Exodus Chapter 22  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Exod 22
Laws about Theft

1“If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he must pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
  2If the thief is found in the act of breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no guilt of bloodshed for him.
  3But if the sun has risen on him, there will be the guilt of bloodshed for him. A thief is to make restitution, yes, restitution. If he has nothing, then he is to be sold for his theft.
  4If the stolen property is found, yes, found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey or sheep, he must pay double.

Laws about Crop Protection

5“If a man causes a field or vineyard to be eaten, or lets his animal loose and it grazes in another man’s field, he is to make restitution from the best of his own field and from the best of his own vineyard.

6“If fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the shocks of grain or the standing grain or the field are consumed, the one who started the fire is to make restitution, yes, restitution.

Laws about Personal Property

7“If a man delivers to his neighbor money or goods to keep safe, and it is stolen out of the man’s house, if the thief is found, he must pay double.
  8If the thief is not found, then the master of the house must appear before the judges to find out if he has put his hand to his neighbor’s goods.
  9For every matter of transgression, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any kind of lost thing, about which one says, ‘This is mine,’ the cause of both parties is to come before the judges. He whom the judges condemn must pay double to his neighbor.

10“If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep or any animal for safekeeping, and it dies or is injured or driven away, no one seeing it,
  11the oath of Yahweh must be between them both that he has not laid his hands on his neighbor’s goods. And its owner must accept it, and he will not make restitution.
  12But if it was stolen, yes, stolen from him, he must make restitution to its owner.
  13If it is torn in pieces, let him bring it for evidence. He will not make good what was torn.

14“If a man borrows anything of his neighbor‘s, and it is injured or dies, its owner not being with it, he must surely make restitution.
  15If its owner is with it, he will not make it good; if it is a hired thing, it came for its hire.

Laws about Seduction

16“If a man entices a virgin who is not pledged to be married and lies with her, he must surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife.
  17If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he must pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Capital Offenses

18“You must not allow a sorceress to live.

19“Whoever has sex with an animal must surely be put to death.

20“He who sacrifices to any god, except to Yahweh only, is to be utterly destroyed.

Laws Protecting the Vulnerable

21“You must not wrong a resident foreigner, nor are you to oppress him, for you were resident foreigners in the land of Egypt.

22You must not take advantage of any widow or fatherless child.
  23If you take advantage of them at all and they cry out at all to me, I will hear, yes, hear their cry,
  24and my wrath will grow hot, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows and your children fatherless.

25“If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you must not be to him as a creditor, nor are you to charge him interest.

26If you take your neighbor’s garment as collateral, you must restore it to him before the sun goes down,
  27for that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin; what would he sleep in? It will happen when he cries to me, that I will hear, for I am gracious.

Respect for God

28“You must not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

29“You must not delay to offer from your harvest and from the outflow of your presses. You are to give the firstborn of your sons to me.
  30You must do likewise with your cattle and with your sheep: seven days it will be with its mother; then on the eighth day you are to give it to me.

31“You are to be holy men to me. Therefore you must not eat any flesh that is torn by animals in the field; you are to cast it to the dogs.

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