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but I hated Esau, and made his mountains a desolation, and gave his heritage to the jackals of the wilderness.” Bible

“Esau.” Here in Malachi, the name “Esau” is not being used for the man, but rather for the nation that came from his descendants. Note how the nation is called by name, Edom, in Malachi 1:4. [See commentaries on Malachi 1:2 and Romans 9:13].


Commentary for: Malachi 1:3