Exodus Chapter 16  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Ex 16
 
Manna and Quail Provided

1They took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin that is between Elim and Sinai, on the 15th day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.
  2The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness,
  3and the children of Israel said to them, “We wish that we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots, when we ate our fill of bread, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”
 

4Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you, and the people are to go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not.
  5And on the sixth day, they will prepare what they bring in, and it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”
 

6Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening, then you will know that Yahweh has brought you out from the land of Egypt,
  7and in the morning, then you will see the glory of Yahweh, because he hears your murmurings against Yahweh. Who are we, that you murmur against us?”
  8Moses said, “Now Yahweh will give you meat to eat in the evening and in the morning bread to satisfy you, because Yahweh hears your murmurings that you murmur against him–and who are we? Your murmurings are not against us but against Yahweh.”
 

9Moses said to Aaron, “Tell all the congregation of the children of Israel, ‘Come near before Yahweh, for he has heard your murmurings.’”
  10It came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud.
 

11Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  12“I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, ‘At evening you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. And you will know that I am Yahweh your God.’”
 

13It came to pass at evening that quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning the dew lay around the camp.
  14When the dew that lay had gone, behold, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round thing, small as the frost on the ground.
  15When the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, “What is it?” —because they did not know what it was.

Moses said to them, “It is the bread that Yahweh has given you to eat.
  16This is the thing that Yahweh has commanded: ‘Gather of it, everyone, according to his eating. An omer a head, according to the number of your persons you may take it, every man for those who are in his tent.’”
 

17The children of Israel did so, and gathered some more, some less.
  18When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. They gathered as much as each person needed to eat.
  19Moses said to them, “Let no one leave any of it until the morning.”
  20Notwithstanding they did not listen to Moses. But some of them left some of it until the morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them.
 

21They gathered it morning by morning, each as much as he needed to eat, and when the sun grew hot, it melted.
  22It came to pass that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
  23He said to them, “This is what Yahweh has spoken: ‘Tomorrow is a day of rest, a holy Sabbath to Yahweh; bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil, and all that remains over set aside for yourselves to be kept until the morning.’”
 

24And they set it aside until the morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it.
  25Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to Yahweh; today you will not find it in the field.
  26Six days you are to gather it, but on the seventh day—a Sabbath—on it there will be none.”
 

27Yet it came to pass on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none.
  28Yahweh said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws?
  29Behold, because Yahweh has given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Everyone stay in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.”
  30So the people rested on the seventh day.
 

31The house of Israel called its name Manna, and it was like coriander seed, white, and its taste was like wafers with honey.
  32Moses said, “This is the thing that Yahweh has commanded: ‘Let an omer–full of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.’”
 

33Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot, and put an omer–full of manna in it, and lay it up before Yahweh to be kept throughout your generations.”
  34As Yahweh commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony to be kept.
 

35The children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land. They ate the manna until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan.
  36Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.
 


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