My servant David will be king over them, and they all will have one shepherd; they will also walk in my ordinances and observe my statutes, and do them. Bible

“David.” This is the figure of speech antonomasia, “name change,” where a person is called by a name other than his or her own name in order to import characteristics from the other person. Here the Messiah is called “David” because the reign of David, especially early on, was a glorious time in Israel. The Messiah is called “David” in Ezekiel 34:23, 24, and 37:24, 25. We also see antonomasia when John the Baptist is called “Elijah” (Mal. 4:5), and Jehu is called “Zimri” (2 Kings 9:31). [For more on antonomasia, see commentary on Matthew 17:10].

Commentary for: Ezekiel 37:24