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and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media Who See The Kings Face and sat first in the kingdom), Bible other translations

“Who See The Kings Face.” This is a title for the close advisors to the king (see commentary on 2 Kings 25:19).

“sat first.” It was customary for rulers to sit while others stood, so the phrase “sat first” would be equivalent to top rulers. For sitting being equivalent to ruling, see commentary on Isaiah 14:13.


Commentary for: Esther 1:14