Exodus Chapter 30  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Ex 30
 
The Incense Altar

1“You are to make an altar to burn incense on. You are to make it of acacia wood.
  2Its length must be a cubit and its breadth a cubit. It must be square, and its height must be two cubits. Its horns must be of one piece with it.
  3You are to overlay it with pure gold, its top, its sides around it, and its horns; and you are to make a gold molding around it.
  4You are to make two golden rings for it under its molding; on its two ribs, on its two sides you are to make them, and they will be for places for poles with which to carry it.
  5You are to make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
 

6“You are to put it in front of the veil that is by the ark of the testimony, in front of the mercy seat that is over the testimony where I will meet with you.
  7Aaron must burn incense of sweet spices into smoke-perfume on it every morning. When he tends the lamps, he must turn it into smoke.
  8When Aaron lights the lamps at evening, he must turn it into smoke, a perpetual incense before Yahweh throughout your generations.
  9You must offer no strange incense on it, nor burnt offering, nor grain offering, and you are to pour no drink offering on it.
 

10“Aaron is to make atonement on its horns once in the year; with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once in the year he is to make atonement for it throughout your generations. It is most holy to Yahweh.”
 

The Atonement Money

11Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  12“When you take a census of the children of Israel, according to those who are numbered among them, then each man must give a ransom for his soul to Yahweh when you number them, that there be no plague among them when you number them.
  13They must give this, everyone who passes over to those who are numbered, half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary; (the shekel is twenty gerahs;) half a shekel for an offering to Yahweh.
  14Everyone who passes over to those who are numbered, from twenty years old and upward, must give the offering to Yahweh.
  15The rich may not give more and the poor may not give less than the half shekel when they give the offering of Yahweh to make atonement for your souls.
  16You are to take the atonement money from the children of Israel and are to appoint it for the service of the Tent of Meeting, that it may be a memorial for the children of Israel before Yahweh to make atonement for your souls.”
 

The Bronze Basin

17Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  18“You are to also make a basin of bronze, and its base of bronze, in which to wash. You are to put it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and you are to put water in it.
  19Aaron and his sons must wash their hands and their feet in it.
  20When they go into the Tent of Meeting, they must wash with water, that they not die; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to turn an offering made by fire into smoke-perfume to Yahweh.
  21So they must wash their hands and their feet, that they not die; and it is to be a statute forever to them, even to him and to his descendants throughout their generations.”
 

The Anointing Oil

22Moreover Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  23“Also take fine spices of liquid myrrh, 500 shekels; and of fragrant cinnamon half as much, even 250; and of fragrant cane, 250;
  24and of cassia 500, according to the shekel of the sanctuary; and a hin of olive oil.
  25You are to make it a holy anointing oil, a perfume compounded according to the art of the perfumer; it will be a holy anointing oil.
 

26“You are to use it to anoint the Tent of Meeting, the ark of the testimony,
  27the table and all its articles, the lampstand and its accessories, the altar of incense,
  28the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the basin with its base.
  29You are to sanctify them that they may be most holy. Whatever touches them will be holy.
  30You are to anoint Aaron and his sons and sanctify them, that they may minister to me in the priest’s office.
 

31“You are to speak to the children of Israel, saying: This will be a holy anointing oil to me throughout your generations.
  32It must not be poured on man’s flesh, neither must you make any like it according to its composition; it is holy. It must be holy to you.
  33Whoever compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on a stranger, he must be cut off from his people.”
 

The Sacred Incense

34Yahweh said to Moses, “Take to yourself sweet spices, gum resin and onycha and galbanum; sweet spices with pure frankincense, there is to be an equal weight of each,
  35and you are to make incense of it, a perfume according to the art of the perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and holy.
  36And you are to beat some of it very small and put some of it before the testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you. It must be to you most holy.
  37The incense that you are to make, according to its composition you must not make for yourselves; it is to be to you holy for Yahweh.
  38Whoever makes any like that, to smell of it, he must be cut off from his people.”
 


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