The Book of Hosea  PDF  MSWord
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Hosea Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 1

1The word of Yahweh that came to Hosea the son of Beeri in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.

2When Yahweh began to speak with Hosea, Yahweh said to Hosea, “Go, take for yourself a wife of prostitution and have children of prostitution; for the land commits great adultery, forsaking Yahweh.”

3So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; and she conceived and bore him a son.
  4Yahweh said to him, “Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, and will cause the kingdom of the house of Israel to cease.
  5It will happen in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.”

6She conceived again, and bore a daughter. Then he said to him, “Call her name Lo–Ruhamah; for I will no longer have compassion on the house of Israel that I should at all forgive them.
  7But I will have compassion on the house of Judah, and will save them by Yahweh their God, but will not save them by bow, sword, battle, horses, or horsemen.”

8Now when she had weaned Lo–Ruhamah, she conceived, and bore a son.
  9He said, “Call his name Lo–Ammi; for you are not my people and I will not be your God.
  10Yet the number of the children of Israel will be as the sand of the sea that cannot be measured nor numbered; and it will come to pass that in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’
  11The children of Judah and the children of Israel will be gathered together, and they will appoint themselves one head, and will flourish in the land; for great will be the day of Jezreel.”

Hosea Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 2

1Say to your brothers, “My people!” and to your sisters, “My loved one!”
  2“Contend with your mother! Contend, for she is not my wife, nor am I her husband; and let her put away her prostitution from her face and her adulteries from between her breasts;
  3lest I strip her naked and make her bare as in the day that she was born, and make her like a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and kill her with thirst.
  4Indeed, on her children I will have no mercy, for they are children of unfaithfulness;
  5for their mother has prostituted herself. She who conceived them has done shamefully, for she said, ‘I will go after my lovers who give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.’
  6Therefore behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and I will build a wall against her, so that she cannot find her way.
  7She will follow after her lovers, but she will not overtake them; and she will seek them, but will not find them. Then she will say, ‘I will go and return to my first husband, for it was better with me then than it is now.’
  8For she did not know that I gave her the grain, the new wine, and the oil, and multiplied to her silver and gold, which they used for Baal.
  9Therefore I will take back my grain in its time, and my new wine in its season, and will pluck away my wool and my flax that should have covered her nakedness.
  10Now I will uncover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and no one will deliver her out of my hand.
  11I will also cause all her celebrations to cease: her feasts, her new moons, her Sabbaths and all her appointed festivals.
  12I will lay waste her vines and her fig trees about which she has said, ‘These are my wages that my lovers have given me.’ I will even make them a forest, and the animals of the field will eat them.
  13I will visit on her the feast days of the Baals on which she burned incense, when she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and went after her lovers, and forgot me, says Yahweh.
  14Therefore behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her.
  15I will give her vineyards from there, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope. And she will respond there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
  16It will be in that day, says Yahweh, that you will call me ‘my husband’ and no longer call me ‘my master.’
  17For I will take away the names of the Baals out of her mouth, and they will no longer be mentioned by name.
  18In that day I will cut a covenant for them with the animals of the field and with the birds of the heavens, and with the creeping things of the ground. I will break the bow, the sword, and the battle out of the land, and will make them lie down safely.
  19I will betroth you to me forever. Yes, I will betroth you to me in righteousness, in justice, in covenant faithfulness, and in compassion.
  20I will even betroth you to me in faithfulness, and you will know Yahweh.
  21It will happen in that day, I will respond, says Yahweh, I will respond to the heavens, and they will respond to the earth,
  22and the earth will respond to the grain, and the new wine, and the oil, and they will respond to Jezreel.
  23I will plant her for myself in the land; and I will have mercy on her who had not obtained mercy; and I will tell those who were not my people, ‘You are my people;’ and they will say, ‘My God!’”

Hosea Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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1Yahweh said to me, “Go again, love a woman loved by another, and an adulteress, even as Yahweh loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other gods and love cakes of raisins.”

2So I bought her for myself for 15 pieces of silver and a homer and a half of barley.
  3I said to her, “You must stay with me many days. You are not to act like a prostitute, and you must not be with any other man. I will also be so toward you.”

4For the children of Israel are going to remain many days without a king, and without ruler, and without a sacrifice, and without a standing-stone, and without an ephod or teraphim.a
  5Afterward the children of Israel will return and seek Yahweh their God, and David their king, and will come with trembling to Yahweh and to his blessings in the last days.

Teraphim were household gods

Hosea Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 4

1Hear the word of Yahweh, you children of Israel, because Yahweh has a lawsuit against the inhabitants of the land. Indeed there is no truth, nor covenant faithfulness, nor knowledge of God in the land.
  2There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.
  3Therefore the land will mourn, and everyone who lives in it will waste away, along with the animals of the field and the birds of the heavens, yes, the fish of the sea will also die.
  4Yet let no one bring a charge, nor let anyone accuse; for your people are like those who bring charges against a priest.
  5You will stumble in the day, and the prophet will also stumble with you in the night, and I will destroy your mother.
  6My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you so that you will not be a priest to me. Because you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children.
  7As they were multiplied, so they sinned against me. I will change their glory into shame.
  8They feed on the sin of my people and set their heart on their iniquity.
  9It will be, like people, like priest; and I will punish them for their ways and will repay them for their deeds.
  10They will eat, and not have enough; they will prostitute themselves but will not multiply; all because they have abandoned Yahweh to give themselves
  11to prostitution; wine, and new wine, which take away their understanding.
  12My people consult with their wooden idol and answer to a stick of wood. Indeed a spirit of prostitution has led them astray, and they have been unfaithful to their God.
  13They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains and burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths, because its shade is good. Therefore your daughters prostitute themselves and your brides commit adultery.
  14I will not punish your daughters when they prostitute themselves, nor your brides when they commit adultery; because the men consort with prostitutes and they sacrifice with the shrine prostitutes. So the people without understanding will come to ruin.
  15Though you, Israel, prostitute yourself do not let Judah become guilty!; And do not go to Gilgal, nor go up to Beth-aven, and do not swear an oath, saying, “As Yahweh lives.”
  16For Israel has behaved extremely stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer. Can Yahweh now pasture them like a lamb in a meadow?
  17Ephraim is joined to idols. Leave him alone!
  18Their drink has become sour. They prostitute themselves continually. Her rulers dearly love their shameful way.
  19The wind has wrapped her up in its wings, and they will be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

Hosea Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 5

1Listen to this, O priests! Listen, O house of Israel, and give ear, O house of the king! For the judgment is against you; for you have been a snare at Mizpah, and a net spread on Tabor.
  2The rebels are deeply involved in slaughter, but I will discipline all of them.
  3I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from me. O Ephraim, you have now turned to prostitution. Israel has defiled itself.
  4Their deeds will not allow them to return to their God. For the spirit of prostitution is inside them, and they do not know Yahweh.
  5The pride of Israel testifies to his face; therefore Israel and Ephraim will stumble in their iniquity. Judah also will stumble with them.
  6They will go with their flocks and with their herds to seek Yahweh, but they will not find him. He has withdrawn himself from them.
  7They are unfaithful to Yahweh, for they have borne illegitimate children. Now the new moon will devour them with their fields.
  8Blow the shofar in Gibeah and the trumpet in Ramah! Sound a battle cry at Beth Aven! Behind you, Benjamin!
  9Ephraim will become a desolation in the day of rebuke. Among the tribes of Israel, I have made known what will surely be.
  10The officials of Judah are like those who remove a landmark. I will pour out my wrath on them like water.
  11Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment, because he is determined to pursue worthless idols.
  12Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim, and like rot to the house of Judah.
  13When Ephraim saw his sickness and Judah his wound, then Ephraim went to Assyria, and sent to the great king; but he is not able to heal you, nor can he cure you of your wound.
  14For I will be to Ephraim like a lion, and like a young lion to the house of Judah. I myself will tear them in pieces and go away. I will carry them off, and there will be no one to rescue them.
  15I will depart and return to my place until they acknowledge their offense and seek my face. In their affliction they will seek me earnestly.”

Hosea Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 6

1“Come and let’s return to Yahweh; for he has torn us to pieces, but he will heal us; he has injured us, but he will bind up our wounds.
  2After two days he will revive us. On the third day he will raise us up, and we will live before him.
  3Let’s acknowledge Yahweh. Let’s press on to know Yahweh. As surely as the sun rises, Yahweh will appear. He will come to us like the rain, like the spring rain that waters the earth.”
  4Ephraim, what am I going to do with you? Judah, what am I going to do with you? For your covenant loyalty is like a morning cloud, and like the dew that disappears early.
  5Therefore I have cut them to pieces by the prophets; I killed them by the words of my mouth, for my judgments go forth like the light of dawn.
  6For I desire mercy, and not sacrifice, and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
  7But they, at Adam, have broken the covenant. They have dealt deceitfully with me there.
  8Gilead is a city of those who work iniquity; it is stained with blood.
  9As gangs of robbers wait to ambush a man, so a band of priests murder on the road to Shechem, committing shameful crimes.
  10In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing. There is prostitution in Ephraim. Israel is defiled.
  11Also, O Judah, there is a harvest of judgment appointed for you! When I restore the fortunes of my people,

Hosea Chapter 7  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 7

1when I would heal Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim is uncovered, also the wickedness of Samaria. For they commit falsehood, and a thief comes in, and the bandits raid outside.
  2They do not consider in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness. Now their own deeds are all around them; they are before my face.
  3They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the officials with their lies.
  4They are all adulterers. They are burning like an oven whose fire the baker stops stirring, from the kneading of the dough until it is leavened.
  5On the day of our king, the officials made themselves sick with the heat of wine. He joined his hand with mockers.
  6For they have prepared their heart like an oven while they lie in wait. Their anger smolders all night; in the morning it burns as a flaming fire.
  7They are all hot as an oven, and they devour their judges. All their kings have fallen. There is no one among them who calls to me.
  8Ephraim mixes himself among the nations. Ephraim is a flat loaf not turned over.
  9Strangers have devoured his strength, and he does not realize it. Indeed, gray hairs are here and there on him, and he does not realize it.
  10The pride of Israel testifies to his face, yet they do not return to Yahweh their God, nor have they sought him for all this.
  11Ephraim is like an easily deceived dove without understanding. They call to Egypt. They go to Assyria.
  12When they go, I will spread my net on them. I will bring them down like the birds of heaven. I will chastise them, as their congregation has heard.
  13Woe to them! For they have wandered from me. Destruction to them, for they have trespassed against me! I would redeem them, but they speak lies against me.
  14They do not cry out to me with their heart when they wail on their beds. They slash themselves for grain and new wine. They turn away from me.
  15Though I have taught and strengthened their arms, yet they plot evil against me.
  16They turn, but not to the Most High. They are like a faulty bow. Their officials will fall by the sword because of the insolence of their tongue. This will be their derision in the land of Egypt.

Hosea Chapter 8  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 8

1Put the shofar to your lips! Something like an eagle is over Yahweh’s house, because they have broken my covenant and rebelled against my law.
  2They cry out to me, “My God, we—Israel—know you!”
  3But Israel has cast off what is good. The enemy will pursue him.
  4They have set up kings, but not by me. They have made officials, but without my approval. With their silver and their gold they have made idols for themselves, with the result that it will be cut off.
  5Let Samaria throw out their calf idol! My anger burns against them! How long will it be until they are capable of purity?
  6For from Israel is even this calf! The craftsman has made it and it is no god! Indeed, the calf of Samaria will be broken in pieces.
  7For they sow the wind, and they will reap the whirlwind. He has no standing grain. The stalk will yield no head; if it does yield, strangers will swallow it up.
  8Israel is swallowed up. Now they are among the nations like a vessel that nobody wants.
  9For they have gone up to Assyria, like a wild donkey wandering alone. Ephraim has hired herself out to lovers.
  10But although they sold themselves among the nations, I will now gather them; and they begin to waste away because of the oppression of the king of mighty ones.
  11Because Ephraim has multiplied altars for sinning, they became for him altars for sinning.
  12I wrote for him ten thousand things of my law, but they were regarded as something foreign.
  13As for the sacrifices of my offerings, they sacrifice flesh and eat it, but Yahweh does not accept them. Now he will remember their iniquity and punish their sins. They will return to Egypt.
  14For Israel has forgotten his Maker and built palaces, and Judah has multiplied fortified cities; but I will send a fire on his cities, and it will devour its fortresses.

Hosea Chapter 9  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 9

1Do not rejoice, Israel, with jubilation like the nations! For you have prostituted yourself, forsaking your God. You love the wages of a prostitute at every threshing floor.
  2The threshing floor and the winepress will not feed them, and the new wine will fail her.
  3They will not live in Yahweh’s land, but Ephraim will return to Egypt, and they will eat unclean food in Assyria.
  4They will not pour out wine offerings to Yahweh, nor will they be pleasing to him. Their sacrifices will be to them like the bread of mourners; all who eat of it will be polluted, for their bread will be for their appetite. It will not come into the house of Yahweh.
  5What will you do in the day of solemn assembly, and in the day of the feast of Yahweh?
  6For behold, even if they have fled from destruction, Egypt will gather them up. Memphis will bury them. Nettles will possess their pleasant things of silver. Thorns will be in their tents.
  7The days of visitation have come. The days of reckoning have come. Israel will know this! The prophet is a fool, and the man who is moved by the spirit is insane, because of the abundance of your sins and because your hatred is great.
  8The prophet is a watchman over Ephraim on behalf of my God. But a fowler’s snare is on all of his paths, and hostility in the house of his God.
  9They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah. He will remember their iniquity. He will punish them for their sins.
  10I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness. I saw your fathers as the first ripe in the fig tree at its first season; but they came to Baal-peor and consecrated themselves to Shame, and became abominable like the thing they loved.
  11As for Ephraim, their Glory will fly away like a bird. There will be no birth, none with child, and no conception.
  12Though they bring up their children, yet I will bereave them, so that not a man will be left. Indeed, woe also to them when I depart from them!
  13I have seen Ephraim, like Tyre, planted in a pleasant place; but Ephraim will bring out his children to the slaughterer.
  14Give them, Yahweh—what will you give? Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
  15All their wickedness is in Gilgal, for there I hated them. Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of my house! I will love them no more. All their officials are rebels.
  16Ephraim is struck. Their root has dried up. They will bear no fruit. Even though they bring forth, yet I will kill the beloved ones of their womb.
  17My God will cast them away, because they did not listen to him; and they will be wanderers among the nations.

Hosea Chapter 10  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 10

1Israel is a fertile vine that puts forth fruit for himself. The more his fruit increased the more altars he built. As his land did better he better adorned his standing-stones.
  2Their heart is divided; now they will be found guilty. He will demolish their altars. He will destroy their standing-stones.
  3For now they will say, “We have no king because we do not fear Yahweh; and a king, what could he do for us?”
  4They speak mere words, swearing falsely while cutting covenants. Therefore lawsuits spring up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.
  5The inhabitants of Samaria will be afraid for the calves of Beth-aven. Indeed, its people will mourn over it, and so will its priests who rejoiced over it and over its glory, because it will be taken from them into exile.
  6It too will be carried to Assyria for a present to a great king. Ephraim will be put to shame, and Israel will be ashamed of his own counsel.
  7Samaria and her king float away like a twig on the water.
  8Also, the shrines of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed. The thorn and the thistle will come up on their altars. They will tell the mountains, “Cover us!” and the hills, “Fall on us!”
  9Israel, you have sinned from the days of Gibeah. There they stand! Will not the battle against the sons of iniquity overtake them in Gibeah?
  10When it is my desire, I will chastise them, and the nations will be gathered against them when they are bound up for their two transgressions.
  11Ephraim is a trained heifer that loves to thresh; so I will put a yoke on her beautiful neck. I will set a rider on Ephraim; Judah will plow; Jacob will break his clods.
  12Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap according to kindness. Break up your fallow ground; for it is time to seek Yahweh, until he comes and rains righteousness on you.
  13You have plowed wickedness. You have reaped iniquity. You have eaten the fruit of lies, for you trusted in your way, in the multitude of your mighty men.
  14Therefore a battle roar will arise among your people, and all your fortresses will be destroyed, as Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel in the day of battle. The mother was dashed in pieces with her children.
  15Thus it will be done to you, Bethel, because of your great wickedness. At daybreak the king of Israel will be destroyed.

Hosea Chapter 11  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 11

1“When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.
  2The more they called to them, the more they went away from them. They sacrificed to the Baals and burned incense to idols.
  3Yet I taught Ephraim to walk. I took them by their arms, but they did not know that I healed them.
  4I drew them with cords of a man, with ties of love, and I was to them like those who lift up the yoke on their necks; and I bent down to him and I fed him.
  5They will not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian will be their king, because they refused to repent.
  6The sword will fall on their cities and will destroy the bars of their gates, and will put an end to their plans.
  7My people are determined to turn from me. Though they call to the Most High, he certainly will not exalt them.
  8How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I make you like Zeboiim? My heart is turned within me, my compassion is aroused.
  9I will not execute the fierceness of my anger. I will not return to destroy Ephraim; for I am God, and not man, the Holy One in the midst of you, and I will not come in wrath.
  10They will walk after Yahweh, who will roar like a lion; for he will roar, and the children will come trembling from the west.
  11They will come trembling like a bird out of Egypt, and like a dove out of the land of Assyria, and I will settle them in their houses, says Yahweh.
  12Ephraim surrounds me with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit. And Judah is unruly against God, even the Holy One, who is faithful.

Hosea Chapter 12  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 12

1Ephraim herds the wind and chases after the east wind. He continually multiplies lies and desolation. They cut a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt.
  2Yahweh also has a lawsuit with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds he will repay him.
  3In the womb he took his brother by the heel, and as an adult he fought with God.
  4Indeed, he struggled with the angel and prevailed; he wept and sought his favor. He found him at Bethel, and there he spoke with us,
  5even Yahweh, the God of Armies; Yahweh is his name of renown!
  6Therefore turn to your God. Keep kindness and justice, and wait continually for your God.
  7A merchant has dishonest balances in his hand; he loves to defraud.
  8Ephraim said, “Surely I have become rich, I have found myself wealth. In all my wealth they will not find in me any iniquity that is sin.”
  9But I am Yahweh your God from the land of Egypt. I will yet again make you dwell in tents, as in the days of the solemn feast.
  10I have also spoken to the prophets and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of the prophets I have used parables.
  11If Gilead is wicked, surely they are worthless. In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls. Indeed, their altars are like heaps in the furrows of the field.
  12Jacob fled into the country of Aram, and Israel served to get a wife, and for a wife he tended flocks and herds.
  13By a prophet Yahweh brought Israel up out of Egypt, and by a prophet he was preserved.
  14Ephraim has aroused bitter anger. Therefore his bloodguilt will be left on him, and his Lord will repay his contempt.

Hosea Chapter 13  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Hos 13

1When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling. He exalted himself in Israel, but when he became guilty through Baal, he died.
  2And now they sin more and more, and have made cast metal images for themselves from their silver, even idols according to their own understanding, all of them the work of the craftsmen. People say about them, “Let the men who sacrifice kiss the calves.”
  3Therefore they will be like the morning mist, and like the dew that passes away early, like the chaff that is driven by the storm-wind from the threshing floor and like the smoke that goes out of the window.
  4Yet I am Yahweh your God from the land of Egypt, and you will acknowledge no god but me, and besides me there is no savior.
  5I knew you in the wilderness, in the land of great drought.
  6According to their pasture, so were they filled. They were filled, and their heart was exalted, so they forgot me.
  7Therefore I am like a lion to them. Like a leopard, I will lurk by the path.
  8I will meet them like a bear that is robbed of her cubs, and will tear the covering of their heart. I will devour them there like a lioness. The wild animal will tear them.
  9You are destroyed, Israel, because you are against me, against your help.
  10Where is your king now, that he may save you in all your cities? And your judges, of whom you said, “Give me a king and officials?”
  11I have given you a king in my anger, and have taken him away in my wrath.
  12The guilt of Ephraim is stored up. His sin is stored up.
  13The sorrows of a travailing woman will come on him. He is an unwise son; for when it is time, he does not come to the opening of the womb.
  14I will ransom them from the power of Sheol. I will redeem them from death! Death, where are your plagues? Sheol, where is your destruction? Compassion will be hidden from my eyes.
  15Though he is fruitful among his brothers, an east wind will come, the breath of Yahweh coming up from the wilderness; and his spring will become dry, and his fountain will be dried up. He will plunder the storehouse of treasure.
  16Samaria will bear her guilt, for she has rebelled against her God. They will fall by the sword. Their infants will be dashed in pieces, and their pregnant women will be ripped open.

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1Israel, return to Yahweh your God; for you have fallen because of your sin.
  2Take words with you and return to Yahweh. Tell him, “Forgive all our sins, and accept what is good, so we offer our lips like bulls.
  3Assyria cannot save us. We will not ride on horses, nor will we say any more to the work of our hands, ‘Our gods!’ for in you the fatherless one finds mercy.”
  4I will heal their waywardness. I will love them freely, for my anger is turned away from him.
  5I will be like the dew to Israel. He will blossom like the lily and send down his roots like Lebanon.
  6His branches will spread, and his beauty will be like the olive tree, and his fragrance like Lebanon.
  7Men will dwell in his shade. They will revive like the grain and blossom like the vine. Their fragrance will be like the wine of Lebanon.
  8Ephraim, what have I to do any more with idols? I answer, and will take care of him. I am like a green fir tree; from me your fruit is found.
  9Who is wise, that he may understand these things? Who is prudent, that he may know them? For the ways of Yahweh are right, and the righteous walk in them, but the rebellious stumble in them.

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