Mark Chapter 12  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Mark 12
Parable of the Greedy Farmers

1And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, and put a wall around it, and dug a pit for the winepress, and built a watchtower, and rented it out to farmers, and went away on a journey.
  2And at the time of the harvest he sent a servant to the farmers to receive his portion of the fruit of the vineyard from the farmers.
  3And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
  4And again he sent to them another servant, and they hit that one on the head and treated him shamefully.
  5And he sent another, and they killed that one; and they mistreated many others, beating some and killing others.
  6He still had one left to send, a beloved son. He sent him to them last of all, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
  7But those farmers said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’
  8And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard.
  9Now, what then will the ownera of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the farmers and will give the vineyard to others.
  10Have you not read this Scripture: The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
  11This came from the Lord and it is marvelous in our eyes?’”b
  12And they were seeking to arrest him because they knew that he spoke the parable against them, but they were afraid of the crowd. So they left him and went away.

The Trap About Paying Taxes

13And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and Herodians to trap him in his words.
  14And when they arrived, they said to him, “Teacher, we know that you are honest, and are not concerned about anyone’s status because you do not show favoritism,c but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it lawful to pay a census-taxd to Caesar or not? Should we pay, or should we not pay?”
  15But knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius so I can look at it.”e
  16And they brought it. And he said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” And they said to him, “Caesar’s.”
  17And Jesus said to them, “Give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they were greatly amazed at him.

The Trap About the Resurrection

18And some Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection) came to him and asked him, saying,
  19“Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If a man’s brother dies and leaves behind a wife, but leaves no child, that man must take his brother’s wife and raise up offspring for his dead brother.f
  20There were seven brothers. And the first took a wife and when he died he left no offspring.
  21And the second took her and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise.
  22And so the seven left no offspring. Last of all, the woman also died.
  23In the resurrection, whose wife will she be since all seven had her as a wife?”
  24Jesus said to them, “Isn’t this the reason you are mistaken: you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God?
  25For when they rise out from among the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

26“Now concerning the dead being raised—haven’t you read in the scroll of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob?g
  27He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken.”

Test About the Greatest Command

28And one of the experts in the law came and heard them disputing with one another, and when he saw that Jesus had answered them well, asked him, “What commandment is the most importanth of all?”
  29Jesus answered, “The most important is, Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone,
  30and so you are to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.i
  31The second is this, Love your neighbor as yourself.j There is no other commandment greater than these.”
  32And the expert in the law said to him, “Well said, teacher. You have spoken the truth that he is Lord alone, and there is no other except him,k
  33and you are to love him with all your heart, and with all your intelligence, and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices.”l
  34And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.” And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Jesus’ Question About David's Son

35And as he taught in the temple, Jesus answered and said, “How can the experts in the law say that the Christm is the son of David?
  36David himself said by the holy spirit, The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’n
  37David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ and so how is he his son?”

Warning About the Scribes

And a large crowd was listening to him with delight.
  38And as he was teaching, he said, “Beware of the experts in the law who like to walk around in long cloaks and to receive greetings in the marketplaces,
  39and to sit in the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts.
  40They cheat widows out of their houseso and make long prayers just for show. These people will receive a harsher punishment.”

The Widow’s Offering

41And he sat down across from the offering box and watched a multitude of people put money into the offering box, and many who were rich put in large amounts.
  42And a poor widow came, and she put in two leptons, which make a quadrans.p
  43And he called his disciples to himself and said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than any of those who put money into the offering box,
  44because they all put in money out of their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, put in all that she had—all she had to live on.”

Lit. “lord”
From Ps. 118:22-23
Lit. “look at the face of people”
A tax on individual adults
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
From Deut. 25:5
From Exod. 3:6
Lit. “first,” meaning the most important
From Deut. 6:4-5
From Lev. 19:18
From Deut. 4:35
From Deut. 6:4; Lev. 19:18; 1 Sam. 15:22; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8
Lit. “the Anointed One”
From Ps. 110:1
Lit. “devour widows’ houses”
A lepton was a Jewish coin worth about 1/128 of a day’s wage, and a quadrans was a Roman coin worth about 1/64 of a day’s wage.

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