Leviticus Chapter 27  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Lev 27
 
Funding the Sanctuary

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and say to them: When a man makes a vow, the persons will be for Yahweh by your valuation.
  3Your valuation will be of a male from twenty years old even to sixty years old, even your valuation will be fifty shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary.
  4If it is a female, then your valuation will be thirty shekels.
  5If the person is from five years old even to twenty years old, then your valuation will be for a male twenty shekels and for a female ten shekels.
  6If the person is from a month old even to five years old, then your valuation will be for a male five shekels of silver, and for a female your valuation will be three shekels of silver.
  7If the person is from 60 years old and upward, if it is a male then your valuation will be 15 shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
  8But if he is poorer than your valuation, then he must be set before the priest and the priest will value him; according to the ability of him who vowed will the priest value him.
 

9“If it is an animal of which men offer an approach offering to Yahweh, all that any man gives of such to Yahweh becomes holy.
  10He may not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad or a bad for a good; and if he does at all change animal for animal, then both it and that for which it is changed will be holy.
 

11“If it is any unclean animal of which they do not offer as an approach offering to Yahweh, then he must set the animal before the priest
  12and the priest will value it, whether it is good or bad. As you the priest values it, so will it be.
  13But if he will indeed redeem it, then he must add the fifth part of it to its valuation.
 

14“When a man dedicates his house to be holy to Yahweh, then the priest will evaluate it, whether it is good or bad; as the priest will evaluate it, so will it stand.
  15If he who dedicates it will redeem his house, then he must add the fifth part of the money of your valuation to it, and it will be his.
 

16“If a man dedicates to Yahweh part of the field of his possession, then your valuation will be according to the seed for it: the sowing of a homer of barley will be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
  17If he dedicates his field from the Year of Jubilee, according to your valuation it will stand.
  18But if he dedicates his field after the Jubilee, then the priest will reckon to him the money according to the years that remain to the Year of Jubilee and an abatement will be made from your valuation.
  19If he who dedicated the field will indeed redeem it, then he must add the fifth part of the money of your valuation to it, and it will remain his.
  20If he will not redeem the field, or if he has sold the field to another man, it will not be redeemed any more;
  21but the field, when it goes out in the Jubilee, will be holy to Yahweh as a field devoted to Yahweh; it will be owned by the priests.
 

22“If he dedicates to Yahweh a field that he has bought that is not of the field of his possession,
  23then the priest will reckon to him the worth of your valuation up to the Year of Jubilee; and he will give your valuation on that day as a holy thing to Yahweh.
  24In the Year of Jubilee the field will return to him from whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land belongs.
  25All your valuations will be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs to the shekel.
 

26“But the firstborn among animals, which as a firstborn belongs to Yahweh, no man may dedicate it; whether an ox or sheep, it is already Yahweh’s.
  27But if it is an unclean animal, then he must buy it back according to your valuation and must add to it the fifth part of it; or if it is not redeemed, then it can be sold according to your valuation.
 

28“But no devoted thing that a man devotes to Yahweh of all that he has, whether it is a human being or animal or a field of his property, can be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy to Yahweh.
  29No one devoted, who is devoted to Yahweh from among humankind, is to be ransomed; he must surely be put to death.
 

30“All the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the trees, is Yahweh‘s. It is holy to Yahweh.
  31If a man redeems anything of his tithe, he must add a fifth part to it.
  32And every tithe from the herds or the flocks—everything that passes under the owner’s rod, the tenth one will be holy to Yahweh.
  33He is not to search whether it is good or bad, neither is he to change it; and if he changes it at all, then both it and that for which it is changed will be holy. It cannot be redeemed.”
 

34These are the commandments that Yahweh commanded Moses for the children of Israel on Mount Sinai.
 


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