Exodus Chapter 28  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Exod 28
 
The Priestly Garments

1“Bring Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, near to you from among the children of Israel to serve me as priests—Aaron, and Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons.
  2You are to make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.
  3You are to speak to all who are wise-hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron’s garments to sanctify him for him to serve me as priest.
  4These are the garments that they must make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a tunic of checker work, a turban, and a sash. And they are to make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons for him to serve me as priest.
  5They are to use the gold, and the blue and the purple and the scarlet, and the fine linen.
 

The Ephod

6“They are to make the ephod of finely twisted linen, of gold, of blue and purple, and scarlet yarn, the work of the skillful workman.
  7It must have two shoulder straps attached to its two corners so that it can be fastened.
  8The skillfully woven waistband that is on it must be of similar work and of the same material, of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet, and of finely twisted linen.
 

9You are to take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,
  10six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the six that remain on the other stone, in the order of their birth.
  11You are to engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel as a gem cutter engraves a seal. You are to set them in filigree settings of gold.
  12You are to put the two stones on the shoulder straps of the ephod to be memorial stones for the children of Israel. And Aaron will carry their names before Yahweh on his two shoulders as a memorial.
  13You are to make gold filigree settings
  14and two chains of pure gold; you are to make them like rope of braided work and you are to attach the braided chains to the settings.
 

The Breastpiece

15“You are to make a breastplate of judgment, the work of the skillful workman. You are to make it like the work of the ephod; you are to make it of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen.
  16It must be square and folded double, a spana is to be its length and a span its width.
  17Then you are to mount on it settings of stones, four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle is to be the first row;
  18and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire, and an emerald;
  19and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
  20and the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper. They are to be in gold filigree settings.
  21The stones are to be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names. Like the engravings of a seal, everyone according to his name, they are to be for the twelve tribes.
 

22“You are to make on the breastplate chains like cords of braided work of pure gold.
  23You are to make on the breastplate two rings of gold, and are to put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
  24You are to put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.
  25The other two ends of the two braided chains you are to attach to the two settings, and attach them on the shoulder straps of the ephod in its front.
  26You are to make two rings of gold, and you are to put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on its edge that is toward the side of the ephod inward.
  27You are to make two rings of gold, and are to put them on the two shoulder straps of the ephod underneath in its front, close by its coupling above the skillfully woven waistband of the ephod.
  28They are to bind the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a cord of blue so that it will be on the skillfully woven waistband of the ephod and so that the breastplate does not swing out from the ephod.
 

29Aaron is to carry the names of the children of Israel on the breastplate of judgment on his heart when he goes in to the holy place, for a memorial before Yahweh continually.
  30You are to put the Urim and Thummim in the breastplate of judgment and they are to be on Aaron’s heart when he goes in before Yahweh. And Aaron is to carry the judgment of the children of Israel on his heart before Yahweh continually.
 

The Robe

31“You are to make the robe of the ephod all of blue.
  32It is to have a hole for the head in its middle, it is to have a binding of woven work around its hole, like the hole of a coat of mail so that it does not tear.
  33On its hem you are to make pomegranates of blue and of purple and of scarlet, all around its hem, and bells of gold between and around them,
  34a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, around the hem of the cloak.
  35It must be on Aaron when he serves, and its sound will be heard when he goes into the holy place before Yahweh and when he comes out so that he does not die.
 

The Turban

36“You are to make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engravings of a seal, ‘HOLY TO YAHWEH.’
 

37You are to fasten on it a cord of blue so it can be put on the turban. It is to be on the front of the turban.
  38It is to be on Aaron’s forehead, and Aaron will bear the guilt connected with the holy things that the children of Israel consecrate, whatever their holy gifts are. And it is to be always on his forehead so that they are accepted before Yahweh.
 

Other Priestly Garments

39You are to weave the tunic of checker work of fine linen, and you are to make a turban of fine linen, and you are to make a sash, the work of the embroiderer.
  40“You are to make tunics for Aaron’s sons, and you are to make sashes for them and you are to make headbands for them, for glory and for beauty.
  41You are to put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him, and you are to anoint them and consecrate them and sanctify them in order that they can serve me as priests.
  42You are to make them linen undergarments to cover the flesh of their nakedness. They must reach from the waist even to the thighs,
  43and they must be on Aaron and on his sons when they go in to the Tent of Meeting or when they come near to the altar to minister in the Holy Place so that they do not incur guilt and die. It is to be a statute forever to him and to his descendants after him.
 


a[16]
Roughly 9 inches (23 cm)

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