Luke Chapter 2  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Luke 2
Jesus Born in Bethlehem

1Now it came to pass in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus to register all the inhabited world for taxation.
  2This first registration took place while Quirinius was governing Syria.
  3And everyone went to be registered, each to his own city.
  4And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David that is called Bethlehem because he was of the house and family line of David,
  5to be registered along with Mary, who was engaged to him and was pregnant.

6Now it came to pass, while they were there, the days were fulfilled for her to give birth.
  7And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling-cloth and laid him in a manger because there was no space for them in the guestroom.a

Shepherds Testify to Birth of Christ

8And there were shepherds in the same area, living out in the fields and keeping watch over their flock at night.
  9And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were frightened with great fear.
  10And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for listen, I bring you good news that will cause great joy, which will be for all the people.
  11For to you was born this day in the city of David the Savior, who is the Messiah and Lord.
  12And this will be the sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger.”
  13And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying,
  14“Glory in the highest heavens to God, and on earth peace among people with whom he is well pleased.”

15And it came to pass, when the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go straight to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.”
  16And they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby lying in the manger.
  17And after they saw it, they made it known about the message that had been spoken to them about this child.
  18And all who heard it were amazed at the things that were told to them by the shepherds.
  19But Mary treasured up all these things, pondering them in her heart.
  20And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen; everything was just as it had been spoken to them.

Jesus Presented in the Temple

21And when eight days were completed for him to be circumcised, his name was called Jesus, the name he was called by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
  22And when the days of their ceremonial cleansing according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord,
  23(just as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that first opens the womb will be called holy to the Lord),b
  24and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.c

25And Look! There was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and deeply religious, waiting for the comforting of Israel, and holy spirit was upon him.
  26And it had been revealed to him by the holy spirit, that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah.
  27And he came by the spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him according to the custom of the law,
  28then he took him into his arms and blessed God and said,
  29“Now Master, you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word,
  30since my eyes have seen your salvation,
  31which you have prepared before the face of all people,
  32a light for revelation to the Gentiles,d and for glory to your people, Israel.”

33And his father and his mother were amazed at the things that were being said about him.
  34And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Look! This child is appointed to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be continually opposed,
  35(yes, and a broadsword will pierce through your own soul), so that the reasoning of many hearts will be revealed.”

36And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from when she was a virgin,
  37and then as a widow until the age of 84), who did not depart from the temple, serving with fasting and prayers night and day.
  38And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God, and to speak of him to all those who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.

The Return to Nazareth

39And when they had completed everything required by the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.
  40And the child grew and became strong, filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.

Jesus in the Temple at 12 Years Old

41And every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover.
  42And when he was 12 years old, they went up according to the custom.
  43And when they had completed the days of the feast, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem and his parents did not know it,
  44but assuming him to be in the caravan, they went a day’s journey. And they were diligently searching for him among their relatives and acquaintances,
  45and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, diligently searching for him.
  46And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions.
  47And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.
  48And when they saw him, they were astonished, and his mother said to him, “Child, why did you do this to us? Look here! Your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.”
  49And he said to them, “Why is it that you were searching for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?”
  50And they did not understand the statement that he spoke to them.
  51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and he submitted to them. And his mother was keeping all these things in her heart.
  52And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature and in favor with God and man.

The Greek is kataluma, and it refers to a guestroom (cp. Mark 14:14; Luke 22:11). The word for “inn” is pandocheion (cp. Luke 10:34).
From Exod. 13:2, 12
From Lev. 12:8
From Isa. 42:6

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