The young men worked the hand-mills;
the boys stumbled under loads of wood. Bible other translations

“worked the hand-mills.” Many translators do not understand the huge cultural disgrace it was for a young man, especially of higher rank, to have to grind grain with a hand-mill, which was always the work of women or slaves. The Philistines did the same thing to Samson (Judg. 16:21). This was not difficult physical labor, this was to disgrace them and break their spirit. [For more on the hand-mills, see commentary on Deut. 24:6].

Commentary for: Lamentations 5:13