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The whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled themselves together at Shiloh and set up the Tent of Meeting there, since the land was subdued before them. Bible

“Shiloh.” The camp of Israel is now said to be in Shiloh, whereas it was in Gilgal. There is no mention of when or how the move took place.

When Joshua crossed the Jordan River into the Promised Land, the Israelites camped temporarily at Gilgal, and the Tabernacle was with them. But later the Tabernacle with the ark of the covenant was set up at Shiloh (Josh. 18:1, 8, 10; 19:51; Judg. 18:31; 21:19; 1 Sam. 1:3, 24; 3:21; 4:4; Jer. 7:12). The Tabernacle stayed at Shiloh for so long that it seems to have been modified somewhat into a more permanent structure and is actually called a “Temple” (1 Sam. 1:9; 3:3). The ark of the covenant was taken from the Tabernacle when Israel fought with the Philistines, and it was captured by the Philistines, and that was the last time the Tabernacle and ark were together (1 Sam. 4:3-11). The Israelites apparently felt that the Tabernacle was in danger at Shiloh, so it was taken without the ark to Nob (1 Sam. 21:1-9). Then, when Saul killed the priests at Nob (1 Sam. 22:11-19), the Tabernacle was taken to Gibeon (1 Chron. 16:39). It was there at Gibeon until Solomon finished the Temple in Jerusalem, at which time it was placed in storage in the Temple. [For more on Shiloh and the Tabernacle, see commentary on Jer. 26:6, “Shiloh”].

“since the land was subdued before them.” There is a subtle parallel here to Genesis 1:28, where God said to be fruitful and multiply and “subdue” the earth. Now Joshua and his army had “subdued” the Promised Land.


Commentary for: Joshua 18:1