“Pilate called the chief priests and the rulers and the people together.” This was now close to noon on Tuesday (John 19:14), and the start of Jesus’ second trial before Pilate. When the Jews brought Jesus to Pilate the first time, they had just had him on trial before the whole Sanhedrin, so when they came to Pilate they did not have to be called together, they came as a whole assembly (Matt. 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-23:1). But when Pilate sent Jesus to Herod Antipas, their group went their own way. So now, after Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate, the leaders of the Jews had to be assembled again, which is what we see here in Luke 23:13.