Exodus Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Exod 23
Laws about Honesty and Justice

1“You must not spread a false report. Do not join your hand with the wicked to help them by being a malicious witness.

2“You must not follow a crowd to do evil. Do not testify in a lawsuit and go along with the crowd in perverting justice.
  3Do not favor a poor man in his lawsuit.

4“If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey going astray, you must surely bring it back to him again.

5“If you see the donkey of one who hates you fallen down under his burden, do not leave him; you must surely help him with it.

6“You must not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits.
  7Keep far away from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and righteous, for I will not justify the wicked.
  8You must not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who have sight and perverts the words of the righteous.

9“You must not oppress a foreigner. For you know the heart of a foreigner, since you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Sabbaths and the Three Feasts

10“For six years you will sow your land and will gather in its increase,
  11but the seventh year you are to let it rest and lie fallow so that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the animals of the field may eat. You are to deal with your vineyard and with your olive grove in the same way.

12“Six days you are to do your work, and on the seventh day you are to rest, so that your ox and your donkey may have rest, and the son of your slave girl, and the alien, may be refreshed.

13“Be careful to do all things that I have said to you, and do not invoke the name of other gods, nor let them be heard out of your mouth.

14“You are to observe a feast to me three times a year.
  15You are to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month Abib (for in it you came out from Egypt). And no one is to appear before me empty-handed.
  16And the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labor, of what you sow in the field. And the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in your labors out of the field.
  17Three times in the year all your males are to appear before the Lord Yahweh.

18“You must not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread, nor is the fat of my feast to remain all night until the morning.

19“The best of the firstfruits of your ground you are to bring into the house of Yahweh your God. “You must not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.

Promises and Warnings about Keeping the Law

20“Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you on the road and to bring you into the place that I have prepared.
  21Pay attention to him and listen to his voice; do not be rebellious against him, for he will not pardon your disobedience, for my name is in him.
  22But if you carefully listen to his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.
  23For my angel will go before you and bring you to the land of the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Canaanite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, and I will cut them off.
  24You must not bow down to their godsa nor serve them, nor follow their practices, but you must utterly overthrow them and demolish their sacred standing-stones.
  25You are to serve Yahweh your God, and he will bless your bread and your water, and I will take sickness away from your midst.
  26No one will miscarry or be barren in your land; I will fulfill the number of your days.

27“I will send my terror before you and will throw into a panic all the people that you come to, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs to you.
  28I will send the hornet before you that will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite and the Hittite from before you.
  29I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the animals of the field multiply against you.
  30Little by little I will drive them out from before you until you have increased and inherit the land.
  31I will set your boundaries from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the Euphrates River, for I will give the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you.
  32You must make no covenant with them or with their gods.
  33They must not live in your land lest they make you sin against me, for if you serve their gods it will surely be a snare to you.”

Or, “worship their gods”

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