Leviticus Chapter 4  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Lev 4
 
The Sin Offering

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Speak to the children of Israel, saying, if anyone sins unintentionally in any of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and does any one of them—
 

3“If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to Yahweh a young bull without blemish as a sin offering for his sin that he has sinned.
  4He must bring the bull to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before Yahweh, and he must lay his hand on the head of the bull and kill the bull before Yahweh.
  5The anointed priest must take some of the blood of the bull and bring it to the Tent of Meeting.
  6The priest is to dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before Yahweh before the veil of the sanctuary.
  7The priest must put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before Yahweh that is in the Tent of Meeting, and he must pour out all of rest of the blood of the bull at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  8He is to take all the fat of the bull of the sin offering off of it, the fat that covers the innards and all the fat that is on the innards,
  9and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, that is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he will take away,
  10as it is taken off of the bull of the sacrifice of peace offerings. The priest is to turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar of burnt offering.
  11The bull’s skin, all its flesh, with its head and with its legs, its innards, and its dung,
  12even all the rest of the bull he must carry forth outside the camp to a clean place where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it is to be burned.
 

13“If the whole congregation of Israel sins and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done one of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and are guilty,
  14when the sin in which they have sinned is known, then the assembly must offer a young bull for a sin offering and bring it before the Tent of Meeting.
  15The elders of the congregation are to lay their hands on the head of the bull before Yahweh, and the bull is to be killed before Yahweh.
  16The anointed priest will bring of the blood of the bull to the Tent of Meeting,
  17and the priest is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before Yahweh, before the veil.
  18He is to put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before Yahweh that is in the Tent of Meeting, and all the rest of the blood he must pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  19All its fat he is to take from it and turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar.
  20Thus is he to do with the bull; as he did with the bull of the sin offering, so will he do with this. And the priest will make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven.
  21He will carry forth the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is the sin offering for the assembly.
 

22“When a leader sins and unwittingly does any one of all the things that Yahweh his God has commanded not to be done, and is guilty,
  23if his sin in which he has sinned is made known to him, he is to bring as his approach offering a goat, a male without blemish.
  24He is to lay his hand on the head of the goat and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before Yahweh. It is a sin offering.
  25The priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering. He must pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.
  26All its fat he must turn into smoke-perfume on the altar like the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings, and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin and he will be forgiven.
 

27“If anyone of the common people sins unwittingly by doing one thing of the things that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and is guilty,
  28if his sin which he has sinned is made known to him, then he is to bring for his approach offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin that he has sinned.
  29He is to lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and kill the sin offering in the place of burnt offering.
  30The priest is to take some of its blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and the rest of its blood he is to pour out at the base of the altar.
  31All its fat he is to take away like the fat is taken away from off of the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest is to turn it into smoke-perfume on the altar for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh, and the priest will make atonement for him and he will be forgiven.
 

32“If he brings a lamb as his approach offering for a sin offering, he is to bring a female without blemish.
  33He is to lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and kill it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering.
  34The priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and all the rest of its blood he is to pour out at the base of the altar.
  35All its fat he is to take away, like the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of peace offerings, and the priest will turn them into smoke-perfume on the altar on the offerings to Yahweh made by fire; and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned, and he will be forgiven.”
 


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