Genesis Chapter 43  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Gen 43
Decision to Return to Egypt

1The famine was severe in the land.
  2It came to pass when they had eaten up the grain that they had brought out of Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little more food.”

3Judah spoke to him, saying, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’
  4If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.
  5But if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’”

6Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly, telling the man that you had another brother?”

7They said, “The man asked directly concerning ourselves and concerning our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ We just answered his questions. Is there any way we could know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”

8Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the boy with me, and we will get up and go, and we will live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.
  9I will be collateral for him. You may hold me responsible for him. If I do not bring him to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame all my life.
  10For if we had not delayed, surely we would have returned a second time by now.”

11Their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take from the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down a present for the man, a little balm, a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts, and almonds.
  12And take double money in your hand and take back the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight.
  13Take your brother also, get up, and return to the man.
  14May God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release to you your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.”

The Return to Egypt

15The men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin, and got up, went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

16When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, “Bring the men into the house, and butcher an animal and prepare a meal, for the men will dine with me at noon.”
  17The man did as Joseph commanded and the man brought the men to Joseph’s house.

18The men were afraid because they were brought to Joseph’s house, and they said, “Because of the money, that was returned in our sacks at the first time, we’re brought in, that he may seek occasion against us, attack us and seize us as slaves along with our donkeys.”
  19They came near to the steward of Joseph’s house and they spoke to him at the door of the house,
  20and said, “Oh, my lord, we indeed came down the first time to buy food.
  21When we came to the lodging place we opened our sacks, and behold, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight. We have brought it back in our hand.
  22We have brought down other money in our hand to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.”

23He said, “Peace be to you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. I received your money.” He brought Simeon out to them.
  24The man brought the men into Joseph’s house and gave them water, and they washed their feet. He gave their donkeys fodder.
  25They prepared the present for Joseph’s coming at noon, for they heard that they should eat bread there.
  26When Joseph came home, they brought him the present that was in their hand into the house and bowed down to the ground before him.

27He asked them of their welfare and said, “Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he yet alive?”

28They said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive,” and they kneeled and bowed down before him.

29He lifted up his eyes and saw Benjamin his brother, his mother’s son, and said, “Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” He said, “God be gracious to you, my son.”
  30Joseph hurried, for his heart yearned over his brother, and he sought a place to weep. He entered into his room and wept there.
  31He washed his face and came out. He controlled himself and said, “Serve the meal.”

32They served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians that ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians do not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians.
  33They sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men marveled one with another.
  34He sent portions to them from before him, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. They drank and were merry with him.

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