Exodus Chapter 13  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Ex 13
 

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Sanctify to me all of the firstborn. Whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of animal, it is mine.”
 

3Moses said to the people, “Remember this day when you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by strength of hand Yahweh brought you out from this place. No leavened bread may be eaten.
  4This day you go out in the month Abib.
  5And when Yahweh will bring you into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite that he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you must keep this service in this month.
  6Seven days you must eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day there is to be a feast to Yahweh.
  7Unleavened bread is to be eaten throughout the seven days; and no leavened bread may be seen with you, neither may yeast be seen with you in all your borders.
  8You will tell your son in that day, saying, ‘It is because of what Yahweh did for me when I came out of Egypt.’
  9It will be for a sign to you on your hand and for a memorial between your eyes, that the law of Yahweh may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand Yahweh has brought you out of Egypt.
  10You must therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.
 

11“Now when Yahweh will bring you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and will give it you,
  12you are to set apart to Yahweh all that opens the womb. And every firstborn that you have that comes from an animal, the males will be Yahweh’s.
  13Every firstborn of a donkey you must redeem with a lamb, and if you will not redeem it then you must break its neck. And you must redeem all the firstborn of man among your sons.
 

14It will be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you will tell him, ‘By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of slavery.
  15And it came to pass when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, that Yahweh killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animal. That is why I sacrifice to Yahweh every male that opens the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’
  16It will be for a sign on your hand and for symbols between your eyes, for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us out of Egypt.”
 

The Route of the Exodus

17It came to pass when Pharaoh had let the people go that God did not lead them by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For God said, “Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war and they return to Egypt.”
  18But God led the people around by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt.
 

19Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had made the children of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you must carry up my bones away from here with you.”
 

20They took their journey from Succoth and encamped in Etham, on the edge of the wilderness.
  21Yahweh went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might go by day and by night.
  22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.
 


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