When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling.
He exalted himself in Israel,
but when he became guilty through Baal, he died. Bible other translations

“when he became guilty through Baal, he died.” There is a lot about this verse that is uncertain, for example, does “Ephraim” refer to the one tribe here in Hosea, or does it refer to the kingdom of Israel, as it often does? Also, the reference to Ephraim becoming guilty through Baal, does that refer to a specific event, or is it a sweeping generalization about the trouble Ephraim got into due to worshiping Baal? This seems to be more of a widely sweeping statement than a reference to any single event, and it makes the general point that when people abandoned Yahweh they brought trouble on themselves.

Commentary for: Hosea 13:1