Genesis Chapter 31  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Gen 31
 
Jacob Separates from Laban

1He heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father‘s. From what was our father’s has he gotten all this wealth.”
  2Jacob saw the expression on Laban’s face, and behold, it was not toward him as before.
 

3Yahweh said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you.”
 

4Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field to his flock
  5and said to them, “I see the expression on your father’s face, that it is not toward me as before; but the God of my father has been with me.
  6You know that I have served your father with all of my strength.
  7Your father has deceived me and changed my wages ten times, but God didn’t allow him to hurt me.
  8If he said this, ‘The speckled will be your wages,’ then all the flock bore speckled. If he said this, ‘The streaked will be your wages,’ then all the flock bore streaked.
  9Thus God has taken away your father’s livestock and given them to me.
 

10It came to pass during mating season that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the male goats that leaped on the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted.
  11The angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am.’
  12He said, ‘Now lift up your eyes, and behold, all the male goats that leap on the flock are streaked, speckled, and spotted, for I have seen all that Laban does to you.
  13I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a standing-stone, where you vowed a vow to me. Now arise, get out from this land and return to the land of your birth.’”
 

14Rachel and Leah answered him, “Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father’s house?
  15Aren’t we accounted by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and has also quite devoured our money.
  16For all the riches that God has taken away from our father, that is ours and our children’s. Now then, whatever God has said to you, do.”
 

17Then Jacob rose up and set his sons and his wives on the camels,
  18and he took away all his livestock, and all his possessions that he had gathered, including the livestock that he had gained in Paddan Aram, to go to Isaac his father to the land of Canaan.
  19Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole the teraphima that were her father’s.
  20Jacob deceived Laban the Syrian, in that he didn’t tell him that he was running away.
  21So he fled with all that he had. He rose up, passed over the River, and set his face toward the mountain of Gilead.
 

Laban Overtakes Jacob

22Laban was told on the third day that Jacob had fled.
  23He took his relatives with him and pursued after him seven days’ journey. He overtook him in the mountain of Gilead.
  24God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream of the night and said to him, “Take heed to yourself that you do not speak to Jacob, either good or bad.”
 

25Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountain, and Laban with his relatives encamped in the mountain of Gilead.
  26Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done, that you have deceived me and carried away my daughters like captives of the sword?
  27Why did you flee secretly and deceive me, and did not tell me, that I might have sent you away with mirth and with songs, with tambourine and with harp,
  28and didn’t allow me to kiss my sons and my daughters? Now have you done foolishly.
  29It is in the power of my hand to hurt you, but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘Take heed to yourself that you do not speak to Jacob, either good or bad.’
  30Now you want to be gone because you greatly longed for your father’s house, but why have you stolen my gods?”
 

31Jacob answered Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I said, ‘Lest you should take your daughters from me by force.’
  32Anyone you find your gods with will not live. Before our relatives discern what is yours with me, and take it.” For Jacob didn’t know that Rachel had stolen them.
 

33Laban went into Jacob’s tent, into Leah’s tent and into the tent of the two female servants, but he didn’t find them. He went out of Leah’s tent and entered into Rachel’s tent.
  34Now Rachel had taken the teraphimb and put them in the camel’s saddlebag and sat on them. Laban felt about all the tent but did not find them.
 

35She said to her father, “Let no anger be in the eyes of my Lord that I cannot rise up before you, for the way of women is upon me.” And he searched but did not find the teraphim.
 

Jacob’s Covenant with Laban

36Jacob was angry and argued with Laban. Jacob answered Laban, “What is my trespass? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued after me?
  37Now that you have felt around in all my stuff, what have you found of all your household stuff? Set it here before my relatives and your relatives, that they may judge between us two.
  38“These twenty years I have been with you. Your ewes and your female goats have not cast their young, and I haven’t eaten the rams of your flocks.
  39What was torn of animals, I didn’t bring to you. I bore its loss. Of my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
  40This was my situation: in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.
  41These twenty years I have been in your house. I served you 14 years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you have changed my wages ten times.
  42Unless the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely now you would have sent me away empty. God has seen my affliction and the labor of my hands and rebuked you last night.”
 

43Laban answered Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. And what can I do this day to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne?
  44Now come, let us cut a covenant, you and I. And let it be for a witness between me and you.”
 

45Jacob took a stone and set it up for a standing-stone.
  46Jacob said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” They took stones and made a heap. They ate there by the heap.
  47Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed.
 

48Laban said, “This heap is witness between me and you this day.” Therefore it was named Galeed
  49and Mizpah, for he said, “Yahweh watch between me and you, when we are absent one from another.
  50If you afflict my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, no man is with us; behold, God is witness between me and you.”
  51Laban said to Jacob, “See this heap and see the standing-stone that I have set between me and you.
  52May this heap be a witness, and the standing-stone be a witness, that I will not pass over this heap to you, and that you will not pass beyond this heap and this standing-stone to do me harm.
  53The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us.” Then Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac.
  54Jacob offered a sacrifice in the mountain and called his relatives to eat bread. They ate bread and stayed all night in the mountain.
  55Early in the morning Laban rose up and kissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Laban departed and returned to his place.
 


a[19]
Teraphim were household gods
b[34]
Teraphim were household gods

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