PDF  MSWord
And it came to pass when the king of Ai saw it, that they hurried and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people to the appointed place facing the Arabah, but he did not know that there was an ambush against him behind the city. Bible

“the appointed place.” Some English versions read, “appointed time” instead of “appointed place,” but it was the place of the battle that was appointed, as Joshua had planned.

“the Arabah.” The rift valley through which the Jordan River flows. The main body of the battle flowed to the east, which makes sense because Joshua’s men would have pretended like they were running back to their camp at Gilgal in the Jordan Valley, and the ambush came in from the west.


Commentary for: Joshua 8:14