Exodus Chapter 13  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Exod 13

1Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
  2“Sanctify to me all of the firstborn. Whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of animal, it is mine.”

3Moses said to the people, “Remember this day when you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by strength of hand Yahweh brought you out from this place. No leavened bread may be eaten.
  4This day you go out in the month Abib.
  5And when Yahweh brings you into the land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite that he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you must keep this service in this month.
  6Seven days you must eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day there is to be a feast to Yahweh.
  7Unleavened bread is to be eaten throughout the seven days, and no leavened bread is to be seen with you, nor may yeast be seen with you within all your territory.
  8You will tell your son in that day, saying, ‘It is because of what Yahweh did for me when I came out of Egypt.’
  9It will be for a sign to you on your hand and for a memorial between your eyes, so that the law of Yahweh will be in your mouth. For with a strong hand Yahweh has brought you out of Egypt.
  10You must therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.

11“Now when Yahweh brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it to you,
  12you are to set apart to Yahweh all that opens the womb. And every firstborn that you have that comes from an animal, the males will be Yahweh’s.
  13Every firstborn of a donkey you must redeem with a lamb, and if you will not redeem it then you must break its neck. And all the human firstborn among your sons you must redeem.

14It will be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you will tell him, ‘By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of slavery.
  15And when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, Yahweh killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animal. That is why I sacrifice to Yahweh every male that opens the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’
  16It will be for a sign on your hand and for symbols between your eyes, for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us out of Egypt.”

The Route of the Exodus

17And when Pharaoh had let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For God said, “Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war and they return to Egypt.”
  18But God led the people around by the road of the wilderness by the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt.

19Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, because Josepha had made the children of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you must carry up my bones away from here with you.”

20They took their journey from Sukkoth and encamped in Etham, on the edge of the wilderness.
  21Yahweh went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day and by night.
  22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from the presence of the people.

The text has “he,” but that can be confusing in English

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