Exodus Chapter 20  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Ex 20
 
The Ten Commandments

1Then God spoke all these words, saying,
 

2“I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
 

3“You must not have any other gods besides me.
 

4“You must not make for yourself a carved image, or any image of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;
  5you must not bow down to them and you must not serve them because I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth generation of those who hate me,
  6but showing covenant faithfulness to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.
 

7“You must not misuse the name of Yahweh your God, for Yahweh will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
 

8“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
  9You are to labor six days, and do all your work,
  10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. On it you must not do any work—you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your livestock, nor your stranger who is inside your gates.
  11For in six days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
 

12“You are to honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that Yahweh your God gives you.
 

13“You must not murder.
 

14“You must not commit adultery.
 

15“You must not steal.
 

16“You must not give false testimony against your neighbor.
 

17“You must not covet your neighbor’s house; you must not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.”
 

The People’s Reaction

18All the people saw the thunderings, the lightnings, the sound of the shofar, and the mountain smoking. When the people saw it, they trembled, and stayed at a distance.
  19They said to Moses, “Speak with us yourself, and we will listen; but do not let God speak with us, lest we die.”
 

20Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid, for God has come to test you, and that his fear may be before you, that you won’t sin.”
  21The people stayed at a distance, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.
 

Moses Receives Additional Laws

22Yahweh said to Moses, “This is what you are to tell the children of Israel: ‘You yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
  23You must most certainly not make alongside of me gods of silver, or gods of gold for yourselves.
 

24You must make an altar of earth for me and must sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your cattle. In every place where I record my name I will come to you and I will bless you.
  25If you make me an altar of stone, you must not build it of cut stones, for if you lift up your tool on it you have polluted it.
  26You must not go up by steps onto my altar, so that your nakedness is not exposed on it.’
 


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