“I have loved you,” says Yahweh.

Yet you say, “How have you loved us?”

“Wasn’t Esau Jacob’s brother?” says Yahweh. “Yet I loved Jacob, Bible see other translations

“loved Jacob.” God’s loving Jacob and hating Esau does not refer to how He treated the two men personally. In this context, “Jacob” and “Esau” are used figuratively for the nations built from their descendants. [For more information on the use of Jacob and Esau in this context, see commentary on Rom. 9:13].

Commentary for: Malachi 1:2