“righteousness.” In this context, “righteousness” is doing what is right to God and others. When the Messiah reigns on earth there will be justice and righteousness in the wilderness and field. From the Fall of Adam until the Messiah reigns on earth, the wilderness and field have been places of injustice in every way: the crops, the animals, and of course the way in which people have treated each other. [For more on the coming kingdom of Christ on earth, see Appendix 3, “Christ’s Future Kingdom on Earth.” For more on “righteousness” meaning justice and treating others in a godly way, see commentary on Matt. 5:6].