The Book of Leviticus  PDF  MSWord
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Leviticus Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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The Burnt Offering

1And Yahweh called to Moses and spoke to him out of the Tent of Meeting, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and tell them: When any one of you approaches with an approach offering to Yahweh from the livestock, you may approach with your approach offering from the herd or from the flock.
 

3“If his approach offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he is to approach with a male without blemish. He must approach to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting so that he may be accepted before Yahweh.
  4He is to lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
  5He is to kill the bull before Yahweh. Aaron’s sons, the priests, are to approach with the blood and dash the blood against the sides of the altar, which is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  6He is to skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces.
  7The sons of Aaron the priest will put fire on the altar and lay wood in order on the fire,
  8and Aaron’s sons, the priests, are to arrange the pieces, the head and the fat, on the wood that is on the fire that is on the altar;
  9but its innards and its legs he must first wash with water. The priest will turn all of it into smoke-perfume on the altar for a burnt offering, an offering made by fire; a soothing aroma to Yahweh.
 

10“If his approach offering is from the flock, from the sheep or from the goats for a burnt offering, he is to approach with a male without blemish.
  11He is to kill it on the north side of the altar before Yahweh. Aaron’s sons, the priests, are to dash its blood against the sides of the altar.
  12He is to cut it into its pieces with its head and its fat. The priest will lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire that is on the altar,
  13but the innards and the legs he is to first wash with water. The priest is to approach with all of it, and turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire; a soothing aroma to Yahweh.
 

14“If his approach offering to Yahweh is a burnt offering of birds, then he is to approach with his approach offering of turtledoves or of young pigeons.
  15The priest is to approach with it to the altar and wring off its head and turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar, and its blood is to be drained out on the side of the altar;
  16and he will take away its crop with its feathers and cast it beside the east side of the altar, in the place for the ashes.
  17He will tear it open by its wings, but will not divide it apart. The priest is to burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire; a soothing aroma to Yahweh.
 


Leviticus Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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The Grain Offering

1“When anyone approaches with an approach offering of a grain offering to Yahweh, his approach offering must be of fine flour, and he is to pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.
  2He is to bring it to Aaron’s sons, the priests; and he will take his handful of its fine flour and of its oil, with all its frankincense; and the priest will turn this reminder portion into smoke-perfume on the altar, an offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.
  3Whatever is left of the grain offering will be Aaron’s and his sons.‘ It is a most holy thing of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire.
 

4“When you approach with an approach offering that is a grain offering baked in the oven, it must be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
  5If your approach offering is a grain offering from the griddle, it must be of unleavened fine flour mixed with oil.
  6You are to cut it in pieces and pour oil on it. It is a grain offering.
  7If your approach offering is a grain offering from the pan, it must be made of fine flour with oil.
  8You are to bring the grain offering that is made of these things to Yahweh, and it is to be presented to the priest and he will bring it to the altar.
  9The priest will take from the grain offering its reminder portion and will turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar, an offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.
  10Whatever is left of the grain offering will be Aaron’s and his sons.’ It is a thing most holy of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire.
 

11“No grain offering that you offer to Yahweh is to be made with yeast; for you are not to turn any yeast into smoke-perfume, nor any honey, as an offering made by fire to Yahweh;
  12as an approach offering from firstfruits you may offer them to Yahweh, but they are not to offer them up as a pleasant aroma on the altar.
  13Every approach offering that is your grain offering you are to season with salt; you must not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your approach offerings you are to offer salt.
 

14“If you offer a grain offering of firstfruits to Yahweh, you must offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits fresh ears, roasted with fire, crushed new grain.
  15You are to put oil on it and lay frankincense on it; it is a grain offering.
  16The priest is to turn the reminder portion into smoke-perfume, from its bruised grain and its oil, along with all its frankincense; it is an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
 


Leviticus Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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The Fellowship Offering

1“If his approach offering is a sacrifice of peace offerings, if he offers it from the herd, whether male or female, he must offer it without blemish before Yahweh.
  2He is to lay his hand on the head of his approach offering and kill it at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and Aaron’s sons, the priests, will sprinkle the blood around on the altar.
  3He will offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings an offering made by fire to Yahweh; the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards,
  4and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away.
  5Aaron’s sons will turn it all into smoke-perfume on the altar along with the burnt offering that is on the wood that is on the fire; it is an offering made by fire; a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.
 

6“If his approach offering for a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh is from the flock, male or female, he must offer it without blemish.
  7If he offers a lamb for his approach offering, then he is to offer it before Yahweh,
  8and he must lay his hand on the head of his approach offering and kill it before the Tent of Meeting, and Aaron’s sons will sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
  9He will offer from the sacrifice of peace offerings an offering made by fire to Yahweh; its fat, the entire tail fat, he is to take away close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards,
  10and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away.
  11The priest will turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar as food; it is an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
 

12“If his approach offering is a goat, then he is to offer it before Yahweh,
  13and he must lay his hand on its head and kill it before the Tent of Meeting, and the sons of Aaron will sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
  14He will offer from it as his approach offering an offering made by fire to Yahweh; the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards,
  15and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away.
  16The priest will turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar; it is the food of the offering made by fire, for a pleasant aroma;

“All the fat is Yahweh’s.
  17It will be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings that you must eat neither fat nor blood.”
 


Leviticus Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Lev 4
 
The Sin Offering

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel, saying, if anyone sins unintentionally in any of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and does any one of them—
 

3“If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to Yahweh a young bull without blemish as a sin offering for his sin that he has sinned.
  4He must bring the bull to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before Yahweh, and he must lay his hand on the head of the bull and kill the bull before Yahweh.
  5The anointed priest must take some of the blood of the bull and bring it to the Tent of Meeting.
  6The priest is to dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before Yahweh before the veil of the sanctuary.
  7The priest must put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before Yahweh that is in the Tent of Meeting, and he must pour out all of rest of the blood of the bull at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  8He is to take all the fat of the bull of the sin offering off of it, the fat that covers the innards and all the fat that is on the innards,
  9and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away,
  10as it is taken off of the bull of the sacrifice of peace offerings. The priest is to turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar of burnt offering.
  11The bull’s skin, all its flesh, with its head and with its legs, its innards, and its dung,
  12even all the rest of the bull he must carry forth outside the camp to a clean place where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it is to be burned.
 

13“If the whole congregation of Israel sins and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done one of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and are guilty,
  14when the sin in which they have sinned is known, then the assembly must offer a young bull for a sin offering and bring it before the Tent of Meeting.
  15The elders of the congregation are to lay their hands on the head of the bull before Yahweh, and the bull is to be killed before Yahweh.
  16The anointed priest will bring of the blood of the bull to the Tent of Meeting,
  17and the priest is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before Yahweh, before the veil.
  18He is to put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before Yahweh that is in the Tent of Meeting, and all the rest of the blood he must pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  19All its fat he is to take from it and turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar.
  20Thus is he to do with the bull; as he did with the bull of the sin offering, so will he do with this. And the priest will make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven.
  21He will carry forth the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is the sin offering for the assembly.
 

22“When a leader sins and unwittingly does any one of all the things that Yahweh his God has commanded not to be done, and is guilty,
  23if his sin in which he has sinned is made known to him, he is to bring as his approach offering a goat, a male without blemish.
  24He is to lay his hand on the head of the goat and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before Yahweh. It is a sin offering.
  25The priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering. He must pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.
  26All its fat he must turn into smoke-perfume on the altar like the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings, and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin and he will be forgiven.
 

27“If anyone of the common people sins unwittingly by doing one thing of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and is guilty,
  28if his sin which he has sinned is made known to him, then he is to bring for his approach offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin that he has sinned.
  29He is to lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and kill the sin offering in the place of burnt offering.
  30The priest is to take some of its blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and the rest of its blood he is to pour out at the base of the altar.
  31All its fat he is to take away like the fat is taken away from off of the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest is to turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh, and the priest will make atonement for him and he will be forgiven.
 

32“If he brings a lamb as his approach offering for a sin offering, he is to bring a female without blemish.
  33He is to lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and kill it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering.
  34The priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and all the rest of its blood he is to pour out at the base of the altar.
  35All its fat he is to take away, like the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of peace offerings, and the priest will turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar on the offerings to Yahweh made by fire; and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned, and he will be forgiven.”
 


Leviticus Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Cases Requiring Sin Offerings

1“If anyone sins due to his hearing the call of a public oatha to testify, he being a witness because he has seen or known, and if he does not report it, then he will bear his iniquity.
 

2“Or if anyone touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an unclean animal or the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and it is hidden from him and he is unclean, then he will be guilty.
 

3“Or if he touches the uncleanness of man, whatever his uncleanness is with which he is unclean, and it is hidden from him, when he knows of it, then he will be guilty.
 

4“Or if anyone swears rashly with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man might utter rashly with an oath, and it is hidden from him; when he knows of it, then he will be guilty of one of these.
 

5“When he is guilty of one of these, he is to confess that in which he has sinned
  6and he must bring his trespass offering to Yahweh for his sin that he has sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sin offering; and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin.
 

7“If he cannot afford a lamb, then he may bring his trespass offering for that in which he has sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, to Yahweh; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.
  8He is to bring them to the priest, who will first offer the one that is for the sin offering and wring off its head from its neck but must not sever it completely.
  9He will sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, and the rest of the blood is to be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.
  10He must offer the second for a burnt offering according to the ordinance, and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned, and he will be forgiven.
 

11“But if he cannot afford two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he may bring his approach offering for that in which he has sinned, the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must put no oil on it, neither must he put any frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.
  12He is to bring it to the priest and the priest will take his handful of it as the reminder portion and turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar, along with the offerings to Yahweh made by fire. It is a sin offering.
  13The priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned in any of these things, and he will be forgiven; and the rest will be the priest’s as the grain offering.”
 

The Restitution Offering

14Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  15“If anyone acts unfaithfully, yes, unfaithfully, and sins unwittingly in the holy things of Yahweh, then he must bring his trespass offering to Yahweh, a ram without blemish from the flock according to your estimation in silver by shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering.
  16He must make restitution for what he has done wrong in the holy thing, and must add a fifth part to it and give it to the priest; and the priest will make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and he will be forgiven.
 

17“If anyone sins and does any of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, though he didn’t know it, yet he is guilty and will bear his iniquity.
  18He must bring a ram without blemish from of the flock according to your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest; and the priest will make atonement for him concerning the thing in which he sinned and didn’t know it, and he will be forgiven.
  19It is a trespass offering. He is certainly guilty before Yahweh.”
 


a[1]
Heb. can also mean “curse.”

Leviticus Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“If anyone sins and acts unfaithfully, yes, unfaithfully, against Yahweh and deals falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of something placed in someone’s hand for safekeeping, or through robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor,
  3or has found what was lost and dealt falsely with it, and swearing to a lie; in any of all these things that a man does, sinning in it,
  4then it will be, if he has sinned and is guilty, he must restore what he took by robbery, or the thing that he has gotten by oppression, or the deposit that was committed to him, or the lost thing that he found,
  5or any thing about which he has sworn falsely; he must restore it even in full and must add a fifth part more to it. To him to whom it belongs he is to give it in the day of his being found guilty.
  6He must bring his trespass offering to Yahweh, a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest.
  7The priest will make atonement for him before Yahweh, and he will be forgiven concerning whatever he does to become guilty.”
 

The Burnt Offering

8Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  9“Command Aaron and his sons, saying: This is the law of the burnt offering: the burnt offering must be on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning, and the fire of the altar is to be kept burning on it.
  10The priest is to put on his linen garment and he is to put on his linen breeches upon his body, and he is to remove the ashes from where the fire has consumed the burnt offering on the altar, and he is to put them beside the altar.
  11He must take off his garments and put on other garments and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.
  12The fire on the altar is to be kept burning on it, it must not go out. And the priest is to burn wood on it in the morning—every morning—and he is to lay the burnt offering in order upon it and is to turn the fat of the peace offerings into smoke-perfume on it.
  13Fire must be kept burning on the altar continually; it must not go out.
 

The Grain Offering

14“This is the law of the grain offering: the sons of Aaron will offer it before Yahweh, before the altar.
  15He is to take from there his handful of the fine flour of the grain offering and of its oil, and all the frankincense that is on the grain offering, and is to turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar for a pleasant aroma as its memorial, to Yahweh.
  16Whatever is left of it Aaron and his sons may eat. It is to be eaten without yeast in a holy place. They are to eat it in the court of the Tent of Meeting.
  17It must not be baked with yeast. I have given it as their portion of my offerings made by fire. It is most holy, as the sin offering and as the trespass offering.
  18Every male among the children of Aaron may eat of it as their portion forever throughout your generations from the offerings of Yahweh made by fire. Whoever touches them will be holy.”
 

19Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  20“This is the approach offering of Aaron and of his sons that they must offer to Yahweh in the day when he is anointed: the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering perpetually, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening.
  21It is to be made with oil in a griddle. When it is soaked, you are to bring it in. You must offer the grain offering in baked pieces for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.
  22The anointed priest that will be in his place from among his sons is to offer it. By a statute forever, all of it must be turned into smoke-perfume to Yahweh.
  23Every grain offering of a priest will be wholly burned. It is not to be eaten.”
 

The Sin Offering

24Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  25“Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, ‘This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the burnt offering is killed, the sin offering must be killed before Yahweh. It is most holy.
  26The priest who offers it for sin is to eat it. It must be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the Tent of Meeting.
  27Whatever will touch its flesh will be holy. When there is any of its blood sprinkled on a garment, you must wash that on which it was sprinkled in a holy place.
  28But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled must be broken; and if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, it must be scoured and rinsed in water.
  29Every male among the priests may eat of it; it is most holy.
  30No sin offering of which any of the blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place may be eaten; it must be burned with fire.’”
 


Leviticus Chapter 7  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Lev 7
 
The Law of the Trespass Offering

1“This is the law of the trespass offering. It is most holy.
  2In the place where they kill the burnt offering, he must kill the trespass offering, and its blood he is to sprinkle around on the altar.
  3He must offer all of its fat: the fat tail, and the fat that covers the innards,
  4and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away.
  5And the priest will turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar as an offering made by fire to Yahweh; it is a trespass offering.
  6Every male among the priests may eat of it. It is to be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy.
 

7“As is the sin offering, so is the trespass offering; there is one law for them. The priest who makes atonement with them will have it.
  8The priest who offers any man’s burnt offering, even the priest will have for himself the skin of the burnt offering that he has offered.
  9Every grain offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the pan and on the griddle, will be the priest’s who offers it.
  10Every grain offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, one as well as another.
 

The Law of Peace Offerings

11“This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that one may offer to Yahweh.
  12If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he is to offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mixed with oil and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil.
  13With cakes of leavened bread he is to offer his approach offering with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving.
  14Of it he must offer one out of each approach offering for a heave offering to Yahweh. It will be the priest’s who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings.
  15The flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving must be eaten on the day of his approach offering. He may not leave any of it until the morning.
 

16“But if the sacrifice that is his approach offering is a vow or a freewill offering, it is to be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice and on the next day what remains of it may be eaten,
  17but what remains of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day must be burned with fire.
  18Now if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings is eaten, yes, eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted, nor will it be credited to him who offers it. It will be an abomination, and the soul who eats any of it will bear his iniquity.
 

19“The flesh that touches any unclean thing must not be eaten. It is to be burned with fire. As for the flesh, everyone who is clean may eat it,
  20but the soul who eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings that belongs to Yahweh, having his uncleanness on him, that soul must be cut off from his people.
  21When anyone touches any unclean thing, the uncleanness of man or an unclean animal or any unclean abomination, and eats some of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings that belong to Yahweh, that soul must be cut off from his people.”
 

Fat and Blood May Not Be Eaten

22Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  23“Speak to the children of Israel, saying, You are to eat no fat of bull or sheep or goat.
  24The fat of an animal that dies of itself and the fat of one that is torn by animals may be used for any other service, but you must in no way eat of it.
  25For whoever eats the fat of the animal of which men offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh, even the soul who eats it must be cut off from his people.
  26You must not eat any blood, whether it is of bird or of animal, in any of your dwellings.
  27Whoever it is who eats any blood, that soul must be cut off from his people.”
 

The Portion for the Priests

28Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  29“Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to Yahweh must bring his offering to Yahweh out of the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
  30With his own hands he will bring the approach offerings of Yahweh made by fire. He is to bring the fat with the breast that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before Yahweh.
  31The priest is to turn the fat into smoke-perfume on the altar, but the breast will be Aaron’s and his sons’.
  32The right thigh you are to give to the priest for a heave offering out of the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
  33He among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, will have the right thigh for a portion.
  34For the waved breast and the heaved thigh I have taken from the children of Israel out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their portion forever from the children of Israel.”
 

35This is the anointing portion of Aaron and the anointing portion of his sons out of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire, in the day when he presented them to minister to Yahweh in the priest’s office
  36that Yahweh commanded to be given them of the children of Israel in the day that he anointed them. It is their portion forever throughout their generations.
 

37This is the law of the burnt offering, of the grain offering and of the sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecration, and of the sacrifice of peace offerings
  38that Yahweh commanded Moses in Mount Sinai in the day that he commanded the children of Israel to offer their approach offerings to Yahweh in the wilderness of Sinai.
 


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Ordination of Aaron and His Sons

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments and the anointing oil and the bull of the sin offering, and the two rams and the basket of unleavened bread,
  3and assemble all the congregation at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.”
  4Moses did as Yahweh commanded him, and the congregation was assembled at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  5Moses said to the congregation, “This is the thing that Yahweh has commanded to be done.”
 

6Moses brought Aaron and his sons and washed them with water.
  7He put the coat on him, tied the sash on him, clothed him with the robe, put the ephod on him, and he tied the skillfully woven band of the ephod on him and fastened it to him with it.
  8He placed the breastplate on him, and in the breastplate he put the Urim and the Thummim.
  9He set the turban on his head, and on the turban in front he set the golden plate, the holy crown, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 

10Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and sanctified them.
  11He sprinkled it on the altar seven times and anointed the altar and all its vessels, and the basin and its base, to sanctify them.
  12He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron’s head and anointed him to sanctify him.
  13Moses brought Aaron’s sons and clothed them with coats, and tied sashes on them and put headbands on them, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 

14He brought the bull of the sin offering and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bull of the sin offering.
  15He killed it, and Moses took the blood and put it around on the horns of the altar with his finger, and purified the altar and poured out the blood at the base of the altar, and sanctified it to make atonement for it.
  16He took all the fat that was on the innards, and the cover of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat; and Moses turned it into smoke-perfume on the altar.
  17But the bull and its skin, and its flesh, and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 

18He presented the ram of the burnt offering and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram.
  19He killed it, and Moses sprinkled the blood around on the altar.
  20He cut the ram into its pieces and Moses turned the head and the pieces and the fat into smoke-perfume.
  21He washed the innards and the legs with water, and Moses turned the whole ram into smoke-perfume on the altar. It was a burnt offering for a pleasant aroma. It was an offering made by fire to Yahweh, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 

22He presented the other ram, the ram of consecration, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram.
  23He killed it, and Moses took some of its blood and put it on the tip of Aaron’s right ear and on the thumb of his right hand and on the great toe of his right foot.
  24He brought Aaron’s sons, and Moses put some of the blood on the tip of their right ear and on the thumb of their right hand and on the great toe of their right foot, and Moses sprinkled the blood around on the altar.
  25He took the fat, and the fat tail, and all the fat that was on the innards, and the cover of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, and the right thigh;
  26and out of the basket of unleavened bread that was before Yahweh he took one unleavened cake and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat and on the right thigh.
  27He put all these in Aaron’s hands and in his sons’ hands and waved them for a wave offering before Yahweh.
  28Moses took them from their hands and turned them into smoke-perfume on the altar on the burnt offering. They were a consecration for a pleasant aroma. It was an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
  29Moses took the breast and waved it for a wave offering before Yahweh. It was Moses’ portion of the ram of consecration as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 

30Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the altar and sprinkled it on Aaron, on his garments and on his sons and on his sons’ garments with him, and sanctified Aaron, his garments and his sons and his sons’ garments with him.
 

31Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, “Boil the flesh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and there eat it and the bread that is in the basket of consecration as I commanded, saying: Aaron and his sons are to eat it.
  32What remains of the flesh and of the bread you must burn with fire.
  33You must not go out from the entrance of the Tent of Meeting seven days, until the days of your consecration are fulfilled, for he will consecrate you seven days.
  34What has been done this day, so Yahweh has commanded to do to make atonement for you.
  35You must stay at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting day and night seven days and keep Yahweh’s command, that you do not die; for so I am commanded.”
  36Aaron and his sons did all the things that Yahweh commanded by Moses.
 


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The Priestly Ministry Begins

1It came to pass on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel,
  2and he said to Aaron, “Take a calf from the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before Yahweh.
  3You are to speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both a year old, without blemish, for a burnt offering;
  4and a bull and a ram for peace offerings to sacrifice before Yahweh, and a grain offering mixed with oil; for today Yahweh appears to you.’”
 

5They brought what Moses commanded before the Tent of Meeting, and all the congregation drew near and stood before Yahweh.
  6Moses said, “This is the thing that Yahweh commanded you to do, that the glory of Yahweh may appear to you.”
  7Moses said to Aaron, “Draw near to the altar and offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself and for the people; and offer the approach offering for the people and make atonement for them, as Yahweh commanded.”
 

8So Aaron drew near to the altar and killed the calf of the sin offering that was for himself.
  9The sons of Aaron presented the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar;
  10but the fat and the kidneys and the cover from the liver of the sin offering he turned into smoke-perfume upon the altar, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
  11The flesh and the skin he burned with fire outside the camp.
 

12He killed the burnt offering, and Aaron’s sons handed the blood to him and he sprinkled it around on the altar.
  13They handed the burnt offering to him, piece by piece, and the head, and he turned them into smoke-perfume upon the altar.
  14He washed the innards and the legs and turned them into smoke-perfume on the burnt offering on the altar.
 

15He presented the people’s approach offering and took the goat that was the sin offering for the people and killed it and offered it for sin, like the first.
  16He presented the burnt offering and offered it according to the ordinance.
  17He presented the grain offering and filled his hand from there and turn it into smoke-perfume upon the altar, besides the burnt offering of the morning.
 

18He also killed the bull and the ram, the sacrifice of peace offerings that was for the people; and Aaron’s sons handed to him the blood that he sprinkled around on the altar,
  19and the fat of the bull and of the ram, the fat tail and what covers the innards, and the kidneys and the cover of the liver;
  20and they put the fat upon the breasts and he turned the fat into smoke-perfume on the altar,
  21and the breasts and the right thigh Aaron waved for a wave offering before Yahweh, as Moses commanded.
 

22Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them; and he came down from offering the sin offering and the burnt offering and the peace offerings.
  23Moses and Aaron went into the Tent of Meeting and came out and blessed the people, and the glory of Yahweh appeared to all the people.
  24Then fire came out from before Yahweh, and consumed the burnt offering and the fat upon the altar; and when all the people saw it they shouted and fell on their faces.
 


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Nadab and Abihu

1Nadab and Abihu the sons of Aaron each took his censer and put fire in it, and laid incense on it and offered strange fire before Yahweh that he had not commanded them.
  2And fire came out from before Yahweh and devoured them, and they died before Yahweh.
 

3Then Moses said to Aaron, “This is what Yahweh spoke of, saying,

 ‘I will show myself holy

 to those who come near me,

 and before all the people

 I will be glorified.’”

And Aaron was silent.

4Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them, “Draw near, carry your brothers from before the sanctuary out of the camp.”
  5So they drew near and carried them in their coats out of the camp as Moses had said.
 

6Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons, “Do not let the hair of your heads go loose, nor tear your clothes; that you do not die, and that he not be angry with all the congregation. But let your brothers, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning that Yahweh has kindled.
  7You must not go out from the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, lest you die; for the anointing oil of Yahweh is on you.” They did according to the word of Moses.
 

Conduct Prescribed for Priests

8Yahweh spoke to Aaron, saying,
  9“Drink no wine nor beer, you, nor your sons with you when you go into the Tent of Meeting, that you do not die; it will be a statute forever throughout your generations,
  10and that you are to make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean,
  11and that you are to teach the children of Israel all the statutes that Yahweh has spoken to them by Moses.”
 

12Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons who were left, “Take the grain offering that remains of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire, and eat it without yeast beside the altar, for it is most holy;
  13and you must eat it in a holy place, because it is your portion and your sons’ portion of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire, for so I am commanded.
  14The waved breast and the heaved thigh you may eat in a clean place, you and your sons and your daughters with you, for they are given as your portion and your sons’ portion, out of the sacrifices of the peace offerings of the children of Israel.
  15The heaved thigh and the waved breast they are to bring with the offerings made by fire of the fat to wave it for a wave offering before Yahweh; and it will be yours and your sons’ with you as a portion forever, as Yahweh has commanded.”
 

16And Moses inquired, yes, inquired about the goat of the sin offering, and behold, it had already been burned! And he was angry with Eleazar and with Ithamar, the sons of Aaron who were left, saying,
  17“Why did you not eat the sin offering in the place of the sanctuary, since it is most holy and he has given it you to take away the iniquity of the congregation to make atonement for them before Yahweh?
  18Behold, its blood was not brought into the inner part of the sanctuary; you should have eaten, eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded.”
 

19Aaron spoke to Moses, “Behold, this day they have offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before Yahweh, and such things as these have happened to me; and if I had eaten the sin offering today, would it have been pleasing in the eyes of Yahweh?”
  20When Moses heard that, it was pleasing in his eyes.
 


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Foods Permitted and Forbidden

1Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying to them,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel, saying: These are the living things that you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.
  3Whatever parts the hoof and is cloven–footed and chews the cud among the animals, that you may eat.
  4“Nevertheless these you are not to eat of those that chew the cud, or of those who part the hoof:

 the camel, because he chews the cud

 but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.

 

 5 The coney, because he chews the cud

 but doesn’t have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.

 

 6 The hare, because she chews the cud

 but doesn’t part the hoof, she is unclean to you.

 

 7 The pig, because he has a split hoof and is cloven–footed

 but doesn’t chew the cud, he is unclean to you.

 

8Of their flesh you are not to eat and their carcasses you are not to touch; they are unclean to you.
 

9“These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas and in the rivers, that you may eat.
  10All that do not have fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are an abomination to you,
  11and you detest them. You must not eat of their flesh and you must detest their carcasses.
  12Whatever has no fins nor scales in the waters, that is an abomination to you.
 

13“These you are to detest among the birds; they must not be eaten, they are an abomination:

 the eagle and the vulture

 and the black vulture,

 

 14 and the red kite,

 any kind of black kite,

 

 15 any kind of raven,

 

 16 the horned owl,

 the screech owl and the gull,

 any kind of hawk,

 

 17 the little owl, the cormorant,

 the great owl,

 

 18 the white owl, the desert owl,

 the osprey,

 

 19 the stork,

 any kind of heron,

 the hoopoe, and the bat.

 

20“All flying insects that walk on all fours are an abomination to you.
  21Yet you may eat these: of all winged creeping things that go on all fours, that have legs above their feet, with which to hop on the earth.
  22Even of these you may eat:

 any kind of locust, any kind of katydid,

 any kind of cricket, and any kind of grasshopper.

 

23But all winged creeping things that have four feet are an abomination to you.
 

Purification after Touching Dead Animals

24“By these you will become unclean: whoever touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening.
  25Whoever carries any part of their carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.
  26“Every animal that parts the hoof and is not cloven–footed nor chews the cud is unclean to you. Everyone who touches them will be unclean.
  27Whatever goes on its paws, among all animals that go on all fours, they are unclean to you. Whoever touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening.
  28He who carries their carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to you.
 

29“These are they that are unclean to you among the creeping things that creep on the earth:

 the weasel, the rat,

 any kind of great lizard,

 

 30 the gecko and the monitor lizard,

 the wall lizard, the skink

 and the chameleon.

 

31These are they that are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until the evening.
  32On whatever any of them falls when they are dead, it will be unclean; whether it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it is with which any work is done, it must be put into water and it will be unclean until the evening; then it will be clean.
  33Every earthen vessel into which any of them falls, all that is in it will be unclean and you must break it.
  34All food that may be eaten, that on which water comes, will be unclean; and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel will be unclean.
  35Everything on which part of their carcass falls will be unclean; whether oven or range for pots, it must be broken in pieces; they are unclean, and will be unclean to you.
  36Nevertheless a spring or a cistern in which water is a gathered will be clean: but whatever touches their carcass will be unclean.
  37If part of their carcass falls on any sowing seed that is to be sown, it is clean.
  38But if water is put on the seed, and part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.
 

39“If any animal of which you may eat dies, he who touches its carcass will be unclean until the evening.
  40He who eats of its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. He also who carries its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.
 

41“Every creeping thing that creeps on the earth is an abomination. It must not be eaten.
  42Whatever goes on its belly and whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet, even all creeping things that creep on the earth, them you must not eat, for they are an abomination.
  43You must not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps, neither must you make yourselves unclean with them, that you should be defiled by it.
  44For I am Yahweh your God. Therefore, make yourselves holy, and be holy, for I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any kind of creeping thing that moves on the earth.
  45For I am Yahweh who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God. You must therefore be holy, for I am holy.
 

46“This is the law of the animal, and of the bird, and of every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every soul that creeps on the earth,
  47to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.‘”
 


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Purification after Childbirth

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel, saying: If a woman conceives and bears a male child, then she will be unclean seven days; as in the days of her monthly period she will be unclean.
  3In the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin must be circumcised.
  4She will continue in the blood of purification 33 days. She must not touch any holy thing, nor come into the sanctuary until the days of her purifying are completed.
  5But if she bears a female child, then she will be unclean two weeks as in her period; and she will continue in the blood of purification 66 days.
 

6“When the days of her purification are completed, for a son or for a daughter, she is to bring to the priest at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting a year old lamb for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering;
  7and he will offer it before Yahweh and make atonement for her, and she will be cleansed from the fountain of her blood. This is the law for she who bears, whether a male or a female.
  8If she cannot afford a lamb, then she may take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering, and the priest will make atonement for her and she will be clean.”
 


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Skin Diseases

1Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,
  2“When a man may have a rising in his body’s skin, or a scab, or a bright spot, and it becomes in the skin of his body the plague of leprosy, then he is to be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.
  3And the priest will examine the plague in the skin of the body, and if the hair in the plague has turned white and the appearance of the plague is deeper than the body’s skin, it is the plague of leprosy; and the priest must examine him and pronounce him unclean.
  4If the bright spot is white in the skin of his body and its appearance is not deeper than the skin, and its hair has not turned white, then the priest must isolate the infected person for seven days.
  5The priest will examine him on the seventh day, and behold, if in his eyes the plague is arrested and the plague hasn’t spread in the skin, then the priest must isolate him for seven more days.
  6The priest will examine him again on the seventh day, and behold, if the plague has faded and the plague hasn’t spread in the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him clean. It is a scab. He is to wash his clothes and be clean.
  7But if the scab spreads on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his cleansing, he must show himself to the priest again.
  8The priest will examine him, and behold, if the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest must pronounce him unclean. It is leprosy.
 

9“When the plague of leprosy is in a man, then he is to be brought to the priest
  10and the priest will examine him. Behold, if there is a white rising in the skin, and it has turned the hair white, and there is raw flesh in the rising,
  11it is a chronic leprosy in the skin of his body, and the priest must pronounce him unclean. He need not isolate him, for he is unclean.
  12If the leprosy breaks out all over the skin and the leprosy covers all the skin of the infected person from his head even to his feet as far as it appears to the priest,
  13then the priest will examine him, and behold, if the leprosy has covered all his flesh, he is to pronounce him clean of the plague. It has all turned white: he is clean.
  14But whenever raw flesh appears in him, he will be unclean.
  15The priest must examine the raw flesh and pronounce him unclean: the raw flesh is unclean. It is leprosy.
  16Or if the raw flesh turns again and is changed to white, then he must come to the priest,
  17and the priest will examine him, and behold, if the plague has turned white, then the priest must pronounce him clean of the plague. He is clean.
 

18“When the body has a boil on its skin, and it has healed,
  19and in the place of the boil there is a white rising or a bright spot, reddish–white, then it must be shown to the priest;
  20and the priest will examine it, and behold, if its appearance is lower than the skin, and its hair has turned white, then the priest must pronounce him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy. It has broken out in the boil.
  21But if the priest examines it, and behold, there are no white hairs in it and it isn’t deeper than the skin, but is dim, then the priest must isolate him seven days.
  22But if it should spread, yes, spread on the skin, then the priest must pronounce him unclean. It is a plague.
  23But if the bright spot stays in its place and hasn’t spread, it is the scar from the boil; and the priest is to pronounce him clean.
 

24“Or when the body has a burn from fire on its skin, and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a bright spot, reddish–white or white,
  25then the priest is to examine it, and behold, if the hair in the bright spot has turned white and its appearance is deeper than the skin, it is leprosy. It has broken out in the burning, and the priest must pronounce him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy.
  26But if the priest examines it, and behold, there is no white hair in the bright spot, and it isn’t lower than the skin, but is faded, then the priest must isolate him seven days.
  27The priest will examine him on the seventh day. If it has spread, yes, spread on the skin, then the priest must pronounce him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy.
  28If the bright spot stays in its place, and hasn’t spread in the skin, but is faded, it is the swelling from the burn and the priest is to pronounce him clean; for it is the scar from the burn.
 

29“When a man or woman has a plague on the head or on the beard,
  30then the priest must examine the plague, and behold, if its appearance is deeper than the skin and the hair in it is yellow and thin, then the priest must pronounce him unclean; it is an itch, it is leprosy of the head or of the beard.
  31If the priest examines the plague of itching, and behold, its appearance isn’t deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, then the priest must isolate the person infected with itching seven days.
  32On the seventh day the priest will examine the plague, and behold, if the itch hasn’t spread and there is no yellow hair in it, and the appearance of the itch isn’t deeper than the skin,
  33then he must be shaved, but he must not shave the itch; and the priest must shut him up who has the itch seven more days.
  34On the seventh day, the priest will examine the itch; and behold, if the itch hasn’t spread in the skin and its appearance isn’t deeper than the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him clean. He is to wash his clothes and be clean.
  35But if the itch has spread, yes, spread on the skin after his cleansing,
  36then the priest is to examine him, and behold, if the itch has spread in the skin, the priest should not look for the yellow hair; he is unclean.
  37But if in his eyes the itch is arrested, and black hair has grown in it, the itch is healed, he is clean. The priest is to pronounce him clean.
 

38“When a man or a woman has bright spots in the skin of the body, even white bright spots;
  39then the priest is to examine them, and behold, if the bright spots on the skin of their body are a dull white, it is a harmless rash, it has broken out in the skin; he is clean.
 

40“If a man’s hair has fallen from his head, he is bald. He is clean.
  41If his hair has fallen off from the front part of his head, he is forehead bald. He is clean.
  42But if there is in the bald head, or the bald forehead, a reddish–white plague; it is leprosy breaking out in his bald head or his bald forehead.
  43Then the priest is to examine him, and behold, if the rising of the plague is reddish–white in his bald head or in his bald forehead, like the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the flesh,
  44he is a leprous man. He is unclean. “Unclean, unclean,” must the priest pronounce him. His plague is on his head.
 

45“The leper in whom the plague is is to wear torn clothes and the hair of his head must hang loose. He must cover his upper lip and must cry out, ‘Unclean! Unclean!’
  46All the days in which the plague is in him he will be unclean. He is unclean. He must live alone. His dwelling-place must be outside of the camp.
 

Regulations About Defiled Fabrics

47“The garment also that the plague of leprosy is in, whether it is a woolen garment or a linen garment,
  48whether it is in warp or woof, of linen or of wool, whether in a skin or in anything made of skin,
  49if the plague is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the skin or in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of skin, it is the plague of leprosy and is to be shown to the priest.
  50The priest is to examine the plague and isolate the plague seven days.
  51He is to examine the plague on the seventh day. If the plague has spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof or in the skin, whatever use the skin is used for, the plague is a destructive mildew. It is unclean.
  52He is to burn the garment, whether the warp or the woof, in wool or in linen or anything of skin in which the plague is; for it is a destructive mildew. It must be burned in the fire.
 

53“If the priest examines it, and behold, the plague hasn’t spread in the garment, either in the warp, or in the woof, or in anything of skin,
  54then the priest is to command that they wash the thing in which the plague is and he must isolate it seven more days.
  55Then the priest is to examine it, after the plague is washed; and behold, if the plague hasn’t changed its color and the plague hasn’t spread, it is unclean; you must burn it in the fire. It is a mildewed spot, whether the bareness is inside or outside.
 

56“If the priest looks, and behold, the plague has faded after it is washed, then he must tear it out of the garment, or out of the skin, or out of the warp, or out of the woof:
  57and if it appears again in the garment, either in the warp, or in the woof, or in anything of skin, it is spreading. You must burn with fire that in which the plague is.
  58The garment, either the warp, or the woof, or whatever thing of skin it is, that you are to wash, if the plague has departed from them, then it is to be washed the second time and it will be clean.
 

59“This is the law of the plague of mildew in a garment of wool or linen, either in the warp, or the woof, or in anything of skin, to pronounce it clean or to pronounce it unclean.”
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 14
 
Cleansing of Skin Diseases

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“This is to be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. He is to be brought to the priest,
  3and the priest will go out of the camp. The priest will examine him, and behold, if the plague of leprosy is healed in the leper,
  4then the priest will command them to take for him who is to be cleansed two living clean birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet and hyssop.
  5The priest will command them to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over living water.
  6As for the living bird, he is to take it and the cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, and will dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the living water.
  7He will sprinkle on him who is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and is to pronounce him clean, and will let the living bird go into the open field.
  8He who is to be cleansed must wash his clothes and shave off all his hair, and bathe himself in water, and he will be clean. After that he may come into the camp, but must live outside his tent seven days.
  9On the seventh day he is to shave all his hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he is to shave off. He is to wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, then he will be clean.
 

10“On the eighth day he must take two male lambs without blemish and one ewe lamb a year old without blemish, and three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mingled with oil, and one log of oil.
  11The priest who cleanses him will set the man who is to be cleansed, and those things, before Yahweh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  12The priest is to take one of the male lambs and offer him for a trespass offering with the log of oil, and wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh.
  13He is to kill the male lamb in the place where they kill the sin offering and the burnt offering, in the place of the sanctuary; for as the sin offering is the priest‘s, so is the trespass offering. It is most holy.
  14The priest is to take some of the blood of the trespass offering, and the priest will put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.
  15The priest will take some of the log of oil and pour it into the palm of his own left hand.
  16The priest will dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and will sprinkle some of the oil with his finger seven times before Yahweh.
  17The priest will put some of the rest of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot, upon the blood of the trespass offering.
  18The rest of the oil that is in the priest’s hand he is to put on the head of him who is to be cleansed, and the priest will make atonement for him before Yahweh.
  19The priest must offer the sin offering and make atonement for him who is to be cleansed because of his uncleanness, and afterward he will kill the burnt offering;
  20and the priest is to offer the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. The priest will make atonement for him and he will be clean.
 

21“But if he is poor and cannot afford so much, then he is to take one male lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make atonement for him, and one tenth of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil for a grain offering, and a log of oil;
  22and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, such as he is able to afford; and the one is to be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering.
  23On the eighth day he is to bring them for his cleansing to the priest, to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before Yahweh.
  24The priest will take the lamb of the trespass offering and the log of oil, and the priest will wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh.
  25He is to kill the lamb of the trespass offering. The priest is to take some of the blood of the trespass offering and put it on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.
  26The priest will pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand,
  27and the priest will sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before Yahweh.
  28Then the priest will put some of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the trespass offering.
  29The rest of the oil that is in the priest’s hand he is to put on the head of him who is to be cleansed to make atonement for him before Yahweh.
  30He must offer one of the turtledoves or of the young pigeons, such as he is able to afford,
  31even such as he is able to afford, the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering, with the grain offering. The priest will make atonement for him who is to be cleansed before Yahweh.
  32This is the law for him in whom is the plague of leprosy, who is not able to afford the sacrifice for his cleansing.”
 

Cleansing of Contaminated Objects

33Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,
  34“When you have come into the land of Canaan that I give to you for a possession, and I put a spreading mildew in a house in the land of your possession,
  35then he who owns the house is to come and tell the priest, saying, ’There seems to me to be some sort of plague in the house.‘
  36The priest must command that they empty the house before the priest goes in to examine the plague, that all that is in the house not be made unclean; and afterward the priest will go in to inspect the house.
  37He will examine the plague, and behold, if the plague is in the walls of the house with hollow streaks, greenish or reddish, and it appears to be deeper than the wall,
  38then the priest is to go out of the house to the door of the house and shut up the house seven days.
  39The priest is to come again on the seventh day, and look. If the plague has spread in the walls of the house,
  40then the priest must command that they take out the stones in which is the plague and cast them into an unclean place outside of the city;
  41and he is to cause the inside of the house to be scraped all over, and they must pour out the mortar that they scraped off outside of the city into an unclean place.
  42They must take other stones and put them in the place of the original stones, and he must take other mortar and plaster the house.
 

43“If the plague comes again and breaks out in the house after he has taken out the stones and after he has scraped the house and after it was plastered,
  44then the priest must come in and look, and behold, if the plague has spread in the house, it is a destructive mildew in the house. It is unclean.
  45He must break down the house, its stones and its timber and all the house’s mortar. He must carry them out of the city into an unclean place.
  46Moreover he who goes into the house while it is shut up will be unclean until the evening.
  47He who lies down in the house is to wash his clothes, and he who eats in the house is to wash his clothes.
 

48“Now if the priest enters, yes, enters the house and examines it, and behold, the plague has not spread in the house after the house was plastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean, because the plague is healed.
  49To cleanse the house he is to take two birds and cedar wood and scarlet and hyssop.
  50He is to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over living water.
  51He will take the cedar wood and the hyssop and the scarlet and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird and in the living water, and sprinkle the house seven times.
  52He will cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and with the living water, with the living bird, with the cedar wood, with the hyssop and with the scarlet;
  53but he is to let the living bird go out of the city into the open field. So will he make atonement for the house, and it will be clean.
 

54“This is the law for any plague of leprosy and for an itch,
  55and for the destructive mildew of a garment and for a house,
  56and for a rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot,
  57to teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean. This is the law of leprosy.”
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 15
 
Bodily Discharges

1Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them, ‘When any man—any man—has a discharge from his body, because of his discharge he is unclean.
  3This is to be his uncleanness in regard to his discharge: whether his body flows freely with his discharge or his body stops up the discharge, it is his uncleanness.
  4Every bed on which he who has the discharge lies will be unclean, and everything he sits on will be unclean.
  5Whoever touches his bed is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  6He who sits on anything on which the man who has the discharge sat is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  7He who touches the body of him who has the discharge is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  8If the one who has the discharge spits on someone who is clean, then he is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  9Whatever means of riding the one who has the discharge rides on will be unclean.
  10Whoever touches anything that was under the one who was unclean will be unclean until the evening. He who carries those things is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  11Anyone the one who has the discharge touches, unless he has first rinsed his hands in water, that one is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  12And, an earthen vessel that the one who has the discharge touches must be broken; and every vessel of wood must be rinsed in water.
 

13“When he who has a discharge is cleansed of his discharge, then he is to count to himself seven days for his cleansing and wash his clothes; and he is to bathe his flesh in living water and will be clean.
  14On the eighth day he must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons and come before Yahweh to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and give them to the priest,
  15and the priest is to offer them, the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. The priest will make atonement for him before Yahweh for his discharge.
 

16“If any man has an emission of semen, then he is to bathe all his flesh in water and be unclean until the evening.
  17Every garment and every skin on which the semen is must be washed with water and be unclean until the evening.
  18If a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen, they are to both bathe themselves in water and be unclean until the evening.
 

19“If a woman has a discharge and her discharge from her flesh is blood, she will be in her impurity seven days, and whoever touches her will be unclean until the evening.
  20Everything that she lies on in her impurity will be unclean. Everything also that she sits on will be unclean.
  21Whoever touches her bed is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  22Whoever touches anything that she sits on is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  23If it is on the bed or on anything on which she sits, when he touches it he will be unclean until the evening.
  24If any man lies with her and her monthly flow is on him, he will be unclean seven days; and every bed on which he lies will be unclean.
 

25“If a woman has a discharge of her blood many days not in the time of her period, or if she has a discharge beyond the time of her period, all the days of the discharge of her uncleanness will be as in the days of her period; she is unclean.
  26Every bed on which she lies all the days of her discharge will be to her as the bed of her period, and everything on which she sits will be unclean, as the uncleanness of her period.
  27Whoever touches these things will be unclean, and must wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
  28But if she is cleansed of her discharge, then she is to count to herself seven days, and after that she will be clean.
  29On the eighth day she must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons and bring them to the priest to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  30The priest is to offer the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest will make atonement for her before Yahweh for the uncleanness of her discharge.
 

31“Thus you must separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness, so they will not die in their uncleanness when they defile my tabernacle that is in their midst.
  32This is the law of him who has a discharge and of him who has an emission of semen, so that he is unclean by it;
  33and of her who has her period, and of a man or woman who has a discharge, and of him who lies with her who is unclean.”
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 16
 
The Day of Atonement

1Yahweh spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they drew near before Yahweh and died;
  2and Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell Aaron your brother not to come at any time he pleases into the Holy Place inside the veil before the mercy seat that is on the ark, lest he die; for I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat.
 

3“But this is how Aaron is to come into the sanctuary: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.
  4He is to put on the holy linen coat and he is to have the linen undergarments upon his body, and must put on the linen sash, and he must be clothed with the linen turban. They are the holy garments. He must bathe his body in water and put them on.
  5He is to take from the congregation of the children of Israel two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering.
 

6“Aaron is to offer the bull of the sin offering that is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house.
  7He is to take the two goats and set them before Yahweh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  8Aaron is to cast lots for the two goats: one lot for Yahweh and the other lot for Azazel.
  9Aaron is to present the goat on which the lot fell for Yahweh and offer him for a sin offering.
  10But the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel is to be presented alive before Yahweh to make atonement for him, to send him away for Azazel into the wilderness.
 

11“Aaron is to present the bull as the sin offering that is for himself, and is to make atonement for himself and for his house, and is to kill the bull as the sin offering that is for himself.
  12And he is to take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before Yahweh and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it inside the veil;
  13and he is to put the incense on the fire before Yahweh so that the cloud of the incense will cover the mercy seat that is on the testimony, so that he will not die.
  14He is to take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east, and before the mercy seat he is to sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.
 

15“Then he is to kill the goat of the sin offering that is for the people, and bring his blood inside the veil and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bull and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat:
  16and he will make atonement for the Holy Place because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel and because of their transgressions, even all their sins; and so he will do for the Tent of Meeting that dwells with them in the midst of their uncleanness.
  17No one may be in the Tent of Meeting when he enters to make atonement in the Holy Place until he comes out and has made atonement for himself and for his household and for all the assembly of Israel.
  18Then he is to go out to the altar that is before Yahweh and make atonement for it, and is to take some of the bull’s blood and some of the goat’s blood and put it around on the horns of the altar.
  19He is to sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times and cleanse it, and make it holy from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
 

20“When he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting and the altar, he is to bring near the live goat.
  21Aaron is to lay both his hands on the head of the live goat and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel and all their transgressions, even all their sins; and he is to put them on the head of the goat and is to send him away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who is in readiness.
  22The goat will carry all their iniquities on himself to a solitary land, and he will let the goat go in the wilderness.
 

23“Aaron is to come into the Tent of Meeting and is to take off the linen garments that he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and is to leave them there.
  24Then he is to bathe himself in water in a holy place and put on his garments, and come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people.
  25The fat of the sin offering he is to turn into smoke-perfume on the altar.
  26He who lets the goat go for Azazel is to wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
  27The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, must be carried forth outside the camp; and they must burn their skins, their flesh, and their dung with fire.
  28He who burns them is to wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
 

29“It is to be a statute to you forever: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you are to afflict your souls and will do no kind of work, the native-born or the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you.
  30For on this day will atonement be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins you will be clean before Yahweh.
  31It is a Sabbath of complete rest to you, and you must afflict your souls; it is a statute forever.
  32The priest who is anointed and who is consecrated to be priest in his father’s place is to make the atonement and is to put on the linen garments, even the holy garments.
  33Then he is to make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary, and he is to make atonement for the Tent of Meeting and for the altar, and he is to make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly.
  34This is to be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel once in the year because of all their sins.” It was done as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 


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Forbidden Sacrifices

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the children of Israel and say to them: This is the thing that Yahweh has commanded:
  3Any man from the house of Israel who kills an ox or lamb or goat in the camp, or who kills it outside the camp
  4and does not bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting to offer it as an approach offering to Yahweh in front of the tabernacle of Yahweh, bloodguilt will be imputed to that man. He has shed blood, and that man must be cut off from among his people.
  5The reason for this is so that the children of Israel will bring their sacrifices that they have been sacrificing in the open field; that they bring them to Yahweh, to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting to the priest, and sacrifice them as sacrifices of peace offerings to Yahweh.
  6The priest is to sprinkle the blood on the altar of Yahweh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and turn the fat into smoke-perfume for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh.
  7They must no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat-demons that they have prostituted themselves with. This will be a statute forever to them throughout their generations.
 

8“You are to say to them: Any man—any man—of the house of Israel or of the strangers who live as foreigners among them who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice
  9and does not bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting to sacrifice it to Yahweh, that man must be cut off from his people.
 

Laws Against Eating Blood

10“And any man of the house of Israel, or any of the strangers who live as foreigners among them, who eats any blood, I will set my face against that soul who eats blood and will cut him off from among his people,
  11for the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have assigned it for you on the altar to make atonement for your lives; for it is the blood that makes atonement because of the life it has.
  12Therefore I have said to the children of Israel: No person among you may eat blood; nor may any stranger who lives as a foreigner among you eat blood.”
 

13“And any man of the children of Israel or of the strangers who live as foreigners among them who takes in hunting any animal or bird that may be eaten, he must pour out its blood and cover it with dust.
  14For as for the life of all flesh, its blood is its life: therefore I said to the children of Israel, You must not eat the blood of any kind of flesh; for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it must be cut off.
 

15“Any person who eats that which dies of itself or what is torn by animals, whether he is native–born or a foreigner, he is to wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening; then he will be clean.
  16But if he does not wash them or bathe his flesh, then he will bear his iniquity.’”
 


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Unlawful Sexual Relations

1Yahweh said to Moses,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and say to them: I am Yahweh your God.
  3Do not do as they do in the land of Egypt where you lived, and you do not do as they do in the land of Canaan where I am bringing you, nor are you to walk in their statutes.
  4You are to do my ordinances, and you are to keep my statutes and walk in them; I am Yahweh your God.
  5You must therefore keep my statutes and my ordinances, which if a man does, he will live by them; I am Yahweh.
 

6“None of you is to approach anyone who are his close relatives to uncover their nakedness; I am Yahweh.
  7You are not to uncover the nakedness of your father, nor the nakedness of your mother; she is your mother. You must not uncover her nakedness.
  8You are not to uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife; it is your father’s nakedness.
  9You are not to uncover the nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or born abroad.
  10You are not to uncover the nakedness of your son’s daughter or of your daughter’s daughter, even their nakedness; for theirs is your own nakedness.
  11You are not to uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, conceived by your father, since she is your sister.
  12You are not to uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister; she is your father’s near kinswoman.
  13You are not to uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister; for she is your mother’s near kinswoman.
  14You are not to uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother, you are not to approach his wife; she is your aunt.
  15You are not to uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son’s wife. You are not to uncover her nakedness.
  16You are not to uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife; it is your brother’s nakedness.
  17You are not to uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter. You are not to take her son’s daughter, or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are near kinswomen. It is wickedness.
  18You are not to take a wife to her sister, to be a rival, to uncover her nakedness while her sister is yet alive.
 

19“You are not to approach a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is impure by her uncleanness.
  20You are not to lie carnally with your neighbor’s wife and defile yourself with her.
 

21“You are not to give any of your children to sacrifice to Molech, nor are you to profane the name of your God: I am Yahweh.
  22You are not to lie with a man as with a woman. That is detestable.
  23You are not to lie with any animal to defile yourself with it, nor is any woman to give herself to an animal to lie down with it; it is a perversion.
 

24“Do not defile yourselves in any of these things, for in all these the nations that I am casting out before you were defiled,
  25and the land has become defiled; therefore I have visited its iniquity upon it, and the land vomited out her inhabitants.
  26You therefore are to keep my statutes and my ordinances and must not do any of these abominations; neither the native-born, nor the stranger who lives as a foreigner among you
  27(for all these abominations have the men of the land done that were before you, and the land became defiled),
  28that the land not vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
  29For whoever will do any of these abominations, the souls that do them, must be cut off from among their people.
  30Therefore you must keep my requirements, that you do not practice any of these abominable customs that were practiced before you, and that you do not defile yourselves with them; I am Yahweh your God.”
 


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Laws of Holiness

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel and tell them: You must be holy, for I Yahweh your God am holy.
 

3“Each one of you is to respect his mother and his father. You are to keep my Sabbaths. I am Yahweh your God.
  4Do not turn to idols, nor make cast metal gods for yourselves. I am Yahweh your God.
 

5“When you offer a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh, you may offer it so that you may be accepted.
  6It is to be eaten the same day you offer it, and on the next day: and if anything remains until the third day, it must be burned with fire.
  7If it is eaten, yes, eaten on the third day, it is an abomination. It will not be accepted;
  8but everyone who eats it will bear his iniquity because he has profaned the holy thing of Yahweh, and that soul must be cut off from his people.
 

9“Now when you harvest the harvest of your land, you are not to entirely harvest the corners of your field, nor are you to gather the gleanings of your harvest.
  10You are not to glean your vineyard, nor are you to gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you are to leave them for the poor and for the foreigner. I am Yahweh your God.
 

11“You must not steal. You must not lie. You must not deceive one another.
  12You must not swear by my name falsely and profane the name of your God. I am Yahweh.
 

13“You are not to oppress your neighbor, or rob him. The wages of a hired servant must not remain with you all night until the morning.
  14You are not to curse the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind, but you are to fear your God. I am Yahweh.
 

15“You are not to do any injustice in judgment: you must not show favor to the poor, nor give preference to the rich, but you must judge your neighbor in righteousness.
  16You must not go up and down as a slanderer among your people. You are not to do anything that endangers the life of your neighbor. I am Yahweh.
 

17“You are not to hate your brother in your heart. You are to rebuke, yes, rebuke your neighbor and not bear sin because of him.
  18You must not take vengeance, nor bear a grudge against the children of your people, but you must love your neighbor as yourself. I am Yahweh.
 

19“You are to keep my statutes. You must not crossbreed different kinds of animals. You must not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor must there come upon on you a garment made of two kinds of material.
 

20“If a man lies carnally with a woman who is a slave girl, pledged to be married to another man, and not ransomed or given her freedom; they must be punished. They are not to be put to death, because she was not free.
  21He must bring his trespass offering to Yahweh, to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, even a ram for a trespass offering.
  22The priest will make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering before Yahweh for his sin that he has committed, and the sin that he has committed will be forgiven him.
 

23“When you come into the land, and have planted all kinds of trees for food, then you are to count their fruit as forbidden. Three years will they be forbidden to you. It is not to be eaten.
  24But in the fourth year all its fruit must be holy for giving praise to Yahweh.
  25In the fifth year you may eat its fruit, that it may yield its increase to you. I am Yahweh your God.
 

26“You are not to eat any meat with the blood still in it; neither are you to use enchantments nor practice sorcery.
  27You are not to cut the hair on the sides of your heads, neither are you to clip off the edge of your beard.
  28You are not to make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor tattoo any marks on you. I am Yahweh.
 

29“Do not profane your daughter to make her a prostitute, lest the land fall to prostitution and the land become full of wickedness.
  30You must keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary; I am Yahweh.
 

31“Do not turn to those who are mediums, nor to the wizards. Do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am Yahweh your God.
 

32“You are to rise up before the gray head and honor the face of an old man, and you are to fear your God. I am Yahweh.
 

33“If a stranger lives as a foreigner with you in your land, you must not do him wrong.
  34The stranger who lives as a foreigner with you must be to you as the native–born among you, and you are to love him as yourself; for you lived as foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am Yahweh your God.
 

35“You must not use dishonest standards in measures of length, of weight or of quantity.
  36You are to have just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin. I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
  37You must observe all my statutes and all my ordinances and do them. I am Yahweh.”
 


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Punishment for Child Sacrifice

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Moreover, you are to tell the children of Israel: Anyone of the children of Israel or of the strangers who live as foreigners in Israel who gives any of his seed to Molech, he must surely be put to death. The people of the land must stone him with stones.
  3I also will set my face against that person and will cut him off from among his people because he has given of his seed to Molech, to defile my sanctuary and to profane my holy name.
  4If the people of the land all hide their eyes from that person when he gives of his seed to Molech, and do not put him to death,
  5then I will set my face against that man and against his family, and will cut him off from among their people, and also all who are prostituting themselves after him to prostitute themselves after Molech.
 

6“The person who turns to those who are mediums and to the wizards to prostitute themselves after them, I will even set my face against that person and will cut him off from among his people.
  7Therefore, make yourselves holy and be holy, for I am Yahweh your God.
  8You are to keep my statutes and do them. I am Yahweh who makes you holy.
 

9“For everyone who curses his father or his mother must surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother, his blood will be upon him.
 

Punishments for Sexual Immorality

10“The man who commits adultery with another man’s wife, even he who commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress must surely be put to death.
  11The man who lies with his father’s wife has uncovered his father’s nakedness; both of them must surely be put to death. Their blood will be upon them.
  12If a man lies with his daughter-in-law, both of them must surely be put to death; they have committed a perversion. Their blood will be upon them.
  13If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they must surely be put to death. Their blood will be upon them.
  14If a man takes a wife and her mother, it is wickedness. They must be burned with fire, both he and they, so that there will be no wickedness among you.
  15If a man lies with an animal, he must surely be put to death, and you are to kill the animal.
  16If a woman approaches any animal and lies down with it, you are to kill the woman and the animal; they must surely be put to death. Their blood will be upon them.
  17If a man takes his sister, his father’s daughter, or his mother’s daughter, and sees her nakedness, and she sees his nakedness, it is a shameful thing; and they must be cut off in the sight of the children of their people. He has uncovered his sister’s nakedness; he will bear his iniquity.
  18If a man lies with a woman having her monthly period and uncovers her nakedness, he has made naked her fountain and she has uncovered the fountain of her blood, and both of them must be cut off from among their people.
  19You must not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, nor of your father’s sister, for he has made naked his close relative; they will bear their iniquity.
  20If a man lies with his uncle’s wife, he has uncovered his uncle’s nakedness. They will bear their sin; they will die childless.
  21If a man takes his brother’s wife, it is an impurity; he has uncovered his brother’s nakedness. They will be childless.
 

You Shall Be Holy

22“You are to therefore keep all my statutes and all my ordinances and do them, so that the land where I am bringing you to live will not vomit you out.
  23You must not walk in the customs of the nation that I am casting out before you; for they did all these things, and therefore I abhorred them.
  24But I have said to you: You will inherit their land, and I will give it to you to possess it, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am Yahweh your God who has separated you from the peoples.
  25You must therefore make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean fowl and the clean: and you are not to make yourselves abominable by animal or by bird, or by anything with which the ground teems that I have separated from you as unclean for you.
  26You are to be holy to me, for I, Yahweh, am holy, and have set you apart from the peoples, that you should be mine.
 

27“A man or a woman that is a medium or is a wizard must surely be put to death; they are to stone them with stones. Their blood will be upon them.”
 


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The Holiness of the Priests

1Yahweh said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them: A priest is not to defile himself for the dead among his people,
  2except for his relatives that are near to him; for his mother, for his father, for his son, for his daughter, for his brother,
  3and for his virgin sister who is near to him who has had no husband, for her he may defile himself.
  4He is not to defile himself, being a chief man among his people, to profane himself.
 

5“They are not to make bald patches on their heads, nor are they to shave off the corners of their beards, nor make any cuttings in their flesh.
  6They are to be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God, for they offer the offerings of Yahweh made by fire, the food of their God; therefore they must be holy.
  7They are not to marry a woman who is a prostitute, or profane; nor are they to marry a woman divorced from her husband, for the priest is holy to his God.
  8You are to sanctify him therefore, for he offers the bread of your God: he will be holy to you, for I, Yahweh, who make you holy, am holy.
  9The daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by prostituting herself, she profanes her father; she must be burned with fire.
 

10“He who is the high priest among his brothers, upon whose head the anointing oil is poured, and who is consecrated to put on the garments, must not let the hair of his head hang loose, nor tear his clothes;
  11nor is he to go in to a place where there is any dead body, nor defile himself for his father or for his mother;
  12nor is he to go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God is upon him. I am Yahweh.
 

13“He is to take a wife in her virginity.
  14A widow, or one divorced, or a woman who has been defiled, or a prostitute, these he is not to marry; but a virgin of his own people is he to take as a wife.
  15He must not profane his seed among his people, for I am Yahweh who makes him holy.”
 

Physical Defects and Priests

16Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  17“Say to Aaron: None of your seed throughout their generations who has a blemish may approach to offer the food of his God.
  18For no man who has a blemish is to approach: a blind man, or a lame, or he who has a flat nose, or any deformity,
  19or a man who has an injured foot, or an injured hand,
  20or hunchbacked, or a dwarf, or one who has a defect in his eye, or an itching disease, or scabs, or who has damaged testicles.
  21No man of the seed of Aaron the priest who has a blemish is to approach to offer the offerings of Yahweh made by fire. Since he has a blemish, he is not to approach to offer the food of his God.
  22He may eat the food of his God, both of the most holy, and of the holy.
  23He must not approach the veil, nor approach the altar, because he has a blemish, so that he does not profane my sanctuaries, for I am Yahweh who makes them holy.”
  24So Moses told this to Aaron and to his sons and to all the children of Israel.
 


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Priests and Their Food

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Tell Aaron and his sons to separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel that they make holy to me, and that they not profane my holy name. I am Yahweh.
  3Tell them: If anyone of all your seed throughout your generations approaches the holy things that the children of Israel make holy to Yahweh, having his uncleanness on him, that soul will be cut off from before me. I am Yahweh.
  4Whoever of the seed of Aaron is a leper or has a bodily discharge, he is not to eat of the holy things until he is clean. Whoever touches anything that is unclean by the dead, or a man whose seed goes from him,
  5or whoever touches any creeping thing whereby he may be made unclean, or a man of whom he may take uncleanness, whatever uncleanness he has;
  6the person that touches any such will be unclean until the evening and is not to eat of the holy things unless he bathe his body in water.
  7When the sun is down, he will be clean; and afterward he may eat of the holy things, because it is his bread.
  8What dies of itself or is torn by animals he must not eat, defiling himself by it. I am Yahweh.
  9They must therefore follow my requirements, lest they bear sin for it and die in it if they profane it. I am Yahweh who makes them holy.
 

10“No stranger is to eat of the holy thing. A foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, is not to eat of the holy thing.
  11But if a priest buys a slave as a purchase with his money, he may eat of it; and those who are born in his house, they may eat of his bread.
  12If a priest’s daughter is married to an outsider, she is not to eat of the heave offering of the holy things.
  13But if a priest’s daughter is a widow or divorced and has no child, and has returned to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat of her father’s bread; but no stranger may eat any of it.
  14If a man eats something holy unwittingly, then he must add the fifth part of its value to it and must give the holy thing to the priest.
  15The priests must not profane the holy things of the children of Israel that they offer to Yahweh
  16and so cause them to bear the iniquity that brings guilt when they eat their holy things; for I am Yahweh who makes them holy.”
 

Acceptable Sacrifices

17Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  18“Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the children of Israel and say to them: Whoever is of the house of Israel or of the foreigners in Israel who offers his approach offering, whether it is any of their vows or any of their freewill offerings that they offer to Yahweh for a burnt offering
  19so that you may be accepted, you must offer a male without blemish, of the bulls, of the sheep or of the goats.
  20But whatever has a blemish, that you are not to offer for it will not be acceptable for you.
 

21“Whoever offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh from the herd of from the flock to accomplish a vow or for a freewill offering, it has to be perfect to be accepted; no blemish can be on it.
  22Blind, injured, maimed, having a wart, festering, or having a running sore, you must not offer these to Yahweh, nor make an offering by fire of them on the altar to Yahweh.
  23Either a bull or a lamb that has any deformity or lacking in his parts, that you may offer for a freewill offering; but for a vow it will not be accepted.
  24Whatever has its testicles bruised, crushed, broken or cut, you must not offer to Yahweh. You are not to do this in your land.
  25Nor are you to offer the bread of your God from the hand of a foreigner of any of these, because their corruption is in them. There is a blemish in them. They will not be accepted for you.”
 

26Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  27“When a bull or a sheep or a goat is born, then it must remain seven days with its mother; and from the eighth day and thereafter it will be accepted for the approach offering of an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
  28Whether it is a cow or ewe, you are not to kill it and its young both in one day.
  29When you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to Yahweh, you are to sacrifice it so that you may be accepted.
  30It is to be eaten on the same day; you are to leave none of it until the morning. I am Yahweh.
 

31“Therefore you are to keep my commandments and do them. I am Yahweh.
  32You must not profane my holy name, but I am to be treated as holy among the children of Israel. I am Yahweh who makes you holy,
  33who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God. I am Yahweh.”
 


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Feasts of Yahweh

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and tell them: The set feasts of Yahweh that you are to proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts.
 

The Sabbath

3“Six days may work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation; you are to do no kind of work. It is a Sabbath to Yahweh in all your dwellings.
 

The Passover

4“These are the set feasts of Yahweh, even holy convocations that you are to proclaim in their appointed season.
  5In the first month, on the 14th day of the month in the evening, is Yahweh’s Passover.
  6On the 15th day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yahweh. Seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
  7In the first day you are to have a holy convocation. You are to do no customary work.
  8But you are to offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh seven days. In the seventh day is a holy convocation; you must do no customary work.”
 

The Feast of Firstfruits

9Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  10“Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them: When you have come into the land that I give to you and you reap its harvest, then you must bring the sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest,
  11and he will wave the sheaf before Yahweh to be accepted for you. On the next day after the Sabbath the priest is to wave it.
  12On the day when you wave the sheaf, you are to offer a male lamb without blemish a year old for a burnt offering to Yahweh.
  13The grain offering with it is to be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to Yahweh for a pleasant aroma; and the drink offering with it will be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.
  14You must eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor fresh grain until this same day, until you have brought the approach offering of your God. This is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
 

The Feast of Weeks

15“You are to count from the next day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, seven Sabbaths are to be completed;
  16even to the next day after the seventh Sabbath you are to number fifty days, and you are to offer a new grain offering to Yahweh.
  17You are to bring out of your habitations two loaves of bread for a wave offering made of two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour. They are to be baked with yeast as firstfruits to Yahweh.
  18You are to present with the bread seven lambs without blemish a year old, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to Yahweh, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of a sweet aroma to Yahweh.
  19You are also to offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs a year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
  20The priest will wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before Yahweh with the two lambs. They will be holy to Yahweh for the priest.
  21You are to make proclamation on the same day; there is to be a holy convocation to you. You are to do no customary work. This is a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
  22When you reap the harvest of your land, you are not to wholly reap into the corners of your field, nor are you to you gather the gleanings of your harvest: you are to leave them for the poor, and for the foreigner. I am Yahweh your God.”
 

The Feast of Trumpets

23Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  24“Speak to the children of Israel, saying: In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, is to be a solemn rest to you, a memorial proclaimed with blasts of shofars, a holy convocation.
  25You must do no customary work, and you must offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh.”
 

The Day of Atonement

26Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  27“However on the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it is to be a holy convocation to you, and you are to afflict yourselves, and you are to offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
  28You are to do no kind of work in that same day; for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before Yahweh your God.
  29For whoever it is who will not deny himself in that same day must be cut off from his people.
  30Whoever it is who does any kind of work in that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people.
  31You are to do no kind of work: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
  32It will be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. In the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you are to keep your Sabbath.”
 

The Feast of Booths

33Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  34“Speak to the children of Israel and say: On the 15th day of this seventh month is the Feast of Booths for seven days to Yahweh.
  35On the first day there is to be a holy convocation: you are to do no customary work.
  36Seven days you are to offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh. On the eighth day is to be a holy convocation to you, and you are to offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh. It is a solemn assembly; you are to do no customary work.
 

37“These are the appointed feasts of Yahweh that you are to proclaim to be holy convocations to offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, each on its own day,
  38besides the Sabbaths of Yahweh and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings that you give to Yahweh.
 

39“So on the 15th day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you are to keep the feast of Yahweh seven days; on the first day will be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day will be a solemn rest.
  40You are to take on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and you are to rejoice before Yahweh your God seven days.
  41You are to keep it as a feast to Yahweh seven days in the year; it is a statute forever throughout your generations. You must keep it in the seventh month.
  42In booths you are to live for seven days. All who are native-born in Israel must live in booths,
  43so that your descendants may know that I made the children of Israel to live in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt. I am Yahweh your God.”
  44Moses declared to the children of Israel the appointed feasts of Yahweh.
 


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Tabernacle Oil and Bread

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Command the children of Israel that they bring to you pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually.
  3Outside of the veil of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting Aaron is to keep it in order from evening to morning before Yahweh continually; it is to be a statute forever throughout your generations.
  4He must keep in order the lamps on the pure gold lampstand before Yahweh continually.
 

5“You are to take fine flour and bake 12 cakes of it: two tenth parts of an ephah will be in one cake.
  6You are to set them in two rows, six on a row, on the pure gold table before Yahweh.
  7You are to put pure frankincense on each row, that it may be to the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
  8Every Sabbath day he is to set it in order before Yahweh continually. It is on the behalf of the children of Israel an everlasting covenant.
  9It will be for Aaron and his sons, and they are to eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire by a perpetual statute.”
 

A Case of Blasphemy

10The son of an Israelite woman whose father was an Egyptian went out among the children of Israel; and the son of the Israelite woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp.
  11The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the Name and cursed, and they brought him to Moses. His mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.
  12They put him in custody until the will of Yahweh should be declared to them.
 

13Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  14“Bring out of the camp him who cursed, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head and let all the congregation stone him.
  15You are to speak to the children of Israel, saying: Anyone, anyone, who curses his God will bear his sin.
  16But whoever blasphemes the name of Yahweh, he is to be put to death, yes, death. All the congregation is to stone, yes, stone him; the foreigner as well as the native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, is to be put to death!
 

An Eye for an Eye

17“And if a man takes the life of any human being, he must be put to death, yes, death.
  18He who strikes an animal mortally is to make it good, life for life.
  19If anyone injures his neighbor, as he has done, so it is to be done to him:
  20fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. As he has injured someone, so is it to be done to him.
  21He who kills an animal is to make it good, and he who kills a man is to be put to death.
  22You are to have one kind of law, for the foreigner as well as the native–born; for I am Yahweh your God.”
 

23Moses spoke to the children of Israel, and they brought out him who had cursed out of the camp and stoned him with stones. The children of Israel did as Yahweh commanded Moses.
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 25
 
The Sabbath Year

1Yahweh spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and tell them: When you come into the land that I give you, then the land must observe a Sabbath to Yahweh.
  3Six years you may sow your field, and six years you may prune your vineyard and gather in the produce.
  4But in the seventh year there must be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land, a Sabbath to Yahweh. You are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard.
  5You are not to reap what grows by itself from your harvest, and you are not to gather the grapes of your untrimmed vines. It must be a year of complete rest for the land.
  6The Sabbath produce of the land will be for food for you, for yourself, for your servant, for your maid, for your hired servant and for your stranger who lives as a foreigner with you.
  7Even your livestock and the animals that are in your land may have all it produces for food.
 

The Year of Jubilee

8“You are to count off seven Sabbaths of years, seven times seven years, so the time of the seven Sabbaths of years will be for you a total of 49 years.
  9Then you are to sound a loud blast on the shofar on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you will sound the shofar throughout all your land.
  10You are to make the fiftieth year holy, and you are to proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It will be a jubilee to you, and each of you are you return to his own property and each of you is to return to his family.
  11That fiftieth year will be a jubilee to you. In it you are not to sow, nor reap what grows of itself, nor gather from the undressed vines,
  12for it is a jubilee; it is to be holy to you. You may eat of its increase out of the field.
 

13“In this Year of Jubilee each of you is to return to his property.
  14If you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor, you are not to wrong one another.
  15You are to buy back from your neighbor based on the number of years since the Jubilee. And he is to sell to you based on the number of remaining years for growing the crops.
  16According to the length of the years remaining you are to increase its price, and according to the shortness of the years you are to diminish its price; for he is selling the number of the crops that will be harvested to you.
  17You are not to wrong one another, but you are to fear your God; for I am Yahweh your God.
 

18“Therefore you are to do my statutes and keep my ordinances and do them, and then you will live in the land in safety.
  19The land will yield its fruit, and you can eat your fill, and live in it in safety.
  20But if you say, ‘What will we eat the seventh year? Behold, we are not to sow or gather in our increase.’
  21then I will command my blessing on you in the sixth year and it will bring forth fruit for the three years.
  22When you sow the eighth year you will still be eating some of the old crop; its produce. Until the ninth year, until its produce comes in, you will eat the old crop.
 

Redemption of Property

23“The land is not to be sold permanently, for the land is mine; for you are strangers and live as foreigners with me.
  24In all the land of your possession you are to grant a redemption for the land.
  25If your brother becomes poor and sells some of his possessions, then his kinsman who is next to him may come and redeem what his brother has sold.
  26If a man has no one to redeem it and he becomes prosperous and finds sufficient means to redeem it,
  27then let him count the years since its sale and pay back the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and he will return to his property.
  28But if he is not able to get it back for himself, then what he has sold will remain in the hand of him who has bought it until the Year of Jubilee: and in the Jubilee it is to be released, and he may return to his property.
 

29“If a man sells a house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it has been sold. For a full year he will have the right of redemption.
  30If it is not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city is to be made sure permanently to him who bought it throughout his generations. It is not to be released in the Jubilee.
  31But the houses of the villages that have no wall around them are to be included with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed and they are to be released in the Jubilee.
 

32“As for the cities of the Levites: the Levites may redeem the houses in the cities of their possession at any time.
  33The Levites may redeem the house that was sold, and the city of his possession, and it must be released in the Jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.
  34But the field of the open land of their cities may not be sold, for it is their permanent possession.
 

35“If your brother has become poor and his hand cannot support him among you, then you are to uphold him. He is to live with you like an alien and a temporary resident.
  36Take no interest from him or profit, but fear your God, that your brother may live among you.
  37You are not to lend him your money along with interest, nor give him your food for profit.
  38I am Yahweh your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.
 

39“If your brother has grown poor among you and sells himself to you, you must not make him serve as a slave.
  40As a hired servant and as a temporary resident he may be with you; he may serve with you until the Year of Jubilee,
  41then he is to go out from you, he and his children with him, and may return to his own family and to the possession of his fathers.
  42For they are my servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. They are not to be sold as slaves.
  43You are not to rule over him with harshness, but fear your God.
  44As for your male and your female slaves whom you may have; of the nations that are around you, from them you may buy male and female slaves.
  45Moreover of the children of the aliens who live among you, of them you may buy, and of their families who are with you that they have conceived in your land; and they will be your property.
  46You may make them an inheritance for your children after you, to hold for a possession; of them may you take your slaves forever. But over your brothers the children of Israel you must not rule, one over another, with harshness.
 

47“If an alien or temporary resident with you becomes rich and your brother beside him has grown poor, and sells himself to the stranger or foreigner living among you, or to a member of the stranger’s family,
  48after he is sold he may be redeemed. One of his brothers may redeem him,
  49or his uncle or his uncle’s son may redeem him, or any who is a close relative to him of his family may redeem him; or if he has grown rich, he may redeem himself.
  50He is to reckon with him who bought him from the year that he sold himself to him to the Year of Jubilee: and the price of his sale will be according to the number of years; according to the time of a hired servant will he be with him.
  51If there are yet many years, according to them he must give back the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for.
  52If there remain but a few years to the Year of Jubilee, then he will reckon with him; according to his years of service he will give back the price of his redemption.
  53As a servant hired year by year will he be with him: he is not to rule harshly over him before your very eyes.
  54If he is not redeemed by these means, then he is to be released in the Year of Jubilee, he and his children with him.
  55For the children of Israel are servants to me; they are my servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. I am Yahweh your God.”
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 26
 
Blessings for Obedience

1“You are not to make for yourselves idols, nor are you to set up a carved image or a standing-stone, nor are you to place any sculpted stone in your land to bow down to it, because I am Yahweh your God.
  2You must keep my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am Yahweh.
 

3“If you walk in my statutes and keep my commandments and do them,
  4then I will give you your rains in their season and the land will yield its increase, and the trees of the field will yield their fruit.
  5Your threshing will reach to the vintage, and the vintage will reach to the sowing time, and you will eat your bread to the full and dwell in your land safely.
  6I will give peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid; and I will remove evil animals out of the land, neither will the sword go through your land.
  7You will chase your enemies and they will fall before you by the sword.
  8Five of you will chase 100, and 100 of you will chase 10,000; and your enemies will fall before you by the sword.
 

9“I will have respect for you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and will establish my covenant with you.
  10You will eat old crops long kept, and you will move out the old because of the new.
  11I will set my tent among you and my soul will not abhor you.
  12I will walk among you and will be your God, and you will be my people.
  13I am Yahweh your God who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt so that you would not be their slaves, and I have broken the bars of your yoke and made you walk upright.
 

Punishment for Disobedience

14“But if you will not listen to me and will not do all these commandments,
  15and if you reject my statutes and if your soul abhors my ordinances so that you do not do all my commandments, but break my covenant,
  16I also will do this to you: I will appoint terror over you, even consumption and fever that will consume the eyes and make the soul to pine away; and you will sow your seed in vain, for your enemies will eat it.
  17I will set my face against you and you will be struck before your enemies. Those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one pursues you.
 

18“If you in spite of these things will not listen to me, then I will discipline you sevenfold for your sins.
  19I will break the pride of your power and I will make your sky like iron and your soil like bronze;
  20and your strength will be spent in vain, for your land will not yield its increase, nor will the trees of the land yield their fruit.
 

21“If you walk contrary to me and will not listen to me, then I will bring seven times more plagues on you according to your sins.
  22I will send the wild animals among you that will rob you of your children, destroy your livestock and make you few in number, and your roads will become desolate.
 

23“And if by these things you are not turned back to me, but walk contrary to me,
  24then I will also walk contrary to you, and I will strike you, even I, sevenfold for your sins.
  25I will bring a sword upon you that will execute the vengeance of the covenant; and you will be gathered together inside your cities, and I will send the pestilence among you and you will be given into the hand of the enemy.
  26When I break your staff of bread, ten women will bake your bread in one oven, and they will deliver your bread again by weight; and you will eat but not be satisfied.
 

27“If you in spite of this will not listen to me, but walk contrary to me,
  28then I will walk contrary to you in wrath, and I also will chastise you sevenfold for your sins.
  29You will eat the flesh of your sons and you will eat the flesh of your daughters.
  30I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars and cast your dead bodies upon the bodies of your idols, and my soul will abhor you.
  31I will lay your cities waste and will bring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not take delight in the sweet fragrance of your offerings.
  32I will bring the land into desolation, and your enemies that dwell in it will be astonished at it.
  33I will scatter you among the nations and I will draw out the sword after you, and your land will be a desolation and your cities will be a waste.
 

34“Then the land will make up for its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies’ land. At that time the land will rest and make up for its sabbaths.
  35As long as it lies desolate it will have rest, even the rest that it did not have in your Sabbaths when you lived on it.
 

36“As for those of you who are left, I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies, and the sound of a driven leaf will put them to flight, and they will flee as one flees from the sword and they will fall when no one pursues.
  37They will stumble over one another, as it were before the sword, when no one pursues; and you will have no power to stand before your enemies.
  38You will perish among the nations and the land of your enemies will eat you up.
  39Those of you who are left will pine away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands, and also in the iniquities of their fathers will they pine away with them.
 

40“If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their trespass that they trespassed against me, and also that because they walked contrary to me,
  41so that I walked in hostility towards them and brought them into the land of their enemies—and if then their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled and so that they then pay the penalty for their iniquity,
  42then I will remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also I will remember my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.
  43For the land will be abandoned by them and will make up for its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them, and they will pay the penalty for their iniquity because, yes, because they rejected my ordinances and their souls abhorred my statutes.
  44Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies I will not reject them, nor will I abhor them to destroy them utterly and to break my covenant with them, for I am Yahweh their God;
  45but I will for their sake remember the covenant of their ancestors whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am Yahweh.”
 

46These are the statutes, ordinances and laws that Yahweh made between him and the children of Israel in Mount Sinai by Moses.
 


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Go to Commentary on Lev 27
 
Funding the Sanctuary

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel and say to them: When a man makes a vow, the persons will be for Yahweh by your valuation.
  3Your valuation will be of a male from twenty years old even to sixty years old, even your valuation will be fifty shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary.
  4If it is a female, then your valuation will be thirty shekels.
  5If the person is from five years old even to twenty years old, then your valuation will be for a male twenty shekels and for a female ten shekels.
  6If the person is from a month old even to five years old, then your valuation will be for a male five shekels of silver, and for a female your valuation will be three shekels of silver.
  7If the person is from 60 years old and upward, if it is a male then your valuation will be 15 shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
  8But if he is poorer than your valuation, then he must be set before the priest and the priest will value him; according to the ability of him who vowed will the priest value him.
 

9“If it is an animal of which men offer an approach offering to Yahweh, all that any man gives of such to Yahweh becomes holy.
  10He may not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad or a bad for a good; and if he does at all change animal for animal, then both it and that for which it is changed will be holy.
 

11“If it is any unclean animal of which they do not offer as an approach offering to Yahweh, then he must set the animal before the priest
  12and the priest will value it, whether it is good or bad. As you the priest values it, so will it be.
  13But if he will indeed redeem it, then he must add the fifth part of it to its valuation.
 

14“When a man dedicates his house to be holy to Yahweh, then the priest will evaluate it, whether it is good or bad; as the priest will evaluate it, so will it stand.
  15If he who dedicates it will redeem his house, then he must add the fifth part of the money of your valuation to it, and it will be his.
 

16“If a man dedicates to Yahweh part of the field of his possession, then your valuation will be according to the seed for it: the sowing of a homer of barley will be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
  17If he dedicates his field from the Year of Jubilee, according to your valuation it will stand.
  18But if he dedicates his field after the Jubilee, then the priest will reckon to him the money according to the years that remain to the Year of Jubilee and an abatement will be made from your valuation.
  19If he who dedicated the field will indeed redeem it, then he must add the fifth part of the money of your valuation to it, and it will remain his.
  20If he will not redeem the field, or if he has sold the field to another man, it will not be redeemed any more;
  21but the field, when it goes out in the Jubilee, will be holy to Yahweh as a field devoted to Yahweh; it will be owned by the priests.
 

22“If he dedicates to Yahweh a field that he has bought that is not of the field of his possession,
  23then the priest will reckon to him the worth of your valuation up to the Year of Jubilee; and he will give your valuation on that day as a holy thing to Yahweh.
  24In the Year of Jubilee the field will return to him from whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land belongs.
  25All your valuations will be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs to the shekel.
 

26“But the firstborn among animals, which as a firstborn belongs to Yahweh, no man may dedicate it; whether an ox or sheep, it is already Yahweh’s.
  27But if it is an unclean animal, then he must buy it back according to your valuation and must add to it the fifth part of it; or if it is not redeemed, then it can be sold according to your valuation.
 

28“But no devoted thing that a man devotes to Yahweh of all that he has, whether it is a human being or animal or a field of his property, can be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy to Yahweh.
  29No one devoted, who is devoted to Yahweh from among humankind, is to be ransomed; he must surely be put to death.
 

30“All the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the trees, is Yahweh‘s. It is holy to Yahweh.
  31If a man redeems anything of his tithe, he must add a fifth part to it.
  32And every tithe from the herds or the flocks—everything that passes under the owner’s rod, the tenth one will be holy to Yahweh.
  33He is not to search whether it is good or bad, neither is he to change it; and if he changes it at all, then both it and that for which it is changed will be holy. It cannot be redeemed.”
 

34These are the commandments that Yahweh commanded Moses for the children of Israel on Mount Sinai.
 


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