The angel of Yahweh came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress to hide it from the Midianites. Bible see other translations

“oak.” This is not the normal word for “oak,” and it may be a terebinth, but in any case, it would have been a big tree with cultic significance.a

“Ophrah.” Within Manasseh, but the location is not exactly known. Some say the modern city of Afula in the Jezreel Valley, but that is not certain.

“to hide it.” The Hebrew is more literally, “to cause it to flee from the Midianites.” The idea was to hide it, but the Hebrew is graphic and poetic: even the wheat had to flee from the Midianites.

Koehler and Baumgartner, HALOT Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament.

Commentary for: Judges 6:11