Luke Chapter 20  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Luke 20
 
Jesus' Authority Challenged

1And it came to pass on one of the days he was teaching the people in the temple and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the experts in the law, with the elders, approached him,
  2and they spoke, saying to him, “Tell us by what authority are you doing these things, or who is the one who gave you this authority?”
  3And he answered and said to them, “I also will ask you a question, and you tell me:
  4the baptism of John, was it from heaven or from people?”
  5And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’
  6But if we say, ‘From people,’ all the people will stone us, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.”
  7And they answered that they did not know where it was from.
  8And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
 

Parable of the Greedy Farmers

9And he began to speak to the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to farmers and went away on a journey for a long time.
  10And in the harvest season he sent a servant to the farmers so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
  11And he sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, and handled him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed.
  12And he sent yet a third, and him also they wounded, and threw him out.
  13And the lord of the vineyard said, ‘What should I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be they will reverence him.’
  14But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, ‘This is the heir. Let’s kill him, so that the inheritance will be ours.’
  15And they threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.

“Therefore, what will the lord of the vineyard do to them?
  16He will come and destroy those farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.” And when they heard it, they said, “May it not be!”
  17But he looked at them, and said, “What then is this that is written, The stone that the builders rejected, it has become the chief cornerstone?a
  18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but on whomever it falls, it will crush.”
  19And the experts in the law and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him in that very hour, for they knew that he spoke this parable against them (and yet they were afraid of the people).
 

The Trap About Paying Taxes

20And they watched him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous in order to catch him in some statement so they could deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor.
  21And they asked him, saying, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and do not show favoritism,b but of a truth teach the way of God.
  22Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
  23But he perceived their craftiness and said to them,
  24“Show me a denarius.c Whose image and inscription does it have?” And they said, “Caesar’s.”
  25And he said to them, “Then give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
  26And they could not catch him in his words in the presence of the people, and they were amazed at his answer, and held their peace.
 

The Trap About the Resurrection

27And some of the Sadducees (those who say that there is no resurrection) came to him,
  28and they asked him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote to us, that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife but no children, his brother must take the wife and raise up offspring for his brother.d
  29Now there were seven brothers, and the first took a wife, and died without children,
  30and the second,
  31and the third took her, and in the same way the seven also left no children, and died.
  32Afterward the woman also died.
  33Therefore, in the resurrection, the woman becomes the wife of which one of them? For the seven had her as a wife.”
 

34And Jesus said to them, “The people of this age marry and are given in marriage,
  35but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age,e and the resurrection out from among the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage.
  36Indeed, they are not able to die any more, for they are equal to the angels, and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.f
  37But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed in the passage about the burning bush, when he calls the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.g
  38Now he is not a God of the dead, but of living, for all live for him.”
 

39And some of the experts in the law answering said, “Teacher, you have well spoken!”
  40For they did not dare to question him any more about anything.
 

Jesus' Question About David's Son

41And he said to them, “How do they say that the Christ is David’s son?
  42For David himself says in the scroll of Psalms, The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand,
  43until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet.h
  44David therefore calls him Lord, and so how is he his son?”
 

Warning About the Scribes

45And while all the people were listening, he said to his disciples,
  46“Beware of the experts in the law who desire to walk in long robes, and like greetings in the marketplaces, and the most important seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at the feasts,
  47who devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive a harsher punishment.”
 


a[17]
From Ps. 118:22.
b[21]
Lit. “does not accept a face,” an idiom for showing favoritism.
c[24]
A denarius was a coin that was one day’s wage for a laborer.
d[28]
From Deut. 25:5.
e[35]
That is, the future Messianic Kingdom.
f[36]
“Sons of the resurrection” is a Semitic idiom for resurrected ones.
g[37]
From Exod. 3:6.
h[43]
From Ps. 110:1, which starts, “Yahweh said to adoni [my lord].”

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