2Jethro, Moses’ father–in–law, received Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her away,
3and her two sons. The name of one son was Gershom, for Moses said, “I have lived as a foreigner in a foreign land”.
4The name of the other was Eliezer, for he said, “My father’s God was my help, and delivered me from Pharaoh’s sword.”
5Jethro, Moses’ father–in–law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses into the wilderness where he was encamped at the Mountain of God.
6He said to Moses, “I, your father–in–law Jethro, have come to you with your wife and her two sons with her.”
7Moses went out to meet his father–in–law and bowed and kissed him. They asked each other of their welfare and they came into the tent.
8Moses told his father–in–law all that Yahweh had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardships that had come on them on the way, and how Yahweh delivered them.
9Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness that Yahweh had done to Israel, in that he had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians.
10Jethro said, “Blessed be Yahweh, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
11Now I know that Yahweh is greater than all gods, because of the thing in which they dealt arrogantly against them.”
13It came to pass on the next day that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood around Moses from the morning to the evening.
14When Moses’ father–in–law saw all that he did to the people, he said, “What is this thing that you do for the people? Why do you sit alone, and all the people stand around you from morning to evening?”
15Moses said to his father–in–law, “Because the people come to me to inquire of God;
16when they have a matter, they come to me and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God and his laws.”
17Moses’ father–in–law said to him, “The thing that you do is not good.
18You will surely wear away, both you and this people that is with you, for the thing is too heavy for you. You are not able to perform it yourself alone.
19Listen now to my voice; I will give you counsel, and God be with you. You represent the people before God and bring the causes to God.
20You will teach them the statutes and the laws, and will show them the way in which they must walk and the work that they must do.
21Moreover, you should select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, hating unjust gain, and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
22Let them judge the people at all times. And every great matter they will bring to you, but every small matter they will judge themselves. So will it be easier for you, and they will share the load with you.
23If you will do this thing, and God commands you so, then you will be able to endure, and all of these people also will go to their place in peace.”
24So Moses listened to the voice of his father–in–law and did all that he had said.
25Moses chose able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
26They judged the people at all times. They brought the hard causes to Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.