Genesis Chapter 4  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Gen 4
Cain Murders Abel

1The man knew Eve his wife. She conceived and gave birth to Cain and said, “I have gotten a man with Yahweh’s help.”
  2Again she gave birth, to Cain’s brother Abel. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
  3And it happened in the course of time that Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground.
  4Abel also brought some of the firstborn of his flock and of its fat. Yahweh respected Abel and his offering,
  5but he did not respect Cain and his offering. Cain was very angry, and the expression on his face fell.

6Yahweh said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why has the expression of your face fallen?
  7If you do well, will you not be accepted? If you do not do well, sin crouches at the door. Its desire is for you, but you are to rule over it.”

8Cain said to Abel his brother, “Let’s go out into the field.” And it came to pass when they were in the field that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.

9Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”

10And he said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.
  11Now you are cursed because of the ground that has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.
  12From now on, when you till the ground, it will not yield its strength to you. You will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth.”

13Cain said to Yahweh, “My sin is too great to be forgiven.
  14Behold, you have driven me out this day from the surface of the ground. I will be hidden from your face, and I will be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth. It will happen that whoever finds me will kill me.”

15Yahweh said to him, “Not so. If anyone kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold.” Yahweh appointed a sign for Cain, lest any finding him should strike him.
  16Cain went out from Yahweh’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

The Line of Cain

17Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. He built a city and called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch.
  18To Enoch was born Irad. Irad fathered Mehujael. Mehujael fathered Methushael. Methushael fathered Lamech.
  19Lamech took two wives; the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
  20Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.
  21His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who handle the harp and pipe.
  22Zillah also gave birth to Tubal Cain, the forger of every cutting instrument of bronze and iron. Tubal Cain’s sister was Naamah.

23Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice. You wives of Lamech, listen to my speech: for I have slain a man for wounding me, a young man for bruising me.
  24If Cain will be avenged seven times, truly Lamech 77 times.”

25Adam knew his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, “For God has appointed me another child instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.”
  26There was also born a son to Seth, and he named him Enosh. Then men began to call on Yahweh’s name.

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