Exodus Chapter 32  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Exod 32
The Golden Calf

1When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered themselves together to Aaron and said to him, “Come, make us gods that will go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”

2Aaron said to them, “Take off the golden rings that are in the ears of your wives, of your sons and of your daughters, and bring them to me.”
  3All the people took off the golden rings that were in their ears and brought them to Aaron.
  4He received what they handed him and fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made it a cast metal calf. And they said, “These are your gods, Israel, that brought you up out of the land of Egypt.”

5When Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow will be a feast to Yahweh.”
  6They rose up early on the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

7Yahweh spoke to Moses, “Go, get down; for your people who you brought up out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves!
  8They have turned aside quickly out of the way that I commanded them. They have made for themselves a cast metal calf and have bowed down to ita and have sacrificed to it, and said, ‘These are your gods, Israel, that brought you up out of the land of Egypt.’”
  9Yahweh said to Moses, “I have seen these people, and behold, they are a stiff–necked people.
  10Now therefore leave me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and that I may consume them; and I will make of you a great nation.”

11Moses begged Yahweh his God and said, “Yahweh, why does your wrath burn hot against your people that you have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand?
  12Why should the Egyptians speak, saying, ‘He brought them out for evil, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the surface of the earth?’ Turn from your fierce wrath and change your mind about this evil against your people.
  13Remember Abraham, Isaac and Israel, your servants to whom you swore by your own self and said to them, ‘I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of I will give to your seed, and they will inherit it forever.’”
  14So Yahweh changed his mind about the evil that he said he would do to his people.

15Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets that were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other they were written.
  16The tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.

17When Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is the noise of war in the camp.”

18He said, “It is not the voice of those who shout for victory, nor is it the voice of those who cry out for being overcome, but the noise of those who sing that I hear.”

19It came to pass, as soon as he came near to the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing; and Moses’ anger burned, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them beneath the mountain.
  20He took the calf that they had made and burned it with fire, ground it to powder and scattered it on the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.

21Moses said to Aaron, “What did these people do to you, that you have brought a great sin on them?”

22Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord grow hot. You know the people, that they are set on evil.
  23For they said to me, ‘Make us gods, that will go before us; for as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’
  24I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them take it off:’ so they gave it to me; and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf.”

25When Moses saw that the people had broken loose, (for Aaron had let them loose to be whispered about among their enemies),
  26then Moses stood at the entrance of the camp and said, “Whoever is on Yahweh’s side, come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together to him.
  27He said to them, “This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: ‘Every man put his sword on his thigh, and go back and forth from entrance to entrance throughout the camp, and every man kill his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.’”
  28The sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses, and there fell of the people that day about 3,000 men.
  29Moses said, “Consecrate yourselves today to Yahweh, yes, every man against his son and against his brother; that he may bestow on you a blessing this day.”

30It came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, “You have sinned a great sin. Now I will go up to Yahweh. Perhaps I will make atonement for your sin.”

31So Moses returned to Yahweh and said, “Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made for themselves gods of gold.
  32Yet now, if you will, forgive their sin–and if not, please blot me out of your book that you have written.”

33Yahweh said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.
  34Now go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, my angel will go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit, I will visit their sin upon them.”
  35Yahweh struck the people because they made the calf, the one that Aaron made.

Or, “worshiped it”

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