“feed you with the inheritance of Jacob.” “The inheritance of Jacob” is the land of Israel, which was promised to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Israel. In this verse, “the inheritance of Jacob” is put by metonymy for the abundance of food produced in the land of Israel—God would feed Israel with an abundance of food produced in the land. Many verses in the Old Testament foretell a time when the land of Israel and waters there will be healed and the deserts will bloom (indeed, this will happen to the whole earth) so food and wine will be abundant for both man and animals (Isa. 25:6; 30:23-26; 32:15; 35:1-7; 41:18-20; 44:3; 51:3; Jer. 31:5, 11-14; Ezek. 47:1, 2, 7-12; Hos. 2:21-22; Joel 2:18-26; 3:18; Amos 9:13). The time this will happen will be in the Messianic Kingdom (the “Millennial Kingdom”) when Jesus rules the earth after he conquers it in the Battle of Armageddon. Many Scriptures foretell the time when Jesus will rule over the whole earth (cp. Ps. 2:8; 72:8-11; Dan. 2:35; 7:14; Mic. 5:4; Zech. 9:10; Rev. 2:8; 19:11-21), and his palace will be in Jerusalem (Ps. 2:6; 110:2; Zech. 9:9).
The abundance of food in the Messianic Kingdom is linked to the feast that God will throw for the people of the Kingdom.
[For more on the promise of the land to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as an inheritance, see commentary on Genesis 15:18. For more on the great feast in the Kingdom of Heaven, the Messianic Kingdom on earth, see commentary on Matthew 8:12. For more on the future kingdom of Christ on earth, the Millennial Kingdom, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth.”]