead, and that is why these powers work in him.”
  15But others said, “It is Elijah.” And others said, “It is a prophet, like one of the prophets.”
  16But Herod, when he heard, said, “John, whom I beheaded, has been raised.”

17For Herod himself had sent and laid hold on John and bound him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, for he had married her.
  18For John had been telling Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.”
  19And Herodias nursed a grudge against him, and wanted to kill him, and yet she was not able to,
  20for Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man, and so kept him safe. And when he heard him, he was greatly perplexed, and yet he liked to listen to him.

21But an opportune day came when Herod, on his birthday, made a supper for his lords, and the military commanders, and the most important men of Galilee.
  22And when the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, she pleased Herod and those who reclined to eat with him. And the king said to the girl, “Ask me for whatever you want, and I will give it to you.”
  23And he swore to her, “Whatever you ask me for, I will give it to you, up to half of my kingdom.”
  24And she went out and said to her mother, “What should I ask for?” And she said, “The head of John the Baptist.”
  25And immediately she hurried back to the king, and asked, saying, “I want you to give me right now the head of John the Baptist on a platter.”
  26And the king was deeply grieved, but because of his oaths and those reclining to eat, he would not refuse her.
  27And immediately the king sent out a soldier of his guard, and commanded to bring his head. And he went and beheaded him in the prison
  28and brought his head on a platter and gave it to the girl, and the girl gave it to her mother.
  29And when his disciples heard about it, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a tomb.

The Feeding of the Five Thousand

30And the apostles gathered together to Jesus, and they told him everything, all that they had done, and all that they had taught.
  31And he says to them, “Come away by yourselves to a solitary place, and rest a while.” For there were many coming and going and they did not even have a chance to eat.
  32And they went away by themselves in the boat to a solitary place.
  33And many saw them departing and knew where they were going, and they ran together there on foot from all the cities, and went before them.
  34And he came out of the boat and saw a great multitude, and he had compassion on them because they were like sheep without a shepherd, and he began to teach them many things.
  35And when the hour was well advanced, his disciples came to him and said, “This is a remote place and the hour is now advanced.
  36Send them away so that they can go into the country and surrounding villages and buy themselves something to eat.”
  37But he answered and said to them, “You give them something to eat.” And they say to him, “Should we go and buy 200 denarii worth of bread, and give them to eat?”a
  38And he says to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go and see.” And when they knew, they say, “Five, and two fish.”
  39And he commanded them to make everyone recline, group by group, on the green grass.
  40And they reclined, group by group, by hundreds and by fifties.
  41And he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and broke the loaves, and he kept giving them to the disciples to set before them, and the two fish he divided among them all.
  42And they all ate and were filled.
  43And they took up broken pieces, 12 basketfuls, and also of the fish.
  44And those who ate the loaves were 5,000 men.

Jesus Walks on the Water

45And immediately he compelled his disciples to enter into the boat and to go ahead of him to the other side, toward Bethsaida, while he himself was sending the multitude away.
  46And after he had taken leave of them, he departed to the mountain to pray.
  47And when evening came, the boat was in the middle of the lake and he was alone on the land.
  48And seeing them being battered as they rowed, for the wind was against them, about the fourth watch of the nightb he came to them walking on the lake. And he intended to pass by them,
  49but when they saw him walking on the lake, they supposed that it was a ghost, and cried out,
  50for they all saw him and were terrified. But immediately he spoke to them, and says to them, “Take courage! It is I. Do not be afraid.”
  51And he went up to them into the boat, and the wind ceased, and they were greatly amazed among themselves,
  52for they had not gained any insight from the miracle of the loaves, but their hearts were hardened.

Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

53And when they had crossed over, they came to the land at Gennesaret, and moored to the shore.
  54And when they had come out of the boat, immediately the people knew him
  55and ran around that whole region and began to carry on their beds those who were sick to wherever they heard he was.
  56And whenever he went into villages, or into cities, or into the countryside, they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged him to let them touch even the tassels of his garment, and as many as touched him were made well.

A denarius coin was worth about a day’s wage for a laborer.
The night was divided into 4 watches: 1st: 6-9 PM; 2nd: 9 PM -midnight; 3rd: midnight -3 AM; 4th: 3-6 AM (Mark 13:35).

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Go to Commentary on Mark 7
Traditions and Commandments

1And the Pharisees and some of the experts in the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered together to him.
  2And they had seen that some of his disciples ate their bread with defiled, that is, unwashed hands.
  3(For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, unless they wash their hands to the wrist, do not eat, holding fast to the tradition of the elders,
  4and when they come from the market-place, they do not eat unless they bathe themselves, and there are many other things that they have received to observe, such as the washings of cups, and pots, and copper vessels.)
  5And the Pharisees and the experts in the law ask him, “Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with defiled hands?”
  6And he said to them, “Isaiah prophesied rightly of you hypocrites, as it is written, The Peoplea honor me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.
  7Moreover, in vain do they show devotion to me, teaching as their doctrines the commandments of men.b

8“You leave the commandment of God, and hold on firmly to the tradition of men.”
  9And he said to them, “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to keep your tradition.
  10For Moses said, Honor your father and your mother,c and, Whoever speaks evil of their father or mother, let him be put to death,d
  11but you say, ‘If a man says to his father or his mother, “Whatever you might have gained from me is Corban (that is to say, Given to God).”’
  12You no longer allow him to do anything for his father or his mother,
  13thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you are doing many things like that.”

What Defiles a Person

14And he called the multitude to him again, and said to them, “Hear me all of you, and understand:
  15there is nothing outside a person that by going into them is able to defile them. But the things that come out of the person are the things that defile that person.”
  16[If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.]

17And when he had entered the house and was away from the multitude, his disciples were asking him about the parable.
  18And he says to them, “So even you are without understanding! Do you not understand that whatever goes into a person from the outside is not able to defile him
  19because it does not go into his heart, but into his belly, and goes out into the sewer?” (He said this, making all foods clean).
  20And he said, “That which comes out of the person—that is what defiles the person.
  21For from within, out of people’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, thefts, murders, adulteries,
  22greed, wickedness, deceit, unrestrained behavior, an evil eye,e insults, pride, senselessness—
  23all these evil things proceed from within, and defile the person.”

Trust of a Syrophoenician Woman

24And from there he stood up and went away into the region of Tyre. And he went into a house and wanted no one to know about it, and yet he was not able to be hidden.
  25But immediately a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, having heard of him, came and fell down at his feet.
  26Now the woman was a Gentile, a Syrophoenician by birth. And she kept asking him that he would cast the demon out of her daughter.
  27And he said to her, “Let the children be filled first, for it is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the little dogs.”
  28But she answered and says to him, “Yes, Lord, even the little dogs under the table eat of the children’s crumbs.”
  29And he said to her, “For this saying go your way, the demon is gone out of your daughter.”
  30And going back to her house, she found the child lying on the bed, the demon having gone out.

Jesus Heals a Deaf Man

31And again he went out from the region of Tyre, and came through Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, through the middle of the region of Decapolis.
  32And they bring to him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, and they begged him to lay his hand on him.
  33And he took him by himself, away from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue;
  34and looking up to heaven, he sighed, and says to him, “Ephphatha” (that is, “Be opened”).
  35And his ears were opened, and the binding of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plainly.
  36And he ordered them to tell no one, but the more he ordered them, the more they continued to proclaim it.
  37And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well! He even makes the deaf to hear and the mute to speak!”

The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.
From Isa. 29:13.
From Exod. 20:12, Deut. 5:16.
From Exod. 21:17, Lev. 20:9.
Idiomatic for envy, stinginess.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 8
The Feeding of the Four Thousand

1In those days, when there was again a great multitude and they had nothing to eat, he called to him his disciples and says to them,
  2“I have compassion on the multitude, because they have continued with me now three days and have nothing to eat,
  3and if I send them away hungry to their home, they will faint on the way, and some of them have come from far away.”
  4And his disciples answered him, “Where will anyone be able to find enough to satisfy these people with bread here in a desolate place?”
  5And he asked them, “How many loaves do you have?” And they said, “Seven.”
  6And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground, and he took the seven loaves and, having given thanks, he broke them and gave them to his disciples to set before them, and they set them before the multitude.
  7And they had a few small fish, and having blessed them, he said to set these before them as well.
  8And they ate and were filled, and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces—seven large baskets.
  9Now about 4,000 people were there, and he sent them away.

Religious Leaders Demand a Sign

10And immediately he got into the boat with his disciples, and went into the district of Dalmanutha.
  11And the Pharisees came out and began to dispute with him, seeking from him a sign from heaven, tempting him.
  12And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and says, “Why does this generation seek a sign? Truly I say to you, no sign will be given to this generation.”
  13And he left them, got into the boat again, and went away to the other side.

The Leaven of Wrong Doctrine

14And they had forgotten to take bread, and did not have more than one loaf with them in the boat.
  15And he ordered them, saying, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.”
  16And they began to discuss with one another the fact that they did not have any bread.
  17And Jesus perceiving it says to them, “Why do you discuss the fact that you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive or understand? Have your hearts become hardened?
  18Having eyes, do you not see? And having ears, do you not hear?a And do you not remember?
  19When I broke the five loaves among the 5,000, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up?” They say to him, “12.”
  20“And when I broke the seven among the 4,000, how many basketfuls of broken pieces did you take up?” And they say to him, “Seven.”
  21And he said to them, “Do you still not understand?”

Blind Man Healed by Degrees

22And they come to Bethsaida. And they bring to him a blind man and begged him to touch him.
  23And he took hold of the blind man by the hand and brought him out of the village. And when he had spit on his eyes and laid his hands on him, he asked him, “Do you see anything?”
  24And he looked up and said, “I see people, but I perceive them as trees, walking.”
  25Then he laid his hands on his eyes again, and he looked intently and was restored, and saw everything clearly.
  26And he sent him away to his home, saying, “Do not even enter into the village.”

Peter's Confession of Christ

27And Jesus and his disciples went out into the villages of Caesarea Philippi. And on the way he asked his disciples, saying to them, “Who do people say that I am?”
  28And they told him, saying, “‘John the Baptist,’ and others say, ‘Elijah,’ but others say, ‘One of the prophets.’”
  29And he asked them, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered and says to him, “You are the Christ.”
  30And he warned them not to tell anyone about him.

Death and Resurrection Foretold

31And he began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, and the chief priests, and the experts in the law, and be killed, and after three days, rise up.
  32And he spoke this word plainly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him,
  33but he, turning around and seeing his disciples, rebuked Peter, and says, “Get behind me, Adversary! For you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of man.”

Take Up Your Cross

34And calling to him the multitude, along with his disciples, he said to them, “If anyone wants to follow after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.
  35For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of me and the good news will save it.
  36For what does it profit a person to gain the whole world and forfeit his life?
  37For what can a person give in exchange for his life?
  38For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man also will be ashamed of him when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”

From Jer. 5:21; Ezek. 12:2.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 9

1And he said to them, “Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will absolutely not taste of death until they see the Kingdom of God come with power.”

The Transfiguration

2And after six days Jesus takes with him Peter, and James, and John, and brought them apart by themselves up a high mountain. And he was transformed before them,
  3and his garments became radiant, exceedingly white, such as no launderer on earth is able to whiten them.
  4And there appeared to them Elijah with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus.
  5And Peter answered and says to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let us make three tents. One for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
  6For he did not know what to say, for they became terrified.
  7And a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is my Son, the beloved. Listen to him.”
  8And suddenly, when they looked around, they no longer saw anyone, except Jesus alone with them,

Death and Resurrection Foretold

9And as they were coming down from the mountain, he ordered them to tell no one what they had seen until after the Son of Man had arisen out from among the dead.
  10And they kept the matter to themselves, discussing what “rising out from among the dead” meant.
  11And they asked him, saying, “Why is it that the experts in the law say that Elijah must come first?”
  12And he said to them, “Elijah does come first to restore all things. And yet how is it that it is written of the Son of Man, that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt?
  13But I say to you that ‘Elijah’ has indeed come, and they have done to him whatever they pleased, just as it is written of him.”

Jesus Heals Epileptic Boy

14And when they came to the disciples, they saw a great multitude around them and experts in the law disputing with them.
  15And immediately the entire multitude, when they saw him, was greatly amazed, and running to him greeted him.
  16And he asked them, “What are you disputing with them about?”
  17And one of the multitude answered him, “Teacher, I brought to you my son, who has a spirit that makes him mute,
  18and whenever it takes hold of him, it throws him down, and he foams and grinds his teeth and becomes rigid. And I asked your disciples to cast it out, and they were not strong enough.”
  19And he answered them and says, “O generation without trust, how long will I be with you? How long will I bear with you? Bring him to me.”
  20And they brought him to him, and when he saw him, immediately the spirit threw him into a convulsion, and having fallen on the ground, he was rolling around foaming at the mouth.
  21And he asked his father, “How long a time has this been happening to him?” And he said, “From childhood.”
  22And often it has thrown him both into the fire and into the waters to destroy him. But if you are able to do anything, have compassion on us, and help us.”
  23And Jesus said to him, “If you are able to! All things are possible for the one who believes.”
  24Immediately the father of the child cried out, and said, “I believe. Help my unbelief.”
  25And when Jesus saw that a multitude came running together, he subdued the unclean spirit, saying to him, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him and enter no more into him.”
  26And having cried out, and torn him much, he came out, and the boy became as if he were dead, so that most of them said, “He is dead.”
  27But Jesus took him by the hand and raised him up and he got up.
  28And when he had come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, “Why is it that we were not able to cast it out?”
  29And he said to them, “This kind is not able to come out by anything except by prayer.”

Death and Resurrection Foretold

30They went out from there and passed through Galilee. And he did not want anyone to know it,
  31for he was teaching his disciples and saying to them, “The Son of Man is going to be handed over into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and when he is killed, after three days he will rise up.”
  32But they did not understand the saying, and were afraid to ask him.

Who is the Greatest?

33And they came to Capernaum. And when he was in the house he asked them, “What were you arguing about on the road?”
  34But they remained silent, for on the road they had argued with one another who was the greatest.
  35And he sat down, and called the Twelve, and he said to them, “If anyone wants to be first, he will be last of all, and servant of all.”
  36And he took a little child and set it in the midst of them, and taking him in his arms, he said to them,
  37“Whoever receives one child like this in my name, receives me, and whoever receives me, does not receive only me, but also the one who sent me.”

For or Against

38John said to him, “Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name and tried to stop him because he did not follow us.”
  39But Jesus said, “Do not stop him, for there is no one who will do a mighty work in my name and will soon afterward be able to speak evil of me.
  40For whoever is not against us is for us.
  41For whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you are Christ’s, truly I say to you, he will absolutely not lose his reward.

Removing Causes of Sin

42“And whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to fall away, it would be better for him if a millstone turned by a donkeya was hung around his neck and he was thrown into the lake.

43“And if your hand causes you to fall away, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into the Life maimed, rather than having your two hands to go into Gehenna, into the unquenchable fire.
  44[Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.]
  45And if your foot causes you to fall away, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life lame, rather than having your two feet to be thrown into Gehenna.
  46[Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.]
  47And if your eye causes you to fall away, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter into the Kingdom of God with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be thrown into Gehenna
  48where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.b
  49For everyone will be salted with fire.
  50Salt is good, but if the salt has become unsalty, with what will you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another.”

A huge millstone turned by a donkey, not the small millstone women used to grind grain.
From Isa. 66:24.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 10
Teaching About Divorce

1And he set out from there and went into the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and multitudes come together to him again. And again, as was his custom, he began to teach them.
  2And Pharisees came to him and, tempting him, asked him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
  3And he answered and said to them, “What did Moses command you?”
  4And they said, “Moses allowed us to write a certificate of divorce, and send her away.”a
  5But Jesus said to them, “Due to your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.
  6But from the beginning of the creation, he made them male and female.b
  7For this reason a man will leave his father and mother, and will be joined to his wife,c
  8and the two will become one flesh,d so that they are no longer two, but one flesh.
  9Therefore, what God has joined together, let no one separate.”

10And in the house the disciples asked him again of this matter.
  11And he says to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her,
  12and if she herself divorces her husband, and marries another, she commits adultery.”

Learning From Children

13And they were bringing to him little children so that he would touch them, but the disciples rebuked them.
  14But when Jesus saw it, he was moved with indignation and said to them, “Allow the little children to come to me. Do not hinder them, for to such belongs the Kingdom of God.
  15Truly I say to you, whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child, he will absolutely not enter it.”
  16And he took them in his arms, and blessed them, laying his hands on them.

The Rich Young Ruler

17And as he was going out onto the road, someone ran to him and knelt before him and asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit life in the age to come?”
  18And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except one: God.
  19You know the commandments: Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.e
  20And he said to him, “Teacher, all these things I have observed from my youth.”
  21And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “One thing you lack. Go, sell whatever you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven, and come, follow me.”
  22But his face fell at the saying, and he went away grieved, for he had many possessions.

Rewards in the Kingdom

23And Jesus, having looked around, says to his disciples, “How difficult it will be for those who have wealth to enter the Kingdom of God!”
  24And the disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus answered again and said to them, “Children, how hard it is to enter into the Kingdom of God!
  25It is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich person to enter into the Kingdom of God.”
  26And they were exceedingly astonished, saying to themselves, “Then who is able to be saved?”
  27Jesus, looking at them, says, “With people it is impossible, but not with God, for all things are possible with God.”

28Peter began to say to him, “See, we have left everything and followed you.”
  29Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house, or brothers, or sisters, or mother, or father, or children, or lands, because of me and because of the good news,
  30who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time, (houses, and brothers, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, along with persecutions), and in the coming Age, life in that Age.
  31But many who are first will be last, and the last first.”

Death and Resurrection Foretold

32And they were on the road going up to Jerusalem and Jesus was going ahead of them. And they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid.

And again he took the Twelve and began to tell them the things that were to happen to him:
  33“Look!, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and the experts in the law, and they will condemn him to death, and will hand him over to the Gentiles,
  34and they will mock him, and will spit on him, and will scourge him, and will kill him, and after three days he will be raised.”

James and John's Request

35And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, approached him, saying to him, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you.”
  36And he said to them, “What do you want me to do for you?”
  37And they said to him, “Grant to us that we may sit, one on your right hand, and one on your left hand, in your glory.”
  38But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?”
  39And they said to him, “We are able.” And Jesus said to them, “The cup that I drink you will drink, and with the baptism with which I am baptized you will be baptized,
  40but to sit on my right hand or on my left hand is not mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.”

41And when the ten heard it, they began to be moved with indignation concerning James and John.
  42And Jesus called them to him, and says to them, “You know that those who are recognized as rulers over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them.
  43But it is not so among you, but whoever wants to be great among you will be your servant,
  44and whoever wants to be first among you must be a slave to all.
  45For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Blind Bartimaeus Healed

46And they come to Jericho. And as he went out from Jericho with his disciples and a great multitude, Bartimaeus (the son of Timaeus), a blind beggar, was sitting by the side of the road.
  47And when he heard that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me.”
  48And many were rebuking him so that he would be silent, but he kept crying out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me.”
  49And Jesus stood still and said, “Call him.” And they called the blind man, saying to him, “Be of good cheer! Get up, he is calling you.”
  50And he, tossing aside his garment, sprang up and came to Jesus.
  51And Jesus answered him, and said, “What do you want me to do for you?” And the blind man said to him, “Rabboni, I want to receive my sight!”
  52And Jesus said to him, “Go. Your trust has made you well.” And immediately he received his sight, and followed him on the road.

From Deut. 24:1-4.
From Gen. 1:27.
Quoted from Genesis 2:24.
Quoted from Genesis 2:24.
From Exod. 20:12-16; Deut. 5:16-20.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 11
The Triumphal Entry

1And when they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, he sends two of his disciples
  2and says to them, “Go into the village that is in front of you, and immediately as you enter into it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Loose him and bring him.
  3And if any one says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord has need of him,’ and immediately he will send him back here.”
  4And they went away and found a colt tied at the door outside in the open street, and they loose him.
  5And some of those who stood there said to them, “What are you doing, loosing the colt?”
  6And they said to them as Jesus had said, and they let them go.
  7And they bring the colt to Jesus, and threw their garments on it, and he sat on it.
  8And many spread their garments on the road, and others spread branches that they had cut from the fields.
  9And those who went before, and those who followed after, cried, “Hosanna!a Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!b
  10Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!”

11And he went into Jerusalem, into the temple, and when he had looked around at everything, the hour already being late, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.

A Fig Tree Cursed

12And on the next day, as they came from Bethany, he was hungry.
  13And seeing a fig tree in the distance that had leaves, he came to see if perhaps he might find anything on it, and yet when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, (indeed, it was not the season for figs).
  14And he answered and said to it, “No one will ever eat fruit from you again!” And his disciples heard it.

Jesus Cleanses Temple

15And they came into Jerusalem, and he went into the temple and began to cast out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those who sold the doves,
  16and he would not allow anyone to carry merchandise through the temple.
  17And he taught, and said to them, “Is it not written, My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations?c But you have made it a den of robbers.”d
  18And the chief priests and the experts in the law heard it, and they were seeking how to destroy him, for they were afraid of him, for the whole multitude was astonished at his teaching.
  19And whenever evening came, they went out of the city.

Next Day—Fig Tree Withered

20And as they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away from the roots.
  21And Peter, remembering, says to him, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree that you cursed has withered away.”
  22And Jesus, answering, says to them, “Have trust in God.
  23Truly I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be snatched up and thrown into the sea!’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says comes to pass, it will happen for him.
  24Therefore I say to you, all the things you pray and ask for, believe that you have received them, and you will have them.
  25And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against any one, forgive, in order that your Father who is in heaven will also forgive you your transgressions.
  26[But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.]

Jesus' Authority Challenged

27And they came again into Jerusalem. And as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, and the experts in the law, and the elders, came to him,
  28and they said to him, “By what authority are you doing these things? Or who gave you this authority to do these things?
  29And Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one question, and you answer me and then I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
  30The baptism of John, was it from heaven or from people? Answer me.”
  31And they discussed among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’
  32But should we say, ‘From people’”—they were afraid of the people, for indeed, they all held John to be a prophet.
  33And they answered Jesus and said, “We do not know.” And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

“Hosanna” originally meant “Save” or “Save now.” By NT times it was used as an expression of praise.
From Ps. 118:25, 26.
From Isa. 56:7.
From Jer. 7:11.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 12
Parable of the Greedy Farmers

1And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, and put a wall around it, and dug a pit for the winepress, and built a watchtower, and rented it out to farmers, and went away on a journey.
  2And in the season of harvest he sent a servant to the farmers in order to receive some of the fruit of the vineyard from the farmers.
  3And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
  4And again he sent to them another servant, and they wounded him in the head, and treated him shamefully.
  5And he sent another, and that one they killed, and the same with many others, beating some, and killing some.
  6He still had one to send, a beloved son. He sent him to them last of all, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
  7But those farmers said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’
  8And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard.
  9Therefore, what will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.
  10Have you not read this scripture, ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.
  11This was from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes?’”a
  12And they were seeking to arrest him, because they knew that he spoke the parable against them, but they were afraid of the multitude. And they left him and went away.

The Trap About Paying Taxes

13And they send to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians to catch him in his words.
  14And having come, they say to him, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and are not concerned about anyone’s position, for you do not look to the face of men, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it lawful to pay a poll-tax to Caesar or not? Should we pay, or should we not pay?”
  15But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius so I can look at it.”b
  16And they brought it. And he says to them, “Whose is this image and superscription?” And they said to him, “Caesar’s.”
  17And Jesus said to them, “Give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled greatly at him.

The Trap About the Resurrection

18And Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to him and asked him, saying,
  19“Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, that his brother must take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.c
  20There were seven brothers. And the first took a wife and when he died he left no offspring.
  21And the second took her and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise.
  22And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died.
  23In the resurrection, which one’s wife will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”
  24Jesus said to them, “Is not this the reason you are in error; because you do not know the scriptures or the power of God?
  25For when they rise out from among the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

26“But concerning the dead, that they are raised, have you not read in the scroll of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?d
  27He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are greatly deceived.”

Test About the Greatest Command

28And one of the experts in the law came and heard them disputing together, and recognizing that he had answered them well, asked him, “What commandment is the first of all?”
  29Jesus answered, “The first is, Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone,
  30and so you are to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.e
  31The second is this, Love your neighbor as yourself.f There is no other commandment greater than these.”
  32And the expert in the law said to him, “Well said, teacher, you have spoken truth that he is one, and there is none other but he,g
  33and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself is more important than all the whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices.h
  34And when Jesus saw that he answered intelligently, he said to him, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.” And after that no one dared to ask him any questions.

Jesus' Question About David's Son

35And as he taught in the temple, Jesus answered and said, “How is it that the experts in the law say that the Christ is the son of David?
  36David himself said by the holy spirit, The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand until I put your enemies underneath your feet.i
  37David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ and so in what sense is he his son?”

Warning About the Scribes

And the great crowd was listening to him with delight.
  38And in his teaching he said, “Beware of the experts in the law who like to walk in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces,
  39and the most important seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at feasts.
  40They devour widows’ houses, and make long prayers for the show of it. These will receive a harsher punishment.”

The Widow's Offering

41And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched the multitude put money into the treasury, and many who were rich put in much.
  42And a poor widow came, and she put in two leptons, which make a quadrans.j
  43And he called his disciples to him and said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all those who are putting money into the treasury,
  44for they all put in out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in all that she had, even all her living.”

From Ps. 118:22, 23.
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
From Deut. 25:5.
From Exod. 3:6.
From Deut. 6:4, 5.
From Lev. 19:18.
From Deut. 4:35.
From Deut. 6:4; Lev. 19:18; 1 Sam. 15:22, Hos. 6:6, Micah 6:6-8.
From Ps. 110:1.
A lepton was a Jewish coin worth about fifty cents today, and a quadrans was a Roman coin worth about a dollar.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 13
Signs of the End of the Age

1And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples says to him, “Teacher, Look! What magnificent stones and what magnificent buildings!”
  2And Jesus said to him, “Do you see these large buildings? There will absolutely not be even one stone left on another that will not be thrown down.”

3And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately,
  4“Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when these things are all about to be accomplished?”
  5And Jesus began to say to them, “See to it that no one leads you astray.
  6Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he;’ and will lead many astray.
  7And when you hear wars nearby and reports of wars far away, do not be troubled. These things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
  8For group will rise against group, and kingdom against kingdom, there will be earthquakes in various places, there will be famines—these things are the beginning of birth pains.

9“But be on your guard, for they will hand you over to the courts, and in synagogues you will be beaten, and you will stand before governors and kings because of me, as a witness to them.
  10And the good news must first be preached to all the nations.
  11And when they lead you to judgment, and hand you over, do not be anxious beforehand about what you will say, but say whatever is given to you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the holy spirit.
  12And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child, and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.
  13And you will be hated by everyone because of my name, but the one who endures to the end, that one will be saved.
  14But when you see the abomination of desolationa standing where he should not be (let the one reading understand), then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains,
  15and the one who is on the housetop must not go down, nor go in to take anything out his house,
  16and the one who is in the field must not turn back to take his cloak.
  17But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse in those days!
  18And pray that it is not in the winter,
  19for in those days there will be such tribulation as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and it will absolutely not happen again.
  20And unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved, but for the sake of the chosen, whom he chose, he shortened the days.
  21And at that time if anyone says to you, ‘Behold, here is the Messiah,’ or, ‘Behold, there he is,’ do not believe it,
  22for false Messiahs and false prophets will arise, and they will show signs and wonders to lead astray, if possible, the chosen.
  23But be on guard; I have told you everything beforehand.

The Coming of the Son of Man

24“But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light,
  25and the stars will be falling from heaven,b and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken.
  26And then they will see the Son of Man coming in cloudsc with great power and glory.
  27And then he will send out the angels and will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from the farthest end of the earth to the farthest end of heaven.

The Parable of the Fig Tree

28“Now learn this parable from the fig tree: when its branch has now become tender and puts out its leaves, you know that the summer is near.
  29Even so you also, when you see these things coming to pass, know you that he is near, even at the gates.
  30Truly I say to you, this generation will absolutely not pass away until all these things are accomplished.
  31Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will absolutely not pass away.

No One Knows the Day or Hour

32“But of that day or that hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but only the Father.
  33Be on guard! Keep awake! For you do not know when the time is.
  34It is like a man going away on a journey, having left his house and given authority to his servants, to each his work, and commanded the doorkeeper to watch.
  35So keep watch, for you do not know when the lord of the house will come, whether during the evening watch, or the midnight watch, or the cockcrowing watch, or the morning watch.d
  36Otherwise he may come suddenly and find you sleeping.
  37And what I say to you, I say to everyone: watch!”

From Dan. 9:27, 11:31, 12:11.
From Isa. 13:10, 34:4.
From Dan. 7:13.
In NT times, the day was divided into 12 hours (John 11:9) and the night into 4 watches: 1st: 6-9 PM; 2nd: 9 PM -midnight; 3rd: midnight -3 AM; 4th: 3-6 AM (Mark 13:35).

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Go to Commentary on Mark 14
The Plot to Kill Jesus

1Now after two days was the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the experts in the law were seeking how they could seize him by stealth and kill him,
  2for they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be a riot of the People.”a

Jesus Anointed at Bethany

3And while he was in Bethany in the house of Simon “the leper,”b as he was reclining to eat, a woman came with an alabaster flask of very expensive pure nard perfume. She broke the flask and poured it over his head.
  4But there were some indignantly saying to one another, “Why has this perfume been wasted?
  5For this perfume could have been sold for more than 300 denarii and given to the poor.”c And they were scolding her harshly.
  6But Jesus said, “Let her alone; why do you trouble her? She has done a noble thing for me.
  7For you will always have the poor with you, and whenever you want you are able to do good to them, but you do not always have me.
  8She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand for the burying.
  9And truly I say to you, wherever the good news is preached throughout the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of for a memorial of her.”

Judas' Plots to Betray Jesus

10And Judas Iscariot, he who was one of the Twelve, went away to the chief priests in order to betray him to them.
  11And they were glad when they heard this, and promised to give him money. And so he was seeking an opportune time to betray him.

The Last Supper

12And on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples say to him, “Where do you want us to go and prepare so that you can eat the Passover?”
  13And he sends two of his disciples and says to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you there. Follow him,
  14and whatever place he enters, say to the head of the house, “The Teacher says, ‘Where is my guest room, where I am to eat the Passover with my disciples?’
  15And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; prepare for us there.”
  16And the disciples went out and came into the city, and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover.

17And when it was evening he came with the Twelve.
  18And as they reclined and were eating, Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, one of you will betray me—one who is eating with me.”
  19They began to be grieved and to say to him one by one, “Surely not I?”
  20And he said to them, “It is one of the Twelve; the one who dips with me in the dish.
  21For the Son of Man goes, just as it is written about him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.”

The “Lord’s Supper” Instituted

22And while they were eating, he took bread, and when he had blessed it, he broke it and gave it to them and said, “Take it; this is my body.”
  23And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
  24And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.
  25Truly I say to you, I will absolutely not drink of the fruit of the vine any more until that day when I drink it new in the Kingdom of God.”
  26And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.

27And Jesus says to them, “You all will fall away, for it is written, I will strike down the shepherd and the sheep will be scattered.d
  28But after I am raised I will go before you into Galilee.”
  29But Peter said to him, “Even if everyone falls away, I will not.”
  30And Jesus says to him, “Truly I say to you, that today—this night—before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.”
  31But he spoke exceedingly vehemently, “If I must die with you, I will never ever deny you.” And they all kept saying the same thing.

Jesus in Gethsemane

32And they come to a place that was named Gethsemane, and he says to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.”
  33And he takes with him Peter and James and John and began to be greatly distressed and troubled.
  34And he says to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, to the point of death. Stay here and watch.”
  35And he went forward a little and fell on the ground and prayed that if it were possible, the hour would pass away from him.
  36And he said, “Abba (Father), all things are possible to you; remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not what I want but what you want.”
  37And he comes and finds them sleeping, and says to Simon Peter, “Are you sleeping? Were you not strong enough to watch one hour?
  38Watch and pray in order that you do not enter into temptation; indeed, the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
  39And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words.
  40And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they did not know what to answer him.

41And he comes the third time and says to them, “Sleep on now, and take your rest, it is enough—the hour has come. Look!, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
  42Arise, let us be going. Look!, he who is betraying me has drawn near.”

Jesus Betrayed and Arrested

43And immediately, while he was still speaking, comes Judas, one of the Twelve, and with him was a multitude with swords and clubs who had come from the chief priests and the experts in the law and the elders.
  44Now he who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, that is he; take him and lead him away under guard.”
  45And when he had come, immediately he came to him and says, “Rabbi,” and kissed him.
  46And they laid hands on him and seized him.

47But a certain one of those who stood by drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear.
  48And Jesus answered and said to them, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to seize me, as you would against a robber?
  49I was with you daily, teaching in the temple and you did not arrest me. But let the scriptures be fulfilled.”
  50And they all left him and fled.
  51And a certain young man followed him, having a linen cloth put on him, over his naked body, and they lay hold on him,
  52but he left the linen cloth and fled naked.

Jesus Before Caiaphas

53And they led Jesus away to the high priest, and all the chief priests, and the elders, and the experts in the law come together with him.
  54And Peter had followed him at a distance right into the courtyard of the high priest, and he was sitting with the servants and warming himself near the light of the fire.
  55Now the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking testimony against Jesus to put him to death, and yet they were not finding any.
  56For many were giving false testimony against him, but their testimonies did not agree together.
  57And some stood up and gave false testimony against him, saying,
  58“We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this sanctuary that is made with hands, and in three days I will build another made without hands.’”
  59And not even then did their testimony agree together.

60And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, saying, “Do you not have an answer to what these men are testifying against you?”
  61But he remained silent and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and says to him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?”
  62And Jesus said, “I am, and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.”e
  63And the high priest tore his clothes and said, “What further need do we have of witnesses?
  64You have heard the defaming speech. What do you think?” And they all condemned him to be deserving of death.
  65And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face and to beat him with their fists, and to say to him, “Prophesy,” and the temple police took him and beat him.

Peter Denies Jesus

66And as Peter was below in the court, one of the servant-girls of the high priest came,
  67and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and says, “You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus.”
  68But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are talking about.” And he went out into the porch, and the rooster crowed.
  69And the servant-girl saw him, and began again to say to those who stood by, “This is one of them.”
  70But he again denied it. And after a little while those who stood by were again saying to Peter, “Truly you are one of them, for you are a Galilean.”
  71But he began to curse and to swear, “I do not know this man of whom you speak.”
  72And immediately the rooster crowed the second time. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said to him, “Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.” And when he thought about it, he cried.

The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.
Simon had had a skin disease of some kind, but it was now cured or people would not have been in his house. Nevertheless, the name stuck.
A denarius coin was worth about a day’s wage for a laborer, so this was over a year’s wages.
From Zech. 13:7.
From Ps. 110:1 and Dan. 7:13.

Mark Chapter 15  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 15
Daybreak Trial Then to Pilate

1And immediately in the morning, the chief priests, with the elders and experts in the law and the whole Sanhedrin, held a consultation. After binding Jesus, they led him away and handed him over to Pilate.

Jesus Before Pilate

2And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he, answering, says to him, “It is as you say.”
  3And the chief priests accused him of many things.
  4And Pilate again asked him, saying, “Are you not answering anything? Look how many charges they bring against you.”
  5But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate was amazed.

6Now at the feast he used to release to them one prisoner whom they asked of him.
  7And there was one called Barabbas, who had been imprisoned with those who had made an insurrection, men who in the insurrection had committed murder.
  8And the multitude went up and began to ask him to do as he was accustomed to do for them.
  9And Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?”
  10For he realized that the chief priests had handed him over because of envy.
  11But the chief priests stirred up the multitude to ask that he should release Barabbas to them instead.
  12And Pilate again answered and said to them, “Then what do you want me to do with the one you call the King of the Jews?”
  13And they cried out again, “Crucify him.”
  14And Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has he done?” But they cried out exceedingly, “Crucify him.”
  15And Pilate, wishing to satisfy the multitude, released to them Barabbas and, after having Jesus scourged, he handed him over to be crucified.

The Soldiers Torture Jesus

16And the soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is the Praetorium), and they call together the whole Roman cohort.
  17And they clothe him with purple, and having twisted together a crown of thorns, they put it on him,
  18and they began to greet him, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
  19And they kept striking his head with a reed and spitting on him, and kneeling in homage to him.
  20And when they had mocked him, they took the purple robe off of him, and put his own clothes on him.

The Crucifixion

And they lead him out to crucify him.
  21And they compel one passing by, Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to go with them to carry his cross.
  22And they bring him to the place called Golgotha (which translated means, “Place of the Skull”).
  23And they offered him wine mingled with myrrh, but he would not receive it.
  24And they crucify him and divide his garments among them, casting lots on them to determine what each would take.

25And it was the third hour,a and they crucified him.
  26And the inscription of the charge against him read, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
  27And with him they crucify two robbers, one on his right hand and one on his left.
  28[And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.]

29And those who passed by were hurling insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “Ha! You who are going to destroy the sanctuary and build it in three days,
  30save yourself and come down from the cross.”
  31In the same way even the chief priests, together with the experts in the law, were mocking him among themselves, saying, “He saved others; he is not able to save himself.
  32Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross, so that we can see it and believe.” And those who were crucified with him were insulting him.

The Death of Jesus

33And when the sixth hour came, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.b
  34And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” (which being translated, means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?)c
  35And some of those who stood by, when they heard it, said, “Behold, he calls Elijah.”
  36And one ran, and filling a sponge full of wine vinegar, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Let’s see if Elijah comes to take him down.”

37And Jesus uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.
  38And the veil of the sanctuary was torn in two, from the top to the bottom.
  39And when the centurion who stood right in front of him saw that he breathed his last in that way, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God.”
  40And there were also women watching from a distance, among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome,
  41(who, when he was in Galilee, used to follow him and minister to him) and many other women who came up to Jerusalem with him.

Joseph Buries Jesus

42And when evening had already come, because it was the Preparation (that is, the day before the Sabbath)
  43Joseph of Arimathaea, a prominent member of the Council who himself was also waiting for the Kingdom of God, came and boldly went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
  44And Pilate was amazed that he had died already, and calling to him the centurion, he questioned him to see if he had already died.
  45And when he learned it from the centurion, he granted the corpse to Joseph.
  46And he, having bought a linen cloth and taking him down, wound him in the linen cloth and laid him in a tomb that had been hewn out of a rock. And he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb.
  47And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where he was laid.

About 9 AM.
The sixth hour is about noon, the ninth about 3 PM.
From Ps. 22:1.

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Go to Commentary on Mark 16
Buying Spices After the Sabbath

1And when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they could go and anoint him.

Women Learn Jesus Has Risen

2And very early on the first day of the week, they come to the tomb when the sun had risen.
  3And they were saying among themselves, “Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb?”
  4And looking up, they see that the stone had been rolled back, for it was very large.
  5And entering into the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side clothed in a white robe, and they were overwhelmed and alarmed.
  6And he says to them, “Do not be amazed. You seek Jesus, the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has been raised! He is not here. Look!, there is the place where they laid him.
  7But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you into Galilee. You will see him there, as he said to you.”
  8And having gone out, they fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had seized them, and they said nothing to any one, for they were afraid.

End of Original Text of Mark


Resurrection Appearances

9[Now after he rose, early on the first day of the week he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.
  10She went and told those who had been with him as they were mourning and crying.
  11And they, when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, did not believe.

12And after these things he appeared to two of them in a different form as they walked on their way into the country.
  13And they went away and told it to the rest, but neither did they believe them.

14And afterward he appeared to the Eleven themselves as they reclined to eat, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart because they did not believe those who had seen him after he was risen.
  15And he said to them, “Go into all the world and proclaim the good news to the whole creation.
  16Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.
  17And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name will they cast out demons, they will speak with new tongues,
  18they will take up serpents, and if they drink any deadly thing, it will absolutely not hurt them, they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.”

19So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.
  20They went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word by the signs that followed. Amen.]

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