Genesis Chapter 49  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Gen 49
Jacob’s Last Words

1Jacob called to his sons and said, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what will happen to you in the days to come.
  2“Assemble yourselves and hear, you sons of Jacob, listen to Israel your father.
  3“Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, excelling in dignity and excelling in power.
  4Boiling over as water, you will not excel, because you went up to your father’s bed; then defiled it. He went up to my couch.
  5“Simeon and Levi are brothers; their swords are weapons of violence.
  6My soul, do not come into their council; my glory, do not be united to their assembly. For in their anger they killed men and hamstrung cattle as they pleased.
  7Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath, for it was cruel. I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel.
  8“Judah, your brothers will praise you; your hand will be on the neck of your enemies! Your father’s sons will bow down before you.
  9Judah is a lion’s cub; from the prey, my son, you have gone up. He stooped down; he crouched as a lion, as a lioness; who will rouse him up?
  10The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs; and to him will the obedience of the peoples be.
  11Binding his foal to the vine, his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, he will wash his clothing in wine, his cloaks in the blood of grapes.
  12His eyes—darker than wine, his teeth—whiter than milk.
  13“Zebulun will dwell at the haven of the sea. He will be for a haven of ships. His border will be on Sidon.
  14“Issachar is a strong donkey, lying down between the campfires.
  15He saw a resting place, that it was good, the land, that it was pleasant. He bows his shoulder to the burden, and becomes a servant doing forced labor.
  16“Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.
  17Dan will be a serpent in the way, an adder in the path, that bites the horse’s heels so that his rider falls backward.
  18I have waited for your salvation, Yahweh.
  19“A troop will press on Gad, but he will press on their heel.
  20“Asher’s food will be rich. He will yield royal delights.
  21“Naphtali is a doe set free who bears beautiful fawns.
  22“Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine by a spring: his branches run over the wall.
  23The archers have severely grieved him, shot at him, and persecute him,
  24but his bow remained strong; the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob (from there is the shepherd, the stone of Israel),
  25even by the God of your father who will help you, by the Almighty who will bless you with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lies below, blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
  26The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of your ancestors, above the boundaries of the ancient hills. They will be on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the head of him who is separated from his brothers.
  27“Benjamin is a ravenous wolf. In the morning he will devour the prey. At evening he will divide the spoil.”

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. And this is what their father spoke to them and blessed them. He blessed everyone according to his blessing.

Jacob’s Burial Instructions

29He instructed them and said to them, “I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,
  30in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, that is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, that Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as a burial place.
  31There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah—
  32the field and the cave that is in it that was purchased from the children of Heth.”
  33When Jacob made an end of charging his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and was gathered to his people.

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