Mark Chapter 12  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 12
Parable of the Greedy Farmers

1And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, and put a wall around it, and dug a pit for the winepress, and built a watchtower, and rented it out to farmers, and went away on a journey.
  2And at the time of the harvest he sent a servant to the farmers to receive his portion of the fruit of the vineyard from the farmers.
  3And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
  4And again he sent to them another servant, and they hit that one on the head and treated him shamefully.
  5And he sent another, and they killed that one; and they mistreated many others, beating some and killing others.
  6He still had one left to send, a beloved son. He sent him to them last of all, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
  7But those farmers said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’
  8And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard.
  9Now, what then will the ownera of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the farmers and will give the vineyard to others.
  10Have you not read this Scripture: The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
  11This came from the Lord and it is marvelous in our eyes?’”b
  12And they were seeking to arrest him because they knew that he spoke the parable against them, but they were afraid of the crowd. So they left him and went away.

The Trap About Paying Taxes

13And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and Herodians to trap him in his words.
  14And when they arrived, they said to him, “Teacher, we know that you are honest, and are not concerned about anyone’s status because you do not show favoritism,c but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it lawful to pay a census-taxd to Caesar or not? Should we pay, or should we not pay?”
  15But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius so I can look at it.”e
  16And they brought it. And he said to them, “Whose is this image and superscription?” And they said to him, “Caesar’s.”
  17And Jesus said to them, “Give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled greatly at him.

The Trap About the Resurrection

18And Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to him and asked him, saying,
  19“Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, that his brother must take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.f
  20There were seven brothers. And the first took a wife and when he died he left no offspring.
  21And the second took her and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise.
  22And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died.
  23In the resurrection, which one’s wife will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”
  24Jesus said to them, “Is not this the reason you are in error; because you do not know the scriptures or the power of God?
  25For when they rise out from among the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

26“But concerning the dead, that they are raised, have you not read in the scroll of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?g
  27He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are greatly deceived.”

Test About the Greatest Command

28And one of the experts in the law came and heard them disputing together, and recognizing that he had answered them well, asked him, “What commandment is the first of all?”
  29Jesus answered, “The first is, Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone,
  30and so you are to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.h
  31The second is this, Love your neighbor as yourself.i There is no other commandment greater than these.”
  32And the expert in the law said to him, “Well said, teacher, you have spoken truth that he is one, and there is none other but he,j
  33and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself is more important than all the whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices.k
  34And when Jesus saw that he answered intelligently, he said to him, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.” And after that no one dared to ask him any questions.

Jesus’ Question About David's Son

35And as he taught in the temple, Jesus answered and said, “How is it that the experts in the law say that the Christ is the son of David?
  36David himself said by the holy spirit, The Lord said to my Lord, sit at my right hand until I put your enemies underneath your feet.l
  37David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ and so in what sense is he his son?”

Warning About the Scribes

And a large crowd was listening to him with delight.
  38And in his teaching he said, “Beware of the experts in the law who like to walk in long cloaks and like greetings in the marketplaces,
  39and the most important seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at feasts.
  40They devour widows’ houses, and make long prayers for the show of it. These will receive a harsher punishment.”

The Widow’s Offering

41And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched a multitude of people put money into the treasury, and many who were rich put in a lot.
  42And a poor widow came, and she put in two leptons, which make a quadrans.m
  43And he called his disciples to him and said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all those who are putting money into the treasury,
  44for they all put in out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in all that she had, even all her living.”

Lit. “lord”
From Ps. 118:22-23
Lit. “look at the face of people”
A tax on individual adults
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
From Deut. 25:5
From Exod. 3:6
From Deut. 6:4-5
From Lev. 19:18
From Deut. 4:35
From Deut. 6:4; Lev. 19:18; 1 Sam. 15:22; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8
From Ps. 110:1
A lepton was a Jewish coin worth about fifty cents today, and a quadrans was a Roman coin worth about a dollar.

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