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he went into the sanctuary of the Lord, having been chosen by lot (according to the custom of the priesthood) to burn the incense offering, Bible

“he went into the sanctuary of the Lord.” In this case, the context lets us know that the “sanctuary” was the holy place, the first room of the Temple, which had the menorah, the table with the bread of the presence, and the altar of incense. As the verse says, he went in to burn the incense on the golden altar of incense.

“lot.” The priest who got the privilege of burning incense on the golden altar in the Temple was chosen by the casting of lots. The honor was so great that a person was only allowed to do it one time in his life, and after that he was called “rich” (Edersheim, Life and Times, book II, p. 134).


Commentary for: Luke 1:9