Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the exiles who had returned were building a temple to Yahweh the God of Israel, Bible see other translations

“Judah and Benjamin.” The two tribes that made up the nation of “Judah.” After Solomon died, the United Kingdom of Israel, which was twelve tribes, was split into “Israel,” which had ten tribes, and “Judah,” which was composed of Benjamin and Judah. Israel was carried away captive by the Assyrians (2 Kings 17:1-23). Years later, Judah was deported by the Babylonians but was allowed to return to their homeland by the Persians. Nevertheless, history shows us that the majority of Judeans stayed where they had settled and remained in Mesopotamia.

“exiles who had returned.” The Hebrew is idiomatic: “the sons of the exile,” that is, those who had been taken captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar but had now returned to Judah.

Commentary for: Ezra 4:1