Luke Chapter 19  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Luke 19
Jesus Visits Zacchaeus

1And he entered and was passing through Jericho.
  2And Look!, there was a man called by the name of Zacchaeus, and he was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.
  3And he was trying to see who Jesus was, and was not able to because of the crowd, because he was small in stature.
  4So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was about to pass that way.
  5And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for today I must stay at your house.”
  6So he hurried and came down, and received him joyfully.
  7And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, “He has gone in to be a guest of a man who is a sinner.”
  8And Zacchaeus stood up, and said to the Lord, “See, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor, and if I have wrongfully exacted something from anyone, I restore it fourfold.”
  9And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham.
  10For the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost.”

The Parable of the Ten Minas

11And as they were listening to these things, he went on and spoke a parable, because he was near Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the Kingdom of God was about to immediately appear.
  12He said therefore, “A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and then to return.
  13And he called ten of his servants, and gave them ten minas,a and said to them, ‘Conduct business until I come.’
  14But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’
  15And it came to pass that when he returned, having received the kingdom, he commanded those servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, so that he could know what they had gained by doing business.
  16And the first came before him, saying, ‘Lord, your mina has made ten more minas.’
  17And he said to him, ‘Well done, you good servant. Because you were found faithful in a very little, have authority over ten cities.
  18And the second came, saying, ‘Your mina, Lord, has made five minas.
  19And he said to him also, ‘And you are to be over five cities.’
  20And another came, saying, ‘Lord, see, here is your mina, which I kept stored away in a handkerchief,
  21for I was afraid of you because you are a tough man to deal with. You take up that what you have not laid down, and reap what you did not sow.’
  22He said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I am a tough man to deal with, taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow.
  23Then why did you not give my money to the bank, and I, when I came, could have collected it with interest?’
  24And he said to those who stood by, ‘Take the mina away from him and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’
  25And they said to him, ‘Lord, he has ten minas.’”

26“I say to you, that to everyone who has, more will be given, but from the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him.
  27But those enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slay them in front of me.”

The Triumphal Entry

28And when he had said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
  29And it came to pass when he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mountain that is called Olives, he sent two of the disciples,
  30saying, “Go into the village in front of you, and when you enter it you will find a colt tied there on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it.
  31And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ say this: ‘The Lord has need of it.’”
  32And those who were sent went away, and found things just as he had said to them.
  33And as they were untying the colt, the owners of it said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?”
  34And they said, “The Lord has need of it.”
  35And they brought it to Jesus and threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it.
  36And as he went, they spread their cloaks on the road.
  37And as he was drawing near Jerusalem, already at the downward slope of the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen,
  38saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord!”b “Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

39And some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to him, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples.”
  40And he answered and said, “I tell you that if these become silent, the stones will cry out.”

41And when he drew near and saw the city, he burst into tears over it,
  42saying, “If you had known on this day, even you, the things that would bring peace.... But now they have been hidden from your eyes.
  43For the days will come upon you when your enemies will set up a barricade around you, and surround you, and hem you in on every side,
  44and will dash you to the ground, and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone standing on another because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

Jesus Cleanses Temple

45And he went into the temple and began to cast out those who were selling,
  46saying to them, “It is written, And my house will be a house of prayer,c but you have made it a den of robbers.”d

47And he was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the experts in the law and the leading men of the Peoplee were looking for a way to destroy him,
  48and yet they could not find anything they could do, for all the people were hanging upon what he said, listening.

The Greek mina was worth 100 denarii, or 100 days work at minimum wage.
From Ps. 118:26
From Isa. 56:7
From Jer. 7:11
The nation of Israel was called “the People,” so it is appropriate to capitalize it when it refers to Israel.

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